Abstract

This paper proposes a novel bandwidth-elastic and energy-efficient passive optical network (PON) based on the coherent interleaved frequency division multiple access (IFDMA) scheme. We experimentally demonstrate the coherent IFDMA-PON uplink transmission up-to 30 Gbps over a 30 km standard single-mode fiber with 2 × optical network units (ONUs). A low-complexity digital carrier synchronization technique enables multiple access of the ONUs on the basis of 78.1 MHz narrow band orthogonal subcarriers without any guard-bands.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. J. Kani, “Next-generation PONs: An operator’s view,h” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper 5.7.4., (2009).
  2. N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. 3GPP TS 36.300, 3rd Generation Partnership Project Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA) and evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN); Overall description; Stage 2 (Release 8).”
  4. IEEE Std. 802.16e, “Air interface for fixed and mobile broadband wireless access systems amendment for physical and medium access control layers for combined fixed and mobile operation in licensed bands,” IEEE, 2006.
  5. W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic Press, 2009).
  6. N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30 (4), 384–398 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48 (7), 70–77 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).
  9. B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK1, (2011).
  10. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  11. D. J. F. Barros and J. M. Kahn, “Comparison of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing and on-off keying in amplified direct-detection single-mode fiber systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28 (12), 1811–1820 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).
  13. D. Lavery, M. Ionescu, S. Makovejs, E. Torrengo, and S. J. Savory, “A long-reach ultra-dense 10 Gbit/s WDM-PON using a digital coherent receiver,” Opt. Express 18 (25), 25855–25860 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).
  15. D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).
  16. U. Sorger, I. De Broeck, and M. Schnell, “IFDMA – A new spread spectrum multiple access scheme,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1013–1017, (1998).
  17. H. Myung, J. Lim, and D. Goodman, “Single carrier FDMA for uplink wireless transmission,” IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. 1 (3), 30–38 (2006).
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  18. OASE Deliverable D4.1: “Survey of next-generation optical access system concepts”, (Oct.2010). (available online: www.ict-oase.eupublicfilesOASE_WP4_D4_1_29th_October_2010_v1_0.pdf )
  19. J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, W. V. Sorin, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in optical IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27 (13), 2391–2403 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  20. K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).
  21. C. Lam, Passive Optical Networks (Academic Press, 2007).
  22. ITU-T Recommendation Y.1541, (2011).
  23. Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).
  24. M. Morelli, C.-C. J. Kuo, and M.-O. Pun, “Synchronization techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA): A tutorial review,” Proceedings of the IEEE 95 (7), 1394–1427 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  25. D. Huang and K. B. Letaief, “An interference-cancellation scheme for carrier frequency offsets correction in OFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 53 (7), 1155–1165 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  26. Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  27. Y. Zhu and K. B. Letaief, “CFO estimation and compensation in SC-IFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 9 (10), 3200–3213 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).
  29. I. Dedic, “High-speed CMOS DSP and data converters,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuN1, (2011).
  30. R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, Y. Benlachtar, J. C. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. I. Killey, “Design studies for ASIC implementations of 28 GS/s optical QPSK- and 16-QAM-OFDM transceivers,” Opt. Express 19 (21), 20857–20864 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. D. J. F. Barros and J. M. Kahn, “Optical modulator optimization for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27 (13), 2370–2378 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  32. Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “On the peak-to-average power ratio distribution along fiber in the optical OFDM transmissions,” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper We.10.P1.69, (2011).
  33. S. Barbarossa, M. Pompili, and G. B. Giannakis, “Channel-independent synchronization of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access systems,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20 (2), 474–486 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  34. ITU-T Recommendation G.975.1 2004, Appendix I.9.
  35. J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed., (McGraw-Hill International Editions, 2008).
  36. Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

R. Bouziane, P. Milder, R. Koutsoyannis, Y. Benlachtar, J. C. Hoe, M. Puschel, M. Glick, and R. I. Killey, “Design studies for ASIC implementations of 28 GS/s optical QPSK- and 16-QAM-OFDM transceivers,” Opt. Express 19 (21), 20857–20864 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

2009 (4)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, W. V. Sorin, and R. S. Tucker, “Energy consumption in optical IP networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27 (13), 2391–2403 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. J. F. Barros and J. M. Kahn, “Optical modulator optimization for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27 (13), 2370–2378 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Morelli, C.-C. J. Kuo, and M.-O. Pun, “Synchronization techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA): A tutorial review,” Proceedings of the IEEE 95 (7), 1394–1427 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

H. Myung, J. Lim, and D. Goodman, “Single carrier FDMA for uplink wireless transmission,” IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. 1 (3), 30–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

D. Huang and K. B. Letaief, “An interference-cancellation scheme for carrier frequency offsets correction in OFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 53 (7), 1155–1165 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Barbarossa, M. Pompili, and G. B. Giannakis, “Channel-independent synchronization of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access systems,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20 (2), 474–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

U. Sorger, I. De Broeck, and M. Schnell, “IFDMA – A new spread spectrum multiple access scheme,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1013–1017, (1998).

