Abstract

We demonstrate that filling a hollow-core photonic-bandgap fiber with supercritical xenon creates a medium with a controllable density up to several hundred times that at STP, while working at room temperature. The high compressibility of the supercritical fluid allows rapid tuning of the spectral guidance window by making small changes of gas pressure near the critical point. We discuss potential applications of this system in linear and nonlinear optics.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(12), 123903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for computing the nonlinear refractive index via Keldysh theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(5), 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, and V. N. Solovov, “New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon,” J. Chem. Phys.123(23), 234508 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Birks, D. Bird, T. Hedley, J. Pottage, and P. Russell, “Scaling laws and vector effects in bandgap-guiding fibres,” Opt. Express12(1), 69–74 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express12(8), 1477–1484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

1952 (1)

M. A. Weinberger and W. G. Schneider, “On the liquid-vapor coexistence curve of xenon in the region of the critical temperature,” Can. J. Chem.30(5), 422–437 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andersen, U. L.

Antonopoulos, G.

Azhar, M.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Antonopoulos, F. Benabid, T. A. Birks, D. M. Bird, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Experimental demonstration of the frequency shift of bandgaps in photonic crystal fibers due to refractive index scaling,” Opt. Express14(7), 3000–3006 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bird, D.

Bird, D. M.

Birks, T.

Birks, T. A.

Bouwmans, G.

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. St. J. Russell, D. P. Williams, P. Roberts, and B. J. Mangan, “Hollow core photonic crystal fibers for beam delivery,” Opt. Express12(8), 1477–1484 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brée, C.

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for computing the nonlinear refractive index via Keldysh theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

Chepel, V.

A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, and V. N. Solovov, “New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon,” J. Chem. Phys.123(23), 234508 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corney, J. F.

Corwin, K. L.

Couny, F.

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demircan, A.

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for computing the nonlinear refractive index via Keldysh theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, R. F.

Drummond, P. D.

Faheem, M.

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hedley, T.

Heersink, J.

Hitachi, A.

A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, and V. N. Solovov, “New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon,” J. Chem. Phys.123(23), 234508 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Humbert, G.

Joly, N. Y.

Knabe, K.

Knight, J. C.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(5), 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leuchs, G.

Li, X.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(5), 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lopes, M. I.

A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, and V. N. Solovov, “New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon,” J. Chem. Phys.123(23), 234508 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mangan, B. J.

Milam, D.

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naweed, A.

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pottage, J.

Roberts, P.

Roberts, P. J.

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

Schneider, W. G.

M. A. Weinberger and W. G. Schneider, “On the liquid-vapor coexistence curve of xenon in the region of the critical temperature,” Can. J. Chem.30(5), 422–437 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(5), 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solovov, V. N.

A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, and V. N. Solovov, “New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon,” J. Chem. Phys.123(23), 234508 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for computing the nonlinear refractive index via Keldysh theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thapa, R.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Venkataraman, N.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voss, P. L.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(5), 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weaver, O. L.

Weinberger, M. A.

M. A. Weinberger and W. G. Schneider, “On the liquid-vapor coexistence curve of xenon in the region of the critical temperature,” Can. J. Chem.30(5), 422–437 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Williams, D. P.

Wong, G. K. L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Can. J. Chem. (1)

M. A. Weinberger and W. G. Schneider, “On the liquid-vapor coexistence curve of xenon in the region of the critical temperature,” Can. J. Chem.30(5), 422–437 (1952).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Brée, A. Demircan, and G. Steinmeyer, “Method for computing the nonlinear refractive index via Keldysh theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(4), 433–437 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. Hitachi, V. Chepel, M. I. Lopes, and V. N. Solovov, “New approach to the calculation of the refractive index of liquid and solid xenon,” J. Chem. Phys.123(23), 234508 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

F. Benabid and P. J. Roberts, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber,” J. Mod. Opt.58(2), 87–124 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, “Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94(5), 053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and F. Couny, “Ultrahigh efficiency laser wavelength conversion in a gas-filled hollow core photonic crystal fiber by pure stimulated rotational Raman scattering in molecular hydrogen,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(12), 123903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, “Generation of megawatt optical solitons in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers,” Science301(5640), 1702–1704 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

K. E. Lynch-Klarup, E. Mondloch, M. G. Raymer, F. Benabid, F. Gerome, and D. Arrestier, “Supercritical-xenon-filled photonic crystal fiber as a Raman-free nonlinear optical medium,” in Frontiers in Optics Conference, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FM4I.2 http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=FiO-2012-FM4I.2

E. W. Lemmon, M. O. McLinden, and D. G. Friend, “Thermophysical properties of fluid systems” in NIST Chemistry Webbook, Nist Standard Reference Database Number 69, Eds. P.J. Linstrom and W.G. Mallard, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg MD, 20899, http://webbook.nist.gov , (retrieved November 13, 2012).

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