Abstract

Nanostructured light trapping is a promising way to improve the efficiency in thin-film solar cells recently. In this work, both the optical and electrical properties of thin-film solar cells with 1D periodic grating structure are investigated by using photoelectric coupling model. It is found that surface recombination plays a key role in determining the performance of nanostructured thin-film solar cells. Once the recombination effect is considered, the higher optical absorption does not mean the higher conversion efficiency as most existing publications claimed. Both the surface recombination velocity and geometric parameters of structure have great impact on the efficiency of thin-film solar cells. Our simulation results indicate that nanostructured light trapping will not only improve optical absorption but also boost the surface recombination simultaneously. Therefore, we must get the tradeoffs between optical absorption and surface recombination to obtain the maximum conversion efficiency. Our work makes it clear that both the optical absorption and electrical recombination response should be taken into account simultaneously in designing the nanostructured thin-film solar cells.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Humakawa, “Thin-Film Solar Cells, Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its Applications. (Springer, 2004).
  2. S. J. Jang, Y. M. Song, C. I. Yeo, C. Y. Park, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Antireflective property of thin film a-Si solar cell structures with graded refractive index structure,” Opt. Express 19(S2Suppl 2), A108–A117 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Yang, Y. Xuan, J. Tan, “Efficient optical absorption in thin-film solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1165–A1174 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, K. Ostrikov, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film solar cells through the excitation of higher-order nanoparticle plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10195–10205 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, “Design of plasmonic nanoparticles for efficient subwavelength light trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Plasmonics 6(1), 155–161 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, H. B. T. Li, E. Verhagen, R. J. Walters, R. E. I. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Light trapping in ultrathin plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S2Suppl 2), A237–A245 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. A. Sefunc, A. K. Okyay, H. V. Demir, “Volumetric plasmonic resonator architecture for thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093117 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Buencuerpo, L. E. Munioz-Camuniez, M. L. Dotor, P. A. Postigo, “Optical absorption enhancement in a hybrid system photonic crystal - thin substrate for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A452–A464 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. Wu, R. Magnusson, “Total absorption of TM polarized light in a 100 nm spectral band in a nanopatterned thin a-Si film,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2103–2105 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).
  14. M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekinsdaukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modeling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A888–A896 (2011).
  16. A. Deinega, S. Eyderman, S. John, “Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(22), 224501 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Yu, F. Roemer, B. Witzigmann, “Analysis of surface recombination in nanowire array solar cells,” J. Photon. Energy 2(1), 028002 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech, 2005).
  20. AM1, 5 solar spectrum irradiance data: http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5 .
  21. S. Selberherr, Analysis and Simulation of Semiconductor Devices (Springer, 1984).
  22. J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells (Imperial College, 2003).
  23. W. E. I. Sha, W. C. H. Choy, Y. Wu, W. C. Chew, “Optical and electrical study of organic solar cells with a 2D grating anode,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2572–2580 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Chuang, Physics of Optoelectronic Devices (Wiley, 1995).
  25. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, New York, 1985).
  26. L. G. Jeffery, Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering (Antonio Luque, 2004).
  27. T. Markvart and L. Castaner, Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics: Fundamentals and Applications (Elsevier Advanced Technology, 2003).
  28. F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  29. O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

A. Deinega, S. Eyderman, S. John, “Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(22), 224501 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (7)

S. Yu, F. Roemer, B. Witzigmann, “Analysis of surface recombination in nanowire array solar cells,” J. Photon. Energy 2(1), 028002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. E. I. Sha, W. C. H. Choy, Y. Wu, W. C. Chew, “Optical and electrical study of organic solar cells with a 2D grating anode,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2572–2580 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wu, R. Magnusson, “Total absorption of TM polarized light in a 100 nm spectral band in a nanopatterned thin a-Si film,” Opt. Lett. 37(11), 2103–2105 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Buencuerpo, L. E. Munioz-Camuniez, M. L. Dotor, P. A. Postigo, “Optical absorption enhancement in a hybrid system photonic crystal - thin substrate for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A452–A464 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (6)

M. A. Sefunc, A. K. Okyay, H. V. Demir, “Volumetric plasmonic resonator architecture for thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Jang, Y. M. Song, C. I. Yeo, C. Y. Park, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Antireflective property of thin film a-Si solar cell structures with graded refractive index structure,” Opt. Express 19(S2Suppl 2), A108–A117 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yang, Y. Xuan, J. Tan, “Efficient optical absorption in thin-film solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1165–A1174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, “Design of plasmonic nanoparticles for efficient subwavelength light trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Plasmonics 6(1), 155–161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekinsdaukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modeling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A888–A896 (2011).

