Abstract

This study identified the relationship between the layer-integrated attenuated backscatter coefficient and layer-integrated depolarization ratio of dust plumes and compared it with that of cloud, using CALIPSO LIDAR measurements. The histogram distribution of the integrated color ratio for dust and cloud was also examined. On the basis of the layer-integrated attenuated backscatter coefficient and layer-integrated depolarization ratio relation, a simple method of detecting dust plumes was developed. A case study of dust identification over the Taklimakan Desert was conducted and compared with the current CALIPSO products. The result shows that the proposed method can significantly improve the classification of cloud and dust plumes and can supplement the current space-borne LIDAR discrimination approach, especially over dust source regions. In addition, The zonal and meridional mean occurrence derived by the proposed method and the CALIPSO’s method were compared for Asian dust over East Asia region (30°N −45°N, 80°E −180°E) using the night measurements of CALIPSO from March to May, 2007. The comparison showed that the dust occurrence obtained from the proposed method is larger than that of CALIPSO’s method. The dust could be found up to around 6-8 km (Above Sea Level, ASL) near the Taklimakan desert region, and maximum occurrence is over 80%. The transport altitude remained at 3km-7km (ASL) as the dust was transported across the Pacific Ocean.

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    [CrossRef]

2013

N. Sugimoto, Y. Hara, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and M. Nishikawa, “Analysis of dust events in 2008 and 2009 using the lidar network, surface observations and the GFORS model,” Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci.49(1), 27–39 (2013).

2012

N. Sugimoto, Z. Huang, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and B. Tatarov, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosols observed with a multi-channel lidar spectrometer,” Opt. Express20(19), 20800–20807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wang, Y. Zhang, A. Nenes, and C. Fountoukis, “Implementation of dust emission and chemistry into the Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system and initial application to an Asian dust storm episode,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(21), 10209–10237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Adhikari, Z. Wang, and M. Deng, “Seasonal variations of Antarctic clouds observed by CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite,” J. Geophys. Res.117(D4), D04202 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Jphnson, N. Meskhidz, V. P. Kiliyanpilakkil, and S. Gasso, “Understanding the transport of Patagonian dust and its influence on marine biological activity in the South Atlantic Ocean,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11(6), 2487–2502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
[CrossRef]

U. Wandinger, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, A. Ansmann, D. Muller, and D. Althausen, “Size matters: influence of multiple scattering on CALIPSO light-extinction profiling in desert dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett.37(10), L10801 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. X. Hu, and K. A. Powell, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. 26(11), 2310, doi: (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Cho, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, S. L. Nasiri, Y. Hu, P. Minnis, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements,” Opt. Express16(6), 3931–3948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Su, J. Huang, Q. Fu, P. Minnis, J. Ge, and J. Bi, “Estimation of Asian dust aerosol effect on cloud radiation forcing using Fu-Liou radiative model and CERES measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(10), 2763–2771 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(19), L19803 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, Z. Liu, D. Winker, M. Vaughan, V. Noel, L. Bissonnette, G. Roy, and M. McGill, “Simple relation between lidar multiple scattering and depolarization for water clouds,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1809–1811 (2006a).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2004

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

2003

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1640 (2003), doi:.
[CrossRef]

K. Sassen, P. J. DeMott, J. M. Prospero, and M. R. Poellot, “Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1633 (2003), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2002

A. Higurashi and T. Nakajima, “Detection of aerosol types over the east China sea near Japan from four-channel satellite data,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29(17), 1836 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

T. Takemura, I. Uno, T. Nakajima, A. Higurashi, and I. Sano, “Modeling study of long-range transport of Asian dust and anthropogenic aerosol from east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29(24), 2158 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

1999

J. M. Haywood, V. Ramaswamy, and B. J. Soden, “Tropospheric aerosol climate forcing in clear-sky satellite observations over the oceans,” Science283(5406), 1299–1303 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984

S. Twomey, M. Piepgrass, and T. L. Wolfe, “An assessment of the impact of pollution on global cloud albedo,” Tellus36B(5), 356–366 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Ackerman, T. P.

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Adhikari, L.

L. Adhikari, Z. Wang, and M. Deng, “Seasonal variations of Antarctic clouds observed by CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite,” J. Geophys. Res.117(D4), D04202 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Allan, R. P.

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Althausen, D.

U. Wandinger, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, A. Ansmann, D. Muller, and D. Althausen, “Size matters: influence of multiple scattering on CALIPSO light-extinction profiling in desert dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett.37(10), L10801 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Amodeo, A.

