Abstract

Center-launching technique appears as a promising method to allow single-mode propagation in multi-mode fibers, guaranteeing full transparency to the transmitted optical signal also for applications in board-to-board and data server interconnects. In this paper we show that this technique is robust to mechanical perturbations up to about 1 kHz, demonstrating that the vibrations do not affect the transmission performances. Different experimental configurations are tested in order to exclude multimode propagation and to confirm the only fundamental mode propagation. Finally, a theoretical discussion comments the experimental results.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Y. Li, C. L. Schow, D. M. Kuchta, F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, W. Luo, C. Xie, X. Sun, K. P. Jackson, and C. Lei, “High-performance 850 nm VCSEL and photodetector arrays for 25 Gb/s parallel optical interconnects,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2010, paper OTuP2, San Diego, CA, USA (2010).
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    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Charlet, E. Corbel, J. Lazaro, A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, P. Tran, W. Idler, H. Mardovan, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, and S. Bigo, “WDM transmission at 6-Tbit/s capacity over transatlantic distance, using 42.7-Gb/s differential phase-shift keying without pulse carver,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 104–107 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, and A. Risteski, “Modal noise BER calculations in 10-Gb/s multimode fiber LAN links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2586–2588 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express17(24), 21748–21753 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  23. A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s COOFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2011, paper PDPB8, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

2012

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Taubenblatt, “Optical interconnects for high-performance computing,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 448–457 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space optical transmission with orbital angular momentum division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett.47(17), 972–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, and K. Kim, “6 x 86 Gb/s WDM transmission over 2 km multimode fiber using center launching technique and multi-level modulation,” Opt. Express17(10), 8098–8102 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. H. Sim, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “High-speed multimode fiber transmission by using mode - field matched center-launching technique,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(8), 1018–1026 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express17(24), 21748–21753 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

1986

1982

Berdagué, S.

Bigo, S.

Blake, J. N.

Boffi, P.

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space optical transmission with orbital angular momentum division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett.47(17), 972–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express17(24), 21748–21753 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boletti, A.

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express17(24), 21748–21753 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. H.

Charlet, G.

Chung, H. S.

Chung, Y. C.

Corbel, E.

Dischler, R.

Facq, P.

Ferrario, M.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, K.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gatto, A.

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space optical transmission with orbital angular momentum division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett.47(17), 972–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express17(24), 21748–21753 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Idler, W.

Ikeda, N.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jorge, F.

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, K.

Klekamp, A.

Konczykowska, A.

Kuchta, D.

P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, and A. Risteski, “Modal noise BER calculations in 10-Gb/s multimode fiber LAN links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2586–2588 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lazaro, J.

Lee, Y.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marazzi, L.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mardovan, H.

Martelli, P.

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space optical transmission with orbital angular momentum division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett.47(17), 972–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, M.

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space optical transmission with orbital angular momentum division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett.47(17), 972–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Adjustable-chirp VCSEL-to-VCSEL injection locking for 10-Gb/s transmission at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express17(24), 21748–21753 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neumeyr, C.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, S.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ono, G.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ortsiefer, M.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Parolari, P.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pepeljugoski, P.

P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, and A. Risteski, “Modal noise BER calculations in 10-Gb/s multimode fiber LAN links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2586–2588 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Righetti, A.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Risteski, A.

P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, and A. Risteski, “Modal noise BER calculations in 10-Gb/s multimode fiber LAN links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2586–2588 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ronneberg, E.

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shinoda, K.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Siano, R.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sim, D. H.

Tacca, M.

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

Takemoto, T.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Taubenblatt, M. A.

Toyoda, H.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tran, P.

Tsuji, S.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

P. Boffi, A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Martelli, and M. Martinelli, “12.5 Gbit/s VCSEL-based transmission over legacy MMFs by centre-launching technique,” Electron. Lett.48(20), 1289–1290 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Martelli, A. Gatto, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space optical transmission with orbital angular momentum division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett.47(17), 972–973 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Nishimura, K. Shinoda, Y. Lee, G. Ono, K. Fukuda, K. Fukuda, T. Takemoto, H. Toyoda, M. Yamada, S. Tsuji, and N. Ikeda, “Components and interconnection technologies for photonic-assisted routers toward green networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(2), 347–356 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Boffi, M. Ferrario, L. Marazzi, P. Martelli, P. Parolari, A. Righetti, R. Siano, and M. Martinelli, “Stable 100-Gb/s POLMUX-DQPSK transmission with automatic polarization stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(11), 745–747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Pepeljugoski, D. Kuchta, and A. Risteski, “Modal noise BER calculations in 10-Gb/s multimode fiber LAN links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(12), 2586–2588 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatto, A. Boletti, P. Boffi, E. Ronneberg, C. Neumeyr, M. Ortsiefer, and M. Martinelli, “1.3 μm VCSEL transmission performance up to 12.5 Gbit/s for metro access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(12), 778–780 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt.

