Abstract

We present a method to perform hyper Rayleigh scattering from aqueous solutions and second harmonic scattering measurements from unlabeled interfaces of liposomes and nanoparticles in dilute solutions. The water and interfacial response can be measured on a millisecond timescale, thus opening up the possibility to measure label-free time dependent transport processes in biological (membrane) systems.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. H. F. Wang, T. Troxler, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “In Situ, Nonlinear Optical Probe of Surfactant Adsorption on the Surface of Microparticles in Colloids,” Langmuir16(6), 2475–2481 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. M. Eckenrode and H. L. Dai, “Nonlinear optical probe of biopolymer adsorption on colloidal particle surface: poly-L-lysine on polystyrene sulfate microspheres,” Langmuir20(21), 9202–9209 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. H. M. Eckenrode, S. H. Jen, J. Han, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “Adsorption of a cationic dye molecule on polystyrene microspheres in colloids: Effect of surface charge and composition probed by second harmonic generation,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4646–4653 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. I. Dadap, X. Hu, N. Russell, J. Ekerdt, J. Lowell, and M. Downer, “Analysis of second-harmonic generation by unamplified, high-repetition-rate, ultrashort laser pulses at Si(001) interfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(4), 1145–1155 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  31. Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. D. P. Shelton, “Slow polarization relaxation in water observed by hyper-Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. B72(2), 020201 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  33. L. Haber, S. J. J. Kwok, M. Semeraro, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Probing the colloidal gold nanoparticle/aqueous interface with second harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett.507(1-3), 11–14 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  34. J. Liu, M. Subir, K. Nguyen, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second Harmonic Studies of Ions Crossing Liposome Membranes in Real Time,” J. Phys. Chem. B112(48), 15263–15266 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. D. O. Lapotko and E. Y. Lukianova, “Influence of Physiological Conditions on Laser Damage Thresholds for Blood, Heart, and Liver Cells,” Lasers Surg. Med.36(1), 13–21 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. K. König, “Multiphoton microscopy in life sciences,” J. Microsc.200(2), 83–104 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. A. Vogel, N. Linz, S. Freidank, and G. Paltauf, “Femtosecond-Laser-Induced Nanocavitation in Water: Implications for Optical Breakdown Threshold and Cell Surgery,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 038102 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

S. Roke and G. Gonella, “Nonlinear Light Scattering and Spectroscopy of Particles and Droplets in Liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.63(1), 353–378 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with Tailored Nonlinear Optical Response,” Nano Lett.12(2), 673–677 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with Multipolar Second Harmonic Generation from Spherical Metallic Nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

L. Haber, S. J. J. Kwok, M. Semeraro, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Probing the colloidal gold nanoparticle/aqueous interface with second harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett.507(1-3), 11–14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. G. F. de Beer, S. Roke, and J. I. Dadap, “Theory of optical second-harmonic and sum-frequency scattering from arbitrarily shaped particles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(6), 1374–1384 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gonella and H. L. Dai, “Determination of adsorption geometry on spherical particles from nonlinear Mie theory analysis of surface second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B84(12), 121402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Shelton, “Accurate hyper-Rayleigh scattering polarization measurements,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.82(11), 113103 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Peterka, H. Takahashi, and R. Yuste, “Imaging Voltage in Neurons,” Neuron69(1), 9–21 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

S. M. Butterfield and H. A. Lashuel, “Amyloidogenic Protein-Membrane Interactions: Mechanistic Insight from Model Systems,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.49(33), 5628–5654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Schürer, S. Wunderlich, C. Sauerbeck, U. Peschel, and W. Peukert, “Probing colloidal interfaces by angle-resolved second harmonic light scattering,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuetemeyer, R. Rezgui, H. Lubatschowski, and A. Heisterkamp, “Influence of laser parameters and staining on femtosecond laser-based intracellular nanosurgery,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(2), 587–597 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

S. Roke, “Nonlinear optical spectroscopy of soft matter interfaces,” ChemPhysChem10(9-10), 1380–1388 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Jen, G. Gonella, and H. L. Dai, “The Effect of Particle Size in Second Harmonic Generation from the Surface of Spherical Colloidal Particles. I: Experimental Observations,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4758–4762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

