Abstract

A photonic crystal design that significantly enhances the absorption of tandem thin-film solar cells composed by amorphous and microcrystalline silicon (i.e., a-Si:H/μc-Si:H tandem cell) is proposed. The top junction with a-Si:H is nanopatterned as a one-dimensional photonic crystal. Considering the photocurrent matching, we optimally design the junction thickness and the configuration of the nanopattern; moreover, both transverse electric and magnetic incidences with various illuminating angles are taken into account. Calculations by rigorous coupled-wave approach and finite-element method show that the nanophotonic crystal design can improve the absorption and output photocurrent by over 20%, which shows very low sensitivity to the incident polarization. Moreover, the proposed structure is able to sustain the performance for a very wide angle ranges from 0° to ~80°.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Meir, S. Dubail, R. Flückiger, D. Fischer, H. Keppner, and A. Shah, “Intrinsic microcrystalline silicon (μc-Si:H)‒a promising new thin film solar cell material,” Proc. 1st World Conf. Photovol. Energy Conversion 409–412 (1994).
  3. A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Meir, J. Spitznagel, S. Fäy, C. Bucher, U. Graf, U. Kroll, S. Dubail, and A. Shah, “Enhanced light-trapping for micromorph tandem solar cells by LP-CVD ZnO,” 29thIEEE PVSC 1118–1121 (2002).
  5. D. Fischer, S. Dubail, J. A. Anna Selvan, N. Pellaton-Vauter, R. Platz, C. Hof, U. Kroll, J. Meier, P. Torres, H. Keppner, N. Wyrsch, M. Goetz, A. Shah, and K. D. Ufert, “The micromorph solar cell: extending a-Si:H technology towards thin film crystalline cilion,” 25th PVSEC 1053–1056 (1996).
  6. K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, J. D. Joannopoulos, “Improving thin-film crystalline silicon solar cell efficiencies with photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16986–17000 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).
  10. M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, B. Bläsi, W. Platzer, “Electro-optical simulation of diffraction in solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S4Suppl 4), A584–A593 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. P. Vasudev, J. A. Schuller, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanophotonic light trapping with patterned transparent conductive oxides,” Opt. Express 20(S3), A385–A394 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express 20(S2Suppl 2), A224–A244 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. G. Moharam, E. B. Grann, D. A. Pommet, T. K. Gaylord, “Formulation for stable and efficient implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis of binary gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12(5), 1068–1076 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Extremely high sensitive plasmonic refractive index sensors based on metallic grating,” Plasmonics 5(4), 389–394 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Diffraction characteristics of concentric circular metal grating operating within terahertz regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 898–905 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells (Imperial College Press, 2003).
  17. Comsol Multiphysics, http://www.comsol.com/ .
  18. S. E. Han, G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).
  21. ASTM, Reference solar spectral irradiance: AM 1.5 Spectra. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5 .
  22. X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  23. X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, B. Bläsi, W. Platzer, “Electro-optical simulation of diffraction in solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S4Suppl 4), A584–A593 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Extremely high sensitive plasmonic refractive index sensors based on metallic grating,” Plasmonics 5(4), 389–394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Diffraction characteristics of concentric circular metal grating operating within terahertz regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 898–905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Han, G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2007

2004

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995

Ahn, S.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Andreani, L. C.

Atwater, H. A.

J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bailat, J.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bailata, J.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bermel, P.

Bläsi, B.

Bozzola, A.

Brongersma, M. L.

Cabarrocas, P. R. I.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Callahan, D. M.

J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

S. E. Han, G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daif, O. E.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Drouard, E.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Droz, C.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ekins-Daukes, N. J.

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El Daif, O.

Fave, A.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faÿ, S.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, D.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, S.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Giannini, V.

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gomard, G.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Goto, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grandidier, J.

J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grann, E. B.

Guillet, J.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. E.

S. E. Han, G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hylton, N.

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hylton, N. P.

Ichikawa, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, H.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Kaminski, A.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Kimerling, L. C.

Koi, Y.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kroll, U.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

Lemiti, M.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letartre, X.

Li, X.

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Diffraction characteristics of concentric circular metal grating operating within terahertz regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 898–905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Extremely high sensitive plasmonic refractive index sensors based on metallic grating,” Plasmonics 5(4), 389–394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liscidini, M.

Luo, C.

Maier, S. A.

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuda, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meguro, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meier, J.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meillaud, F.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meir, J.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Munday, J. N.

J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, A.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Niquille, X.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Peters, M.

Platzer, W.

Pommet, D. A.

Rüdiger, M.

Sasaki, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schade, H.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

Seassal, C.

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, A. V.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suezaki, T.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tawada, Y.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, V.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vallat-Sauvain, E.

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vanecek, M.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vasudev, A. P.

Viktorovitch, P.

Wyrsch, N.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, K.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimi, M.

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S. F.

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Diffraction characteristics of concentric circular metal grating operating within terahertz regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 898–905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Extremely high sensitive plasmonic refractive index sensors based on metallic grating,” Plasmonics 5(4), 389–394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, L.

Adv. Mater.