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J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, Z. Liu, D. Winker, M. Vaughan, V. Noel, L. Bissonnette, G. Roy, and M. McGill, “Simple relation between lidar multiple scattering and depolarization for water clouds,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1809–1811 (2006a).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

Hu, Y. X.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. X. Hu, and K. A. Powell, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. 26(11), 2310, doi: (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Su, J. Huang, Q. Fu, P. Minnis, J. Ge, and J. Bi, “Estimation of Asian dust aerosol effect on cloud radiation forcing using Fu-Liou radiative model and CERES measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(10), 2763–2771 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

N. Sugimoto, Z. Huang, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and B. Tatarov, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosols observed with a multi-channel lidar spectrometer,” Opt. Express20(19), 20800–20807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, B.

Hunt, W. H.

D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(19), L19803 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Iarlori, M.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Ickes, L.

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ismail, S.

A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jphnson, M. S.

M. S. Jphnson, N. Meskhidz, V. P. Kiliyanpilakkil, and S. Gasso, “Understanding the transport of Patagonian dust and its influence on marine biological activity in the South Atlantic Ocean,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11(6), 2487–2502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikova, O. V.

W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kassianov, E. I.

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Kattawar, G. W.

Kiliyanpilakkil, V. P.

M. S. Jphnson, N. Meskhidz, V. P. Kiliyanpilakkil, and S. Gasso, “Understanding the transport of Patagonian dust and its influence on marine biological activity in the South Atlantic Ocean,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11(6), 2487–2502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kittaka, C.

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kostinski, A. B.

W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuehn, R.

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Linne, H.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Liss, P. S.

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, D.

D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hu, Z. Liu, D. Winker, M. Vaughan, V. Noel, L. Bissonnette, G. Roy, and M. McGill, “Simple relation between lidar multiple scattering and depolarization for water clouds,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1809–1811 (2006a).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Madonna, F.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Mahowald, N. M.

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mamouri, R. E.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Marshak, A.

W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, I.

N. Sugimoto, Y. Hara, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and M. Nishikawa, “Analysis of dust events in 2008 and 2009 using the lidar network, surface observations and the GFORS model,” Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci.49(1), 27–39 (2013).

N. Sugimoto, Z. Huang, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and B. Tatarov, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosols observed with a multi-channel lidar spectrometer,” Opt. Express20(19), 20800–20807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1640 (2003), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Mattis, I.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

McFarlane, S. A.

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

McGill, M.

McGill, M. J.

D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(19), L19803 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Meskhidz, N.

M. S. Jphnson, N. Meskhidz, V. P. Kiliyanpilakkil, and S. Gasso, “Understanding the transport of Patagonian dust and its influence on marine biological activity in the South Atlantic Ocean,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11(6), 2487–2502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. A.

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Minnis, P.

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Su, J. Huang, Q. Fu, P. Minnis, J. Ge, and J. Bi, “Estimation of Asian dust aerosol effect on cloud radiation forcing using Fu-Liou radiative model and CERES measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(10), 2763–2771 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Cho, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, S. L. Nasiri, Y. Hu, P. Minnis, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements,” Opt. Express16(6), 3931–3948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
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Powell, K. A.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. X. Hu, and K. A. Powell, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. 26(11), 2310, doi: (2009).
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M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
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Rodríguez, S.

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
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Russell, J. E.

A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
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K. Sassen, P. J. DeMott, J. M. Prospero, and M. R. Poellot, “Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1633 (2003), doi:.
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
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N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1640 (2003), doi:.
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J. M. Haywood, V. Ramaswamy, and B. J. Soden, “Tropospheric aerosol climate forcing in clear-sky satellite observations over the oceans,” Science283(5406), 1299–1303 (1999).
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G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
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J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
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N. Sugimoto, Y. Hara, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and M. Nishikawa, “Analysis of dust events in 2008 and 2009 using the lidar network, surface observations and the GFORS model,” Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci.49(1), 27–39 (2013).

N. Sugimoto, Z. Huang, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and B. Tatarov, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosols observed with a multi-channel lidar spectrometer,” Opt. Express20(19), 20800–20807 (2012).
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Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
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I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
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Sun, W.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sun-Mack, S.

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Takemura, T.

T. Takemura, I. Uno, T. Nakajima, A. Higurashi, and I. Sano, “Modeling study of long-range transport of Asian dust and anthropogenic aerosol from east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29(24), 2158 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Tang, Q.

