Abstract

We theoretically and experimentally evaluate a beat interference cancellation receiver (BICR) for direct detection optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (DD-OFDM) systems that improves the spectral efficiency (SE) by reducing the guard band between the optical carrier and the optical OFDM signal while mitigating the impact of signal-signal mixing interference (SSMI). Experimental results show that the bit-error-rate (BER) is improved by about three orders of magnitude compared to the conventional receiver after 320 km single-mode fiber (SMF) transmission for 10 Gb/s data with a 4-QAM modulation using reduced guard band single-sideband OFDM (RSSB-OFDM) signal with 1.67 bits/s/Hz SE.

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  1. N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.30(4), 384–398 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Peter J. Winzer, “High-spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.30(24), 3824–3835 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(3), 189–204 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(1), 196–203 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Shieh, H. Bao, and Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express16(2), 841–859 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, “Coherent optical OFDM: has its time come?,” J. Optical Networking7(3), 234–255 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “10 × 121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP2.
  9. T. Pollet, M. V. Blade, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,”IEEE Tran. on Communiacation43(2/3/4), 191–193 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(10), 1309–1316 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems,” Opt. Express14(6), 2079–2084 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. V. Djordjevic and B. Vasic, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission,” Opt. Express14(9), 3767–3775 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.
  15. Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,”IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 736–738 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “10 Gbit/s WDM-SSB-OFDM transmissions over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” Electronic Letter44(3), 223–225 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. Peng, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “Enabling high capacity direct-detection optical OFDM transmissions using beat interference cancellation receiver,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication(ECOC2010), paper Tu.4.A.2.
    [CrossRef]
  18. W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.
  19. W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(10), 1340–1346 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Einarsson, Principles of Lightwave Communications.New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.

2012

N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.30(4), 384–398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peter J. Winzer, “High-spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.30(24), 3824–3835 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,”IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 736–738 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(10), 1340–1346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(3), 189–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(1), 196–203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, “Coherent optical OFDM: has its time come?,” J. Optical Networking7(3), 234–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(10), 1309–1316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “10 Gbit/s WDM-SSB-OFDM transmissions over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” Electronic Letter44(3), 223–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, H. Bao, and Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express16(2), 841–859 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

1995

T. Pollet, M. V. Blade, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,”IEEE Tran. on Communiacation43(2/3/4), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Arbab, V. R.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

Armstrong, J.

J. Armstrong, “OFDM for optical communications,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(3), 189–204 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(1), 196–203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems,” Opt. Express14(6), 2079–2084 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, H.

Blade, M. V.

T. Pollet, M. V. Blade, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,”IEEE Tran. on Communiacation43(2/3/4), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cao, Z.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,”IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 736–738 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chagnon, M.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,”IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 736–738 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(10), 1340–1346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

Christen, L. C.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

Christen, L.C.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.30(4), 384–398 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Djordjevic, I. V.

Dong, Z.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,”IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 736–738 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Einarsson, G.

G. Einarsson, Principles of Lightwave Communications.New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.

El-Sahn, Z. A.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Feng, K.

W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(10), 1340–1346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

Hu, J.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “10 Gbit/s WDM-SSB-OFDM transmissions over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” Electronic Letter44(3), 223–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “10 × 121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP2.

Lowery, A. J.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(1), 196–203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lowery and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems,” Opt. Express14(6), 2079–2084 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(10), 1309–1316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, “Coherent optical OFDM: has its time come?,” J. Optical Networking7(3), 234–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moeneclaey, M.

T. Pollet, M. V. Blade, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,”IEEE Tran. on Communiacation43(2/3/4), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Morita, I.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “10 × 121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP2.

W. Peng, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “Enabling high capacity direct-detection optical OFDM transmissions using beat interference cancellation receiver,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication(ECOC2010), paper Tu.4.A.2.
[CrossRef]

Morsy-Osman, M.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mousa-Pasandi, M. E.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.

W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(10), 1340–1346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

W. Peng, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “Enabling high capacity direct-detection optical OFDM transmissions using beat interference cancellation receiver,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication(ECOC2010), paper Tu.4.A.2.
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

Plant, D. V.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pollet, T.

T. Pollet, M. V. Blade, and M. Moeneclaey, “BER sensitivity of OFDM systems to carrier frequency offset and Wiener phase noise,”IEEE Tran. on Communiacation43(2/3/4), 191–193 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qian, D.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “10 Gbit/s WDM-SSB-OFDM transmissions over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” Electronic Letter44(3), 223–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. J. C.

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(1), 196–203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shamee, B.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

Shieh, W.

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(10), 1309–1316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, “Coherent optical OFDM: has its time come?,” J. Optical Networking7(3), 234–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh, H. Bao, and Y. Tang, “Coherent optical OFDM: theory and design,” Opt. Express16(2), 841–859 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, H.

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “10 × 121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1 000 km of SSMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper PDP2.

W. Peng, I. Morita, and H. Tanaka, “Enabling high capacity direct-detection optical OFDM transmissions using beat interference cancellation receiver,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication(ECOC2010), paper Tu.4.A.2.
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y.

Vasic, B.

Wang, T.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “10 Gbit/s WDM-SSB-OFDM transmissions over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” Electronic Letter44(3), 223–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Z. Cao, J. Yu, W. Wang, L. Chen, and Z. Dong, “Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band,”IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(11), 736–738 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Estimation of the bit error rate for direct-detected OFDM signals with optically preamplified receivers,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(10), 1340–1346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

Winzer, Peter J.

Peter J. Winzer, “High-spectral-efficiency optical modulation formats,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.30(24), 3824–3835 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

W. Peng, B. Zhang, K. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Spectrally efficient direct-detected OFDM transmission incorporating a tunable frequency gap and an iterative detection techniques,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.27(24), 5723–5735 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

Xu, L.

