Abstract

To achieve a high transmittance and extinction ratio for the polarized white light-emitting diodes (WLEDs), the package structures of polarized WLEDs that are pumped by blue LEDs are studied. A WLED is implemented using a nano-wire grid polarizer (NWGP) and forms a pumping cavity. Combining the reflection and transmission characteristics of a NWGP, the optimized package structure has an air gap between the phosphor resin and the NWGP. Specifically, the angular dependence of the chromaticity coordinates and spatial uniformity of the radiation pattern are investigated and are more uniform than those of conventional LEDs.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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  1. M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. M. Jonza and D. Dubner Andrew, “Multilayer Polymeric Color-shifting Polarizer Films,” in Optical Security and Counterfeit Deterrence Techniques, SPIE-IS&T Electronic Imaging (SPIE, 2004), 256–263.
  3. S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, and K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. I. Yamada, K. Takano, M. Hangyo, M. Saito, and W. Watanabe, “Terahertz wire-grid polarizers with micrometer-pitch Al gratings,” Opt. Lett. 34(3), 274–276 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  7. M. F. Schubert, S. Chhajed, J. K. Kim, E. F. Schubert, and J. Cho, “Linearly polarized emission from GaInN lightemitting diodes with polarization-enhancing reflector,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11213–11218 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J.-C. Su, S.-F. Song, and H.-S. Chen, “Chromaticity stability of phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes with an optical filter,” Appl. Opt. 50(2), 177–182 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. Ö. Sepsi, I. Szanda, and P. Koppa, “Investigation of polarized light emitting diodes with integrated wire grid polarizer,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14547–14552 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. D. Kim, “Polarization characteristics of a wire-grid polarizer in a rotating platform,” Appl. Opt. 44(8), 1366–1371 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. F. Meng, J. Chu, H. Han, and K. Zhao, “The design of the sub-wavelength wire-grid polarizer,” in 2007 7th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology - IEEE-NANO 2007), 942–946.
  12. T. Liu and M. O'Neill, “Increasing LCD energy efficiency with specialty light-management films,” Inform Display 24, 24–30 (2008).

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

T. Liu and M. O'Neill, “Increasing LCD energy efficiency with specialty light-management films,” Inform Display 24, 24–30 (2008).

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, and K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. Kim, “Polarization characteristics of a wire-grid polarizer in a rotating platform,” Appl. Opt. 44(8), 1366–1371 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, S.-W.

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.-S.

Chhajed, S.

Cho, J.

Gilbert, L. R.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hangyo, M.

Kim, D.

Kim, J. K.

Kim, J.-S.

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, and K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Koppa, P.

Kwok, H. S.

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.-D.

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, and K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.-H.

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

T. Liu and M. O'Neill, “Increasing LCD energy efficiency with specialty light-management films,” Inform Display 24, 24–30 (2008).

Nevitt, T. J.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O'Neill, M.

T. Liu and M. O'Neill, “Increasing LCD energy efficiency with specialty light-management films,” Inform Display 24, 24–30 (2008).

Ouderkirk, A. J.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, J.-D.

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, and K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[Crossref]

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Saito, M.

Schubert, E. F.

Schubert, M. F.

Sepsi, Ö.

Song, S.-F.

Stover, C. A.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, J.-C.

Szanda, I.

Takano, K.

Watanabe, W.

Weber, M. F.

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, I.

Yoon, P.-W.

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yu, X. J.

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Inform Display (1)

T. Liu and M. O'Neill, “Increasing LCD energy efficiency with specialty light-management films,” Inform Display 24, 24–30 (2008).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

X. J. Yu and H. S. Kwok, “Optical wire-grid polarizers at oblique angles of incidence,” J. Appl. Phys. 93(8), 4407–4412 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (2)

S.-W. Ahn, K.-D. Lee, J.-S. Kim, S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, S.-H. Lee, and P.-W. Yoon, “Fabrication of a 50 nm half-pitch wire grid polarizer using nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology 16(9), 1874–1877 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Kim, J.-D. Park, and K.-D. Lee, “Fabrication of a nano-wire grid polarizer for brightness enhancement in liquid crystal display,” Nanotechnology 17(17), 4436–4438 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

M. F. Weber, C. A. Stover, L. R. Gilbert, T. J. Nevitt, and A. J. Ouderkirk, “Giant birefringent optics in multilayer polymer mirrors,” Science 287(5462), 2451–2456 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. M. Jonza and D. Dubner Andrew, “Multilayer Polymeric Color-shifting Polarizer Films,” in Optical Security and Counterfeit Deterrence Techniques, SPIE-IS&T Electronic Imaging (SPIE, 2004), 256–263.

F. Meng, J. Chu, H. Han, and K. Zhao, “The design of the sub-wavelength wire-grid polarizer,” in 2007 7th IEEE International Conference on Nanotechnology - IEEE-NANO 2007), 942–946.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the polarized WLED package structure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

ER and transmittance measurement setup for the polarized WLED.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmittance gain and ER of the polarized WLED versus viewing angles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Chromaticity points of the WLEDs with NWGP and conventional WLEDs in CIE u’v’ color space labeled with viewing angle, CCT and CRI.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of relative radiation intensity versus viewing angle for the polarized and conventional WLEDs.

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