J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Tatarov, B.

Tegen, I.

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tesche, M.

U. Wandinger, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, A. Ansmann, D. Muller, and D. Althausen, “Size matters: influence of multiple scattering on CALIPSO light-extinction profiling in desert dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett.37(10), L10801 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Tomasi, F. D.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Trepte, C.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Cho, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, S. L. Nasiri, Y. Hu, P. Minnis, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements,” Opt. Express16(6), 3931–3948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsay, S.-C.

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

Twomey, S.

S. Twomey, M. Piepgrass, and T. L. Wolfe, “An assessment of the impact of pollution on global cloud albedo,” Tellus36B(5), 356–366 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, M.

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Uno, I.

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1640 (2003), doi:.
[CrossRef]

T. Takemura, I. Uno, T. Nakajima, A. Higurashi, and I. Sano, “Modeling study of long-range transport of Asian dust and anthropogenic aerosol from east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29(24), 2158 (2002), doi:.
[CrossRef]

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Varnai, T.

W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, M.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hu, Z. Liu, D. Winker, M. Vaughan, V. Noel, L. Bissonnette, G. Roy, and M. McGill, “Simple relation between lidar multiple scattering and depolarization for water clouds,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1809–1811 (2006a).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

Vaughan, M. A.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. X. Hu, and K. A. Powell, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. 26(11), 2310, doi: (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wandinger, U.

U. Wandinger, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, A. Ansmann, D. Muller, and D. Althausen, “Size matters: influence of multiple scattering on CALIPSO light-extinction profiling in desert dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett.37(10), L10801 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

K. Wang, Y. Zhang, A. Nenes, and C. Fountoukis, “Implementation of dust emission and chemistry into the Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system and initial application to an Asian dust storm episode,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(21), 10209–10237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

L. Adhikari, Z. Wang, and M. Deng, “Seasonal variations of Antarctic clouds observed by CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite,” J. Geophys. Res.117(D4), D04202 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wiegner, M.

G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. A. Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chailovsky, G. D’Amico, F. D. Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R. E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, “EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: First intercomparison results,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H19 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Winker, D.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Cho, P. Yang, G. W. Kattawar, S. L. Nasiri, Y. Hu, P. Minnis, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Depolarization ratio and attenuated backscatter for nine cloud types: analyses based on collocated CALIPSO lidar and MODIS measurements,” Opt. Express16(6), 3931–3948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang, D. Flittner, B. Hunt, R. Kuehn, J. Huang, D. Wu, S. Rodier, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory,” Opt. Express15(9), 5327–5332 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hu, Z. Liu, D. Winker, M. Vaughan, V. Noel, L. Bissonnette, G. Roy, and M. McGill, “Simple relation between lidar multiple scattering and depolarization for water clouds,” Opt. Lett.31(12), 1809–1811 (2006a).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

Winker, D. M.

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. X. Hu, and K. A. Powell, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. 26(11), 2310, doi: (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(19), L19803 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wolfe, T. L.

S. Twomey, M. Piepgrass, and T. L. Wolfe, “An assessment of the impact of pollution on global cloud albedo,” Tellus36B(5), 356–366 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D.

Yang, P.

Yang, W.

W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yi, Y.

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Young, S.

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

Yumimoto, K.

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D.

B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

K. Wang, Y. Zhang, A. Nenes, and C. Fountoukis, “Implementation of dust emission and chemistry into the Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system and initial application to an Asian dust storm episode,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(21), 10209–10237 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q.

J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci.

N. Sugimoto, Y. Hara, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, I. Matsui, and M. Nishikawa, “Analysis of dust events in 2008 and 2009 using the lidar network, surface observations and the GFORS model,” Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci.49(1), 27–39 (2013).

Atmos. Chem. Phys.

