Abstract

We report on sensing and transmission characteristics of rocking filters fabricated in a silica side-hole fiber with group birefringence changing its sign at certain wavelength (λG =0), which corresponds to parabolic-like spectral dependence of beat length. Unusual birefringence dispersion of the side-hole fiber is induced by an elliptical germanium doped core located in a narrow glass bridge between two holes. Rocking filters fabricated in such a fiber have two resonances of the same order located on both sides of λG =0. The sensitivity of both resonances has an opposite sign, which makes it possible to double the response of the rocking filter by applying the differential interrogation scheme. We demonstrate that in this way a pressure sensitivity of the rocking filter can be enlarged to 132 nm/MPa. We also show that by fabricating the rocking filter with a period close to maximum beat length a coupling between polarization modes can be obtained in a broad band reaching 240 nm.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Wu, J. Li, X. H. Feng, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Side-hole photonic crystal fiber with ultrahigh polarimetric pressure sensitivity,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(7), 943–948 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. O. Frazão, T. Martynkien, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wojcik, “Optical refractometer based on a birefringent Bragg grating written in an H-shaped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 76–78 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, “Pressure sensitivity of side-hole optical fiber sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 857–859 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, W. Urbanczyk, and W. Bock, “Possibilities of application of the side-hole circular core fibre in monitoring of high pressures,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47(3), 805–808 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, S. Kinugasa, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Birefringent side-hole fiber for use in strain sensor,” Opt. Rev. 4(1), A92–A95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1989 (1)

R. Calvani, R. Caponi, and F. Cisternino, “Polarization measurements of single–mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1187–1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Allsop, T.

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Anuszkiewicz, A.

Baptista, J. M.

Bartelt, H.

Bennion, I.

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Berghmans, F.

Bock, W.

J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, W. Urbanczyk, and W. Bock, “Possibilities of application of the side-hole circular core fibre in monitoring of high pressures,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47(3), 805–808 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bock, W. J.

Borsukowski, T.

Calvani, R.

R. Calvani, R. Caponi, and F. Cisternino, “Polarization measurements of single–mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1187–1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Caponi, R.

R. Calvani, R. Caponi, and F. Cisternino, “Polarization measurements of single–mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1187–1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chmielewska, E.

Cisternino, F.

R. Calvani, R. Caponi, and F. Cisternino, “Polarization measurements of single–mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1187–1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Clowes, J. R.

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, “Pressure sensitivity of side-hole optical fiber sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 857–859 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Croucher, J. A.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dabkiewicz, Ph.

Feng, X. H.

Frazão, O.

Geernaert, T.

Gomez-Rojas, L.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

Gwandu, B.

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Handerek, V. A.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kanellopoulos, S.

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaul, R.

Khomenko, A. V.

Kinugasa, S.

S. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, S. Kinugasa, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Birefringent side-hole fiber for use in strain sensor,” Opt. Rev. 4(1), A92–A95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kirchhof, J.

Klimek, J.

Kobelke, J.

Li, J.

Makara, M.

Martynkien, T.

Mergo, P.

Nasilowski, T.

Ohtsuka, Y.

S. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, S. Kinugasa, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Birefringent side-hole fiber for use in strain sensor,” Opt. Rev. 4(1), A92–A95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

Olszewski, J.

Poturaj, K.

Santos, J. L.

Schuster, K.

Schwuchow, A.

Shlyagin, M. G.

Shu, X.

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Skorupski, K.

Sonnenfeld, C.

Statkiewicz-Barabach, G.

Syngellakis, S.

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, “Pressure sensitivity of side-hole optical fiber sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 857–859 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Szczurowski, M. K.

Szpulak, M.

Tam, H. Y.

Tanaka, S.

S. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, S. Kinugasa, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Birefringent side-hole fiber for use in strain sensor,” Opt. Rev. 4(1), A92–A95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tarnowski, K.

Tentori, D.

Thienpont, H.

Ulrich, R.

Urbanczyk, W.

A. Anuszkiewicz, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, T. Borsukowski, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, P. Mergo, M. Makara, K. Poturaj, T. Geernaert, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Sensing characteristics of the rocking filters in microstructured fibers optimized for hydrostatic pressure measurements,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23320–23330 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express 18(14), 15113–15121 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Frazão, T. Martynkien, J. M. Baptista, J. L. Santos, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wojcik, “Optical refractometer based on a birefringent Bragg grating written in an H-shaped fiber,” Opt. Lett. 34(1), 76–78 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, A. Anuszkiewicz, W. Urbanczyk, and J. Wojcik, “Sensing characteristics of rocking filter fabricated in microstructured birefringent fiber using fusion arc splicer,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17249–17268 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Martynkien, M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, A. Anuszkiewicz, W. Urbanczyk, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, A. Schwuchow, J. Kirchhof, and H. Bartelt, “Birefringence in microstructure fiber with elliptical GeO2 highly doped inclusion in the core,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2764–2766 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Chmielewska, W. Urbańczyk, and W. J. Bock, “Measurement of pressure and temperature sensitivities of a Bragg grating imprinted in a highly birefringent side-hole fiber,” Appl. Opt. 42(31), 6284–6291 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, W. Urbanczyk, and W. Bock, “Possibilities of application of the side-hole circular core fibre in monitoring of high pressures,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47(3), 805–808 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wojcik, J.

Wu, C.

Xie, H. M.

Yoshida, K.

S. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, S. Kinugasa, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Birefringent side-hole fiber for use in strain sensor,” Opt. Rev. 4(1), A92–A95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, “Pressure sensitivity of side-hole optical fiber sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 857–859 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. A. Croucher, L. Gomez-Rojas, S. Kanellopoulos, and V. A. Handerek, “Approach to highly sensitive pressure measurements using side-hole fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34(2), 208–209 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, “Pressure sensitivity of side-hole optical fiber sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 857–859 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, “High-temperature sensitivity of long-period gratings in B–Ge codoped fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(8), 818–820 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, W. Urbanczyk, and W. Bock, “Possibilities of application of the side-hole circular core fibre in monitoring of high pressures,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 47(3), 805–808 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. Wu, J. Li, X. H. Feng, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Side-hole photonic crystal fiber with ultrahigh polarimetric pressure sensitivity,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(7), 943–948 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Calvani, R. Caponi, and F. Cisternino, “Polarization measurements of single–mode fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(8), 1187–1196 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Rev. (1)

S. Tanaka, K. Yoshida, S. Kinugasa, and Y. Ohtsuka, “Birefringent side-hole fiber for use in strain sensor,” Opt. Rev. 4(1), A92–A95 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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