Akiyama, Y

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Akiyama, Y.

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Ayre, R.

Baliga, J.

Barbarossa, S.

S. Barbarossa, M. Pompili, and G. B. Giannakis, “Channel-independent synchronization of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access systems,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20 (2), 474–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Barros, D. J. F.

Benlachtar, Y.

Bocquet, W.

Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bouziane, R.

Brochier, N.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK1, (2011).

Cao, Z.

Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chanclou, P.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK1, (2011).

Charbonnier, B.

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK1, (2011).

Che, D.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Chen, X.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Cvijetic, M.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cvijetic, N.

N. Cvijetic, “OFDM for next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 30 (4), 384–398 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48 (7), 70–77 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).

De Broeck, I.

U. Sorger, I. De Broeck, and M. Schnell, “IFDMA – A new spread spectrum multiple access scheme,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1013–1017, (1998).

Dedic, I.

I. Dedic, “High-speed CMOS DSP and data converters,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuN1, (2011).

Djordjevic, I.

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic Press, 2009).

Fan, S. H.

D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).

Giannakis, G. B.

S. Barbarossa, M. Pompili, and G. B. Giannakis, “Channel-independent synchronization of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access systems,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20 (2), 474–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Glick, M.

Goodman, D.

H. Myung, J. Lim, and D. Goodman, “Single carrier FDMA for uplink wireless transmission,” IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. 1 (3), 30–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gottwald, E.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).

Hayashi, K.

Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
[Crossref]

He, J.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Hinton, K.

Hoe, J. C.

Honan, P.

Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
[Crossref]

Howard, J.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).

Hu, J.

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48 (7), 70–77 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).

Hu, Q.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Huang, D.

D. Huang and K. B. Letaief, “An interference-cancellation scheme for carrier frequency offsets correction in OFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 53 (7), 1155–1165 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, M.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

Huang, Y.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

Huang, Y. K.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ichikawa, T.

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Ionescu, M.

Ip, E.

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ishii, K.

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Kahn, J. M.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, “Next-generation PONs: An operator’s view,h” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper 5.7.4., (2009).

Killey, R. I.

Kitayama, K.

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “On the peak-to-average power ratio distribution along fiber in the optical OFDM transmissions,” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper We.10.P1.69, (2011).

Koguchi, K.

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Koutsoyannis, R.

Kuo, C.-C. J.

M. Morelli, C.-C. J. Kuo, and M.-O. Pun, “Synchronization techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA): A tutorial review,” Proceedings of the IEEE 95 (7), 1394–1427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lam, C.

C. Lam, Passive Optical Networks (Academic Press, 2007).

Lavery, D.

Letaief, K. B.

Y. Zhu and K. B. Letaief, “CFO estimation and compensation in SC-IFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 9 (10), 3200–3213 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Huang and K. B. Letaief, “An interference-cancellation scheme for carrier frequency offsets correction in OFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 53 (7), 1155–1165 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, A.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Lim, J.

H. Myung, J. Lim, and D. Goodman, “Single carrier FDMA for uplink wireless transmission,” IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. 1 (3), 30–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Makovejs, S.

Maruta, A.

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “On the peak-to-average power ratio distribution along fiber in the optical OFDM transmissions,” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper We.10.P1.69, (2011).

Milder, P.

Mizuochi, T.

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Morelli, M.

M. Morelli, C.-C. J. Kuo, and M.-O. Pun, “Synchronization techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA): A tutorial review,” Proceedings of the IEEE 95 (7), 1394–1427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Myung, H.

H. Myung, J. Lim, and D. Goodman, “Single carrier FDMA for uplink wireless transmission,” IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. 1 (3), 30–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nakagaw, J.

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Nakagawa, J.

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Pompili, M.