J. Liu, M. Subir, K. Nguyen, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second Harmonic Studies of Ions Crossing Liposome Membranes in Real Time,” J. Phys. Chem. B112(48), 15263–15266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Subir, J. Liu, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Protonation at the Aqueous Interface of Polymer Nanoparticles with Second Harmonic Generation,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(40), 15809–15812 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Vogel, N. Linz, S. Freidank, and G. Paltauf, “Femtosecond-Laser-Induced Nanocavitation in Water: Implications for Optical Breakdown Threshold and Cell Surgery,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 038102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

L. Schneider, H. J. Schmid, and W. Peukert, “Influence of particle size and concentration on the second-harmonic signal generated at colloidal surfaces,” Appl. Phys. B87(2), 333–339 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic spectroscopy of aqueous nano- and microparticle interfaces,” Chem. Rev.106(4), 1462–1477 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. Roke, J. Buitenhuis, J. C. van Miltenburg, M. Bonn, and A. van Blaaderen, “Interface-solvent effects during colloidal phase transitions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter17(45), S3469–S3479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. O. Lapotko and E. Y. Lukianova, “Influence of Physiological Conditions on Laser Damage Thresholds for Blood, Heart, and Liver Cells,” Lasers Surg. Med.36(1), 13–21 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Shelton, “Slow polarization relaxation in water observed by hyper-Rayleigh scattering,” Phys. Rev. B72(2), 020201 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Eckenrode, S. H. Jen, J. Han, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “Adsorption of a cationic dye molecule on polystyrene microspheres in colloids: Effect of surface charge and composition probed by second harmonic generation,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4646–4653 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Theory of optical second-harmonic generation from a sphere of centrosymmetric material: small-particle limit,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21(7), 1328–1347 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Eckenrode and H. L. Dai, “Nonlinear optical probe of biopolymer adsorption on colloidal particle surface: poly-L-lysine on polystyrene sulfate microspheres,” Langmuir20(21), 9202–9209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

S. Roke, W. G. Roeterdink, J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven, A. V. Petukhov, A. W. Kleyn, and M. Bonn, “Vibrational sum frequency scattering from a submicron suspension,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(25), 258302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Y. Liu, C. Y. Yan, X. L. Zhao, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Surface potential of charged liposomes determined by second harmonic generation,” Langmuir17(7), 2063–2066 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. F. Wang, T. Troxler, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “In Situ, Nonlinear Optical Probe of Surfactant Adsorption on the Surface of Microparticles in Colloids,” Langmuir16(6), 2475–2481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. König, “Multiphoton microscopy in life sciences,” J. Microsc.200(2), 83–104 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. Shelton, “Polarization and angle dependence for hyper-Rayleigh scattering from local and nonlocal modes of isotropic fluids,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B17(12), 2032–2036 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

H. Wang, E. C. Y. Yan, E. Borguet, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic generation from the surface of centrosymmetric particles in bulk solution,” Chem. Phys. Lett.259(1-2), 15–20 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Kauranen and A. Persoons, “Theory of polarization measurements of second-order nonlinear light scattering,” J. Chem. Phys.104(10), 3445–3456 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. I. Dadap, X. Hu, N. Russell, J. Ekerdt, J. Lowell, and M. Downer, “Analysis of second-harmonic generation by unamplified, high-repetition-rate, ultrashort laser pulses at Si(001) interfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(4), 1145–1155 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. E. Rothman, “Mechanisms of intracellular protein transport,” Nature372(6501), 55–63 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, and Y. Shen, “Spectroscopy of Molecular Monolayers by Resonant Second-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.48(7), 478–481 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1966

R. Bersohn, Y. H. Pao, and H. L. Frisch, “Double-Quantum Light Scattering by Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys.45(9), 3184–3198 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965

R. W. Terhune, P. D. Maker, and C. M. Savage, “Measurements of nonlinear light scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett.14(17), 681–684 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Benichou, E.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with Multipolar Second Harmonic Generation from Spherical Metallic Nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bersohn, R.

R. Bersohn, Y. H. Pao, and H. L. Frisch, “Double-Quantum Light Scattering by Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys.45(9), 3184–3198 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bonn, M.

S. Roke, J. Buitenhuis, J. C. van Miltenburg, M. Bonn, and A. van Blaaderen, “Interface-solvent effects during colloidal phase transitions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter17(45), S3469–S3479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Roke, W. G. Roeterdink, J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven, A. V. Petukhov, A. W. Kleyn, and M. Bonn, “Vibrational sum frequency scattering from a submicron suspension,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(25), 258302 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borguet, E.

