Abstract

The intrinsic weak birefringence in all-normal dispersion highly nonlinear fiber, particularly ultra-high-numerical-aperture fiber, generates supercontinuum with long term polarization instabilities, even for seed pulses launched along the perceived slow axis of the fiber. Highly co/anti-correlated fluctuations in energy between regions of power spectral density mask the extent of the spectral noise in total integrated power measurements. The instability exhibits a seed pulse power threshold above which the output polarization state of the supercontinuum seeds from noise. Eliminating this instability through the utilization of nonlinear fiber with a large designed birefringence, encourages the exploration of compression schemes and seed sources. Here, we include an analysis of the difficulties for seeding supercontinuum with the highly attractive ANDi-type lasers. Lastly, we introduce an intuitive approach for understanding supercontinuum development and evolution. By modifying the traditional characteristic dispersion and nonlinear lengths to track pulse properties within the nonlinear fiber, we find simple, descriptive handles for supercontinuum evolution.

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2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2004 (2)

1995 (1)

1988 (1)

S. Wabnitz, “Modulation polarization instability of light in a nonlinear birefringent dispersive medium,” Phys. Rev. A38, 2018–2021 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

H. G. Winful, “Self-induced polarization changes in birefringent optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.47, 213–215 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Aus-der-Au, J.

Bartels, R.

Bartelt, H.

Boppart, S.

Boppart, S. A.

Bosman, G.

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, NY, 2003).

Brown, T.

Buckley, J.

Champert, P.

Chong, A.

Clay, G.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Finot, C.

Froehly, C.

Fvrier, S.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hartung, A.

Harvey, J.

Heidt, A.

Hooper, L.

Kane, D. J.

Kibler, B.

Kleinfeld, D.

Knight, J.

Koh, Y.

Krok, P.

Labont, L.

Leonhardt, R.

Leproux, P.

Lgsgaard, J.

Limpert, J.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Marks, D.

Marks, D. L.

Millard, A.

Mosley, P.

Muir, A.

Murdoch, S.

Nrin, P.

Oldenburg, A. L.

Provost, L.

Renninger, W.

Reynolds, J. J.

Rohwer, E.

Rothhardt, J.

Roy, P.

Schaffer, C.

Schlup, P.

Schwoerer, H.

Squier, J.

Tnnermann, A.

Tombelaine, V.

Tsai, P.

Tu, H.

Turchinovich, D.

Wabnitz, S.

Wadsworth, W.

Wilson, J.

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, “Self-induced polarization changes in birefringent optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.47, 213–215 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Zhu, Z.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. G. Winful, “Self-induced polarization changes in birefringent optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.47, 213–215 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Express (7)

P. Champert, V. Couderc, P. Leproux, S. Fvrier, V. Tombelaine, L. Labont, P. Roy, C. Froehly, and P. Nrin, “White-light supercontinuum generation in normally dispersive optical fiber using original multi-wavelength pumping system,” Opt. Express12, 4366–4371 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Heidt, A. Hartung, G. Bosman, P. Krok, E. Rohwer, H. Schwoerer, and H. Bartelt, “Coherent octave spanning near-infrared and visible supercontinuum generation in all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express19, 3775–3787 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Hooper, P. Mosley, A. Muir, W. Wadsworth, and J. Knight, “Coherent supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber with all-normal group velocity dispersion,” Opt. Express19, 4902–4907 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Heidt, J. Rothhardt, A. Hartung, H. Bartelt, E. Rohwer, J. Limpert, and A. Tnnermann, “High quality sub-two cycle pulses from compression of supercontinuum generated in all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express19, 13873–13879 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Tu, Y. Liu, X. Liu, D. Turchinovich, J. Lgsgaard, and S. Boppart, “Nonlinear polarization dynamics in a weakly birefringent all-normal dispersion photonic crystal fiber: toward a practical coherent fiber supercontinuum laser,” Opt. Express20, 1113–1128 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express14, 10095–10100 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wilson, P. Schlup, and R. Bartels, “Ultrafast phase and amplitude pulse shaping with a single, one-dimensional, high-resolution phase mask,” Opt. Express15, 8979–8987 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

S. Wabnitz, “Modulation polarization instability of light in a nonlinear birefringent dispersive medium,” Phys. Rev. A38, 2018–2021 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78, 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, NY, 2003).

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