Abstract

Matching circuits for waveguide-nanoantenna connections are difficult to implement. However, if the waveguide permits only one-way propagation, the matching issue disappears since back-reflections cannot take place; the feed signal is converted to radiation at high efficiency. Hence, a terminated one-way waveguide may serve as an assembly consisting of a waveguide, a matching mechanism, and an antenna. Since one-way structures are inherently non-reciprocal, this antenna possesses different transmit and receive patterns. We test and demonstrate this concept on a recently suggested new class of one-way plasmonic waveguides and present an additional significant dynamic beam scanning functionality.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (4)

H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mazor, B. Z. Steinberg, “Longitudinal chirality, enhanced nonreciprocity, and nanoscale planar one-way plasmonic guiding,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 045120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Yaacobi, E. Timurdogan, M. R. Watts, “Vertical emitting aperture nanoantennas,” Opt. Lett. 37(9), 1454–1456 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yousefi, A. C. Foster, “Waveguide-fed optical hybrid plasmonic patch nano-antenna,” Opt. Express 20(16), 18326–18335 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (7)

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Song, S. Campione, O. Boyraz, F. Capolino, “Silicon-based optical leaky wave antenna with narrow beam radiation,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8735–8749 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ramaccia, F. Bilotti, A. Toscano, A. Massaro, “Efficient and wideband horn nanoantenna,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1743–1745 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Green’s function theory for infinite and semi-infinite particle chains,” Phys. Rev. B 84(12), 125402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, N. V. Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Orden, V. Lomakin, “Fundamental electromagnetic properties of twisted periodic arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 59(8), 2824–2833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (6)

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Magnetized spiral chains of plasmonic ellipsoids for one-way optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233904 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, A. Alu, “Subwavelength leaky-wave optical nanoantennas: directive radiation from linear arrays of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 82(14), 144305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Koenderink, “Plasmon nanoparticle array waveguides for single photon and single plasmon sources,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4228–4233 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 307–310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Alù, N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Herzian plasmonic nanodimmer as an efficient nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

G. W. Hanson, “On the applicability of surface impedance integral equation for optical and near infrared copper dipole antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 54(12), 3677–3685 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, “Quantum analysis and the classical analysis of spontaneous emission in microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 033807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aizpurua, J.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, A. V.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

Alu, A.

X. Liu, A. Alu, “Subwavelength leaky-wave optical nanoantennas: directive radiation from linear arrays of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 82(14), 144305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Herzian plasmonic nanodimmer as an efficient nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 307–310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Alù, A.

A. Alù, N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armelles, G.

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bilotti, F.

Bokor, J.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyraz, O.

Brongersma, M. L.

Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cabrini, S.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campione, S.

Capolino, F.

Chang, D. E.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choo, H.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crozier, K.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dhuey, S.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorfmüller, J.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dregely, D.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisler, H. J.

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Engheta, N.

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 307–310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Alù, N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Herzian plasmonic nanodimmer as an efficient nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farahani, J. N.

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, A. C.

Garcia-Etxarri, A.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

García-Martín, A.

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

González-Díaz, J. B.

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hadad, Y.

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Green’s function theory for infinite and semi-infinite particle chains,” Phys. Rev. B 84(12), 125402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Magnetized spiral chains of plasmonic ellipsoids for one-way optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233904 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanson, G. W.

G. W. Hanson, “On the applicability of surface impedance integral equation for optical and near infrared copper dipole antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 54(12), 3677–3685 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hemmer, P. R.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henry, M. D.

S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, H. F.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Homyk, A. P.

S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huber, A. J.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hulst, N. V.

L. Novotny, N. V. Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jamshidi, A.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jun, Y. C.

Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kadoya, Y.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kekatpure, R. D.

Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kern, K.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koenderink, A. F.

A. F. Koenderink, “Plasmon nanoparticle array waveguides for single photon and single plasmon sources,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4228–4233 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosako, T.

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakhani, A.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lechuga, L. M.

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, R. K.

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, “Quantum analysis and the classical analysis of spontaneous emission in microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 033807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lira, H.

H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, A. Alu, “Subwavelength leaky-wave optical nanoantennas: directive radiation from linear arrays of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 82(14), 144305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lomakin, V.

D. V. Orden, V. Lomakin, “Fundamental electromagnetic properties of twisted periodic arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 59(8), 2824–2833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massaro, A.

Mazor, Y.

Y. Mazor, B. Z. Steinberg, “Longitudinal chirality, enhanced nonreciprocity, and nanoscale planar one-way plasmonic guiding,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 045120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, A.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny, N. V. Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orden, D. V.

D. V. Orden, V. Lomakin, “Fundamental electromagnetic properties of twisted periodic arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 59(8), 2824–2833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

Pohl, D. W.

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ramaccia, D.

Scherer, A.

S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schnell, M.

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P. J.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartzberg, A. M.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seok, T. J.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sepúlveda, B.

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

Sørensen, A. S.

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberg, B. Z.

Y. Mazor, B. Z. Steinberg, “Longitudinal chirality, enhanced nonreciprocity, and nanoscale planar one-way plasmonic guiding,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 045120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Green’s function theory for infinite and semi-infinite particle chains,” Phys. Rev. B 84(12), 125402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Magnetized spiral chains of plasmonic ellipsoids for one-way optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233904 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taubert, R.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Timurdogan, E.

Toscano, A.

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Veronis, G.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogelgesang, R.

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walavalkar, S. S.

S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watts, M. R.

White, J. S.

Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, “Quantum analysis and the classical analysis of spontaneous emission in microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 033807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yaacobi, A.

Yablonovitch, E.

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, “Quantum analysis and the classical analysis of spontaneous emission in microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 033807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yousefi, L.

