Abstract

We demonstrate that a near-single-cycle photonic millimeter-wave short-pulse generator at W-band is capable to provide high spatial resolution three-dimensional (3-D) radar imaging. A preliminary study indicates that 3-D radar images with a state-of-the-art ranging resolution of around 1.2 cm at the W-band can be achieved.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. N. (Sami) Gopalsami and A. P. C. Raptis, “Millimeter-wave radar sensing of airborne chemicals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49, 646–653 (2001).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Han and C. Nguyen, “A new ultra-wideband, ultra-short monocycle pulse generator with reduced ringing,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.12(6), 206–208 (2002).
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2012 (3)

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N.-W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express20, 21223–21234 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y.-W. Huang, T.-F. Tseng, C.-C. Kuo, Y.-J. Hwang, and C.-K. Sun, “Fiber-based swept-source terahertz radar,” Opt. Lett.35(9), 1344–1346 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

J. K. Christensen and M. J. Underhill, “Phase coded pulse doppler and continuous wave 77GHz radar measurement and analysis facility,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.151(6), 365–374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

J. Han and C. Nguyen, “A new ultra-wideband, ultra-short monocycle pulse generator with reduced ringing,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.12(6), 206–208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

N. (Sami) Gopalsami and A. P. C. Raptis, “Millimeter-wave radar sensing of airborne chemicals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49, 646–653 (2001).

2000 (2)

W. W. Camp, J. T. Mayhan, and R. M. O’Donnell, “Wideband radar for ballistic missile defense and range-doppler imaging of satellites,” Lincoln Lab J.12, 267–280 (2000).

D. R. Grischkowsky, “Optoelectronic characterization of transmission lines and waveguides by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(6), 1122–1135 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. G. Stove, “Linear FMCW radar techniques,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.139, 343–350 (1993).

1991 (1)

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

(Sami) Gopalsami, N.

N. (Sami) Gopalsami and A. P. C. Raptis, “Millimeter-wave radar sensing of airborne chemicals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49, 646–653 (2001).

Bajwa, N.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Benford, D. J.

Bennett, D. B.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bohlander, R. A.

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N.-W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express20, 21223–21234 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, E. R.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bryllert, T.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Butterworth, J. C.

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Camp, W. W.

W. W. Camp, J. T. Mayhan, and R. M. O’Donnell, “Wideband radar for ballistic missile defense and range-doppler imaging of satellites,” Lincoln Lab J.12, 267–280 (2000).

Chang, Y.-C.

Chattopadhyay, G.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N.-W.

N.-W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express20, 21223–21234 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, J. K.

J. K. Christensen and M. J. Underhill, “Phase coded pulse doppler and continuous wave 77GHz radar measurement and analysis facility,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.151(6), 365–374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, K. B.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Crowe, T. W.

Culjat, M. O.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

De Roo, R. D.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dengler, R. J.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Essen, H.

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Forsythe, R. E.

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Frantzis, P.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gaidis, M. C.

Gill, J.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D. R.

D. R. Grischkowsky, “Optoelectronic characterization of transmission lines and waveguides by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(6), 1122–1135 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grundfest, W. S.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hagelen, M.

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, J.

J. Han and C. Nguyen, “A new ultra-wideband, ultra-short monocycle pulse generator with reduced ringing,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.12(6), 206–208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hebel, M.

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hesler, J.

Huang, C.-B.

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.-W.

Hubschman, J.-P.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, Y.-J.

Jager, K.

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kealey, C. P.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kooi, J. W.

Kuo, C.-C.

Kuo, F.-M.

N.-W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express20, 21223–21234 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.-R.

Lin, J.-W.

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.-A.

Llombart, N.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mayhan, J. T.

W. W. Camp, J. T. Mayhan, and R. M. O’Donnell, “Wideband radar for ballistic missile defense and range-doppler imaging of satellites,” Lincoln Lab J.12, 267–280 (2000).

McMillan, R. W.

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mehdi, I.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nashashibi, A. Y.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, C.

J. Han and C. Nguyen, “A new ultra-wideband, ultra-short monocycle pulse generator with reduced ringing,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.12(6), 206–208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O’Donnell, R. M.

W. W. Camp, J. T. Mayhan, and R. M. O’Donnell, “Wideband radar for ballistic missile defense and range-doppler imaging of satellites,” Lincoln Lab J.12, 267–280 (2000).

Pan, C.-L.

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T.-A. Liu, G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and C.-L. Pan, “Wireless audio and burst communication link with directly modulated THz photoconductive antenna,” Opt. Express13(25), 10416–10423 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panangadan, A. V.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peay, C. S.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Raptis, A. P. C.

N. (Sami) Gopalsami and A. P. C. Raptis, “Millimeter-wave radar sensing of airborne chemicals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49, 646–653 (2001).

Sarabandi, K.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schlecht, E.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, K.

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.-W.

N.-W. Chen, J.-W. Shi, H.-J. Tsai, J.-M. Wun, F.-M. Kuo, J. Hesler, T. W. Crowe, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and demonstration of ultra-fast W-band photonic transmitter-mixer and detectors for 25 Gbits/sec error-free wireless linking,” Opt. Express20, 21223–21234 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R. S.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Skalare, A.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stojadinovic, A.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stove, A. G.