J. Grandidier, D. M. Callahan, J. N. Munday, H. A. Atwater, “Light absorption enhancement in thin-film solar cells using whispering gallery modes in dielectric nanospheres,” Adv. Mater. 23(10), 1272–1276 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Diffraction characteristics of concentric circular metal grating operating within terahertz regime,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(6), 898–905 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Pho-crystalline Solids

A. V. Shah, M. Vaněček, J. Meier, F. Meillaud, J. Guillet, D. Fischer, C. Droz, X. Niquille, S. Faÿ, E. Vallat-Sauvain, V. Terrazzoni-Daudrixa, J. Bailata, “Basic efficiency limits, recent experimental results and novel light-trapping schemes in a-Si:H, μc-Si:H and ‘micromorph tandem’ solar cells,” J. Pho-crystalline Solids 338–340, 639–645 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

S. E. Han, G. Chen, “Toward the Lambertian limit of light trapping in thin nanostructured silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 10(11), 4692–4696 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, J. D. Joannopoulos, “Improving thin-film crystalline silicon solar cell efficiencies with photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16986–17000 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Peters, M. Rüdiger, B. Bläsi, W. Platzer, “Electro-optical simulation of diffraction in solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(S4Suppl 4), A584–A593 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, N. P. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. H. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Bridging electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations for three-dimensional modelling of plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A888–A896 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express 20(S2Suppl 2), A224–A244 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Vasudev, J. A. Schuller, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanophotonic light trapping with patterned transparent conductive oxides,” Opt. Express 20(S3), A385–A394 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. E. Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. R. I. Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planer photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express 18, A294–A299 (2010).

Plasmonics

X. Li, S. F. Yu, “Extremely high sensitive plasmonic refractive index sensors based on metallic grating,” Plasmonics 5(4), 389–394 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl.

A. V. Shah, H. Schade, M. Vanecek, J. Meir, E. Vallat-Sauvain, N. Wyrsch, U. Kroll, C. Droz, J. Bailat, “Thin-film solar cell technology,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 12(23), 113–142 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, N. Hylton, V. Giannini, K. Lee, N. J. Ekins-Daukes, S. A. Maier, “Multi-dimensional modelling of solar cells with electromagnetic and carrier transport calculations,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 21(1), 109–120 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy

K. Yamamoto, A. Nakajima, M. Yoshimi, T. Sawada, S. Fukuda, T. Suezaki, M. Ichikawa, Y. Koi, M. Goto, T. Meguro, T. Matsuda, M. Kondo, T. Sasaki, Y. Tawada, “A high efficiency thin film silicon solar cell and module,” Sol. Energy 77(6), 939–949 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells (Imperial College Press, 2003).

Comsol Multiphysics, http://www.comsol.com/ .

J. Meir, S. Dubail, R. Flückiger, D. Fischer, H. Keppner, and A. Shah, “Intrinsic microcrystalline silicon (μc-Si:H)‒a promising new thin film solar cell material,” Proc. 1st World Conf. Photovol. Energy Conversion 409–412 (1994).

J. Meir, J. Spitznagel, S. Fäy, C. Bucher, U. Graf, U. Kroll, S. Dubail, and A. Shah, “Enhanced light-trapping for micromorph tandem solar cells by LP-CVD ZnO,” 29thIEEE PVSC 1118–1121 (2002).

D. Fischer, S. Dubail, J. A. Anna Selvan, N. Pellaton-Vauter, R. Platz, C. Hof, U. Kroll, J. Meier, P. Torres, H. Keppner, N. Wyrsch, M. Goetz, A. Shah, and K. D. Ufert, “The micromorph solar cell: extending a-Si:H technology towards thin film crystalline cilion,” 25th PVSEC 1053–1056 (1996).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1985).

ASTM, Reference solar spectral irradiance: AM 1.5 Spectra. http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5 .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a-Si:H/μc-Si:H tandem solar cells under superstrate configuration with nanopatterned a-Si:H layer. The equivalent a-Si:H layer thickness in planar is defined as daSi by assuming an identical a-Si:H volume after being nanopatterned, i.e., ΛdaSi = bdg. Λ = 500 nm is used throughout this paper.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pabs versus b and λ for TE (a) and TM (b) incidences. Total photocurrent Jtot ( = JaSi + JμcSi) versus b under TE and TM incidences, where the average value for TE and TM, i.e., (TE + TM)/2, and unpatterned case (i.e., w/o) are shown for reference.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Absorption spectra Pabs of a-Si:H and μc-Si:H layers (a) and reflection spectrum of the entire device (b) under optimal grating configurations, i.e., b = 390 nm for both TE and TM. Results for w/o case are also included in this figure.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorbed power density distributions inside the two junctions (i.e., a-Si:H and μc-Si:H) for two optimal wavelengths with peaked Pabs, i.e., λ = 992 nm for TE (b) and λ = 1002 nm for TM (b). The pattern of w/o case at λ = 992 nm is also plotted as reference. The rest system parameters are same to those used in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption spectra Pabs of a-Si:H and μc-Si:H layers (a) and reflection spectrum of the entire device (b) under two configurations degrading the system performance, i.e., b = 100 nm for TE and b = 25 nm for TM. Results for w/o case are also included in this figure.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Jtot versus b and incident angle θ for TE (a) and TM (b) cases with their averaged value (TE + TM)/2 shown in (c).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Angular dependence of Jtot vs θ for TE, TM, and (TE + TM)/2 at the corresponding b values obtained from Fig. 6.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photocurrent densities under various nanoparttern configurations for TE, TM, and (TE + TM)/2, where daSi = 170 nm and dμcSi = 1700 nm. JaSi and JμcSi are both in mA/cm2. Photocurrent densities with the highest device outputs are in bold.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Photocurrent densities under various nanopattern configurations for TE, TM, and (TE + TM)/2, where daSi = 190 nm and dμcSi = 1700 nm to be used in the rest parts of this paper. JaSi and JμcSi are both in mA/cm2. Photocurrent densities with the highest device outputs are in bold.

Tables Icon

Table 3 JaSi and JμcSi for w/o under TE or TM and grating under TE, TM, or (TE + TM)/2 for two incident angels (i.e., 18° and 62°). JaSi and JμcSi are both in mA/cm2. For gratings under various situations, optimal values for b maximizing Jtot will be calculated and used.

Metrics