H. Wang, E. C. Y. Yan, E. Borguet, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic generation from the surface of centrosymmetric particles in bulk solution,” Chem. Phys. Lett.259(1-2), 15–20 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brevet, P. F.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with Multipolar Second Harmonic Generation from Spherical Metallic Nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buitenhuis, J.

S. Roke, J. Buitenhuis, J. C. van Miltenburg, M. Bonn, and A. van Blaaderen, “Interface-solvent effects during colloidal phase transitions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter17(45), S3469–S3479 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Butet, J.

J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with Multipolar Second Harmonic Generation from Spherical Metallic Nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butterfield, S. M.

S. M. Butterfield and H. A. Lashuel, “Amyloidogenic Protein-Membrane Interactions: Mechanistic Insight from Model Systems,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.49(33), 5628–5654 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cain, C. P.

D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C. K.

T. F. Heinz, C. K. Chen, D. Ricard, and Y. Shen, “Spectroscopy of Molecular Monolayers by Resonant Second-Harmonic Generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.48(7), 478–481 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

Dai, H. L.

G. Gonella and H. L. Dai, “Determination of adsorption geometry on spherical particles from nonlinear Mie theory analysis of surface second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B84(12), 121402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Jen, G. Gonella, and H. L. Dai, “The Effect of Particle Size in Second Harmonic Generation from the Surface of Spherical Colloidal Particles. I: Experimental Observations,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4758–4762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Eckenrode, S. H. Jen, J. Han, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “Adsorption of a cationic dye molecule on polystyrene microspheres in colloids: Effect of surface charge and composition probed by second harmonic generation,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4646–4653 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Eckenrode and H. L. Dai, “Nonlinear optical probe of biopolymer adsorption on colloidal particle surface: poly-L-lysine on polystyrene sulfate microspheres,” Langmuir20(21), 9202–9209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Wang, T. Troxler, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “In Situ, Nonlinear Optical Probe of Surfactant Adsorption on the Surface of Microparticles in Colloids,” Langmuir16(6), 2475–2481 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Beer, A. G. F.

Downer, M.

J. I. Dadap, X. Hu, N. Russell, J. Ekerdt, J. Lowell, and M. Downer, “Analysis of second-harmonic generation by unamplified, high-repetition-rate, ultrashort laser pulses at Si(001) interfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(4), 1145–1155 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eckenrode, H. M.

H. M. Eckenrode, S. H. Jen, J. Han, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “Adsorption of a cationic dye molecule on polystyrene microspheres in colloids: Effect of surface charge and composition probed by second harmonic generation,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4646–4653 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Eckenrode and H. L. Dai, “Nonlinear optical probe of biopolymer adsorption on colloidal particle surface: poly-L-lysine on polystyrene sulfate microspheres,” Langmuir20(21), 9202–9209 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eilert, B. G.

D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eisenthal, K. B.

L. Haber, S. J. J. Kwok, M. Semeraro, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Probing the colloidal gold nanoparticle/aqueous interface with second harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett.507(1-3), 11–14 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Subir, J. Liu, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Protonation at the Aqueous Interface of Polymer Nanoparticles with Second Harmonic Generation,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(40), 15809–15812 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, M. Subir, K. Nguyen, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second Harmonic Studies of Ions Crossing Liposome Membranes in Real Time,” J. Phys. Chem. B112(48), 15263–15266 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic spectroscopy of aqueous nano- and microparticle interfaces,” Chem. Rev.106(4), 1462–1477 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, C. Y. Yan, X. L. Zhao, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Surface potential of charged liposomes determined by second harmonic generation,” Langmuir17(7), 2063–2066 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, E. C. Y. Yan, E. Borguet, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic generation from the surface of centrosymmetric particles in bulk solution,” Chem. Phys. Lett.259(1-2), 15–20 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ekerdt, J.

J. I. Dadap, X. Hu, N. Russell, J. Ekerdt, J. Lowell, and M. Downer, “Analysis of second-harmonic generation by unamplified, high-repetition-rate, ultrashort laser pulses at Si(001) interfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(4), 1145–1155 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Freidank, S.

A. Vogel, N. Linz, S. Freidank, and G. Paltauf, “Femtosecond-Laser-Induced Nanocavitation in Water: Implications for Optical Breakdown Threshold and Cell Surgery,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 038102 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frisch, H. L.

