Abstract

The first ultracompact transmitter optical subassembly for long-distance, beyond-100-Gbit/s data communication systems based on a monolithically integrated light source is developed. The light source consists of four InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated DFB lasers (EADFB lasers) and their optical multiplexer and these components are monolithically integrated on one chip, resulting in very small chip size of 2.4 × 3.3 mm2. This small chip makes it possible to reduce the size of the transmitter module. Very small transmitter optical subassemblies (TOSAs), using the chip and employing three-dimensional interconnection board, is fabricated, whose volume is only 1.82 cc. By using the TOSA, 40-Gbit/s × 4 operation with the clear eye openings up to 10-km single mode fibre transmission is demonstrated. Electrical crosstalk under the multi-lane operation is also evaluated, and the error-free transmission is achieved with the power penalty to the discrete operation of 1 dB.

© 2013 OSA

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  9. T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012

2011

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

2009

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2002

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Akage, Y.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Aoki, M.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Arai, M.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Fujisawa, T.

T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, T. Fujisawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “43 Gb/s 1.3 μm DFB laser for 40 km transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(15), 2520–2524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Fujiwara, N.

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Fukano, H.

Hayashi, H.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

Iga, R.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Ishii, H.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

Kanazawa, S.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kano, F.

T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, T. Fujisawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “43 Gb/s 1.3 μm DFB laser for 40 km transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(15), 2520–2524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Kawaguchi, Y.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

Kikawa, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kitatani, T.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, W.

T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, T. Fujisawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “43 Gb/s 1.3 μm DFB laser for 40 km transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(15), 2520–2524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Kondo, T.

Kubota, M.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Makino, S.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

Mukaikubo, M.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakahara, K.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, K.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Naoe, K.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

Nunoya, N.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

Ohki, A.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

Ohtoshi, T.

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oohashi, H.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

Sasada, N.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

Shimamura, T.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, J.

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, K.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shiota, T.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

Shirai, M.

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, T.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tadokoro, T.

T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, T. Fujisawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “43 Gb/s 1.3 μm DFB laser for 40 km transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(15), 2520–2524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Taike, A.

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takahata, K.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, H. Ishii, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 4 × 25-Gbit/s, EADFB laser array module with large-output-power and low-driving-voltage for energy-efficient 100GbE transmitter,” Opt. Express20(1), 614–620 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, M.

Tanaka, S.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

Taniguchi, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, T.

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsuzuki, K.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

Yamanaka, T.

T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, T. Fujisawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “43 Gb/s 1.3 μm DFB laser for 40 km transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(15), 2520–2524 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

H. Fukano, T. Yamanaka, M. Tamura, and T. Kondo, “Very-low-driving voltage electroabsorption modulators operating at 40Gb/s,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2219–2224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

T. Fujisawa, M. Arai, N. Fujiwara, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, K. Tsuzuki, Y. Akage, R. Iga, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs-based electroabsorption modulator integrated with a DFB laser for metro-area (40 km) 100-Gbit/s Ethernet system,” Electron. Lett.45, 900–901 (2009).

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, W. Kobayashi, T. Tadokoro, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, and F. Kano, “1.3-μm, 50-Gbit/s electroabsorption modulators integrated with a DFB laser for beyond 100G parallel LAN applications,” Electron. Lett.47(12), 708–710 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Shimizu, M. Aoki, T. Tsuchiya, M. Shirai, A. Taike, T. Ohtoshi, and S. Tsuji, “Advantages of optical modulators with InGaAlAs/InGaAlAs MQW structure,” Electron. Lett.38(15), 821–822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Kanazawa, T. Fujisawa, A. Ohki, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “A compact EADFB laser array module for a future 100-Gbit/s Ethernet transceiver,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17, 1191–1197 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Fujisawa, S. Kanazawa, H. Ishii, N. Nunoya, Y. Kawaguchi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, K. Takahata, R. Iga, F. Kano, and H. Oohashi, “1.3-μm, 4×25-Gbit/s, monolithically integrated light source for metro area 100-Gbit/s Ethernet,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 356–358 (2011).

H. Takahashi, T. Shimamura, T. Sugiyama, M. Kubota, and K. Nakamura, “High-power 25-Gb/s electroabsorption modulator integrated with a laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 633–635 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakahara, T. Tsuchiya, T. Kitatani, K. Shinoda, T. Taniguchi, T. Kikawa, M. Aoki, and M. Mukaikubo, “40-Gb/s direct modulation with high extinction ratio operation of 1.3-μm InGaAlAs multiquantum well ridge waveguide distributed feedback lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(19), 1436–1438 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron.

S. Makino, K. Shinoda, T. Kitatani, H. Hayashi, T. Shiota, S. Tanaka, M. Aoki, N. Sasada, and K. Naoe, “High-speed EA-DFB laser for 40-G and 100-Gbps,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E92-C, 937–941 (2009).

IEICE Trans. on Electron.

T. Fujisawa, K. Takahata, T. Tadokoro, W. Kobayashi, A. Ohki, N. Fujiwara, S. Kanazawa, T. Yamanaka, and F. Kano, “Long-reach 100Gbit Ethernet light source based on 4×25-Gbit/s 1.3-μm InGaAlAs EADFB lasers,” IEICE Trans. on Electron.E94-C, 1167–1172 (2011).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Other

http://www.ieee802.org/3/ba .

T. Saito, T. Yamatoya, Y. Morita, E. Ishimura, C. Watatani, T. Aoyagi, and T. Ishikawa, “Clear eye opening 1.3μm-25/43Gbps EML with novel tensile-strained asymmetric QW absorption layer,” in Proc. ECOC P.8.1.3 (2009).

T. Shimoyama, M. Matsuda, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, M. Ekawa, and T. Yamamoto, “50-Gbps direct modulation using 1.3-mm AlGaInAs MQW distribute-reflector lasers,” in Proc. ECOC P2.11 (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Micrograph of the fabricated chip, (b) schematic of three-dimensional circuit board, and (c) photograph of the fabricated TOSA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TOSA output power as a function of injection current.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Static extinction ratios for four EA modulators.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

41.25-Gbit/s eye diagrams for BTB, after 10- and 40-km transmissions under discrete operation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

41.25-Gbit/s, BTB eye diagrams when two EADFB lasers are simultaneously operated: 1st row, lane0, and 2nd row, lane1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Bit error rate for BTB configuration for (a) lane0, (b) lane1, (c) lane2, and (d) lane3 for discrete and multi-lane operation.

Metrics