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, H. B. T. Li, E. Verhagen, R. J. Walters, R. E. I. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Light trapping in ultrathin plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S2Suppl 2), A237–A245 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

Akimov, Y. A.

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, “Design of plasmonic nanoparticles for efficient subwavelength light trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Plasmonics 6(1), 155–161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, K. Ostrikov, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film solar cells through the excitation of higher-order nanoparticle plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10195–10205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, H. B. T. Li, E. Verhagen, R. J. Walters, R. E. I. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Light trapping in ultrathin plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S2Suppl 2), A237–A245 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnard, E.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Besson, A.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Buencuerpo, J.

Calvo, V.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chew, W. C.

Choy, W. C. H.

Deceglie, M. G.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deinega, A.

A. Deinega, S. Eyderman, S. John, “Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(22), 224501 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Demichel, O.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demir, H. V.

M. A. Sefunc, A. K. Okyay, H. V. Demir, “Volumetric plasmonic resonator architecture for thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dotor, M. L.

Drouard, E.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ekinsdaukes, N. J.

El Daif, O.

Eyderman, S.

A. Deinega, S. Eyderman, S. John, “Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(22), 224501 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fave, A.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, H. B. T. Li, E. Verhagen, R. J. Walters, R. E. I. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Light trapping in ultrathin plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S2Suppl 2), A237–A245 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gentile, P.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerelli, E.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giannini, V.

Gomard, G.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hajjam, K. E.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hylton, N. P.

Jang, S. J.

John, S.

A. Deinega, S. Eyderman, S. John, “Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(22), 224501 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kaminski, A.

Koh, W. S.

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, “Design of plasmonic nanoparticles for efficient subwavelength light trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Plasmonics 6(1), 155–161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, K. Ostrikov, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film solar cells through the excitation of higher-order nanoparticle plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10195–10205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

Lee, K.

Lee, Y. T.

Lemiti, M.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letartre, X.

Li, H. B. T.

Li, J.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, J.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

Magnea, N.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Magnusson, R.

Maier, S. A.

Martins, E. R.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

Meng, X.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Munioz-Camuniez, L. E.

Noé, P.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oehler, F.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okyay, A. K.

M. A. Sefunc, A. K. Okyay, H. V. Demir, “Volumetric plasmonic resonator architecture for thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Orobtchouk, R.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ostrikov, K.

Pala, R. A.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, C. Y.

Park, Y.

Pauc, N.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peretti, R.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

Postigo, P. A.

Roemer, F.

S. Yu, F. Roemer, B. Witzigmann, “Analysis of surface recombination in nanowire array solar cells,” J. Photon. Energy 2(1), 028002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Salem, B.

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schropp, R. E. I.

Seassal, C.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sefunc, M. A.

M. A. Sefunc, A. K. Okyay, H. V. Demir, “Volumetric plasmonic resonator architecture for thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sha, W. E. I.

Song, Y. M.

Sun, X. W.

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tan, J.

Verhagen, E.

Verschuuren, M. A.

Viktorovitch, P.

Walters, R. J.

Wang, F.

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

White, J.

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Witzigmann, B.

S. Yu, F. Roemer, B. Witzigmann, “Analysis of surface recombination in nanowire array solar cells,” J. Photon. Energy 2(1), 028002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

Wu, Y.

Xuan, Y.

Yang, L.

Yeo, C. I.

Yu, H.

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J. S.

Yu, S.

S. Yu, F. Roemer, B. Witzigmann, “Analysis of surface recombination in nanowire array solar cells,” J. Photon. Energy 2(1), 028002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, H.

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

Adv. Mater. (1)

R. A. Pala, J. White, E. Barnard, J. Liu, M. L. Brongersma, “Design of plasmonic thin-film solar cells with broadband absorption enhancement,” Adv. Mater. 21(34), 3504–3509 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Sefunc, A. K. Okyay, H. V. Demir, “Volumetric plasmonic resonator architecture for thin-film solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(9), 093117 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept (1)

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B. 86(4), 041404 (2012).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. Deinega, S. Eyderman, S. John, “Coupled optical and electrical modeling of solar cell based on conical pore silicon photonic crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(22), 224501 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang, H. Yu, J. Li, S. Wong, X. W. Sun, X. Wang, H. Zheng, “Design guideline of high efficiency crystalline Si thin film solar cell with nanohole array textured surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(8), 084306 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Photon. Energy (1)