R. Bersohn, Y. H. Pao, and H. L. Frisch, “Double-Quantum Light Scattering by Molecules,” J. Chem. Phys.45(9), 3184–3198 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Gonella, G.

S. Roke and G. Gonella, “Nonlinear Light Scattering and Spectroscopy of Particles and Droplets in Liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.63(1), 353–378 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gonella and H. L. Dai, “Determination of adsorption geometry on spherical particles from nonlinear Mie theory analysis of surface second harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. B84(12), 121402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
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L. Haber, S. J. J. Kwok, M. Semeraro, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Probing the colloidal gold nanoparticle/aqueous interface with second harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett.507(1-3), 11–14 (2011).
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S. M. Butterfield and H. A. Lashuel, “Amyloidogenic Protein-Membrane Interactions: Mechanistic Insight from Model Systems,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.49(33), 5628–5654 (2010).
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H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with Tailored Nonlinear Optical Response,” Nano Lett.12(2), 673–677 (2012).
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J. Liu, M. Subir, K. Nguyen, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second Harmonic Studies of Ions Crossing Liposome Membranes in Real Time,” J. Phys. Chem. B112(48), 15263–15266 (2008).
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J. I. Dadap, X. Hu, N. Russell, J. Ekerdt, J. Lowell, and M. Downer, “Analysis of second-harmonic generation by unamplified, high-repetition-rate, ultrashort laser pulses at Si(001) interfaces,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1(4), 1145–1155 (1995).
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H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with Tailored Nonlinear Optical Response,” Nano Lett.12(2), 673–677 (2012).
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D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
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J. Butet, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, N. Lascoux, E. Benichou, and P. F. Brevet, “Sensing with Multipolar Second Harmonic Generation from Spherical Metallic Nanoparticles,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1697–1701 (2012).
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B. Schürer, S. Wunderlich, C. Sauerbeck, U. Peschel, and W. Peukert, “Probing colloidal interfaces by angle-resolved second harmonic light scattering,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241404 (2010).
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R. W. Terhune, P. D. Maker, and C. M. Savage, “Measurements of nonlinear light scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett.14(17), 681–684 (1965).
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L. Schneider, H. J. Schmid, and W. Peukert, “Influence of particle size and concentration on the second-harmonic signal generated at colloidal surfaces,” Appl. Phys. B87(2), 333–339 (2007).
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L. Schneider, H. J. Schmid, and W. Peukert, “Influence of particle size and concentration on the second-harmonic signal generated at colloidal surfaces,” Appl. Phys. B87(2), 333–339 (2007).
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B. Schürer, S. Wunderlich, C. Sauerbeck, U. Peschel, and W. Peukert, “Probing colloidal interfaces by angle-resolved second harmonic light scattering,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241404 (2010).
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L. Haber, S. J. J. Kwok, M. Semeraro, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Probing the colloidal gold nanoparticle/aqueous interface with second harmonic generation,” Chem. Phys. Lett.507(1-3), 11–14 (2011).
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H. Husu, R. Siikanen, J. Mäkitalo, J. Lehtolahti, J. Laukkanen, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Metamaterials with Tailored Nonlinear Optical Response,” Nano Lett.12(2), 673–677 (2012).
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Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
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D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
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J. Liu, M. Subir, K. Nguyen, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second Harmonic Studies of Ions Crossing Liposome Membranes in Real Time,” J. Phys. Chem. B112(48), 15263–15266 (2008).
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M. Subir, J. Liu, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Protonation at the Aqueous Interface of Polymer Nanoparticles with Second Harmonic Generation,” J. Phys. Chem. C112(40), 15809–15812 (2008).
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D. J. Payne, R. A. Hopkins, B. G. Eilert, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, R. J. Thomas, C. P. Cain, G. T. Hengst, P. K. Kennedy, T. R. Jost, and B. A. Rockwell, “Comparative Study of Laser Damage Threshold Energies in the Artificial Retina,” J. Biomed. Opt.4(3), 337–344 (1999).
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S. Roke, J. Buitenhuis, J. C. van Miltenburg, M. Bonn, and A. van Blaaderen, “Interface-solvent effects during colloidal phase transitions,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter17(45), S3469–S3479 (2005).
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H. Wang, E. C. Y. Yan, E. Borguet, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic generation from the surface of centrosymmetric particles in bulk solution,” Chem. Phys. Lett.259(1-2), 15–20 (1996).
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H. F. Wang, T. Troxler, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “In Situ, Nonlinear Optical Probe of Surfactant Adsorption on the Surface of Microparticles in Colloids,” Langmuir16(6), 2475–2481 (2000).
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Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
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Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
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S. Roke, W. G. Roeterdink, J. E. G. J. Wijnhoven, A. V. Petukhov, A. W. Kleyn, and M. Bonn, “Vibrational sum frequency scattering from a submicron suspension,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(25), 258302 (2003).
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B. Schürer, S. Wunderlich, C. Sauerbeck, U. Peschel, and W. Peukert, “Probing colloidal interfaces by angle-resolved second harmonic light scattering,” Phys. Rev. B82(24), 241404 (2010).
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Y. Liu, C. Y. Yan, X. L. Zhao, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Surface potential of charged liposomes determined by second harmonic generation,” Langmuir17(7), 2063–2066 (2001).
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H. Wang, E. C. Y. Yan, E. Borguet, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Second harmonic generation from the surface of centrosymmetric particles in bulk solution,” Chem. Phys. Lett.259(1-2), 15–20 (1996).
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Yeh, A. G.