A. Gatto, M. Tacca, P. Martelli, P. Boffi, and M. Martinelli, “Free-space orbital angular momentum division multiplexing with Bessel beams,” J. Opt.13(064018), 1–5 (2011).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Reception of mode and polarization multiplexed 107-Gb/s COOFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2011, paper PDPB8, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

European Standards: ETSI EN 300 019-2-2 V2.2.1 (2012-01); ETSI EN 300 019-2-3 V2.2.2 (2003-04); ETSI EN 300 019-2-4 V2.2.2 (2003-04).

D. H. Sim, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Robustness evaluation of MMF transmission link using mode-field matched center-launching technique,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2008, paper OWR3, San Diego, CA, USA (2008)
[CrossRef]

N. Fehratović and S. Aleksić, “Power consumption and scalability of optically switched interconnects for high-capacity network elements,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2011, paper JWA84, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

N. Y. Li, C. L. Schow, D. M. Kuchta, F. E. Doany, B. G. Lee, W. Luo, C. Xie, X. Sun, K. P. Jackson, and C. Lei, “High-performance 850 nm VCSEL and photodetector arrays for 25 Gb/s parallel optical interconnects,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2010, paper OTuP2, San Diego, CA, USA (2010).

D. Molin, G. Kuyt, M. Bigot-Astruc, and P. Sillard, “Recent advances in MMF technology for data networks,” in Proceedings OFC/NFOEC 2011, paper OWJ6, Los Angeles, CA, USA (2011).

T. Irujo and J. Kamino, “Multimode or single-mode fiber?” www.ofsoptics.com (2012).

J. Carpenter, B. C. Thomsen, and T. D. Wilkinson, “2x56-Gb/s Mode-division multiplexed transmission over 2km of OM2 multimode fiber without MIMO equalization,” in Proceeding ECOC 2012, paper Th.2.D.3, Amsterdam, NL (2012).

S. Ramachandran, N. Bozinovic, P. Gregg, S. E. Golowich, and P. Kristensen, “Optical vortices in fibres: a new degree of freedom for mode multiplexing,” Proceedings ECOC2012, paper Tu.3.F.3, Amsterdam, NL (2012).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup in case of free-space PD detection (a) and in case of spatial filtering by SMF coupling before PD detection (b). In the inset the light spot at the MMF output after center-launching is shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured polarization response when a vibration of 18 Hz (on the left) and 38 Hz (on the right) is applied to the MMF. The range of amplitude values is normalized, with value 0 corresponding to polarization orthogonal to the analyzer and value 1 corresponding to polarization aligned to the analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Eye diagrams when no vibration is applied (on the left) and when a 97-Hz vibration is applied (on the right) on 2-m MMF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER measurements at different vibration frequencies in the free space configuration.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal BER measurements at different vibration frequencies and fixed receiver power in the 2-m MMF configuration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER measurement at different vibration frequencies in SMF-filter configuration

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER measurements at different vibration frequencies after a propagation of 4.5 km in the MMF (a) and in the SMF-filter (b) configurations.

Equations (2)

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Δβ= 2π v f,
| E 1 * (ρ,ϑ) e j φ 1 + E 2 (ρ,ϑ) e j φ 2 | 2 dρdϑ= | E 1 (ρ,ϑ) | 2 dρdϑ+ | E 2 (ρ,ϑ) | 2 dρdϑ+2{ E 1 * (ρ,ϑ) E 2 (ρ,ϑ) e j( φ 2 φ 1 ) dρdϑ } = I 1 + I 2 +2cos( φ 2 φ 1 ){ E 1 * (ρ,ϑ) E 2 (ρ,ϑ)dρdϑ },

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