A. G. Stove, “Linear FMCW radar techniques,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.139, 343–350 (1993).

Sun, C.-K.

Talukder, A.

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, Z. D.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tewari, P.

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Trussell, C. W.

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H.-J.

Tseng, T.-F.

Ulaby, F. T.

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Underhill, M. J.

J. K. Christensen and M. J. Underhill, “Phase coded pulse doppler and continuous wave 77GHz radar measurement and analysis facility,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.151(6), 365–374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wahlen, A.

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wun, J.-M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig. (2)

J. K. Christensen and M. J. Underhill, “Phase coded pulse doppler and continuous wave 77GHz radar measurement and analysis facility,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.151(6), 365–374 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stove, “Linear FMCW radar techniques,” IEE Proc., Radar Sonar Navig.139, 343–350 (1993).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. R. Grischkowsky, “Optoelectronic characterization of transmission lines and waveguides by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(6), 1122–1135 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. (1)

J. Han and C. Nguyen, “A new ultra-wideband, ultra-short monocycle pulse generator with reduced ringing,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.12(6), 206–208 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J.-W. Shi, J.-W. Lin, C.-B. Huang, F.-M. Kuo, N.-W. Chen, C.-L. Pan, and J. E. Bowers, “Photonic generation of few-cycle millimeter-wave pulse using a waveguide based photonic transmitter mixer,” IEEE Photon. J.4(4), 1071–1079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J.-W. Shi, F.-M. Kuo, and J. E. Bowers, “Design and analysis of ultra-high speed near-ballistic uni-traveling-carrier photodiodes under a 50 Ω load for high-power performance,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 533–535 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (1)

A. Y. Nashashibi, K. Sarabandi, P. Frantzis, R. D. De Roo, and F. T. Ulaby, “An ultrafast wide-band millimeter wave (MMW) polarimetric radar for remote sensing applications,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.40(8), 1777–1786 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (3)

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, T. Bryllert, G. Chattopadhyay, E. Schlecht, J. Gill, C. Lee, A. Skalare, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Penetrating 3-D imaging at 4- and 25-m range using a submillimeter-wave radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(12), 2771–2778 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. W. McMillan, C. W. Trussell, R. A. Bohlander, J. C. Butterworth, and R. E. Forsythe, “An experimental 225 GHz pulsed coherent radar,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.39(3), 555–562 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. (Sami) Gopalsami and A. P. C. Raptis, “Millimeter-wave radar sensing of airborne chemicals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49, 646–653 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

Z. D. Taylor, R. S. Singh, D. B. Bennett, P. Tewari, C. P. Kealey, N. Bajwa, M. O. Culjat, A. Stojadinovic, H. Lee, J.-P. Hubschman, E. R. Brown, and W. S. Grundfest, “THz medical imaging: In vivo hydration sensing,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 201–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol. (1)

H. Essen, M. Hagelen, A. Wahlen, K. Schulz, K. Jager, and M. Hebel, “ISAR imaging of helicopters using millimeter wave radars,” Int. J. Microwave Wireless Technol.1(03), 171–178 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lincoln Lab J. (1)

W. W. Camp, J. T. Mayhan, and R. M. O’Donnell, “Wideband radar for ballistic missile defense and range-doppler imaging of satellites,” Lincoln Lab J.12, 267–280 (2000).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

K. B. Cooper, R. J. Dengler, N. Llombart, A. Talukder, A. V. Panangadan, C. S. Peay, I. Mehdi, and P. H. Siegel, “Fast, high resolution terahertz radar imaging at 25 meters,” Proc. SPIE7671, 76710Y, 76710Y-8 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. A. Richards, J. A. Scheer, and W. A. Holm, Principles of Modern Radar: Basic Principles (SciTech publishing, 2010), Chap. 10.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The schematic diagram of the near-single-cycle W-band MMW pulse measurement. (b) The photo of NTUTC-PD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The measured pulse-width versus the bias voltage on PD. (b) The measured pulse width versus PD bias voltage at different photocurrent. (c) The measured pulse amplitude at different PD bias voltages.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The generated MMW power and output photocurrent of our NBUTC-PD versus reverse bias voltages

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The measured pulse-width versus bias voltage on PD. (b) The measured pulse width versus PD bias voltage at different photocurrent. (c) The measured pulse amplitude at different PD bias voltages.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The measured frequency response of the W-band power amplifier. (b) The measured impulse responses without (black trace) and with (red trace) truncating ringing tail. (c) The corresponding FFT spectra of the two waveforms in (b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The schematic diagram of the near-single-cycle W-band MMW pulse radar system.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) The measured spot size at the focus of the MMW lens. (b) The measured waveform of the short pulse at the focus of the MMW lens. (c) The Fourier transform of the waveform.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) One example of the reflected waveform from a flat metallic surface. (b) The Fourier transform of the waveform.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) The photo of OUT which shows the different depths of every pixel. (b) The captured waveforms correspond to the depths of the nine pixels.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) The scanning area of the angry-bird pattern. (b) The reconstructed 3-D image. The color bar shows the height with the unit of centimeter (cm). (c) The profile of the angry-bird pattern. (d) The failed image reconstruction without threshold setting.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparisons of the actual and measured depth of the object

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparisons of Different MMW Radar Systems

Metrics