Abstract

A Nd:YLF/KGW Raman laser has been investigated in this work. We have demonstrated CW output powers at six different wavelengths, 1147 nm (0.70 W), 1163 nm (0.95 W), 549 nm (0.65 W), 552 nm (1.90 W), 573 nm (0.60 W) and 581 nm (1.10 W), with higher peak powers achieved under quasi-CW operation. Raman conversion of the 1053 nm fundamental emission is reported for the first time, enabling two new wavelengths in crystalline Raman lasers, 549 nm and 552 nm. The weak thermal lensing associated with Nd:YLF has enabled to achieve good beam quality, M2 ≤ 2.0, and stable operation in relatively long cavities.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. G. E. James, E. M. Harrell, C. Bracikowski, K. Wiesenfeld, and R. Roy, “Elimination of chaos in an intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 15(20), 1141–1143 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

Y. K. Bu, C. Q. Tan, and N. Chen, “Continuous-wave yellow light source at 579 nm based on intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YLF/SrWO4/LBO Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 439–442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Lee, D. J. Spence, J. A. Piper, and H. M. Pask, “A wavelength-versatile, continuous-wave, self-Raman solid-state laser operating in the visible,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20013–20018 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Lee, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Efficient 5.3 W cw laser at 559 nm by intracavity frequency summation of fundamental and first-Stokes wavelengths in a self-Raman Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 682–684 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Bollig, C. Jacobs, M. J. D. Esser, E. H. Bernhardi, and H. M. von Bergmann, “Power and energy scaling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF laser through gain optimization,” Opt. Express 18(13), 13993–14003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

V. A. Lisinetskii, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. A. Demidovich, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and A. N. Titov, “Nd:KGW/KGW crystal: efficient medium for continuous-wave intracavity Raman generation,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 88(4), 499–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Dekker, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Continuous-wave, intracavity doubled, self-Raman laser operation in Nd:GdVO(4) at 586.5 nm,” Opt. Express 15(11), 7038–7046 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36(6), 1660–1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1990 (2)

G. E. James, E. M. Harrell, C. Bracikowski, K. Wiesenfeld, and R. Roy, “Elimination of chaos in an intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 15(20), 1141–1143 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

D. C. Hanna, C. G. Sawyers, and M. A. Yuratich, “Telescopic resonators for large-volume TEM00-mode operation,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 13(6), 493–507 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Annanenkov, A. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, J. C.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bernhardi, E. H.

Bollig, C.

Bracikowski, C.

Bu, Y. K.

Y. K. Bu, C. Q. Tan, and N. Chen, “Continuous-wave yellow light source at 579 nm based on intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YLF/SrWO4/LBO Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 439–442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Burakevich, V. N.

V. A. Lisinetskii, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. A. Demidovich, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and A. N. Titov, “Nd:KGW/KGW crystal: efficient medium for continuous-wave intracavity Raman generation,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 88(4), 499–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and W. Kiefer, “Continuous-wave Raman generation in a diode-pumped Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(13), 1701–1703 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burns, D.

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chen, N.

Y. K. Bu, C. Q. Tan, and N. Chen, “Continuous-wave yellow light source at 579 nm based on intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YLF/SrWO4/LBO Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 439–442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. Q.

Cheng, W.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chyba, T. H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danailov, M.

Dawson, M. D.

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Dekker, P.

Demidovich, A. A.

V. A. Lisinetskii, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. A. Demidovich, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and A. N. Titov, “Nd:KGW/KGW crystal: efficient medium for continuous-wave intracavity Raman generation,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 88(4), 499–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and W. Kiefer, “Continuous-wave Raman generation in a diode-pumped Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(13), 1701–1703 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, Y. M.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, H. Y. Shen, Y. Q. Zheng, L. X. Huang, and Z. Q. Chen, “Efficient second harmonic generation of double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser producing 7.9 W yellow light,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21544–21550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Esser, M. J. D.

Fan, L.

Fan, Y.-X.

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Friel, G. J.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Friel, I.

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gad, G. M. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grabtchikov, A. S.

Hanna, D. C.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hanna, C. G. Sawyers, and M. A. Yuratich, “Telescopic resonators for large-volume TEM00-mode operation,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 13(6), 493–507 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hardman, P. J.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harrell, E. M.

Hastie, J. E.

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, H. Y. Shen, Y. Q. Zheng, L. X. Huang, and Z. Q. Chen, “Efficient second harmonic generation of double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser producing 7.9 W yellow light,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21544–21550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, L. X.

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, C.

James, G. E.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kern, M. A.

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kiefer, W.

Kouta, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuwano, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A. J.

Lee, H. R.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. W.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Legun, V. D.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.-Q.

Lisinetskii, V. A.

Lu, J.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Y.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lü, Y. F.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Magni, V.

Maksimenka, R.

Marsh, W. D.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McCray, C. L.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mochalov, I. V.

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36(6), 1660–1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murai, T.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Orlovich, V. A.

Pask, H. M.

Piper, J. A.

Pollnau, M.

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L. J.

Roy, R.

Savitski, V. G.

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sawyers, C. G.

D. C. Hanna, C. G. Sawyers, and M. A. Yuratich, “Telescopic resonators for large-volume TEM00-mode operation,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 13(6), 493–507 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, M.

Shen, H. Y.

Spence, D. J.

Sun, G.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Tan, C. Q.

