Abstract

We demonstrate up-conversion single-photon detection for the 1550-nm telecommunications band using a PPLN waveguide, long-wavelength pump, and narrowband filtering using a volume Bragg grating. We achieve total-system detection efficiency of around 30% with noise at the dark-count level of a Silicon APD. Based on the new detector, a single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer with a noise equivalent power of −142 dBm Hz-1/2 was demonstrated, which was as good as a liquid nitrogen cooled CCD camera.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. H. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 696–705 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Liu, T. Y. Chen, J. Wang, W. Q. Cai, X. Wan, L. K. Chen, J. H. Wang, S. B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z. B. Chen, and J. W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express18(8), 8587–8594 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Wang, W. Chen, J. F. Guo, Z. Q. Yin, H. W. Li, Z. Zhou, G. C. Guo, and Z. F. Han, “2 GHz clock quantum key distribution over 260 km of standard telecom fiber,” Opt. Lett.37(6), 1008–1010 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynesl, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Gigahertz decoy QKD with 1Mbit/s secure key rate,” Opt. Express16, 18790–18979 (2008).
  7. Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Namekata, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, Y. Tokura, and S. Inoue, “High-rate quantum key distribution over 100 km using ultra-low-noise, 2-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10632–10639 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. ID Quantique Inc, Geneva, Switzerland, “id100ID210/ID220 SERIES SELECTION GUIDE,” http://www.idquantique.com/images/stories/PDF/id220-single-photon-counter/id220-specs.pdf .
  10. P. Kumar, “Quantum frequency conversion,” Opt. Lett.15(24), 1476–1478 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt.51, 1433–1445 (2004).
  12. C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, “Highly efficient single-photon detection at communication wavelengths by use of upconversion in reverse-proton-exchanged periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.30(13), 1725–1727 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient single-photon counting at 1.55 microm by means of frequency upconversion,” Opt. Lett.29(13), 1449–1451 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. S. Pelc, P. S. Kuo, O. Slattery, L. Ma, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Dual-channel, single-photon upconversion detector at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express20(17), 19075–19087 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).
  20. Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Waveguide-based single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer,” Opt. Express16(24), 19557–19561 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector,” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Princeton Instruments, “Spectroscopy Cameras PyLoN,” http://www.piacton.com/Uploads/Princeton/Documents/Datasheets/Princeton_Instruments_PyLoN-IR_RevN2_9_23_12.pdf .
  24. All pump power mentioned below is measured by a power meter after the DM.
  25. P. A. Jansson, Deconvolution of Images and Spectra (Academic Press, 1997), Chap. 14.
  26. L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Single photon frequency up-conversion and its applications,” Phys. Rep.521(2), 69–94 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 173901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. S. Pelc, L. Yu, K. De Greve, P. L. McMahon, C. M. Natarajan, V. Esfandyarpour, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, “Downconversion quantum interface for a single quantum dot spin and 1550-nm single-photon channel,” Opt. Express20(25), 27510–27519 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).

2012 (5)

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Y. Chen, J. Wang, W. Q. Cai, X. Wan, L. K. Chen, J. H. Wang, S. B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z. B. Chen, and J. W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express18(8), 8587–8594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector,” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 696–705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (6)

2007 (1)

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

M. A. Albota and F. N. C. Wong, “Efficient single-photon counting at 1.55 microm by means of frequency upconversion,” Opt. Lett.29(13), 1449–1451 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt.51, 1433–1445 (2004).

1990 (1)

Albota, M. A.

Albrecht, R.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alibart, O.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arend, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asobe, M.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becher, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cai, W. Q.

Chen, K.

Chen, L. K.

Chen, T. Y.

Chen, W.

Chen, Z. B.

De Greve, K.

Diamanti, E.

Dixon, A. R.

Dong, H.

H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dynesl, J. F.

Esfandyarpour, V.

Fejer, M. M.

Forchel, A.

Gisin, N.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gray, S.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. C.

Guo, J. F.

Hadfield, R. H.

J. S. Pelc, L. Yu, K. De Greve, P. L. McMahon, C. M. Natarajan, V. Esfandyarpour, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, “Downconversion quantum interface for a single quantum dot spin and 1550-nm single-photon channel,” Opt. Express20(25), 27510–27519 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 696–705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Halder, M.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, Z. F.

Hepp, C.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirohata, T.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Höfling, S.

Honjo, T.

