Abstract

In this paper, we present the design, analysis, and experimental results on the integration of 2D photonic crystals in thin film photovoltaic solar cells based on hydrogenated amorphous silicon. We introduce an analytical approach based on time domain coupled mode theory to investigate the impact of the photon lifetime and anisotropy of the optical resonances on the absorption efficiency. Specific design rules are derived from this analysis. We also show that, due to the specific properties of the photonic crystal resonances, the angular acceptance of such solar cells is particularly high. Rigorous Coupled Wave Analysis simulations show that the absorption in the a-Si:H active layers, integrated from 300 to 750nm, is only decreased from 65.7% to 60% while the incidence angle is increased from 0 to 55°. Experimental results confirm the stability of the incident light absorption in the patterned stack, for angles of incidence up to 50°.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. M. Song, S. J. Jang, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Bioinspired parabola subwavelength structures for improved broadband antireflection,” Small 6(9), 984–987 (2010).
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  6. H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
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  7. M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
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  8. C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
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2013

2012

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express 20(S2Suppl 2), A224–A244 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Thermodynamic upper bound on broadband light coupling with photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(17), 173901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 041404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Vynck, M. Burresi, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, “Photon management in two-dimensional disordered media,” Nat. Mater. 11(12), 1017–1022 (2012).
[PubMed]

C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Nanophotonic light-trapping theory for solar cells,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 105(2), 329–339 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. Zanotto, M. Liscidini, L. C. Andreani, “Light trapping regimes in thin-film silicon solar cells with a photonic pattern,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4260–4274 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Mallick, M. Agrawal, P. Peumans, “Optimal light trapping in ultra-thin photonic crystal crystalline silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5691–5706 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Song, S. J. Jang, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Bioinspired parabola subwavelength structures for improved broadband antireflection,” Small 6(9), 984–987 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

R. Bouffaron, L. Escoubas, J. J. Simon, P. Torchio, F. Flory, G. Berginc, P. Masclet, “Enhanced antireflecting properties of micro-structured top-flat pyramids,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19304–19309 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2001

V. Mandelshtam, “Fdm: the filter diagonalization method for data processing in nmr experiments,” Prog. Nucl. Magn. Reson 38(2Spec.), 159–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, M.

Alexander, D. T. L.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andreani, L. C.

Atwater, H. A.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballif, C.

A. Naqavi, F.-J. Haug, C. Battaglia, H. P. Herzig, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells at the extreme coupling limit,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(1), 13–20 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Battaglia, C.

A. Naqavi, F.-J. Haug, C. Battaglia, H. P. Herzig, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells at the extreme coupling limit,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(1), 13–20 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berginc, G.

Bermel, P.

Boccard, M.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bouffaron, R.

Bozzola, A.

Bugnon, G.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Burresi, M.

K. Vynck, M. Burresi, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, “Photon management in two-dimensional disordered media,” Nat. Mater. 11(12), 1017–1022 (2012).
[PubMed]

Cantoni, M.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charrière, M.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cuony, P.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Deceglie, M. G.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Depauw, V.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Despeisse, M.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dross, F.

Drouard, E.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Duché, D.

D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

El Daif, O.

Escarré, J.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Escoubas, L.

D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Bouffaron, L. Escoubas, J. J. Simon, P. Torchio, F. Flory, G. Berginc, P. Masclet, “Enhanced antireflecting properties of micro-structured top-flat pyramids,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19304–19309 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Thermodynamic upper bound on broadband light coupling with photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(17), 173901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Nanophotonic light-trapping theory for solar cells,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 105(2), 329–339 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fave, A.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Favuzzi, P. A.

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferry, V. E.

M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flory, F.

D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Bouffaron, L. Escoubas, J. J. Simon, P. Torchio, F. Flory, G. Berginc, P. Masclet, “Enhanced antireflecting properties of micro-structured top-flat pyramids,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19304–19309 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fourmond, E.

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Caurel, E.

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gerelli, E.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gomard, G.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I.

C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hajjam, K. E.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hänni, S.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Haug, F.-J.

A. Naqavi, F.-J. Haug, C. Battaglia, H. P. Herzig, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells at the extreme coupling limit,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 30(1), 13–20 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H.

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herzig, H. P.

Hsu, C.-M.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, B.

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jamois, C.

Jang, S. J.

Y. M. Song, S. J. Jang, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Bioinspired parabola subwavelength structures for improved broadband antireflection,” Small 6(9), 984–987 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J.

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Kaminski, A.

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Khan, M.

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

Krauss, T. F.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 041404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-T.

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. T.

