Abstract

A photonic threshold comparator is presented. A step-like electrical-to-optical (E/O) response is obtained by employing Fourier series synthesis in which a set of sine-wave responses of different amplitudes and phases are superimposed according to the Fourier series representation of a square-wave. The proposed comparator does not rely on optical material non-linearity; rather it consists of multimode interference (MMI) couplers and phase shifters.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. H. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter–design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.15(4), 210–216, (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Chi and J. Yao, “A photonic analog-to-digital conversion scheme using Mach-Zehnder modulators with identical half-wave voltages,” Opt. Express16(2), 567–572 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Q. Wu, Y. Zhang, X. Fu, and M. Yao, “Experimental Demonstration of all-optical analog-to-digital conversion with balanced detection threshold scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(23), 1776–1778, (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Loh and J. LoCicero, “Subnanosecond sampling all-optical analog-to-digital converter using symmetric self-electro-optic effect devices,” SPIE Optical Engineering(35)(2), 457–466 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Brzozowski and E. Sargent, “All-optical analog-to-digital converters, hardlimiters, and logicgates,” J. of Light-wave Technol.19(1), 114–119, (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Sakata, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion by use of nonlinear Fabry-Perot resonators,” Applied Optics40(2), 240–248, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Connen, and M. Martinelli, “SOA based all-optical threshold,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 309–310 (2000).
  8. G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, and R. Baets, “Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and True regeneration characteristics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1516–1518 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Maes, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Switching in coupled nonlinear photonic-crystal resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, /textbf22(8), 1778–1784 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G.C. Valley, “Photonic analog-to-digital converters,” Opt. Express15(5), 1955–1982 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Ehrlichman, O. Amrani, and S. Ruschin, “Photonic comparator by square-wave synthesis,” in Proceedings of 26th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel (IEEEI)(IEEE2010), pp. 395–397.
  15. L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications”, J. of Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Yu, H. Wei, X. Zhang, Q. Yan, and J. Xia, “Integrated MMI optical couplers and optical switches in silicon-on-insulator technology,” Proc. SPIE4582, 57–62 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. C. Toumazou, G. Moschytz, and B. Gilbert, Trade-offs in analog circuit design: the designer’s companion(Kluwer Academic Publishing2002).
  19. M. Madhavilatha, G.L. Madhumati, and K.R.K. Rao, “Design of CMOS comparator for flash ADC,” International Journal of Electronics Engineering, 1(1), 53–57 (2009).
  20. N. Lagali, M. Paiam, and R. MacDonald, “Theory of variable-ratio power splitters using multimode interference couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 665–667, (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nature photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Niwa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental demonstration of 1×4 InP/InGAsP optical integrated multimode interference waveguide switch,” in 20th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM)(IEEE2008), pp. 1–4.
  23. K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nature photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

M. Madhavilatha, G.L. Madhumati, and K.R.K. Rao, “Design of CMOS comparator for flash ADC,” International Journal of Electronics Engineering, 1(1), 53–57 (2009).

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Q. Wu, Y. Zhang, X. Fu, and M. Yao, “Experimental Demonstration of all-optical analog-to-digital conversion with balanced detection threshold scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(23), 1776–1778, (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, and R. Baets, “Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and True regeneration characteristics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1516–1518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

L. Brzozowski and E. Sargent, “All-optical analog-to-digital converters, hardlimiters, and logicgates,” J. of Light-wave Technol.19(1), 114–119, (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Sakata, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion by use of nonlinear Fabry-Perot resonators,” Applied Optics40(2), 240–248, 2001.
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, H. Wei, X. Zhang, Q. Yan, and J. Xia, “Integrated MMI optical couplers and optical switches in silicon-on-insulator technology,” Proc. SPIE4582, 57–62 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Lagali, M. Paiam, and R. MacDonald, “Theory of variable-ratio power splitters using multimode interference couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 665–667, (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications”, J. of Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. Loh and J. LoCicero, “Subnanosecond sampling all-optical analog-to-digital converter using symmetric self-electro-optic effect devices,” SPIE Optical Engineering(35)(2), 457–466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

H. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter–design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.15(4), 210–216, (1979).
[CrossRef]

Abdul, J.

