Abstract

In this paper, we present the integration of combined front and back 1D and 2D diffraction gratings with different periods, within thin film photovoltaic solar cells based on crystalline silicon layers. The grating structures have been designed considering both the need for incident light absorption enhancement and the technological feasibility. Long wavelength absorption is increased thanks to the long period (750 nm) back grating, while the incident light reflection is reduced by using a short period (250 nm) front grating. The simulated short circuit current in a solar cell combining a front and a back grating structures with a 1.2 µm thick c-Si layer, together with the back electrode and TCO layers, is increased up to 30.3 mA/cm2, compared to 18.4 mA/cm2 for a reference stack, as simulated using the AM1.5G solar spectrum intensity distribution from 300 nm to 1100 nm, and under normal incidence.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. G. Mutitu, S. Shi, C. Chen, T. Creazzo, A. Barnett, C. Honsberg, and D. W. Prather, “Thin film solar cell design based on photonic crystal and diffractive grating structures,” Opt. Express16(19), 15238–15248 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Dewan, M. Marinkovic, R. Noriega, S. Phadke, A. Salleo, and D. Knipp, “Light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells with submicron surface texture,” Opt. Express17(25), 23058–23065 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Biswas and C. Xu, “Nano-crystalline silicon solar cell architecture with absorption at the classical 4n2 limit,” Opt. Express19(S4), A664–672 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Gjessing, E. S. Marstein, and A. S. Sudbø, “2D back-side diffraction grating for improved light trapping in thin silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express18(6), 5481–5495 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. J. Beck, A. Polman, and K. R. Catchpole, “Tunable light trapping for solar cells using localized surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys.105(11), 114310 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, “Back surface reflectors with periodic textures fabricated by self-ordering process for light ctrapping in thin-film microcrystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(6-7), 1087–1090 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. G. Granqvist and A. Hultåker, “Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications,” Thin Solid Films411(1), 1–5 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Y. Chen and K. W. Sun, “Enhancement of the light conversion efficiency of silicon solar cells by using nanoimprint anti-reflection layer,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells94(3), 629–633 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. Zhou and R. Biswas, “Photonic crystal enhanced light-trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.103(9), 093102 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Chen, Q. K. Wang, and H. H. Li, “Microstructured design of metallic diffraction gratings for light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5236–5244 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. S. Cho, S. Baek, and J. C. Lee, “Surface texturing of sputtered ZnO:Al/Ag back reflectors for flexible silicon thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1852–1858 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. M. Song, J. S. Yu, and Y. T. Lee, “Antireflective submicrometer gratings on thin-film silicon solar cells for light-absorption enhancement,” Opt. Lett.35(3), 276–278 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. H. Zaidi, J. M. Gee, and D. S. Ruby, “Diffraction grating structures in solar cells,” in Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovolt. Spec. Conf., 395–398 (2000).
  20. K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech, 2005).
  22. http://www.lumerical.com/
  23. J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells (Imperial College Press, 2003).
  24. E. D. Palik, Handbook of optical constants of solids (Academic Press, 1985).
  25. X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  26. D. O'Shea, T. J. Suleski, A. D. Kathman, and D. W. Prather, Diffractive Optics, Design, Fabrication and Test (SPIE Publications, 2004).
  27. X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express20(S2Suppl 2), A224–A244 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express20(S2Suppl 2), A224–A244 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

R. Biswas and C. Xu, “Nano-crystalline silicon solar cell architecture with absorption at the classical 4n2 limit,” Opt. Express19(S4), A664–672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cho, S. Baek, and J. C. Lee, “Surface texturing of sputtered ZnO:Al/Ag back reflectors for flexible silicon thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1852–1858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chen and K. W. Sun, “Enhancement of the light conversion efficiency of silicon solar cells by using nanoimprint anti-reflection layer,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells94(3), 629–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, Q. K. Wang, and H. H. Li, “Microstructured design of metallic diffraction gratings for light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5236–5244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Song, J. S. Yu, and Y. T. Lee, “Antireflective submicrometer gratings on thin-film silicon solar cells for light-absorption enhancement,” Opt. Lett.35(3), 276–278 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gjessing, E. S. Marstein, and A. S. Sudbø, “2D back-side diffraction grating for improved light trapping in thin silicon solar cells,” Opt. Express18(6), 5481–5495 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

F. J. Beck, A. Polman, and K. R. Catchpole, “Tunable light trapping for solar cells using localized surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys.105(11), 114310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, “Back surface reflectors with periodic textures fabricated by self-ordering process for light ctrapping in thin-film microcrystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(6-7), 1087–1090 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Dewan, M. Marinkovic, R. Noriega, S. Phadke, A. Salleo, and D. Knipp, “Light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells with submicron surface texture,” Opt. Express17(25), 23058–23065 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. G. Granqvist and A. Hultåker, “Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications,” Thin Solid Films411(1), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Abramov, A.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S.

Andreani, L. C.

