Abstract

A hybrid approach for light trapping using photonic crystal nanostructures (nanorods, nanopillars or nanoholes) on top of an ultra thin film as a substrate is presented. The combination of a nanopatterned layer with a thin substrate shows an enhanced optical absorption than equivalent films without patterning and can compete in performance with nanostructured systems without a substrate. The designs are tested in four relevant materials: amorphous silicon (a-Si), crystalline silicon (Si), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and indium phosphide (InP). A consistent enhancement is observed for all of the materials when using a thin hybrid system (300 nm) even compared to the non patterned thin film with an anti-reflective coating (ARC). A realistic solar cell structure composed of a hybrid system with a layer of indium tin oxide (ITO) an ARC and a back metal layer is performed, showing an 18% of improvement for the nanostructured device.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, and C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S. Zanotto, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Light trapping regimes in thin-film silicon solar cells with a photonic pattern,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4260–4274 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).
  4. C. Lin and M. L. Povinelli, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanowire arrays with a large lattice constant for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19371–19381 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanohole arrays for solar photovoltaics,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1012–1015 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Liu, S. H. Sun, J. Xu, L. Zhao, H. C. Sun, J. Li, W. W. Mu, L. Xu, and K. J. Chen, “Broadband antireflection and absorption enhancement by forming nano-patterned Si structures for solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1051–A1056 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. L. J. Martinez, A. R. Alija, P. A. Postigo, J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, L. C. Andreani, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Effect of implementation of a Bragg reflector in the photonic band structure of the Suzuki-phase photonic crystal lattice,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8509–8518 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).
  10. Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express 20, A224–A244 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n Junction Solar Cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  13. “Solar Spectral Irradiance: ASTM G-173,Standard tables for reference solar spectral irradiances: direct normal and circumsolar” http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5/ASTMG173/ASTMG173.html .
  14. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).
  15. E. Yablonovitch, “Statistical ray optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72(7), 899–907 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  16. M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light emitting diodes analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. K. R. Catchpole and M. A. Green, “A conceptual model of light coupling by pillar diffraction gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063105–063112 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  19. K. von Rottkay, M. Rubin, and N. Ozer, “Optical indices of tin-doped indium oxide and tungsten oxide electrochromic coatings” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 403, 551 (1995).

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (5)

S. Zanotto, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Light trapping regimes in thin-film silicon solar cells with a photonic pattern,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4260–4274 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanohole arrays for solar photovoltaics,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1012–1015 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

K. R. Catchpole and M. A. Green, “A conceptual model of light coupling by pillar diffraction gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063105–063112 (2007).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light emitting diodes analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

1961 (1)

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n Junction Solar Cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Algora, C.

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

Alija, A. R.

Andreani, L. C.

Bermel, P.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bozzola, A.

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and M. A. Green, “A conceptual model of light coupling by pillar diffraction gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063105–063112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, G.

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanohole arrays for solar photovoltaics,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1012–1015 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K. J.

Dotor, M. L.

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

Drouard, E.

El Daif, O.

Fan, S.

Fave, A.

Galiana, B.

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

Galisteo-López, J. F.

Galli, M.

Green, M. A.

K. R. Catchpole and M. A. Green, “A conceptual model of light coupling by pillar diffraction gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063105–063112 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light emitting diodes analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
[Crossref]

Han, S. E.

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanohole arrays for solar photovoltaics,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1012–1015 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ibanescu, M.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S. G.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kaldirim, M.

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

Kaminski, A.

Lemiti, M.

Letartre, X.

Li, J.

Lin, C.

Liscidini, M.

Liu, Y.

Martinez, L. J.

Martínez, L. J.

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

Mu, W. W.

Oskooi, A. F.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

Postigo, P. A.

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

L. J. Martinez, A. R. Alija, P. A. Postigo, J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, L. C. Andreani, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Effect of implementation of a Bragg reflector in the photonic band structure of the Suzuki-phase photonic crystal lattice,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8509–8518 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Povinelli, M. L.

Prieto, I.

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

Queisser, H. J.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n Junction Solar Cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Raman, A.

Rey-Stolle, I.

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

Roundy, D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Seassal, C.

Shockley, W.

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n Junction Solar Cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

Sun, H. C.

Sun, S. H.

Viktorovitch, P.

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

Yablonovitch, E.

Yu, Z.

Zanotto, S.

Zhao, L.

Comput. Phys. Commun. (1)

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “Meep: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. R. Catchpole and M. A. Green, “A conceptual model of light coupling by pillar diffraction gratings,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(6), 063105–063112 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Shockley and H. J. Queisser, “Detailed balance limit of efficiency of p-n Junction Solar Cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(3), 510–519 (1961).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

S. E. Han and G. Chen, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanohole arrays for solar photovoltaics,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 1012–1015 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

L. J. Martinez, A. R. Alija, P. A. Postigo, J. F. Galisteo-López, M. Galli, L. C. Andreani, C. Seassal, and P. Viktorovitch, “Effect of implementation of a Bragg reflector in the photonic band structure of the Suzuki-phase photonic crystal lattice,” Opt. Express 16(12), 8509–8518 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Park, E. Drouard, O. El Daif, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, A. Fave, A. Kaminski, M. Lemiti, and C. Seassal, “Absorption enhancement using photonic crystals for silicon thin film solar cells,” Opt. Express 17(16), 14312–14321 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lin and M. L. Povinelli, “Optical absorption enhancement in silicon nanowire arrays with a large lattice constant for photovoltaic applications,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19371–19381 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zanotto, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Light trapping regimes in thin-film silicon solar cells with a photonic pattern,” Opt. Express 18(5), 4260–4274 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, A. Raman, and S. Fan, “Fundamental limit of light trapping in grating structures,” Opt. Express 18(S3Suppl 3), A366–A380 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, S. H. Sun, J. Xu, L. Zhao, H. C. Sun, J. Li, W. W. Mu, L. Xu, and K. J. Chen, “Broadband antireflection and absorption enhancement by forming nano-patterned Si structures for solar cells,” Opt. Express 19(S5Suppl 5), A1051–A1056 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Bozzola, M. Liscidini, and L. C. Andreani, “Photonic light-trapping versus Lambertian limits in thin film silicon solar cells with 1D and 2D periodic patterns,” Opt. Express 20, A224–A244 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Prieto, B. Galiana, P. A. Postigo, C. Algora, L. J. Martínez, and I. Rey-Stolle, “Enhanced quantum efficiency of Ge solar cells by a two-dimensional photonic crystal nanostructured surface,” Opt. Express 17, 191102 (2009).

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. A. Postigo, M. Kaldirim, I. Prieto, L. J. Martínez, M. L. Dotor, M. Galli, and L. C. Andreani, “Enhancement of solar cell efficiency using two-dimensional photonic crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7713, 771307(2010).
[Crossref]

Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. (1)

M. A. Green, “Lambertian light trapping in textured solar cells and light emitting diodes analytical solutions,” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 10(4), 235–241 (2002).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

“Solar Spectral Irradiance: ASTM G-173,Standard tables for reference solar spectral irradiances: direct normal and circumsolar” http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/spectra/am1.5/ASTMG173/ASTMG173.html .

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, New York, 1985).

K. von Rottkay, M. Rubin, and N. Ozer, “Optical indices of tin-doped indium oxide and tungsten oxide electrochromic coatings” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 403, 551 (1995).

J. D. Joannopoulos, R. D. Meade, and J. N. Winn, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1995).

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