Abstract

Viewing angle enlargement is essential for SLM-based 3D holographic display. An idea of constructing equivalent-curved-SLM-array (ECSA) is proposed by linear phase factor superimposition. Employing the time division and spatial tiling (TDST) techniques, an ECSA-based horizontal 4f optical system is designed and built. The horizontal viewing angle of a single SLM is increased to 3.6 times when retaining the same hologram area. An interlaced holographic display technique is developed to remove the flicker effect. Holographic augmented reality is performed using the TDST system. Floating holographic 3D image with parallax and accommodation effects is achieved. Both TDST and interlaced technique may extend to multiple SLMs system to achieve larger viewing angle.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (5)

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

Bablumian, A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bannister, R. W.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Billinghurst, M.

F. Zhou, H. B.-L. Duh, and M. Billinghurst, “Trends in augmented reality tracking, interaction and display: a review of ten years of ISMAR,” in Proceedings of 7th IEEE/ACM International Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 193–202.

Blanche, P. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cakmakci, O.

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cameron, C. D.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, B. C.

Christenson, C.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coomber, S. D.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cresswell, I. G.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dong, J. W.

Duh, H. B.-L.

F. Zhou, H. B.-L. Duh, and M. Billinghurst, “Trends in augmented reality tracking, interaction and display: a review of ten years of ISMAR,” in Proceedings of 7th IEEE/ACM International Symposium (IEEE, 2008), pp. 193–202.

Finke, G.

Flores, D.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garbat, P.

Gu, T.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hahn, J.

Hayashi, Y.

He, H. X.

Hecht, J.

J. Hecht, “3-D TV and movies: Exploring the hangover effect,” Opt. Photon. News 22(2), 20–27 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hennelly, B.

Hsieh, W. Y.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hughes, J. R.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hui, V.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jackson, P. O.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jia, J.

Jiang, W.

Kang, H.

F. Yaraş, H. Kang, and L. Onural, “Circular holographic video display system,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9147–9156 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Ohmura, H. Kang, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, “A method to increase the hologram viewing angle by the beam reconfiguration,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 69120O, 69120O-9 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kathaperumal, M.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Kozacki, T.

Kujawinska, M.

Lee, B.

Li, D. H.

Li, X.

Lim, Y.

Lin, W.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, J.

Liu, Y. Z.

Milham, K. A.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. J.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mishina, T.

Norwood, R. A.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohmura, N.

N. Ohmura, H. Kang, T. Yamaguchi, and H. Yoshikawa, “A method to increase the hologram viewing angle by the beam reconfiguration,” Proc. SPIE 6912, 69120O, 69120O-9 (2008).
[Crossref]

Okada, N.

Okano, F.

Okui, M.

Onural, L.

Pan, Y.

Pandey, N.

Park, G.

Payne, D. A.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pu, Y. Y.

Quarrel, J.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rachwal, B.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rolland, J.

O. Cakmakci and J. Rolland, “Head-worn displays: a review,” J. Disp. Technol. 2(3), 199–216 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scattergood, D. C.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Siddiqui, O.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slinger, C. W.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Smith, A. P.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Smith, M. A. G.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stanley, M.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sun, Z.

Takaki, Y.

Thomas, J.

P. A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W. Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, “Holographic three-dimensional telepresence using large-area photorefractive polymer,” Nature 468(7320), 80–83 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tipton, D. L.

M. Stanley, R. W. Bannister, C. D. Cameron, S. D. Coomber, I. G. Cresswell, J. R. Hughes, V. Hui, P. O. Jackson, K. A. Milham, R. J. Miller, D. A. Payne, J. Quarrel, D. C. Scattergood, A. P. Smith, M. A. G. Smith, D. L. Tipton, P. J. Watson, P. J. Webber, and C. W. Slinger, “100 mega-pixel computer generated holographic images from active tiling–a dynamic and scalable electro-optic modulator system,” Proc. SPIE 5005, 247–258 (2003).
[Crossref]

Voorakaranam, R.

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (1144 KB)     

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Viewing angle of (a) single SLM, (b) curved SLM array, and (c) equivalent curved SLM array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Grating diffraction with inclined illumination.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the TDST system (SLM is not shown here).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

. Schematic of the TDST system, (a) top view and (b) side view. Orange and purple colors indicate two optical paths of different moments. The images of SLM at different moments are tiled at the 4f plane of the TDST system, which form an ECSA in the horizontal direction.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Viewing angle enlargement based on TDST system. (a) Schematic of the threadlike object (green dot). Reconstructed image is captured by the camera moving laterally. The images captured in the right-most, middle, and left-most viewpoints are shown in (b), (c), and (d), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic diagram of interlaced holographic display.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reconstruction captured from different viewpoints. (a) Schematic of the reconstructed setup. (b)-(d) three different viewpoints of the camera, which is the left-most, middle, and the right-most angle. Note that two surfaces of the pyramid are of different size in three viewpoints, showing the parallax effect in the holographic scene. A more intuitive feeling can be found in the online multimedia (Media 1).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Real object is located in different depth while focusing on the holographic reconstruction.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Demonstration of depth sensation. The scene is constructed by a boy catching Mars triangle and a girl catching Venus triangle. The depth of field effect is clearly illustrated.

Equations (4)

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θ=2 θ diff_max =2arcsin( λ/ 2p ),
θ+( N1 )α,
λ/ 2p =sin θ out sin θ in ,
O H ( x H , y H ) = exp [ j 2 π ( z c + z c ) / λ ] j λ z c ( a 22 a 11 a 12 a 21 ) × exp ( j π λ [ ( x H f 2 / f 1 x c ) 2 z c + ( y H y c ) 2 z c + 2 f 1 + 2 f 2 ] ) exp ( j 2 π a 13 x H ' + a 23 y H ' λ z c ) Π ( a 11 x H ' + a 21 y H ' λ z c , a 12 x H ' + a 22 y H ' λ z c ) ,

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