S. Yu, F. Roemer, B. Witzigmann, “Analysis of surface recombination in nanowire array solar cells,” J. Photon. Energy 2(1), 028002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Demichel, V. Calvo, A. Besson, P. Noé, B. Salem, N. Pauc, F. Oehler, P. Gentile, N. Magnea, “Surface recombination velocity measurements of efficiently passivated gold-catalyzed silicon nanowires by a new optical method,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2323–2329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

V. E. Ferry, M. A. Verschuuren, H. B. T. Li, E. Verhagen, R. J. Walters, R. E. I. Schropp, H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Light trapping in ultrathin plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S2Suppl 2), A237–A245 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Jang, Y. M. Song, C. I. Yeo, C. Y. Park, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Antireflective property of thin film a-Si solar cell structures with graded refractive index structure,” Opt. Express 19(S2Suppl 2), A108–A117 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yang, Y. Xuan, J. Tan, “Efficient optical absorption in thin-film solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1165–A1174 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, K. Ostrikov, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film solar cells through the excitation of higher-order nanoparticle plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10195–10205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekinsdaukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modeling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4), A888–A896 (2011).

J. Buencuerpo, L. E. Munioz-Camuniez, M. L. Dotor, P. A. Postigo, “Optical absorption enhancement in a hybrid system photonic crystal - thin substrate for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A452–A464 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. E. I. Sha, W. C. H. Choy, Y. Wu, W. C. Chew, “Optical and electrical study of organic solar cells with a 2D grating anode,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2572–2580 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Plasmonics (1)

Y. A. Akimov, W. S. Koh, “Design of plasmonic nanoparticles for efficient subwavelength light trapping in thin-film solar cells,” Plasmonics 6(1), 155–161 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (9)

Y. Humakawa, “Thin-Film Solar Cells, Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its Applications. (Springer, 2004).

S. Chuang, Physics of Optoelectronic Devices (Wiley, 1995).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, New York, 1985).

L. G. Jeffery, Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering (Antonio Luque, 2004).

T. Markvart and L. Castaner, Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics: Fundamentals and Applications (Elsevier Advanced Technology, 2003).

A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech, 2005).

AM1, 5 solar spectrum irradiance data: http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5 .

S. Selberherr, Analysis and Simulation of Semiconductor Devices (Springer, 1984).

J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells (Imperial College, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the simulation structure of thin-film solar cells. (a) First reference cell with planar surface. (b) Second reference cell with an optimal antireflection coating. (c) 1D periodic grating of light trapping structure. The value of the thickness is fixed as d1 = 0.4 µm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results of three structure c-Si thin-film solar cells. (a) Absorption spectra in the c-Si layer. (b) Maximum achievable photocurrent density to show light trapping effect. (c) Optical generation rate. (d) Simulated J-V and P-V characteristics with different surface recombination velocity. The blue, red and black lines correspond to the results for grating structure, antireflective coating structure and planar structure, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PCE of different configurations for c-Si thin-film solar cells with varied surface recombination velocity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Results of grating structure thin-film solar cells with different geometric parameters. (a) Absorption spectra. (b) Maximum achievable photocurrent density to show light trapping effect. (c) Simulated J-V and P-V characteristics under ideal condition. (d) Simulated J-V and P-V characteristics under considering recombination condition. (e) The contribution of each recombination process to the PCE of the nanostructured thin-film solar cells.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Parametric analysis of the optimized process for light trapping structure. (a) Maximum achievable photocurrent density and PCE vs Λ. (b) Maximum achievable photocurrent density and PCE vs h. (c) Maximum achievable photocurrent density and PCE vs f. (d) Electrically optimized J-V and P-V characteristics.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Typical parameters for silicon thin-film solar cells in the simulation

Equations (15)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G opt (r)= λ min λ max ε " | E(r,λ) | 2 2 I AM1.5 (λ)dλ
J scmax = λ min λ max e λ hc A(λ) I AM1.5 (λ)dλ
(εϕ)=q(pn+ N D N A )
J n =q(GR)
J p =q(GR)
J n =q μ n nϕ+q D n n
J p =q μ p pϕq D p p
{ D n = k B T q μ n D p = k B T q μ p
R= R rad + R SRH + R Aug + R surf
R rad =B(np n i 2 )
R SRH = np n i 2 τ p (n+ n 1 )+ τ n (p+ p 1 )
R Aug =( C n0 n+ C p0 p)(np n i 2 )
R surf = np n i 2 1 S p (n+ n 1s )+ 1 S n (p+ p 1s )
μ n = 92 + 1268 1 + ( N D + N A 1.3 × 10 17 ) 0.91 cm 2 /Vs
μ p = 54.3 + 406.9 1 + ( N D + N A 2.35 × 10 17 ) 0.88 cm 2 /Vs

Metrics