Y. K. Bu, C. Q. Tan, and N. Chen, “Continuous-wave yellow light source at 579 nm based on intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YLF/SrWO4/LBO Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 439–442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Temple, D. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

V. A. Lisinetskii, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. A. Demidovich, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and A. N. Titov, “Nd:KGW/KGW crystal: efficient medium for continuous-wave intracavity Raman generation,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 88(4), 499–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

von Bergmann, H. M.

Wang, H.-T.

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.

Wei, Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, H. Y. Shen, Y. Q. Zheng, L. X. Huang, and Z. Q. Chen, “Efficient second harmonic generation of double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser producing 7.9 W yellow light,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21544–21550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiesenfeld, K.

Xia, J.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Z.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. G.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yin, X. D.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

You, Z. Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yuratich, M. A.

D. C. Hanna, C. G. Sawyers, and M. A. Yuratich, “Telescopic resonators for large-volume TEM00-mode operation,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 13(6), 493–507 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, A. F.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, H. Y. Shen, Y. Q. Zheng, L. X. Huang, and Z. Q. Chen, “Efficient second harmonic generation of double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser producing 7.9 W yellow light,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21544–21550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, X. H.

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Z.

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y. Q.

Zhu, H. Y.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Zhu, Y. M. Duan, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, H. Y. Shen, Y. Q. Zheng, L. X. Huang, and Z. Q. Chen, “Efficient second harmonic generation of double-end diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 self-Raman laser producing 7.9 W yellow light,” Opt. Express 17(24), 21544–21550 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z. J.

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

V. A. Lisinetskii, A. S. Grabtchikov, A. A. Demidovich, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and A. N. Titov, “Nd:KGW/KGW crystal: efficient medium for continuous-wave intracavity Raman generation,” Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 88(4), 499–501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. J. Hardman, W. A. Clarkson, G. J. Friel, M. Pollnau, and D. C. Hanna, “Energy-transfer upconversion and thermal lensing in high-power end-pumped Nd: YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(4), 647–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Savitski, I. Friel, J. E. Hastie, M. D. Dawson, D. Burns, and A. J. Kemp, “Characterization of single-crystal synthetic diamond for multi-watt continuous-wave Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48(3), 328–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Lü, W. Cheng, Z. Xiong, J. Lu, L. Xu, G. Sun, and Z. Zhao, “Efficient CW laser at 559 nm by intracavity sum-frequency mixing in a self-Raman Nd:YVO4 laser under direct 880 nm diode laser pumping,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(11), 787–789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Duan, H. Y. Zhu, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, Y. Wei, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, F. G. Yang, and Z. Y. You, “Efficient 559.6 nm light produced by sum-frequency generation of diode-end-pumped Nd:YAG/SrWO4 Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 491–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Bu, C. Q. Tan, and N. Chen, “Continuous-wave yellow light source at 579 nm based on intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YLF/SrWO4/LBO Raman laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(6), 439–442 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ3-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Lü, X. H. Zhang, A. F. Zhang, X. D. Yin, and J. Xia, “Efficient 1047 nm CW laser emission of Nd:YLF under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1877–1879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, C. L. McCray, H. R. Lee, S. W. Lee, D. A. Temple, T. H. Chyba, W. D. Marsh, J. C. Barnes, A. N. Annanenkov, V. D. Legun, H. J. Eichler, G. M. A. Gad, and K. Ueda, “High efficiency nanosecond Raman lasers based on tetragonal PbWO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 183(1-4), 277–287 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

I. V. Mochalov, “Laser and nonlinear properties of the potassium gadolinium tungstate laser crystal KGd(WO4)2:Nd3+-(KGW:Nd),” Opt. Eng. 36(6), 1660–1669 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (8)

A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, and W. Kiefer, “Multimode pumped continuous-wave solid-state Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2524–2526 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Demidovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and W. Kiefer, “Continuous-wave Raman generation in a diode-pumped Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(13), 1701–1703 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. M. Pask, “Continuous-wave, all-solid-state, intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2454–2456 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Lee, H. M. Pask, D. J. Spence, and J. A. Piper, “Efficient 5.3 W cw laser at 559 nm by intracavity frequency summation of fundamental and first-Stokes wavelengths in a self-Raman Nd:GdVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(5), 682–684 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fan, Y.-X. Fan, Y.-Q. Li, H. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Wang, and H.-T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave Raman conversion with a BaWO(4) Raman crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1687–1689 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett. 23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. E. James, E. M. Harrell, C. Bracikowski, K. Wiesenfeld, and R. Roy, “Elimination of chaos in an intracavity-doubled Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 15(20), 1141–1143 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Magni, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, L. J. Qian, and M. Danailov, “Intracavity frequency doubling of a cw high-power TEM00 Nd:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett. 18(24), 2111–2113 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. C. Hanna, C. G. Sawyers, and M. A. Yuratich, “Telescopic resonators for large-volume TEM00-mode operation,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 13(6), 493–507 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Pollnau, P. J. Hardman, M. A. Kern, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, “Upconversion-induced heat generation and thermal lensing in Nd:YLF and Nd:YAG,” Phys. Rev. B 58(24), 16076–16092 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelengths that can be generate using the combination of Nd:YLF/KGW/LBO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raman spectra at the two orientations used for the laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Nd:YLF/KGW 1st Stokes laser setup.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Nd:YLF/KGW/LBO yellow and lime-green laser setup.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power as a function of absorbed pump power for (a) 1163 nm, (b) 581 nm and (c) 552 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power as a function of absorbed pump power for (a) 1147 nm, (b) 573 nm and (c) 549 nm.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 1st Stokes, SHG and SFG Wavelengths Generated by Nd:YLF/KGW System

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