Yu, C. L.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

Yu, Z.

H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zibrov, A. S.

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (2)

G. W. Hanson, “On the applicability of surface impedance integral equation for optical and near infrared copper dipole antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 54(12), 3677–3685 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Orden, V. Lomakin, “Fundamental electromagnetic properties of twisted periodic arrays,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 59(8), 2824–2833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. S. Walavalkar, A. P. Homyk, M. D. Henry, A. Scherer, “Controllable deformation of silicon nanowires with strain up to 24%,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 124314 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

A. F. Koenderink, “Plasmon nanoparticle array waveguides for single photon and single plasmon sources,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4228–4233 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Seok, A. Jamshidi, M. Kim, S. Dhuey, A. Lakhani, H. Choo, P. J. Schuck, S. Cabrini, A. M. Schwartzberg, J. Bokor, E. Yablonovitch, M. C. Wu, “Radiation engineering of optical antennas for maximum field enhancement,” Nano Lett. 11(7), 2606–2610 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat Commun (1)

D. Dregely, R. Taubert, J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, K. Kern, H. Giessen, “3D optical Yagi-Uda nanoantenna array,” Nat Commun 2, 267 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat Lett (1)

A. V. Akimov, A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, M. D. Lukin, “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots,” Nat Lett.  450402–406 (2007).

Nat. Photonics (4)

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Tuning the scattering response of optical nanoantennas with nanocircuit loads,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 307–310 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, N. V. Hulst, “Antennas for light,” Nat. Photonics 5(2), 83–90 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnell, A. Garcia-Etxarri, A. J. Huber, K. Crozier, J. Aizpurua, R. Hillenbrand, “Controlling the near-field oscillations of loaded plasmonic nanoantennas,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 287–291 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Kosako, Y. Kadoya, H. F. Hofmann, “Directional control of light by nano-optical Yagi-Uda antenna,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 312–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, “Quantum analysis and the classical analysis of spontaneous emission in microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 61(3), 033807 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (5)

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Green’s function theory for infinite and semi-infinite particle chains,” Phys. Rev. B 84(12), 125402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mazor, B. Z. Steinberg, “Longitudinal chirality, enhanced nonreciprocity, and nanoscale planar one-way plasmonic guiding,” Phys. Rev. B 86(4), 045120 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, A. Alu, “Subwavelength leaky-wave optical nanoantennas: directive radiation from linear arrays of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 82(14), 144305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu, N. Engheta, “Herzian plasmonic nanodimmer as an efficient nanoantenna,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. C. Jun, R. D. Kekatpure, J. S. White, M. L. Brongersma, “Nanresonant enhancement of spontaneous emission in metal-dielectric-metal plasmon waveguide structures,” Phys. Rev. B 78(15), 153111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

Y. Hadad, B. Z. Steinberg, “Magnetized spiral chains of plasmonic ellipsoids for one-way optical waveguides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(23), 233904 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. E. Chang, A. S. Sørensen, P. R. Hemmer, M. D. Lukin, “Quantum optics with surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(5), 053002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù, N. Engheta, “Input impedance, nanocircuit loading, and radiation tuning of optical nanoantennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 043901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny, “Effective wavelength scaling for optical antennas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(26), 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Farahani, D. W. Pohl, H. J. Eisler, B. Hecht, “Single quantum dot coupled to a scanning optical antenna: a tunable superemitter,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(1), 017402 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, Z. Wang, S. Fan, “One-way electromagnetic waveguide formed at the interface between a plasmonic metal under a static magnetic field and a photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(2), 023902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lira, Z. Yu, S. Fan, M. Lipson, “Electrically driven nonreciprocity induced by interband photonic transition on a silicon chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109(3), 033901 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sepúlveda, J. B. González-Díaz, A. García-Martín, L. M. Lechuga, G. Armelles, “Plasmon-induced magneto-optical activity in nanosized gold disks,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(14), 147401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, N. F. van Hulst, “Unidirectional emission of a quantum dot coupled to a nanoantenna,” Science 329(5994), 930–933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

C. S. T. Studio, 2011 online: www.cst.com

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge, 2006), Chap. 8.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MPG (524 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The matched nanoantenna. (a) A general view with a typical far-field pattern. The chain is excited by a quantum emitter modeled as a short dipole, generating a guided mode that propagates in the (allowed) + z ^ direction. Back reflections at the remote end cannot take place, hence the mode is converted to radiation. This end is a matched local antenna. (b) The near E-field. Energy is transmitted from the port to the remote end with minimal loss (4dB, due to material), and is emitted essentially from particles near the end. (Media 1 0.5Mb) (c) Due to the one-way property, if the port is located on the other end the chain excitation is marginal and the radiation is directly from the port. (d) Normalized fields at the center of each particle in Figs. 1(b-c). Dashed [solid] lines– corresponds to Fig. 1(b) [1(c)], source at z=0 ( z=103d ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Antenna matching in Tx. (a) A DFT of the chain response. (b) reflection (transmission) coefficient - solid lines (dashed lines) vs. frequency for two levels of magnetization. (c) Radiation efficiency of the entire structure.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Antenna Tx and Rx gain in the plane. (a) One way is on. (b) One way is off. The beam is conical; hence gain in plane is the same.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dynamic control of the optical beam by the bias magnetic field. (a) Tx gain. (b) Rx gain.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α n 1 p n mn N A [(nm)d] p m = E inc ( r n )
G T ( r ^ )= S FF ( r ^ )/ max θ,ϕ S sdFS FF ( r ^ ),   with     G T dΩ =4π γ r / γ 0
= P FF /( P FF + P Abs )= γ r /γ=Q
G R ( r ^ )= | J | 2 / | J sdFS | 2

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