Abstract

We demonstrate a simple and versatile method to greatly extend the tuning range of optical frequency shifting devices, such as acousto-optic modulators (AOMs). We use this method to stabilize the frequency of a tunable narrow-band continuous-wave (CW) laser to a transmission maximum of an external Fabry-Perot interferometer (FPI) with a tunable frequency offset. This is achieved through a servo loop which contains an in-loop AOM for simple radiofrequency (RF) tuning of the optical frequency over the full 30 GHz mode-hop-free tuning range of the CW laser. By stabilizing the length of the FPI to a stabilized helium-neon (HeNe) laser (at 5 THz offset from the tunable laser) we simultaneously transfer the ∼ 1 MHz absolute frequency stability of the HeNe laser to the entire 30 GHz range of the tunable laser. Thus, our method allows simple, wide-range, fast and reproducible optical frequency tuning and absolute optical frequency measurements through RF electronics, which is here demonstrated by repeatedly recording a 27-GHz-wide molecular iodine spectrum at scan rates up to 500 MHz/s. General technical aspects that determine the performance of the method are discussed in detail.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. D. M. S. Johnson, J. M. Hogan, S.-w. Ciow, and M. A. Kasevich, “Broadband optical serrodyne frequency shifting,” Opt. Lett.35, 745–747 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. Houtz, C. Chan, and H. Müller, “Wideband efficient optical serrodyne frequency shifting with a phase modulator and a nonlinear transmission line,” Opt. Express17, 19235–19240 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Hisatake, T. Konishi, and T. Nagatsuma, “Multiplication of optical frequency shift by cascaded electro-optic traveling phase gratings operating above 10 GHz,” Opt. Lett.36, 1350–1352 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, “A modified commercial Ti:sapphire laser with 4 kHz rms linewidth,” Opt. Comm.123, 558–562 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. of Mod. Phys.78, 1297–1309 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).
  12. H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, and B. Tiemann, “High precision description of the rovibronic structure of the I2 B-X spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D28, 199–209 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. We used the “IodineSpec” program, kindly provided to us by H. Knöckel (Leibniz University, Hannover). See also B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulae for hyperfine splittings in the 127I2 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D.19, 13–44 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S.-w. Chiow, T. Kovachy, H.-C. Chien, and M. A. Kasevich, “102ħk Large Area Atom Interferometers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 130403 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

D. M. S. Johnson, J. M. Hogan, S.-w. Ciow, and M. A. Kasevich, “Broadband optical serrodyne frequency shifting,” Opt. Lett.35, 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

2006 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. of Mod. Phys.78, 1297–1309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, and B. Tiemann, “High precision description of the rovibronic structure of the I2 B-X spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D28, 199–209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

We used the “IodineSpec” program, kindly provided to us by H. Knöckel (Leibniz University, Hannover). See also B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulae for hyperfine splittings in the 127I2 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D.19, 13–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, “A modified commercial Ti:sapphire laser with 4 kHz rms linewidth,” Opt. Comm.123, 558–562 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Almendros, M.

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baba, M.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Blakestad, R. B.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Bodermann, B.

H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, and B. Tiemann, “High precision description of the rovibronic structure of the I2 B-X spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D28, 199–209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

We used the “IodineSpec” program, kindly provided to us by H. Knöckel (Leibniz University, Hannover). See also B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulae for hyperfine splittings in the 127I2 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D.19, 13–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Britton, J.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Chan, C.

Chiaverini, J.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Chien, H.-C.

S.-w. Chiow, T. Kovachy, H.-C. Chien, and M. A. Kasevich, “102ħk Large Area Atom Interferometers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 130403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiow, S.-w.

S.-w. Chiow, T. Kovachy, H.-C. Chien, and M. A. Kasevich, “102ħk Large Area Atom Interferometers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 130403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ciow, S.-w.

Donley, E. A.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eikema, K. S. E.

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Engler, H.

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eschner, J.

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, N.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Fujiwara, C.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Grimm, R.

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. of Mod. Phys.78, 1297–1309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haubrich, D.

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, “A modified commercial Ti:sapphire laser with 4 kHz rms linewidth,” Opt. Comm.123, 558–562 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Heavner, T. P.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hennrich, M.

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hisatake, S.

Hogan, J. M.

Hogervorst, W.

I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollenstein, U.

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Houtz, R.

Hume, D. B.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huwer, J.

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ikeuchi, M.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Ishikawa, K.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Itano, W. M.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Jefferts, S. R.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. M. S.

Jost, J. D.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Kabir, M. H.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kasahara, S.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kasevich, M. A.

S.-w. Chiow, T. Kovachy, H.-C. Chien, and M. A. Kasevich, “102ħk Large Area Atom Interferometers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 130403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. S. Johnson, J. M. Hogan, S.-w. Ciow, and M. A. Kasevich, “Broadband optical serrodyne frequency shifting,” Opt. Lett.35, 745–747 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katô, H.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Kimura, Y.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Knöckel, H.

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, and B. Tiemann, “High precision description of the rovibronic structure of the I2 B-X spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D28, 199–209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

We used the “IodineSpec” program, kindly provided to us by H. Knöckel (Leibniz University, Hannover). See also B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulae for hyperfine splittings in the 127I2 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D.19, 13–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koelemeij, J. C. J.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konishi, T.

Kovachy, T.