Y. M. Song, S. J. Jang, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Bioinspired parabola subwavelength structures for improved broadband antireflection,” Small 6(9), 984–987 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemiti, M.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 041404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liscidini, M.

Liu, Y.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 041404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Löfgren, L.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, C.

Mallick, S. B.

Mandelshtam, V.

V. Mandelshtam, “Fdm: the filter diagonalization method for data processing in nmr experiments,” Prog. Nucl. Magn. Reson 38(2Spec.), 159–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martins, E. R.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 041404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Masclet, P.

Meillaud, F.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Naqavi, A.

Noda, S.

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Orobtchouk, R.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Oskooi, A.

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Parascandolo, G.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, K.-Q.

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peretti, R.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poortmans, J.

C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Raman, A.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Thermodynamic upper bound on broadband light coupling with photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(17), 173901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Nanophotonic light-trapping theory for solar cells,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 105(2), 329–339 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riboli, F.

K. Vynck, M. Burresi, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, “Photon management in two-dimensional disordered media,” Nat. Mater. 11(12), 1017–1022 (2012).
[PubMed]

Seassal, C.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, C. Jamois, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, C. Seassal, “Design, fabrication and optical characterization of photonic crystal assisted thin film monocrystalline-silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express 20(S4Suppl 4), A465–A475 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shigeta, H.

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Simon, J. J.

Simon, J.-J.

D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Söderström, K.

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Söderström, T.

M. Despeisse, C. Battaglia, M. Boccard, G. Bugnon, M. Charrière, P. Cuony, S. Hänni, L. Löfgren, F. Meillaud, G. Parascandolo, T. Söderström, C. Ballif, “Optimization of thin film silicon solar cells on highly textured substrates,” Phys. Status Solidi A 208(8), 1863–1868 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. M.

Y. M. Song, S. J. Jang, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Bioinspired parabola subwavelength structures for improved broadband antireflection,” Small 6(9), 984–987 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
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Torchio, P.

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C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
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D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
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Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
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C. Seassal, Y. Park, A. Fave, E. Drouard, E. Fourmond, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, “Photonic crystal assisted ultra-thin silicon photovoltaic solar cell,” Proc. SPIE 7002, 700207, 700207-8 (2008).
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L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
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K. Vynck, M. Burresi, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, “Photon management in two-dimensional disordered media,” Nat. Mater. 11(12), 1017–1022 (2012).
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L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
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Y. M. Song, S. J. Jang, J. S. Yu, Y. T. Lee, “Bioinspired parabola subwavelength structures for improved broadband antireflection,” Small 6(9), 984–987 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Thermodynamic upper bound on broadband light coupling with photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(17), 173901 (2012).
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Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Nanophotonic light-trapping theory for solar cells,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 105(2), 329–339 (2011).
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Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
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Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of nanophotonic light trapping in solar cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(41), 17491–17496 (2010).
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Zanotto, S.

Zeng, L.

Zhou, J.

E. R. Martins, J. Li, Y. Liu, J. Zhou, T. F. Krauss, “Engineering gratings for light trapping in photovoltaics: The supercell concept,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 041404 (2012).
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ACS Nano

C. Battaglia, C.-M. Hsu, K. Söderström, J. Escarré, F.-J. Haug, M. Charrière, M. Boccard, M. Despeisse, D. T. L. Alexander, M. Cantoni, Y. Cui, C. Ballif, “Light trapping in solar cells: Can periodic beat random?” ACS Nano 6(3), 2790–2797 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Duché, L. Escoubas, J.-J. Simon, P. Torchio, W. Vervisch, F. Flory, “Slow bloch modes for enhancing the absorption of light in thin films for photovoltaic cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 193310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, K.-Q. Peng, B. Hu, X. Wang, Y. Hu, X.-L. Wu, S.-T. Lee, “Broadband optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanofunnel arrays for photovoltaic applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(22), 223902 (2012).
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A. Oskooi, P. A. Favuzzi, Y. Tanaka, H. Shigeta, Y. Kawakami, S. Noda, “Partially disordered photonic-crystal thin films for enhanced and robust photovoltaics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(18), 181110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Trompoukis, O. El Daif, V. Depauw, I. Gordon, J. Poortmans, “Photonic assisted light trapping integrated in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells by nanoimprint lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(10), 103901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.

Z. Yu, A. Raman, S. Fan, “Nanophotonic light-trapping theory for solar cells,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 105(2), 329–339 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Manolatou, M. Khan, S. Fan, P. Villeneuve, H. Haus, J. Joannopoulos, “Coupling of modes analysis of resonant channel add-drop filters,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(9), 1322–1331 (1999).
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J. Appl. Phys.