Babchenko, O.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baek, S.

J. S. Cho, S. Baek, and J. C. Lee, “Surface texturing of sputtered ZnO:Al/Ag back reflectors for flexible silicon thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1852–1858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, A.

Beck, F. J.

F. J. Beck, A. Polman, and K. R. Catchpole, “Tunable light trapping for solar cells using localized surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys.105(11), 114310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, R.

R. Biswas and C. Xu, “Nano-crystalline silicon solar cell architecture with absorption at the classical 4n2 limit,” Opt. Express19(S4), A664–672 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhou and R. Biswas, “Photonic crystal enhanced light-trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.103(9), 093102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bläsi, B.

M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bozzola, A.

Catchpole, K. R.

F. J. Beck, A. Polman, and K. R. Catchpole, “Tunable light trapping for solar cells using localized surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys.105(11), 114310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chen, J.

J. Chen, Q. K. Wang, and H. H. Li, “Microstructured design of metallic diffraction gratings for light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5236–5244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. Y.

J. Y. Chen and K. W. Sun, “Enhancement of the light conversion efficiency of silicon solar cells by using nanoimprint anti-reflection layer,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells94(3), 629–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cho, J. S.

J. S. Cho, S. Baek, and J. C. Lee, “Surface texturing of sputtered ZnO:Al/Ag back reflectors for flexible silicon thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1852–1858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Creazzo, T.

Cui, Y.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Depauw, V.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dewan, R.

Dross, F.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Drouard, E.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

El Daif, O.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fave, A.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Franken, R. H.

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, “Back surface reflectors with periodic textures fabricated by self-ordering process for light ctrapping in thin-film microcrystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(6-7), 1087–1090 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Caurel, E.

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gjessing, J.

Goldschmidt, J. C.

M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gomard, G.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, I.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Granqvist, C. G.

C. G. Granqvist and A. Hultåker, “Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications,” Thin Solid Films411(1), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holovsky, J.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Honsberg, C.

Hultåker, A.

C. G. Granqvist and A. Hultåker, “Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications,” Thin Solid Films411(1), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, H.

Kaminski, A.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

Kirchartz, T.

M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knipp, D.

Kondo, M.

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, “Back surface reflectors with periodic textures fabricated by self-ordering process for light ctrapping in thin-film microcrystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(6-7), 1087–1090 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kroll, U.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. C.

J. S. Cho, S. Baek, and J. C. Lee, “Surface texturing of sputtered ZnO:Al/Ag back reflectors for flexible silicon thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1852–1858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. T.

Lemiti, M.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. H.

J. Chen, Q. K. Wang, and H. H. Li, “Microstructured design of metallic diffraction gratings for light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5236–5244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liscidini, M.

Liu, V.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marinkovic, M.

Marstein, E. S.

Meier, J.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Müller, J.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mutitu, J. G.

Neykova, N.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Noriega, R.

Orobtchouk, R.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peters, M.

M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phadke, S.

Polman, A.

F. J. Beck, A. Polman, and K. R. Catchpole, “Tunable light trapping for solar cells using localized surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys.105(11), 114310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poruba, A.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Prather, D. W.

Purkrt, A.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rath, J. K.

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rech, B.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Remes, Z.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roca i Cabarrocas, P.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sai, H.

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, “Back surface reflectors with periodic textures fabricated by self-ordering process for light ctrapping in thin-film microcrystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(6-7), 1087–1090 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salleo, A.

Schropp, R. E. I.

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. El Daif, E. Drouard, G. Gomard, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, S. Ahn, S. Kim, P. Roca I Cabarrocas, H. Jeon, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing one-dimensional planar photonic crystal for amorphous silicon solar cell,” Opt. Express18(S3Suppl 3), A293–A299 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

Song, Y. M.

Springer, J.

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stolk, R. L.

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sudbø, A. S.

Sun, K. W.

J. Y. Chen and K. W. Sun, “Enhancement of the light conversion efficiency of silicon solar cells by using nanoimprint anti-reflection layer,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells94(3), 629–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Trompoukis, C.

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

van der Werf, C. H. M.

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vanecek, M.

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K. X.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. K.

J. Chen, Q. K. Wang, and H. H. Li, “Microstructured design of metallic diffraction gratings for light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5236–5244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Yu, J. S.

Yu, Z.

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, D.