S.-w. Chiow, T. Kovachy, H.-C. Chien, and M. A. Kasevich, “102ħk Large Area Atom Interferometers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 130403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuwano, H.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Langer, C.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Leibfried, D.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Levi, F.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matsunobu, Y.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Misono, M.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Müller, H.

Nagatsuma, T.

OReilly, J.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Ozeri, R.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Reichle, R.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Rohde, F.

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rosenband, T.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salumbides, E. J.

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, C.

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schünemann, U.

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seidelin, S.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Shimamoto, T.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Shinano, T.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Takahashi, R.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

Tataw, M. O.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, B.

H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, and B. Tiemann, “High precision description of the rovibronic structure of the I2 B-X spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D28, 199–209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tiemann, E.

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

We used the “IodineSpec” program, kindly provided to us by H. Knöckel (Leibniz University, Hannover). See also B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulae for hyperfine splittings in the 127I2 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D.19, 13–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ubachs, W.

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ushino, M.

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

van Dierendock, R.

I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velchev, I.

I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weidemüller, M.

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wesenberg, J. H.

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Wineland, D. J.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Wynands, R.

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, “A modified commercial Ti:sapphire laser with 4 kHz rms linewidth,” Opt. Comm.123, 558–562 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zielonkowski, M.

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (2)

E. J. Salumbides, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, U. Hollenstein, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Improved potentials and Born-Oppenheimer corrections by new measurements of transitions of 129I2 and 127I129I in the B3Π − X1Σg band system,” Eur. Phys. J. D47, 171–179 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Knöckel, B. Bodermann, and B. Tiemann, “High precision description of the rovibronic structure of the I2 B-X spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D28, 199–209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D. (1)

We used the “IodineSpec” program, kindly provided to us by H. Knöckel (Leibniz University, Hannover). See also B. Bodermann, H. Knöckel, and E. Tiemann, “Widely usable interpolation formulae for hyperfine splittings in the 127I2 spectrum,” Eur. Phys. J. D.19, 13–44 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (1)

I. Velchev, R. van Dierendock, W. Hogervorst, and W. Ubachs, “A dense grid of reference iodine lines for optical frequency calibration in the range 571–596 nm,” J. Mol. Spectrosc.187, 21–27 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. B (1)

F. Rohde, M. Almendros, C. Schuck, J. Huwer, M. Hennrich, and J. Eschner, “A diode laser stabilization scheme for 40Ca+single-ion spectroscopy,” J. Phys. B43, 115401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (1)

D. Haubrich and R. Wynands, “A modified commercial Ti:sapphire laser with 4 kHz rms linewidth,” Opt. Comm.123, 558–562 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

R. Ozeri, W. M. Itano, R. B. Blakestad, J. Britton, J. Chiaverini, J. D. Jost, C. Langer, D. Leibfried, R. Reichle, S. Seidelin, J. H. Wesenberg, and D. J. Wineland, “Errors in trapped-ion quantum gates due to spontaneous photon scattering,” Phys. Lett. A75, 042329 (2007).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, “Frequency comparison of two high-accuracy Al+optical clocks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 070802 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-w. Chiow, T. Kovachy, H.-C. Chien, and M. A. Kasevich, “102ħk Large Area Atom Interferometers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107, 130403 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. of Mod. Phys. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, “Nobel lecture: passion for precision,” Rev. of Mod. Phys.78, 1297–1309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

U. Schünemann, H. Engler, R. Grimm, M. Weidemüller, and M. Zielonkowski, “Simple scheme for tunable frequency offset locking of two lasers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.70, 242–243, (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, “Double-pass acousto-optic modulator system,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.67, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Katô, M. Baba, S. Kasahara, K. Ishikawa, M. Misono, Y. Kimura, J. OReilly, H. Kuwano, T. Shimamoto, T. Shinano, C. Fujiwara, M. Ikeuchi, N. Fujita, M. H. Kabir, M. Ushino, R. Takahashi, and Y. Matsunobu, Doppler-free high resolution spectral atlas of iodine molecule (Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup scheme. Red lines indicate optical beam paths, whereas electrical connections are colored black. VCO, Voltage Controlled Oscillator; DP AOM, double-pass AOM setup); PI, proportional-integral loop filter; lock-in, lock-in amplifier; PD, photodiode; PBC, polarizing beamsplitter cube; λ meter, optical wavelength meter. The overlapped laser beams traveling through the FPI are offset here for clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of the ‘AOM-jump method’: (a) the dye laser is scanned in a controlled way by RF tuning of the AOM within the AOM tuning range; (b) near the edge of the AOM tuning range the scan is stopped; (c) subsequently the AOM frequency is rapidly adjusted so that ΔAOM jumps by ΔFSR without perturbing the frequency of the dye laser; (d) the dye laser is ready to be scanned by one FSR adjacent to the previous scan range.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Six traces of part of the I2 spectrum recorded using the widely-tunable offset lock. The curves were alternately taken in upward and downward scan directions, starting from −0.65 GHz upward (bottom spectrum was taken first). The frequency difference between the absorption features indicated by the thick dashed lines is 24908.7 MHz. The left thick dashed line at zero frequency corresponds corresponds to 476.300358(3) THz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Zoom-in of the spectra of Fig. 3 between 24.84 and 24.97 GHz. The scans taken in forward direction and in backward direction display a relative displacement of about 12 MHz, caused predominantly by the finite response time of the I2 signal detection electronics.

Equations (2)

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ν dye = ν HeNe + m Δ FSR ± Δ AOM ,
ν dye = ν HeNe + ( m ± 1 ) Δ FSR ± Δ AOM ,

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