S. Barbarossa, M. Pompili, and G. B. Giannakis, “Channel-independent synchronization of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access systems,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20 (2), 474–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

Poustie, A.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).

Prasad, N.

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed., (McGraw-Hill International Editions, 2008).

Pun, M.-O.

M. Morelli, C.-C. J. Kuo, and M.-O. Pun, “Synchronization techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA): A tutorial review,” Proceedings of the IEEE 95 (7), 1394–1427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Puschel, M.

Qian, D.

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48 (7), 70–77 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).

Rohde, H.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).

Sakai, H.

Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Salehi, M.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed., (McGraw-Hill International Editions, 2008).

Savory, S. J.

Schnell, M.

U. Sorger, I. De Broeck, and M. Schnell, “IFDMA – A new spread spectrum multiple access scheme,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1013–1017, (1998).

Shao, Y.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic Press, 2009).

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Smith, D. W.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).

Smolorz, S.

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).

Sorger, U.

U. Sorger, I. De Broeck, and M. Schnell, “IFDMA – A new spread spectrum multiple access scheme,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1013–1017, (1998).

Sorin, W. V.

Suzuki, N.

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Tanaka, A.

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Torrengo, E.

Tucker, R. S.

Tureli, U.

Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).

D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

Wang, Ting

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

Yao, Y. D.

Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, T.

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Yoshida, Y.

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “On the peak-to-average power ratio distribution along fiber in the optical OFDM transmissions,” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper We.10.P1.69, (2011).

Zhu, Y.

Y. Zhu and K. B. Letaief, “CFO estimation and compensation in SC-IFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 9 (10), 3200–3213 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, and J. Hu, “100 Gb/s optical access based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48 (7), 70–77 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. (1)

S. Barbarossa, M. Pompili, and G. B. Giannakis, “Channel-independent synchronization of orthogonal frequency-division multiple access systems,” IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun. 20 (2), 474–486 (2002).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “A novel OFDMA-PON architecture with source-free ONUs for next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21 (17), 1265–1267 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. Huang and K. B. Letaief, “An interference-cancellation scheme for carrier frequency offsets correction in OFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun. 53 (7), 1155–1165 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

Y. Yoshida, K. Hayashi, H. Sakai, and W. Bocquet, “Analysis and compensation of transmitter IQ imbalances in OFDMA and SC-FDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 57 (8), 3119–3129 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. (1)

Z. Cao, U. Tureli, Y. D. Yao, and P. Honan, “Low-Complexity orthogonal spectral signal construction for generalized OFDMA uplink with frequency synchronization errors,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 56 (3), 1143–1154 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

Y. Zhu and K. B. Letaief, “CFO estimation and compensation in SC-IFDMA systems,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 9 (10), 3200–3213 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. (1)

H. Myung, J. Lim, and D. Goodman, “Single carrier FDMA for uplink wireless transmission,” IEEE Vehicular Tech. Mag. 1 (3), 30–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications (1)

U. Sorger, I. De Broeck, and M. Schnell, “IFDMA – A new spread spectrum multiple access scheme,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conference on Communications, 1013–1017, (1998).

Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (2)

K. Ishii, Y Akiyama, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagaw, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Low-power consumption DSP circuit design for IFDMA-based PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 770–771, (2011).

Y. Akiyama, K. Ishii, T. Yoshida, N. Suzuki, T. Ichikawa, K. Koguchi, J. Nakagawa, T. Mizuochi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “Remote inter-carrier synchronization for subcarrier multiple access PON systems,” in Proc. of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference, 832–833, (2011).

Proceedings of the IEEE (1)

M. Morelli, C.-C. J. Kuo, and M.-O. Pun, “Synchronization techniques for orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA): A tutorial review,” Proceedings of the IEEE 95 (7), 1394–1427 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (18)

OASE Deliverable D4.1: “Survey of next-generation optical access system concepts”, (Oct.2010). (available online: www.ict-oase.eupublicfilesOASE_WP4_D4_1_29th_October_2010_v1_0.pdf )

X. Chen, A. Li, D. Che, Q. Hu, Y. Wang, J. He, and W. Shieh, “High-speed fading-free direct detection for double-sideband OFDM signal via block-wise phase switching,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7, (2013).

I. Dedic, “High-speed CMOS DSP and data converters,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuN1, (2011).

Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K. Kitayama, “On the peak-to-average power ratio distribution along fiber in the optical OFDM transmissions,” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper We.10.P1.69, (2011).