J. Su, J. Huang, Q. Fu, P. Minnis, J. Ge, and J. Bi, “Estimation of Asian dust aerosol effect on cloud radiation forcing using Fu-Liou radiative model and CERES measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(10), 2763–2771 (2008).
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M. S. Jphnson, N. Meskhidz, V. P. Kiliyanpilakkil, and S. Gasso, “Understanding the transport of Patagonian dust and its influence on marine biological activity in the South Atlantic Ocean,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.11(6), 2487–2502 (2011).
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J. Huang, Q. Fu, J. Su, Q. Tang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and Q. Zhao, “Taklimakan dust aerosol radiative heating derived from CALIPSO observations using the Fu-Liou radiation model with CERES constraints,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.9(12), 4011–4021 (2009).
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Z. Liu, D. Liu, J. Huang, M. Vaughan, I. Uno, N. Sugimoto, C. Kittaka, C. Trepte, Z. Wang, C. Hostetler, and D. Winker, “Airborne dust distribution over the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding areas derived from the first year of CALIPSO lidar observations,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.8(16), 5045–5060 (2008).
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K. Wang, Y. Zhang, A. Nenes, and C. Fountoukis, “Implementation of dust emission and chemistry into the Community Multiscale Air Quality modeling system and initial application to an Asian dust storm episode,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(21), 10209–10237 (2012).
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W. Yang, A. Marshak, T. Varnai, O. V. Kalashnikova, and A. B. Kostinski, “CALIPSO observations of transatlantic dust: vertical stratification and effect of clouds,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.12(23), 11339–11354 (2012).
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B. Chen, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, Z. Liu, D. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Detection of dust aerosol by combining CALIPSO active lidar and passive IIR measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.10(9), 4241–4251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Environ. Sci. Technol.

M. Schulz, J. M. Prospero, A. R. Baker, F. Dentener, L. Ickes, P. S. Liss, N. M. Mahowald, S. Nickovic, C. P. García-Pando, S. Rodríguez, M. Sarin, I. Tegen, and R. A. Duce, “Atmospheric transport and deposition of mineral dust to the ocean: implications for research needs,” Environ. Sci. Technol.46(19), 10390–10404 (2012).
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Geophys. Res. Lett.

D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(19), L19803 (2007), doi:.
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K. Sassen, P. J. DeMott, J. M. Prospero, and M. R. Poellot, “Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1633 (2003), doi:.
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J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Lin, T. Wang, Y. Yi, Y. Hu, S. Sun-Mack, and K. Ayers, “Possible influences of Asian dust aerosols on cloud properties and radiative forcing observed from MODIS and CERES,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(6), L06824 (2006b), doi:.
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N. Sugimoto, I. Uno, M. Nishikawa, A. Shimizu, I. Matsui, X. Dong, Y. Chen, and H. Quan, “Record heavy Asian dust in Beijing in 2002: observations and model analysis of recent events,” Geophys. Res. Lett.30(12), 1640 (2003), doi:.
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A. Slingo, T. P. Ackerman, R. P. Allan, E. I. Kassianov, S. A. McFarlane, G. J. Robinson, J. C. Barnard, M. A. Miller, J. E. Harries, J. E. Russell, and S. Dewitte, “Observations of the impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the atmospheric radiation balance,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(24), L24817 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, B. Lin, P. Minnis, T. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Y. Yi, and K. Ayers, “Satellite-based assessment of possible dust aerosols semi-direct effect on cloud water path over east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.33(19), L19802 (2006a), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Yi, Q. Tang, X. Wang, Y. Hu, Z. Liu, K. Ayers, C. Trepte, and D. Winker, “Summer dust aerosols detected from CALIPSO over the Tibetan Plateau,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(18), L18805 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

A. Higurashi and T. Nakajima, “Detection of aerosol types over the east China sea near Japan from four-channel satellite data,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29(17), 1836 (2002), doi:.
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T. Takemura, I. Uno, T. Nakajima, A. Higurashi, and I. Sano, “Modeling study of long-range transport of Asian dust and anthropogenic aerosol from east Asia,” Geophys. Res. Lett.29(24), 2158 (2002), doi:.
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U. Wandinger, M. Tesche, P. Seifert, A. Ansmann, D. Muller, and D. Althausen, “Size matters: influence of multiple scattering on CALIPSO light-extinction profiling in desert dust,” Geophys. Res. Lett.37(10), L10801 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. X. Hu, and K. A. Powell, “Overview of the CALIPSO mission and CALIOP data processing algorithms,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Techn. 26(11), 2310, doi: (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.

Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker, C. Kittaka, B. Getzwich, R. Kuehn, A. Omar, K. Powell, C. Trepte, and C. Hostetler, “The CALIPSO lidar cloud and aerosol discrimination: vertion 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.26(7), 1198–1213 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res

Z. Huang, J. Huang, J. Bi, G. Wang, W. Wang, Q. Fu, Z. Li, S.-C. Tsay, and J. Shi, “Dust aerosol vertical structure measurements using three MPL lidar during 2008 China-U.S. joint dust field experiment,” J. Geophys. Res. 115, D00K 15, doi: (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, J. Hair, C. Kittaka, Y. Hu, K. Powcell, C. Trepte, D. Winker, C. Hostetler, R. Ferrare, and R. Pierce, “CALIPSO lidar observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D7), D07207 (2008), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. Huang, P. Minnis, B. Chen, Z. Huang, Z. Liu, Q. Zhao, Y. Yi, and J. K. Ayers, “Long-range transport and vertical structure of Asian dust from CALIPSO and surface measurements during PACDEX,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D23), D23212 (2008).
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L. Adhikari, Z. Wang, and M. Deng, “Seasonal variations of Antarctic clouds observed by CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite,” J. Geophys. Res.117(D4), D04202 (2012), doi:.
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W. Wang, J. Huang, P. Minnis, Y. Hu, J. Li, Z. Huang, J. K. Ayers, and T. Wang, “Dusty cloud properties and radiative forcing over dust source and downwind regions derived from A-Train data during the Pacific dust experiment,” J. Geophys. Res.115, D00H35 (2010), doi:.
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D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO lidar measurements,” J. Geophys. Res.113(D16), D16214 (2008), doi:.
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A. Omar, Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, Y. Hu, S. Ismail, K. Powell, D. Winker, C. Trepte, and B. E. Anderson, “Extinction-to-backscatter ratios of Saharan dust layers derived from in situ measurements and CALIPSO overflights during NAMMA,” J. Geophys. Res.115(D24), D24217 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.

Z. Liu, D. Winker, A. Omar, M. Vaughan, C. Trepte, Y. Hu, K. Powell, W. Sun, and B. Lin, “Effective lidar ratios of dense dust layers over North Africa derived from the CALIOP measurements,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.112(2), 204–213 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

I. Uno, K. Eguchi, K. Yumimoto, T. Takemura, A. Shimizu, M. Uematsu, Z. Liu, Z. Wang, Y. Hara, and N. Sugimoto, “Asian dust transported one full circuit around the globe,” Nature, doi:.
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SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.

M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker, K. Powell, A. Omar, Z. Liu, Y. Hu, and C. Hostetler, “Fully automated analysis of space-based lidar data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” SPIE Int. Soc. Opt. Eng.5575, 16–30 (2004).

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Y. Hu, M. A. Vaughan, D. M. Winker, Z. Liu, and V. Noel, “A simple multiple scattering-depolarization relation of water clouds and its potential applications,” Proceedings of 23nd International Laser Radar Conference, Nara Japan, 19–22 (2006b).

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Coakiey, Jr., S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson, P. R. Colarco, P. Flamant, Q. Fu, R. M. Hoff, C. Kittaka, T. L. Kubar, H. Le Treut, M. P. Mccormick, G. Megie, L. Poole, K. Powell, C. Trepte, M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki, “The CALIPSO MISSION: a global 3D view of aerosols and clouds,” Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. doi: 10.1175/2010BAMS3009 (2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The relationship between the layer-integrated depolarization ratio and the layer-integrated attenuated backscatter coefficient for dust, water clouds, and ice clouds. The color of each pixel represents the total number of points in a ∆δ˗∆γ box measuring 0.6 × 0.14 sr−1. The red dotted line represents the layer-integrated Attenuated Backscatter Coefficient (ABC) threshold used to separate dust from cloud.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Histogram of the integrated color ratio for dust (red line) and cloud (blue line), the green line indicates the threshold used to separate dust from cloud.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Vertical distribution of clouds and aerosols observed by CALIPSO and CloudSat over the Taklimakan Desert on 30 July 2006: (a) CloudSat cloud mask image, (b) CALIPSO 532 nm total attenuated backscatter coefficient; (c) CALIPSO 532 nm volume depolarization ratio; (d) CALIPSO vertical feature mask; (e) new vertical feature mask from the proposed method in this study. The color bar of the VFM indicates the type of particle layer: 0 = invalid, 1 = clear air, 2 = cloud, 3 = dust, 4 = stratospheric layer, 5 = surface, 6 = subsurface, 7 = totally attenuated.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Vertical distributions of the zonal (upper) and meridional (bottom) mean dust occurrence for modify VFM (left) and CALIPSO VFM (right) obtained by the proposed method and CALIPSO’s method over the East Asian region (30°N–45°N, 80°E–180°E, Above Sea Level) from March to May, 2007.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summaries of selected cases of water cloud, ice cloud, and dust

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