D. Zhou and R. Biswas, “Photonic crystal enhanced light-trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.103(9), 093102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Vanecek, O. Babchenko, A. Purkrt, J. Holovsky, N. Neykova, A. Poruba, Z. Remes, J. Meier, and U. Kroll, “Nanostructured three-dimensional thin film silicon solar cells with very high efficiency potential,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(16), 163503 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

F. J. Beck, A. Polman, and K. R. Catchpole, “Tunable light trapping for solar cells using localized surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys.105(11), 114310 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Gomard, E. Drouard, X. Letartre, X. Meng, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, E. Garcia-Caurel, and C. Seassal, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal for absorption enhancement in hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.108(12), 123102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhou and R. Biswas, “Photonic crystal enhanced light-trapping in thin film solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.103(9), 093102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Franken, R. L. Stolk, H. Li, C. H. M. van der Werf, J. K. Rath, and R. E. I. Schropp, “Understanding light trapping by light scattering textured back electrodes in thin film n-i-p-type silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys.102(1), 014503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

K. X. Wang, Z. Yu, V. Liu, Y. Cui, and S. Fan, “Absorption enhancement in ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells with antireflection and light-trapping nanocone gratings,” Nano Lett.12(3), 1616–1619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Chen, Q. K. Wang, and H. H. Li, “Microstructured design of metallic diffraction gratings for light trapping in thin-film silicon solar cells,” Opt. Commun.283(24), 5236–5244 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

X. Meng, V. Depauw, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, C. Trompoukis, E. Drouard, A. Fave, F. Dross, I. Gordon, and C. Seassal, “Design and fabrication of photonic crystals in epitaxy-free silicon for ultrathin solar cells,” Proc. SPIE8312, 831207, 831207-7 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy (1)

J. Müller, B. Rech, J. Springer, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Sol. Energy77(6), 917–930 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (5)

M. Peters, J. C. Goldschmidt, T. Kirchartz, and B. Bläsi, “The photonic light trap–Improved light trapping in solar cells by angularly selective filters,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(10), 1721–1727 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Chen and K. W. Sun, “Enhancement of the light conversion efficiency of silicon solar cells by using nanoimprint anti-reflection layer,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells94(3), 629–633 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Meng, G. Gomard, O. El Daif, E. Drouard, R. Orobtchouk, A. Kaminski, A. Fave, M. Lemiti, A. Abramov, P. Roca i Cabarrocas, and C. Seassal, “Absorbing photonic crystals for silicon thin-film solar cells: Design, fabrication and experimental investigation,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95, S32–S38 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cho, S. Baek, and J. C. Lee, “Surface texturing of sputtered ZnO:Al/Ag back reflectors for flexible silicon thin-film solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells95(7), 1852–1858 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Sai, H. Fujiwara, and M. Kondo, “Back surface reflectors with periodic textures fabricated by self-ordering process for light ctrapping in thin-film microcrystalline silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells93(6-7), 1087–1090 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

C. G. Granqvist and A. Hultåker, “Transparent and conducting ITO films: new developments and applications,” Thin Solid Films411(1), 1–5 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

S. H. Zaidi, J. M. Gee, and D. S. Ruby, “Diffraction grating structures in solar cells,” in Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovolt. Spec. Conf., 395–398 (2000).

D. O'Shea, T. J. Suleski, A. D. Kathman, and D. W. Prather, Diffractive Optics, Design, Fabrication and Test (SPIE Publications, 2004).

A. Taflove and S. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech, 2005).

http://www.lumerical.com/

J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells (Imperial College Press, 2003).

E. D. Palik, Handbook of optical constants of solids (Academic Press, 1985).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic views of the investigated complete (a) unpatterned stack (reference) and (b) patterned stack with the front and back 1D diffraction grating with different periods.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic view of the back grating structure (a); influence of the grating depth (b) and period (c) on the light intensity distribution on the diffracted orders, for a TM polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic view of the front grating (a), and reflected intensity versus the wavelength, for various grating periods and considering a TM polarization, and a 50% ff; the reference corresponds to a planar Si surface covered by a 80nm thick ITO layer (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Absorption spectra of the c-Si layer for the front grating, the back grating and the double grating optimized structures, for (a) TM and (b) TE polarized incident light, (c) with a close-up of the spectra for TE polarized light between 800 and 1000 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

|E|2 field maps, for TE polarized incident light in the double grating structures (peaks 1-2), in the front grating structures (peaks 3-4), in the back grating structures (peaks 5-6), and in the planar device (peaks 7-8) of Fig. 4(c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic view of the double side structure (a), the top view of the patterned structure with 1D (b) and 2D (c) diffraction gratings.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption spectra for the flat unpatterned reference, compared to the 1D double grating structure, considering the average of spectra corresponding to TE and TM polarized incident light, and the 2D double grating structure (a), and short circuit current density for all the structures investigated, with a total c-Si layer thickness of 1.2 µm (b). As a comparison, a full absorption of the incident light would lead to a 43.5 mA/cm2 current density (dotted line).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Schematic cross section view of the optimized front and back gratings solar cell stack (a), and photocurrent versus the c-Si layer thickness, for a TM polarized incident light (b).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Refractive index n and extinction coefficient k used for optical simulations, for ITO (measured by ellipsometry), c-Si (measured by ellipsometry) (k = 0 is considered for λ>1µm), ZnO [24] and Ag [24].

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

J sc = e hc λ 1 λ 2 λA(λ) dI dλ dλ
sin θ m +sin θ i =+mλ/ Λ b n d

Metrics