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Amrani, O.

Y. Ehrlichman, O. Amrani, and S. Ruschin, “Photonic comparator by square-wave synthesis,” in Proceedings of 26th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel (IEEEI)(IEEE2010), pp. 395–397.

Baets, R.

B. Maes, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, “Switching in coupled nonlinear photonic-crystal resonators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, /textbf22(8), 1778–1784 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, and R. Baets, “Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and True regeneration characteristics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1516–1518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

Brzozowski, L.

L. Brzozowski and E. Sargent, “All-optical analog-to-digital converters, hardlimiters, and logicgates,” J. of Light-wave Technol.19(1), 114–119, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chak, P.

S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chi, H.

Connen, M.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Connen, and M. Martinelli, “SOA based all-optical threshold,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 309–310 (2000).

Driessen, A.

N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlichman, Y.

Y. Ehrlichman, O. Amrani, and S. Ruschin, “Photonic comparator by square-wave synthesis,” in Proceedings of 26th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel (IEEEI)(IEEE2010), pp. 395–397.

Fok, M.

A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fu, X.

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Q. Wu, Y. Zhang, X. Fu, and M. Yao, “Experimental Demonstration of all-optical analog-to-digital conversion with balanced detection threshold scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(23), 1776–1778, (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gardes, F.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nature photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilbert, B.

C. Toumazou, G. Moschytz, and B. Gilbert, Trade-offs in analog circuit design: the designer’s companion(Kluwer Academic Publishing2002).

Iga, R.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, K.

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, T.

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, T.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ito, T.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kakitsuka, T.

S. Niwa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental demonstration of 1×4 InP/InGAsP optical integrated multimode interference waveguide switch,” in 20th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM)(IEEE2008), pp. 1–4.

Kitayama, K.

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Niwa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental demonstration of 1×4 InP/InGAsP optical integrated multimode interference waveguide switch,” in 20th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM)(IEEE2008), pp. 1–4.

Kondo, Y.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lagali, N.

N. Lagali, M. Paiam, and R. MacDonald, “Theory of variable-ratio power splitters using multimode interference couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 665–667, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lagali, N.S.

N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

LoCicero, J.

L. Loh and J. LoCicero, “Subnanosecond sampling all-optical analog-to-digital converter using symmetric self-electro-optic effect devices,” SPIE Optical Engineering(35)(2), 457–466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Loh, L.

L. Loh and J. LoCicero, “Subnanosecond sampling all-optical analog-to-digital converter using symmetric self-electro-optic effect devices,” SPIE Optical Engineering(35)(2), 457–466 (1995).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, R.

N. Lagali, M. Paiam, and R. MacDonald, “Theory of variable-ratio power splitters using multimode interference couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 665–667, (1999).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, R.I.

N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Madhavilatha, M.

M. Madhavilatha, G.L. Madhumati, and K.R.K. Rao, “Design of CMOS comparator for flash ADC,” International Journal of Electronics Engineering, 1(1), 53–57 (2009).

Madhumati, G.L.

M. Madhavilatha, G.L. Madhumati, and K.R.K. Rao, “Design of CMOS comparator for flash ADC,” International Journal of Electronics Engineering, 1(1), 53–57 (2009).

Maes, B.

Marazzi, L.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Connen, and M. Martinelli, “SOA based all-optical threshold,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 309–310 (2000).

Martinelli, M.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Connen, and M. Martinelli, “SOA based all-optical threshold,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 309–310 (2000).

Mashanovich, G.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nature photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

S. Niwa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental demonstration of 1×4 InP/InGAsP optical integrated multimode interference waveguide switch,” in 20th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM)(IEEE2008), pp. 1–4.

Morthier, G.

G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, and R. Baets, “Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and True regeneration characteristics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1516–1518 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moschytz, G.

C. Toumazou, G. Moschytz, and B. Gilbert, Trade-offs in analog circuit design: the designer’s companion(Kluwer Academic Publishing2002).

Nahmias, M.

A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Niwa, S.

S. Niwa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakitsuka, and K. Kitayama, “Experimental demonstration of 1×4 InP/InGAsP optical integrated multimode interference waveguide switch,” in 20th International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM)(IEEE2008), pp. 1–4.

Oku, S.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paiam, M.

N. Lagali, M. Paiam, and R. MacDonald, “Theory of variable-ratio power splitters using multimode interference couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.11(6), 665–667, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Paiam, M.R.

N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Parolari, P.

P. Parolari, L. Marazzi, M. Connen, and M. Martinelli, “SOA based all-optical threshold,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), 309–310 (2000).

Peng, Y.

Y. Peng, H. Zhang, Q. Wu, Y. Zhang, X. Fu, and M. Yao, “Experimental Demonstration of all-optical analog-to-digital conversion with balanced detection threshold scheme,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(23), 1776–1778, (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E.

L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications”, J. of Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S.

S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P.

A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rao, K.R.K.

M. Madhavilatha, G.L. Madhumati, and K.R.K. Rao, “Design of CMOS comparator for flash ADC,” International Journal of Electronics Engineering, 1(1), 53–57 (2009).

Reed, G.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nature photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rhoff, K.

N.S. Lagali, M.R. Paiam, R.I. MacDonald, K. Rhoff, and A. Driessen, “Analysis of generalized Mach-Zehnder interferometers for variable-ratio power splitting and optimized switching,” J. of Lightwave Technol.17(12), 2542–2550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

Y. Ehrlichman, O. Amrani, and S. Ruschin, “Photonic comparator by square-wave synthesis,” in Proceedings of 26th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel (IEEEI)(IEEE2010), pp. 395–397.

Sakata, H.

H. Sakata, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion by use of nonlinear Fabry-Perot resonators,” Applied Optics40(2), 240–248, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Sargent, E.

L. Brzozowski and E. Sargent, “All-optical analog-to-digital converters, hardlimiters, and logicgates,” J. of Light-wave Technol.19(1), 114–119, (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shastri, B.

A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, Y.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J.

S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soldano, L.

L. Soldano and E. Pennings, “Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications”, J. of Lightwave Technol.13(4), 615–627 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tait, A.

A. Tait, B. Shastri, M. Fok, M. Nahmias, and P. Prucnal, “The DREAM: an integrated photonic thresholder,” J. of Lightwave Technol.31(8), 1263–1272, (2013).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H.

H. Taylor, “An optical analog-to-digital converter–design and analysis,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.15(4), 210–216, (1979).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, D.

G. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Gardes, and D. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nature photonics4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tkeshelashvili, L.

S. Pereira, P. Chak, J. Sipe, L. Tkeshelashvili, and K. Busch, “All-optical diode in an asymmetrically apodized Kerr nonlinear microresonator system,” Photonics and Nanostructures-Fundamentals and Applications, 2(3), 181–190 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tobioka, H.

K. Ikeda, J. Abdul, H. Tobioka, T. Inoue, S. Namiki, and K. Kitayama, “Design considerations of all-optical A/D conversion: nonlinear fiber-optic Sagnac-loop unterferometer-based optical quantizing and coding,” J. of Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2618–2628, (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tohmori, Y.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Toumazou, C.

C. Toumazou, G. Moschytz, and B. Gilbert, Trade-offs in analog circuit design: the designer’s companion(Kluwer Academic Publishing2002).

Tsuzuki, K.

K. Tsuzuki, T. Ishibashi, T. Ito, S. Oku, Y. Shibata, R. Iga, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, “40 Gbit/s n-i-n InP Mach-Zehnder modulator with a π voltage of 2.2V,” IET Electronics Letters39(20), 1464–1466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G.C.

Vanderhaegen, B.

G. Morthier, M. Zhao, B. Vanderhaegen, and R. Baets, “Experimental demonstration of an all-optical 2R regenerator with adjustable decision threshold and True regeneration characteristics,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(11), 1516–1518 (2002).
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