R. Peretti, G. Gomard, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, E. Drouard, “Modal approach for tailoring the absorption in a photonic crystal membrane,” J. Appl. Phys. 111(12), 123114 (2012).
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G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(12), 123102 (2010).
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J. Opt.

G. Gomard, X. Meng, E. Drouard, K. E. Hajjam, E. Gerelli, R. Peretti, A. Fave, R. Orobtchouk, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Light harvesting by planar photonic crystals in solar cells: the case of amorphous silicon,” J. Opt. 14(2), 024011 (2012).
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M. G. Deceglie, V. E. Ferry, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Design of nanostructured solar cells using coupled optical and electrical modeling,” Nano Lett. 12(6), 2894–2900 (2012).
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H. A. Atwater, A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
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Opt. Express

P. Bermel, C. Luo, L. Zeng, L. C. Kimerling, J. D. Joannopoulos, “Improving thin-film crystalline silicon solar cell efficiencies with photonic crystals,” Opt. Express 15(25), 16986–17000 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Bouffaron, L. Escoubas, J. J. Simon, P. Torchio, F. Flory, G. Berginc, P. Masclet, “Enhanced antireflecting properties of micro-structured top-flat pyramids,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19304–19309 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the 2D PhC assisted a-Si:H solar cells (a), simulated absorption spectra in the active layer for the patterned and for the reference solar cell stacks, both illuminated at normal incidence (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TDCMT parameters used to describe the optical properties of the photonic membrane (a) and schematic view of the photonic crystal (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

FWHM (in τe units) of the R, T or A peaks as a function of τe/τ0.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Reflection, transmission and absorption of a single mode membrane, calculated as a function of τ0/τe for different coupling anisotropy values (ξ) (a) and as a function of ξ for different τe/τ0 ratios (b). Values are plotted at the resonant frequency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Integrated absorption (in τ0−1 units) calculated for different coupling parameters.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulated absorption spectra for two 1D PhC structures. The dashed line corresponds to an unoptimized structure with L = 450nm, D = 146nm. The solid line corresponds to an optimized structure, with L = 597nm and D = 197nm. The quality factor of each absorption peak is indicated in italic. The green line corresponds to, Qc. The computed structure is schematized in the inset.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Simulated integrated absorption for an a-Si:H unpatterned and 2D PhC patterned layer (a) and for the unpatterned and 2D PhC patterned solar stack (b). The solar cell stack corresponds to the structure schematized in Fig. 1(a). In both cases, the absorption is integrated from 300 to 720nm, considering an AM1.5G solar distribution.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Absorption spectra measured for an a-Si:H based solar cell stack, patterned as a 2D PhC (with L = 600nm and D = 350nm). Measurements are performed in an integrating sphere, with angles of incidence from 10 to 50° (a scanning electron micrograph of the patterned solar cell stack is shown in the inset (a). The overall integrated absorptions calculated from those spectra are also reported (b).

Equations (11)

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da dt =( j ω 0 1 τ 0 1 τ e )a+ κ 1 S +1 .
S 1 = e jβd κ 2 a S 2 = e jβd ( S +1 κ 1 a ).
κ i = e j θ i 1 τ ei ; 2 τ e = 1 τ e1 + 1 τ e2 .
ς= τ e 2 τ e 1 .
a( ω )= κ 1 S +1 jδω 1 τ 0 1 τ e .
S 1 S +1 =r= e jβd e j( θ 1 θ 2 ) τ e 2 ( ζ+2+ 1 ζ ) 1 jδω 1 τ 0 1 τ e S 2 S +1 =t= e jβd ( 1+2 1 τ e ( 1+ 1 ζ ) 1 ( jδω 1 τ 0 1 τ e ) ).
R=rr*= 4 ς ( 1+ 1 ς ) 2 [ ( τ e τ 0 +1 ) 2 + τ e 2 δ ω 2 ] T=tt*= 4 ( 1+ 1 ς ) 1 ( 1+ 1 ς ) ( τ e τ 0 +1 ) ( τ e τ 0 +1 ) 2 + τ e 2 δ ω 2 +1 A=1RT=4 [ ( ( τ e τ 0 +1 ) 2 + τ e 2 δ ω 2 )( 1+ 1 ς ) τ 0 τ e ] 1 .
Γ=2 ( τ e τ 0 +1 ) τ e .
1 Q tot ( κ ) = γ×k absorption losses + 1 Q e esternal losses .
A int = A δω=0 πΓ 2 = 4π ( τ e + τ 0 )( 1+ 1 ζ ) .
A int,tot =4π i=1 i=N 1 ( τ e,i + τ 0,i )( 1+ 1 ξ i ) .

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