Abstract

An injection locking-based pump recovery system for phase-sensitive amplified links, capable of handling 40 dB effective span loss, is demonstrated. Measurements with 10 GBd DQPSK signals show penalty-free recovery of a pump wave, phase modulated with two sinusoidal RF-tones at 0.1 GHz and 0.3 GHz, with 64 dB amplification. The operating power limit for the pump recovery system is experimentally investigated and is governed by the noise transfer and phase modulation transfer characteristics of the injection-locked laser. The corresponding link penalties are explained and quantified. This system enables, for the first time, WDM compatible phase-sensitive amplified links over significant lengths.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.30, 764–771 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

2008 (1)

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Vainio, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, “Modulation transfer characteristics of injection-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Commun.267, 455–463 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

M. Vasilyev, “Distributed phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Express13, 7563–7571 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett41, 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Express13, 10483–10493 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

E. K. Lau and M. C. Wu, “Amplitude and frequency modulation of the master laser in injection-locked laser systems,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (2004), 142–145.

2002 (1)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.8, 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3dB noise figure in high-gain phase-sensitive fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett35, 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, “Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering,” in Proc. Technol. Dig. Conf. Integr. Opt. Fiber Commun., (1995), 110–111.

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D26, 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P.

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5A.4.
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express18, 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18, 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.8, 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-Sensitive Amplified DWDM DQPSK Signals Using Free-Running Lasers with 6-dB Link SNR Improvement over EDFA-based Systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP1.3.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1.
[CrossRef]

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.30, 764–771 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18, 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D26, 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1.
[CrossRef]

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5A.4.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped Fiber Amplifiers (John Wiley & Sons, 1994).

Devgan, P.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett41, 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Devgan, P. S.

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

Eskildsen, L.

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, “Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering,” in Proc. Technol. Dig. Conf. Integr. Opt. Fiber Commun., (1995), 110–111.

Fragkos, A.

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.30, 764–771 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

Grigoryan, V.

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Express13, 10483–10493 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, and P. Kumar, “Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OML3.

Grigoryan, V. S.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett41, 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
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J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.8, 506–520 (2002).
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O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, and P. Kumar, “Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OML3.

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Lundström, C.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
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Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012).
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Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
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J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
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Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18, 14820–14835 (2010).
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S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-Sensitive Amplified DWDM DQPSK Signals Using Free-Running Lasers with 6-dB Link SNR Improvement over EDFA-based Systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP1.3.
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B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5A.4.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1.
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C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
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S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
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S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
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Olsson, S. L. I.

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5A.4.
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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
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J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
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S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
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Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
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S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
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Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
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Richardson, D. J.

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
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S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
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Shin, M.

O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, and P. Kumar, “Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OML3.

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
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S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1.
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Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

Syvridis, D.

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.30, 764–771 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

Takada, A.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3dB noise figure in high-gain phase-sensitive fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett35, 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Optical phase-sensitive amplifier with pump laser phase-locked to input signal light,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), (Optical Society of America, 1997), 98–101.

Tang, R.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett41, 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, J. Lasri, P. S. Devgan, V. Grigoryan, P. Kumar, and M. Vasilyev, “Gain characteristics of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifier with phase self-stabilized input,” Opt. Express13, 10483–10493 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-Sensitive Amplified DWDM DQPSK Signals Using Free-Running Lasers with 6-dB Link SNR Improvement over EDFA-based Systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP1.3.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, P. Petropoulos, F. Parmigiani, and D. J. Richardson, “Detailed characterization of a fiber-optic parametric amplifier in phase-sensitive and phase-insensitive operation,” Opt. Express18, 4130–4137 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, and Z. Tong, “Field-quadrature and photon-number correlations produced by parametric processes,” Opt. Express18, 19792–19823 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Opt. Express18, 15426–15439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18, 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-Sensitive Amplified DWDM DQPSK Signals Using Free-Running Lasers with 6-dB Link SNR Improvement over EDFA-based Systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP1.3.
[CrossRef]

Vainio, M.

M. Vainio, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, “Modulation transfer characteristics of injection-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Commun.267, 455–463 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyev, M.

Veselka, J. J.

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, “Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering,” in Proc. Technol. Dig. Conf. Integr. Opt. Fiber Commun., (1995), 110–111.

Vidakovic, P.

Voss, P. L.

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webjörn, J.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

Westlund, M.

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.8, 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, L. J.

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Lau and M. C. Wu, “Amplitude and frequency modulation of the master laser in injection-locked laser systems,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (2004), 142–145.

Yamabayashi, Y.

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3dB noise figure in high-gain phase-sensitive fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett35, 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

Zhao, X.

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett (2)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, and Y. Yamabayashi, “Low-noise amplification under the 3dB noise figure in high-gain phase-sensitive fibre amplifier,” Electron. Lett35, 1954–1955 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Tang, P. Devgan, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “Inline frequency-non-degenerate phase-sensitive fibre parametric amplifier for fibre-optic communication,” Electron. Lett41, 1072–1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Hansryd, P. A. Andrekson, M. Westlund, J. Li, and P. O. Hedekvist, “Fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.8, 506–520 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.18, 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

R. Tang, P. Devgan, P. L. Voss, V. S. Grigoryan, and P. Kumar, “In-line frequency-nondegenerate phase-sensitive fiber-optical parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17, 1845–1847 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Lundström, R. Malik, L. Grüner-Nielsen, B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Fiber optic parametric amplifier With 10-dB net gain without pump dithering,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25, 234–237 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

E. K. Lau, L. J. Wong, X. Zhao, Y. K. Chen, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Bandwidth enhancement by master modulation of optical injection-locked lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.26, 2584–2593 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Fragkos, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, and R. Phelan, “Amplitude noise limiting amplifier for phase encoded signals using injection locking in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightw. Technol.30, 764–771 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Vainio, M. Merimaa, and K. Nyholm, “Modulation transfer characteristics of injection-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Commun.267, 455–463 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D26, 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Technol. Dig. Conf. Integr. Opt. Fiber Commun. (1)

S. K. Korotky, P. B. Hansen, L. Eskildsen, and J. J. Veselka, “Efficient phase modulation scheme for suppressing stimulated Brillouin scattering,” in Proc. Technol. Dig. Conf. Integr. Opt. Fiber Commun., (1995), 110–111.

Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (1)

E. K. Lau and M. C. Wu, “Amplitude and frequency modulation of the master laser in injection-locked laser systems,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, (2004), 142–145.

Other (8)

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, Z. Tong, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Optical injection-locking-based pump recovery for phase-sensitively amplified links,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.3.

B. Corcoran, S. L. I. Olsson, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive optical pre-amplifier implemented in an 80km DQPSK link,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5A.4.
[CrossRef]

S. L. I. Olsson, B. Corcoran, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-sensitive amplified optical link operating in the nonlinear transmission regime,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper Th.2.F.1.
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped Fiber Amplifiers (John Wiley & Sons, 1994).

O. K. Lim, V. Grigoryan, M. Shin, and P. Kumar, “Ultra-low-noise inline fiber-optic phase-sensitive amplifier for analog optical signals,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC) and National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (NFOEC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper OML3.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, E. Tipsuwannakul, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase-Sensitive Amplified DWDM DQPSK Signals Using Free-Running Lasers with 6-dB Link SNR Improvement over EDFA-based Systems,” in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper PDP1.3.
[CrossRef]

A. Takada and W. Imajuku, “Optical phase-sensitive amplifier with pump laser phase-locked to input signal light,” in Proceedings of European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), (Optical Society of America, 1997), 98–101.

S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, S. K. Ibrahim, F. Gunning, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, J. O’Carrol, B. Kelly, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, F. Parmigiani, D. J. Richardson, and A. D. Ellis, “Phase locking and carrier extraction schemes for phase sensitive amplification,” in Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), 2010 12th International, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper Mo.C1.3.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of a phase-sensitive amplified (PSA) transmission link based on the copier-PSA scheme.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup used for demonstration and bit error ratio characterization of an injection locking-based pump recovery system in a phase-sensitive amplified link. DQPSK: differential quadrature phase-shift keyed, PRBS: pseudorandom bit sequence, RF: radio frequency, PC: polarization controller, WDM: wavelength division multiplexer, HNLF: highly nonlinear fiber, VOA: variable optical attenuator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, IL: injection locking, PZT: piezoelectric transducer, PSA: phase-sensitive amplifier, PIA: phase-insensitive amplifier, BER: bit error ratio, PLL: phase-locked loop.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured bit error ratio (BER) versus received signal power (signal power at point B) comparing a phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) and a phase-sensitive amplifier (PSA) amplified receiver with and without injection locking (IL) in the pump recovery system with an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) amplified receiver. The measurements were done at various pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point A, as given by the legend. The straight lines are linear fittings to the measurement points.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Q-factor penalty calculated from measured bit error ratio versus pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point A (bottom axis) and pump power at the pump recovery system input (top axis) comparing a phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) and phase-sensitive amplifier (PSA) amplified receiver with and without injection locking (IL) in the pump recovery system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Homodyne coherent detection setup used for characterizing noise generation in the pump recovery system and ASE noise transfer through the slave laser. VOA: variable optical attenuator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, PC: polarization controller, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, IL: injection locking.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured amplitude noise (right axis) and phase noise (left axis) after the pump recovery system with and without injection locking (IL) in the pump recovery system versus pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point C (bottom axis) and pump power at the pump recovery system input (top axis). For the case with IL the slave laser input power was kept constant at −7.3 dBm, corresponding to an injection ratio of −27.3 dB.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Homodyne coherent detection setup used for characterizing phase transfer through the pump recovery system. VOA: variable optical attenuator, EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier, PC: polarization controller, AOM: acousto-optic modulator, RF: radio frequency, IL: injection locking.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured phase modulation transfer ratio (MTR) versus pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point C (bottom axis) and pump power at the pump recovery system input (top axis) for various modulation frequencies, as given by the legend. The inset show the dual tone data together with the single tone data. The slave laser input power (power at point D) was kept at −7.6 dBm, corresponding to an injection ratio of −27.3 dB. RF: radio frequency.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured phase modulation transfer ratio (MTR) versus slave laser input power (power at point D) for various frequencies as given by the legends. The pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point C was kept at 42 dB. RF: radio frequency.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Q-factor penalty calculated from measured bit error ratio versus slave laser input power (power at point D). The measurements were done at various pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point C, as given by the legend. The phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) gain and phase-sensitive amplifier (PSA) gain was kept at 20 dB.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Q-factor penalty calculated from measured bit error ratio versus pump optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) at point C (bottom axis) and pump power at the pump recovery system input (top axis). The measurements were done at various slave laser input powers, as given by the legend. The phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) gain and phase-sensitive amplifier (PSA) gain was kept at 20 dB.

Equations (1)

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Phase MTR = Δ ϕ out Δ ϕ in

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