D. Qian, J. Yu, J. Hu, L. Zong, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “10 Gbit/s WDM-SSB-OFDM transmissions over 1000 km SSMF using conventional DFB lasers and direct-detection,” Electronic Letter44(3), 223–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

Q. Zhuge, M. Morsy-Osman, M. E. Mousa-Pasandi, X. Xu, M. Chagnon, Z. A. El-Sahn, C. Chen, and D. V. Plant, “Single channel and WDM transmission of 28 Gbaud zero-guard-interval CO-OFDM,” Opt. Express20(26), 439–444 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, L.C. Christen, J. Yang, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of a coherently modulated and directly detected optical OFDM system using an RF-tone insertion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU2.

W. Peng, X. Wu, V. R. Arbab, B. Shamee, J. Yang, L. C. Christen, K. Feng, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, “Experimental demonstration of 340 km SSMF transmission using a virtual single sideband OFDM signal that employs carrier suppressed and iterative detection techniques,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OMU1.

Yang, Q.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, “Coherent optical OFDM: has its time come?,” J. Optical Networking7(3), 234–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, and Q. Yang, “Coherent optical OFDM: has its time come?,” J. Optical Networking7(3), 234–255 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, “Phase noise effects on high spectral efficiency coherent optical OFDM transmission,” IEEE J. Lightw. Technol.26(10), 1309–1316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle model for SSB-OFDM systems.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The proposed receiver structure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Q-factor versus guard band with different optical filter orders.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation results of Q-factor versus the launch power for different optical filter orders: (a) 2 GHz guard band. (b) 3 GHz guard band.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for the proposed structure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER versus guard band for simulation and experiments at an OSNR(0.1nm) of 16.8 dB.

Equations (13)

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s ( t ) = H T ( f 0 ) e j ( 2 π f 0 t + ϕ ( t ) ) + β e j ( 2 π ( f 0 + Δ f ) t + ϕ ( t ) ) k = 0 N 1 H T ( f 0 + Δ f + f k ) a k e j 2 π f k t ,
r ( t ) = H T F ( f 0 ) e j ( 2 π f 0 t + ϕ ( t ) ) + β e j ( 2 π ( f 0 + m B N ) t + ϕ ( t ) ) k = 0 N 1 a k H T F ( f 0 + ( m + k ) B N ) e j 2 π k B N t + n A S E ( t ) ,
q ( t ) = | r ( t ) | 2 = | H T F ( f 0 ) | 2 + 2 β Re { e j 2 π m B N t k = 0 N 1 a k H ^ T F ( m + k , 0 ) e j 2 π k B N t } + β 2 k 1 = 0 N 1 k 2 = 0 N 1 a k 1 a k 2 * H ^ T F ( m + k 1 , m + k 2 ) e j 2 π ( k 1 k 2 ) B N t + n S A B N ( t ) + n A A B N ( t ) + n C A B N ( t ) ,
I n = { β 2 i = 0 N 1 n a n + i a i * H ^ T F ( n + i + m , i + m ) , 0 n N 1 0 , Otherwise .
D n = { β a n m H ^ T F ( n , 0 ) , m n m + N 1 0 , Otherwise .
r L ( t ) = H T F ( f 0 ) H O F ( f 0 ) e j ( 2 π f 0 t + ϕ ( t ) ) + β e j ( 2 π ( f 0 + m B N ) t + ϕ ( t ) ) k = 0 N 1 a k H O F ( f 0 + ( m + k ) B N ) H T F ( f 0 + ( m + k ) B N ) e j 2 π k B N t + n A S E ( t ) ,
q L ( t ) = | H T F ( f 0 ) H O F ( f 0 ) | 2 + 2 β Re { e j 2 π m B N t k = 0 N 1 a k H ^ T F ( m + k , 0 ) H ^ O F ( m + k , 0 ) e j 2 π k B N t } + β 2 k 1 = 0 N 1 k 2 = 0 N 1 a k 1 a k 2 * H ^ T F ( m + k 1 , m + k 2 ) H ^ O F ( m + k 1 , m + k 2 ) e j 2 π ( k 1 k 2 ) B N t + n S A B N ( t ) + n A A B N ( t ) + n C A B N ( t ) .
q ( t ) = q U ( t ) q L ( t ) = | H T F ( f 0 ) | 2 ( 1 | H O F ( f 0 ) | 2 ) + 2 β Re { e j 2 π m B N t k = 0 N 1 a k H ^ T F ( m + k , 0 ) [ 1 H ^ O F ( m + k , 0 ) ] e j 2 π k B N t } + β 2 k 1 = 0 N 1 k 2 = 0 N 1 a k 1 a k 2 * H ^ T F ( m + k 1 , m + k 2 ) [ 1 H ^ O F ( m + k 1 , m + k 2 ) ] e j 2 π ( k 1 k 2 ) B N t + n S A B N ( t ) + n A A B N ( t ) + n C A B N ( t ) ,
I n = { β 2 i = 0 N 1 n a n + i a i * H ^ T F ( n + i + m , i + m ) × [ 1 H ^ O F ( n + i + m , i + m ) ] , 0 n N 1 0 , Otherwise
D n = { β a n m H ^ T F ( n , 0 ) [ 1 H ^ O F ( n , 0 ) ] , m n m + N 1 0 , , Otherwise
H O F ( f ) = { 1 , f 0 + m B N f f 0 + m B N + B 0 , Otherwise
I n = 0
D n = { β a n m H ^ T F ( n , 0 ) , m n m + N 1 0 , Otherwise

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