Abstract

The optimum transition wavelength between high absorption and low emissivity for selective solar absorbers has been calculated in several prior treatises for an ideal system, where the emissivity is exactly zero in the infrared. However, no real coating can achieve such a low emissivity across the entire infrared with simultaneously high absorption in the visible. An emissivity of even a few percent radically changes the optimum wavelength separating the high and low absorption spectral bands. This behavior is described and calculated for AM0 and AM1.5 solar spectra with an infrared emissivity varying between 0 and 5%. With an emissivity of 5%, solar concentration of 10 times the AM1.5 spectrum the optimum transition wavelength is found to be 1.28µm and have a 957K equilibrium temperature. To demonstrate typical absorptions in optimized solar selective coatings, a four-layer sputtered Mo and SiO2 coating with absorption of 5% across the infrared is described experimentally and theoretically.

© 2012 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. P. Sergeant, O. Pincon, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “Design of wide-angle solar-selective absorbers using aperiodic metal-dielectric stacks,” Opt. Express17(25), 22800–22812 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. P. Sergeant, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “High performance solar-selective absorbers using coated sub-wavelength gratings,” Opt. Express18(6), 5525–5540 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Schmidt and K. Park, “High-Temperature Space-Stable Selective Solar Absorber Coatings,” Appl. Opt.4(8), 917–925 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Tesfamichael and E. Wäckelgård, “Angular Solar Absorptance of Absorbers Used in Solar Thermal Collectors,” Appl. Opt.38(19), 4189–4197 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Hendrix and J. Oliver, “Optical interference coatings design contest 2010: solar absorber and Fabry-Perot etalon,” Appl. Opt.50(9), C286–C300 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Williams, “Sun Fact Sheet,” NASA, (2004). http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/sunfact.html .
  7. D. Williams, “Planetary Fact Sheet – Metric,” NASA, (2010). http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/ .
  8. D. Brooks, “Monitoring Solar Radiation and Its Transmission Through the Atmosphere,” (2006). http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~brooksdr/DRB_web_page/papers/UsingTheSun/using.htm .
  9. C. Saltiel and M. Sokolov, “Optical analysis of solar energy tubular absorbers,” Appl. Opt.21(22), 4033–4039 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

1965 (1)

Agrawal, M.

Hendrix, K.

Li, B.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lu, D.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, J.

Park, K.

Peumans, P.

Pincon, O.

Saltiel, C.

Schmidt, R.

Sergeant, N. P.

Shen, Z.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, M.

Tesfamichael, T.

Wäckelgård, E.

Wang, L.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xie, D.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, K.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Opt. Express (2)

Sol. Energy (1)

Q. Zhang, K. Zhao, B. Zhang, L. Wang, Z. Shen, Z. Zhou, D. Lu, D. Xie, and B. Li, “New cermet solar coatings for solar thermal electricity applications,” Sol. Energy64(1-3), 109–114 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

D. Williams, “Sun Fact Sheet,” NASA, (2004). http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/sunfact.html .

D. Williams, “Planetary Fact Sheet – Metric,” NASA, (2010). http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/ .

D. Brooks, “Monitoring Solar Radiation and Its Transmission Through the Atmosphere,” (2006). http://www.pages.drexel.edu/~brooksdr/DRB_web_page/papers/UsingTheSun/using.htm .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics