James Leger, Editor-in-Chief
Guoquan Zhou, Yangjian Cai, and Xiuxiang Chu
Guoquan Zhou,1,* Yangjian Cai,2 and Xiuxiang Chu1
1School of Sciences, Zhejiang A & F University, Lin’an 311300, Zhejiang, China
2School of Physical Science and Technology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215006, China
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
The propagation of a partially coherent hollow vortex Gaussian beam through a paraxial ABCD optical system in turbulent atmosphere has been investigated. The analytical expressions for the average intensity and the degree of the polarization of a partially coherent hollow vortex Gaussian beam through a paraxial ABCD optical system are derived in turbulent atmosphere, respectively. The average intensity distribution and the degree of the polarization of a partially coherent hollow vortex Gaussian beam in turbulent atmosphere are numerically demonstrated. The influences of the beam parameters, the topological charge, the transverse coherent lengths, and the structure constant of the atmospheric turbulence on the propagation of a partially coherent hollow vortex Gaussian beam in turbulent atmosphere are also examined in detail. This research is beneficial to the practical applications in free-space optical communications and the remote sensing of the dark hollow beams.
©2012 Optical Society of America
Guoquan Zhou and Xiuxiang Chu
Opt. Express 17(13) 10529-10534 (2009)
Hongjie Ma, Jinsong Li, and Pengjie Sun
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 36(12) 2011-2016 (2019)
Yongping Huang, Fanhou Wang, Zenghui Gao, and Bin Zhang
Opt. Express 23(2) 1088-1102 (2015)
Yalin Zhang, Donglin Ma, Zeyu Zhou, and Xiuhua Yuan
Appl. Opt. 56(10) 2922-2926 (2017)
Kenan Wu, Ying Huai, Tianliang Zhao, and Yuqi Jin
Opt. Express 26(23) 30061-30075 (2018)
Y. Nie, H. Ma, X. Li, W. Hu, and J. Yang, “Generation of dark hollow femtosecond pulsed beam by phase-only liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 50(21), 4174–4179 (2011).
X. Liu and J. Pu, “Investigation on the scintillation reduction of elliptical vortex beams propagating in atmospheric turbulence,” Opt. Express 19(27), 26444–26450 (2011).
X. Ji, H. T. Eyyuboğlu, and Y. Baykal, “Influence of turbulence on the effective radius of curvature of radial Gaussian array beams,” Opt. Express 18(7), 6922–6928 (2010).
P. Zhou, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and Z. Liu, “Average intensity and spreading of Lorentz beam propagating in a turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. 12, 01540–01549 (2010).
C. Li and J. Pu, “Ghost imaging with partially coherent light radiation through turbulent atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 599–604 (2010).
Y. Zheng, X. Wang, F. Shen, and X. Li, “Generation of dark hollow beam via coherent combination based on adaptive optics,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26946–26958 (2010).
H. T. Eyyuboğlu, Y. Baykal, and X. Ji, “Radius of curvature variations for annular, dark hollow and flat topped beams in turbulence,” Appl. Phys. B 99, 801–807 (2010).
D. Deng and Q. Guo, “Exact nonparaxial propagation of a hollow Gaussian beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2044–2049 (2009).
Y. Yuan, Y. Cai, J. Qu, H. T. Eyyuboğlu, Y. Baykal, and O. Korotkova, “M2-factor of coherent and partially coherent dark hollow beams propagating in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17344–17356 (2009).
X. Du and D. Zhao, “Polarization modulation of stochastic electromagnetic beams on propagation through the turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4257–4262 (2009).
X. Ji and X. Li, “Directionality of Gaussian array beams propagating in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(2), 236–243 (2009).
Y. Zhu, D. Zhao, and X. Du, “Propagation of stochastic Gaussian-Schell model array beams in turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18437–18442 (2008).
T. Wang, J. Pu, and Z. Chen, “Propagation of partially coherent vortex beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Eng. 47, 036002 (2008).
G. Gbur and R. K. Tyson, “Vortex beam propagation through atmospheric turbulence and topological charge conservation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(1), 225–230 (2008).
H. T. Eyyuboğlu, “Propagation and coherence properties of higher order partially coherent dark hollow beams in turbulence,” Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 156–166 (2008).
G. Zhou, X. Chu, and J. Zheng, “Investigation in hollow Gaussian beam from vectorial structure,” Opt. Commun. 281, 5653–5658 (2008).
Z. Mei and D. Zhao, “Nonparaxial propagation of controllable dark-hollow beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25(3), 537–542 (2008).
C. Zhao, Y. Cai, F. Wang, X. Lu, and Y. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008).
D. Zhao and E. Wolf, “Light beams whose degree of polarization does not change on propagation,” Opt. Commun. 281, 3067–3070 (2008).
J. Pu, O. Korotkova, and E. Wolf, “Polarization-induced spectral changes on propagation of stochastic electromagnetic beams,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 75(5 Pt 2), 056610 (2007).
A. Al-Qasimi, O. Korotkova, D. James, and E. Wolf, “Definitions of the degree of polarization of a light beam,” Opt. Lett. 32(9), 1015–1016 (2007).
H. Ma, H. Cheng, W. Zhang, L. Liu, and Y. Wang, “Generation of a hollow laser beam by a multimode fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 460–462 (2007).
Z. Liu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Lin, M. A. Ahmad, and S. Liu, “Generation of hollow Gaussian beams by spatial filtering,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2076–2078 (2007).
Y. Cai and S. He, “Propagation of various dark hollow beams in a turbulent atmosphere,” Opt. Express 14(4), 1353–1367 (2006).
H. T. Eyyuboğlu, “Hermite-cosine-Gaussian laser beam and its propagation characteristics in turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(8), 1527–1535 (2005).
Z. Mei and D. Zhao, “Controllable dark-hollow beams and their propagation characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(9), 1898–1902 (2005).
D. Deng, X. Fu, C. Wei, J. Shao, and Z. Fan, “Far-field intensity distribution and M2 factor of hollow Gaussian beams,” Appl. Opt. 44(33), 7187–7190 (2005).
Z. Wang, Y. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 147–153 (2005).
M. Salem, O. Korotkova, A. Dogariu, and E. Wolf, “Polarization changes in turbulent atmosphere,” Waves Random Media 14, 513–523 (2004).
Y. Cai, X. Lu, and Q. Lin, “Hollow Gaussian beams and their propagation properties,” Opt. Lett. 28(13), 1084–1086 (2003).
E. Wolf, “Unified theory of coherence and polarization of random electromagnetic beams,” Phys. Lett. A 312, 263–267 (2003).
K. Zhu, H. Tang, X. Sun, X. Wang, and T. Liu, “Flattened multi-Gaussian light beams with an axial shadow generated through superposing Gaussian beams,” Opt. Commun. 207, 29–34 (2002).
M. Yan, J. Yin, and Y. Zhu, “Dark-hollow-beam guiding and splitting of a low-velocity atomic beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1817–1820 (2000).
J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
C. Paterson and R. Smith, “High-order Bessel waves produced by axicon-type computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Commun. 124, 121–130 (1996).
V. Bagini, F. Frezza, M. Santarsiero, G. Schettini, and G. S. Spagnolo, “Generalized Bessel-Gauss beams,” J. Mod. Opt. 43, 1155–1166 (1996).
H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “Holographic nondiverging hollow beam,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994).
S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: quantized atomic motion,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994).
X. Wang and M. G. Littman, “Laser cavity for generation of variable-radius rings of light,” Opt. Lett. 18(10), 767–768 (1993).
V. I. Balykin and V. S. Letokhov, “The possibility of deep laser focusing of an atom beam into the A region,” Opt. Commun. 64, 151–156 (1987).
H. T. Yura and S. G. Hanson, “Optical beam wave propagation through complex optical systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1931–1948 (1987).
I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products (Academic, San Diego, CA, 1980).
L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).
OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.
Alert me when this article is cited.
Click here to see a list of articles that cite this paper
Download Full Size | PPT Slide | PDF
Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.