N. Namekata, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, Y. Tokura, and S. Inoue, “High-rate quantum key distribution over 100 km using ultra-low-noise, 2-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10632–10639 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ikuta, R.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imoto, N.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoue, S.

Jetter, M.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamada, H.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamp, M.

Kato, H.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keßler, C. A.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kettler, J.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. S.

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).

Kitano, T.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koashi, M.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

Kuo, P. S.

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).

J. S. Pelc, P. S. Kuo, O. Slattery, L. Ma, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Dual-channel, single-photon upconversion detector at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express20(17), 19075–19087 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kusaka, Y.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwiat, P. G.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt.51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Langrock, C.

Lenhard, A.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, H. W.

Liang, H.

Liu, S. B.

Liu, Y.

Ma, L.

Maier, S.

McMahon, P. L.

Michler, P.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazawa, H.

Nam, S. W.

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Namekata, N.

Natarajan, C. M.

Nishida, Y.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, H.

H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J. W.

Pelc, J. S.

Peng, C. Z.

Phillips, C. R.

Rakher, M. T.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Schneider, C.

Schulz, W. M.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharpe, A. W.

Shields, A. J.

Slattery, O.

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).

J. S. Pelc, P. S. Kuo, O. Slattery, L. Ma, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Dual-channel, single-photon upconversion detector at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express20(17), 19075–19087 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Single photon frequency up-conversion and its applications,” Phys. Rep.521(2), 69–94 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector,” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, K.

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stucki, D.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suyama, M.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takesue, H.

N. Namekata, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, Y. Tokura, and S. Inoue, “High-rate quantum key distribution over 100 km using ultra-low-noise, 2-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10632–10639 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kamada, M. Asobe, T. Honjo, H. Takesue, Y. Tokura, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, and H. Miyazawa, “Efficient and low-noise single-photon detection in 1550 nm communication band by frequency upconversion in periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 639–641 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, E. Diamanti, R. V. Roussev, Y. Yamamoto, M. M. Fejer, and H. Takesue, “Highly efficient single-photon detection at communication wavelengths by use of upconversion in reverse-proton-exchanged periodically poled LiNbO3 waveguides,” Opt. Lett.30(13), 1725–1727 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takiguchi, Y.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamaki, K.

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X.

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).

J. S. Pelc, P. S. Kuo, O. Slattery, L. Ma, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Dual-channel, single-photon upconversion detector at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express20(17), 19075–19087 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Single photon frequency up-conversion and its applications,” Phys. Rep.521(2), 69–94 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector,” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ten, S.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thew, R. T.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokura, Y.

Towery, C. R.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vandevender, A. P.

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt.51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Vannel, F.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walenta, N.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wan, X.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. H.

Wang, S.

Wen, K.

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N. C.

Wu, E.

H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, Y.

Yang, L.

Yao, L.

H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Z. Q.

Yu, L.

Yuan, Z. L.

Zaske, S.

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, H.

H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Waveguide-based single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer,” Opt. Express16(24), 19557–19561 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. T. Thew, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, “Tunable upconversion photon detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Dong, H. Pan, L. Yao, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, “Efficient single-photon frequency upconversion at 1.06 μm with ultralow background counts,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(7), 071101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. P. Vandevender and P. G. Kwiat, “High efficiency single photon detection via frequency up-conversion,” J. Mod. Opt.51, 1433–1445 (2004).

Nat Commun (1)

R. Ikuta, Y. Kusaka, T. Kitano, H. Kato, T. Yamamoto, M. Koashi, and N. Imoto, “Wide-band quantum interface for visible-to-telecommunication wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 1544 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (3)

M. T. Rakher, L. Ma, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and K. Srinivasan, “Quantum transduction of telecommunications-band single photons from a quantum dot by frequency upconversion,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 786–791 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Hadfield, “Single-photon detectors for optical quantum information applications,” Nat. Photonics3(12), 696–705 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, S. W. Nam, Q. Zhang, R. H. Hadfield, T. Honjo, K. Tamaki, and Y. Yamamoto, “Quantum key distribution over a 40-dB channel loss using superconducting single-photon detectors,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 343–348 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

S. Tanzilli, W. Tittel, M. Halder, O. Alibart, P. Baldi, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “A photonic quantum information interface,” Nature437(7055), 116–120 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (2)

D. Stucki, N. Walenta, F. Vannel, R. T. Thew, N. Gisin, H. Zbinden, S. Gray, C. R. Towery, and S. Ten, “High rate, long-distance quantum key distribution over 250 km of ultra-low loss fibres,” New J. Phys.11(7), 075003 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, K. Wen, T. Hirohata, M. Suyama, Y. Takiguchi, H. Kamada, Y. Tokura, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, and Y. Yamamoto, “Megabits secure key rate quantum key distribution,” New J. Phys.11(4), 045010 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

P. S. Kuo, J. S. Pelc, O. Slattery, Y. S. Kim, M. M. Fejer, and X. Tang, “Reducing noise in single-photon-level frequency conversion,” Opt. Express38, 1310–1312 (2013).

J. S. Pelc, P. S. Kuo, O. Slattery, L. Ma, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Dual-channel, single-photon upconversion detector at 1.3 μm,” Opt. Express20(17), 19075–19087 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Pelc, L. Yu, K. De Greve, P. L. McMahon, C. M. Natarajan, V. Esfandyarpour, S. Maier, C. Schneider, M. Kamp, S. Höfling, R. H. Hadfield, A. Forchel, Y. Yamamoto, and M. M. Fejer, “Downconversion quantum interface for a single quantum dot spin and 1550-nm single-photon channel,” Opt. Express20(25), 27510–27519 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Dixon, Z. L. Yuan, J. F. Dynesl, A. W. Sharpe, and A. J. Shields, “Gigahertz decoy QKD with 1Mbit/s secure key rate,” Opt. Express16, 18790–18979 (2008).

Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and Y. Yamamoto, “Waveguide-based single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer,” Opt. Express16(24), 19557–19561 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Experimental study of high sensitivity infrared spectrometer with waveguide-based up-conversion detector,” Opt. Express17(16), 14395–14404 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, T. Y. Chen, J. Wang, W. Q. Cai, X. Wan, L. K. Chen, J. H. Wang, S. B. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Z. Peng, K. Chen, Z. B. Chen, and J. W. Pan, “Decoy-state quantum key distribution with polarized photons over 200 km,” Opt. Express18(8), 8587–8594 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Namekata, H. Takesue, T. Honjo, Y. Tokura, and S. Inoue, “High-rate quantum key distribution over 100 km using ultra-low-noise, 2-GHz sinusoidally gated InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes,” Opt. Express19(11), 10632–10639 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Pelc, L. Ma, C. R. Phillips, Q. Zhang, C. Langrock, O. Slattery, X. Tang, and M. M. Fejer, “Long-wavelength-pumped upconversion single-photon detector at 1550 nm: performance and noise analysis,” Opt. Express19(22), 21445–21456 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rep. (1)

L. Ma, O. Slattery, and X. Tang, “Single photon frequency up-conversion and its applications,” Phys. Rep.521(2), 69–94 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. Takesue, “Erasing distinguishability using quantum frequency up-conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(17), 173901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zaske, A. Lenhard, C. A. Keßler, J. Kettler, C. Hepp, C. Arend, R. Albrecht, W. M. Schulz, M. Jetter, P. Michler, and C. Becher, “Visible-to-telecom quantum frequency conversion of light from a single quantum emitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(14), 147404 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

ID Quantique Inc, Geneva, Switzerland, “id100ID210/ID220 SERIES SELECTION GUIDE,” http://www.idquantique.com/images/stories/PDF/id220-single-photon-counter/id220-specs.pdf .

Princeton Instruments, “Spectroscopy Cameras PyLoN,” http://www.piacton.com/Uploads/Princeton/Documents/Datasheets/Princeton_Instruments_PyLoN-IR_RevN2_9_23_12.pdf .

All pump power mentioned below is measured by a power meter after the DM.

P. A. Jansson, Deconvolution of Images and Spectra (Academic Press, 1997), Chap. 14.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the noise-free up-conversion single photon detector. BS: beam splitter, M1-M3: mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The detection efficiency (green line, triangle) and noise count rate (blue line, square) versus pump power, which is measured just after the waveguide. (a) with VBG, (b) without VBG.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectrum detected by the OSA (dark solid line), raw spectrum (red dot line), deconvolved spectrum (green dotted line) by up-conversion spectrometer. (a) Input signal power of −110 dBm. (b) Input signal power of −135 dBm. (c) Reflection spectrum from the VBG. Double-Y axis is used in (a). Left Y axis represents the number of photon detection events for the up-conversion spectrometer, while right Y axis represents the optical intensity measured by OSA.

Metrics