H. M. Eckenrode, S. H. Jen, J. Han, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “Adsorption of a cationic dye molecule on polystyrene microspheres in colloids: Effect of surface charge and composition probed by second harmonic generation,” J. Phys. Chem. B109(10), 4646–4653 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Wang, T. Troxler, A. G. Yeh, and H. L. Dai, “In Situ, Nonlinear Optical Probe of Surfactant Adsorption on the Surface of Microparticles in Colloids,” Langmuir16(6), 2475–2481 (2000).
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D. S. Peterka, H. Takahashi, and R. Yuste, “Imaging Voltage in Neurons,” Neuron69(1), 9–21 (2011).
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Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
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Y. Liu, C. Y. Yan, X. L. Zhao, and K. B. Eisenthal, “Surface potential of charged liposomes determined by second harmonic generation,” Langmuir17(7), 2063–2066 (2001).
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ACS Nano

Y. Wang, O. Zeiri, A. Neyman, F. Stellacci, and I. A. Weinstock, “Nucleation and Island Growth of Alkanethiolate Ligand Domains on Gold Nanoparticles,” ACS Nano6(1), 629–640 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.

S. M. Butterfield and H. A. Lashuel, “Amyloidogenic Protein-Membrane Interactions: Mechanistic Insight from Model Systems,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.49(33), 5628–5654 (2010).
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Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.

S. Roke and G. Gonella, “Nonlinear Light Scattering and Spectroscopy of Particles and Droplets in Liquids,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.63(1), 353–378 (2012).
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Appl. Phys. B

L. Schneider, H. J. Schmid, and W. Peukert, “Influence of particle size and concentration on the second-harmonic signal generated at colloidal surfaces,” Appl. Phys. B87(2), 333–339 (2007).
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Biomed. Opt. Express

Chem. Phys. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical setup used for SH scattering measurements. P: Polarizer, LP: long pass filter, FL: focusing lens, CL: Collimating lens, BP: band pass filter. The detection arm can be adjusted to any orientation from −120° to 120°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a)The power dependence in PP polarization of SHS from a 0.026 v.v. % solution of PS beads. The power was measured in mW before the focus. The scattered light was detected at 30° degrees with an angle of acceptance of 2° and 10 s acquisition time. (b) SH intensity as a function of particle density from aqueous solutions of PS particles with a diameter of 500 nm, recorded under the same experimental condition as in a. The best fit solid line indicates a linear dependence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

HRS intensity from pure water as a function of acquisition time. The inset shows the response for a time lapse of 5 ms (1000 laser shots). The angular resolution was 5° degrees and the scattering angle was set at 90°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a) SHS spectra recorded (at a detection angle of 30°) from the surface of PS particles in water (0.026 v.v%, 500 nm diameter), and 8 nm gold nanoparticles in water. The SHS spectrum of the PS beads follows the shape of the frequency doubled laser spectrum, while the spectral response from the Au nanoparticles is broadened by the resonance of the SH light with the 520 nm centered plasmon resonance. b) Comparison of signal strengths for liposomes (100 nm, 0.075 v.v %), nanoparticles (8 nm, 12 µg/ml), and polystyrene particles (500 nm, 0.026 v.v %).

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