ITU-T Recommendation G.975.1 2004, Appendix I.9.

J. G. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed., (McGraw-Hill International Editions, 2008).

C. Lam, Passive Optical Networks (Academic Press, 2007).

ITU-T Recommendation Y.1541, (2011).

N. Cvijetic, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, D. Qian, and T. Wang, “1.2 Tb/s symmetric WDM]OFDMA]PON over 90km straight SSMF and 1:32 passive split with digitally]selective ONUs and coherent receiver OLT,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD7, (2011).

D. Qian, S. H. Fan, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “64/32/16QAM-OFDM using direct-detection for 40G-OFDMA-PON downstream,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OMG4, (2011).

S. Smolorz, H. Rohde, E. Gottwald, D. W. Smith, and A. Poustie, “Demonstration of a coherent UDWDM-PON with a real-time processing,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDPD4, (2011).

N. Cvijetic, N. Prasad, D. Qian, J. Howard, and T. Wang, “Computationally- efficient DSP-based MIMO equalization for OSNR gains in 40Gb/s OFDMA-PON,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK6, (2011).

B. Charbonnier, N. Brochier, and P. Chanclou, “(O)FDMA PON over a legacy 30dB ODN,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., paper OTuK1, (2011).

J. Kani, “Next-generation PONs: An operator’s view,h” in Proc. of Euro. Conf. Optical Commun., paper 5.7.4., (2009).

N. Cvijetic, A. Tanaka, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, E. Ip, Y. Shao, and Ting Wang, “4+G mobile backhaul over OFDMA/TDMA-PON to 200 cell sites per fiber with 10Gb/s upstream burst-mode operation enabling <1ms transmission latency,” in Proc. of Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., PDP5B.7 (2012).
[Crossref]

3GPP TS 36.300, 3rd Generation Partnership Project Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network, “Evolved universal terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA) and evolved universal terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN); Overall description; Stage 2 (Release 8).”

IEEE Std. 802.16e, “Air interface for fixed and mobile broadband wireless access systems amendment for physical and medium access control layers for combined fixed and mobile operation in licensed bands,” IEEE, 2006.

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic Press, 2009).

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Elastic bandwidth provisioning on-demand in OFDMA-based PONs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

MUI due to the CFO in coherent OFDMA-based PONs where S k ( i ) and S(i) (f) denote the information-bearing symbol modulated on the kth subcarrier of the ith ONU and its spectrum in the analog domain, respectively. Meanwhile, Rk and R(f) are the demodulated symbol and the received spectrum, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Digital coherent OFDMA-PON architecture.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematics of the digital subcarrier generation in (a) SC-FDMA and (b) IFDMA; S/P: Serial-to-Parallel conversion, P/S: Parallel-to-Serial conversion, (I) FFT: (Inverse) Fast Fourier Transform, CP Inst.: Cyclic Prefix Insertion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration of the SRAM-based FPGA circuit for IFDMA subcarrier generation and the power consumption of the conventional OFDMA and the proposed circuits versus the number of subcarriers.(courtesy of [20])

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) An image of the O/E conversion via the single MZM and (b) the projection of the linear E/O IQ conversion region by using a DP-MZM with the ideal electrical pre-distortion on the complex baseband plane.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Examples of the trajectories of (a) OFDMA w/ localized allocation and (b) IFDMA baseband signals where the ideal rectangular pulse shaping is employed.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup for a 2 × ONU up-to a 30 Gbps coherent IFDMA-PON uplink.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Transmitted frame designs for ONU1 and ONU2.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

CCDF of the CFO between ONU1 and ONU2 (left) and examples of the received signal spectrums (a) without the CFO precompensation and (b) with the precompensation.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

BER performance of each ONU versus the received optical power in a back-to-back 10 Gbps × 2 ONUs QPSK-IFDMA uplink.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

BER performance of each ONU versus the received optical power in a back-to-back 15 Gbps × 2 ONUs 8PSK-IFDMA uplink.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

BER performance of each ONU versus the received optical power in a 15G bps × 2 ONUs 8PSK-IFDMA uplink over a 20km SSFM.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Subcarrier-by-subcarrier EVM performance and resulting constellations in the no guard-band elastic IFDMA-PON uplink.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

CFO distribution model: a) PDF and b) CCDF.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Simulation setup

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Average BER performance versus the number of ONUs.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Simulation parameters

Equations (1)

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OPE = < Average modulated power > < CW lazer power > α 2 < PAPR > ,

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