Abstract

We propose a method to markedly increase the electron-recollision kinetic energy, using the combination of a 0.8 μm/13 fs driving pulse with a much weaker multi-cycle mid-infrared pulse at 10.4 μm. The results show that the synthesized field effectively lengthens the accelerated distance of electron wave packet and the harmonic cutoff is significantly extended to IP+26UP, which is covered with the water-window spectral region. In addition, only one single quantum path contributes to harmonics, and those higher than IP+15UP become continuous. This supercontinuum can support the generation of an isolated sub-100 as pulse with tunable central wavelength and also the pulse with the duration below one atomic unit of time (24 as). Moreover, our scheme can further extend to more longer driving pulses, which provides a dramatic approach for cutoff extension and broadband supercontinuum generation with multi-cycle pump pulses.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express16, 9795–9803 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, “Generating single attosecond pulses via apatial filtering,” Opt. Lett.31, 3188–3190 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18, 11308–11315 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  25. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2010

2009

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal Waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Propagation effects for attosecond ionization control of efficient broadband supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, X. Song, Y. Fu, R. Li, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Theoretical investigation of single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field,” Opt. Express16, 686–694 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

G. L. Yudin, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Chirped attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 063002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, “Generating single attosecond pulses via apatial filtering,” Opt. Lett.31, 3188–3190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

1993

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

M. D. Ferr, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys.47, 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abel, M. J.

Agostini, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aquila, A. L.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aug, F.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bandrauk, A. D.

G. L. Yudin, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Chirped attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 063002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breger, P.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Chipperfield, L. E.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal Waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

G. L. Yudin, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Chirped attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 063002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferr, M. D.

M. D. Ferr, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys.47, 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleck, J. A.

M. D. Ferr, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys.47, 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

Gaarde, M. B.

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, “Generating single attosecond pulses via apatial filtering,” Opt. Lett.31, 3188–3190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

Gilbertson, S.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gustafsson, E.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

Z. Wang, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Efficient generation of isolated attosecond pulses with high beam quality by two-color Bessel-Gauss beams,” Opt. Lett.37, 238–240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18, 11308–11315 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Propagation effects for attosecond ionization control of efficient broadband supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johnsson, P.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khan, S. D.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J. C.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lan, P.

W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leone, S. R.

Levesque, J.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Q. Li, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Propagation effects for attosecond ionization control of efficient broadband supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Li, Y.

W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Q.

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P.

Z. Wang, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Efficient generation of isolated attosecond pulses with high beam quality by two-color Bessel-Gauss beams,” Opt. Lett.37, 238–240 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18, 11308–11315 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Propagation effects for attosecond ionization control of efficient broadband supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marangos, J. P.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal Waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mashiko, H.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mauritsson, J.

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neumark, D. M.

Niikura, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paul, P. M.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pépin, H.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pfeifer, T.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, J. S.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal Waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

M. B. Gaarde and K. J. Schafer, “Generating single attosecond pulses via apatial filtering,” Opt. Lett.31, 3188–3190 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shubin, N. Y.

Song, X.

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steiger, A.

M. D. Ferr, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys.47, 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Taranokhin, V. D.

Tisch, J.W. G.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal Waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toma, E. S.

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

W. Hong, Y. Li, P. Lu, P. Lan, Q. Zhang, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in multi-cycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 1684–1689 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wei, P.

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Q. Li, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Propagation effects for attosecond ionization control of efficient broadband supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and Z. Yang, “Multi-cycle laser-driven broadband supercontinuum with a modulated polarization gating,” Opt. Express16, 9795–9803 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, Y.

Yudin, G. L.

G. L. Yudin, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Chirped attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 063002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeidler, D.

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

J. Comput. Phys.

M. D. Ferr, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys.47, 412–433 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, W. Hong, and X. Wang, “Control of quantum paths in high-order harmonic generation via a ω +3ω bichromatic laser field,” J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys.40, 869–875 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London)

J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pépin, J. C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

Q. Li, P. Lu, W. Hong, Q. Zhang, and Z. Yang, “Propagation effects for attosecond ionization control of efficient broadband supercontinuum generation,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043417 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, P. Lu, W. Cao, and X. Wang, “Efficient generation of an isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A76, 043808 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Cao, P. Lu, P. Lan, X. Wang, and Y. Li, “Control of the launch of attosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. A75, 063423 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Hong, P. Lu, P. Lan, Z. Yang, Y. Li, and Q. Liao, “Broadband xuv supercontinuum generation via controlling quantum paths by a low-frequency field,” Phys. Rev. A77, 033410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

L. E. Chipperfield, J. S. Robinson, J.W. G. Tisch, and J. P. Marangos, “Ideal Waveform to generate the maximum possible electron recollision energy for any given oscillation period,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 063003 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. L. Yudin, A. D. Bandrauk, and P. B. Corkum, “Chirped attosecond photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett.96, 063002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mauritsson, P. Johnsson, E. Gustafsson, A. L’Huillier, K. J. Schafer, and M. B. Gaarde, “Attosecond pulse trains generated using two color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 031001 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

P. M. Paul, E. S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug, Ph. Balcou, H. G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulse,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The time evolution field-form of a 0.8 μm/13 fs driving pulse and (b) the corresponding classical ionization (blue dots) and recombination (red circles). The intensity of the driving pulse is 3 × 1014 W/cm2.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The schematic description of time-domain field distribution by a 0.8 μm/13 fs driving field (red solid line) in combination with an 10.4 μm control field (blue dashed line) and (b) the corresponding classical ionization (blue dots) and recombination (red circles). The intensity of the driving field and the control filed are 3 × 1014 W/cm2 and 2.4 × 1013 W/cm2, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The classical motion of the sample electron ionized at 5.36T0 as τ =0 (red circles), τ =−0.5T0 (gray circles), τ =−1T0 (blue circles), τ =−1.5T0 (purple circles) and τ =−2T0 (green circles), respectively. (b) The maximum kinetic energy dependent on the time-delay of τ =0, τ =−0.5T0, τ =−1T0, τ =−1.5T0 and τ =−2T0. Other parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The continuous parts of the harmonic spectrum and (b) the corresponding time-frequency distribution. The laser parameters are the same as in Fig. 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The supercontinuum generation with different time-delay of 0 (green solid), −100 as (pink dot) and +100 as (black dot). (b) The supercontinuum generation with different intensity ratio of 7% (red dashed), 8% (green solid) and 9% (gray solid). The supercontinuum generation with different intensity of (c) 2.5 × 1014 W/cm2, (d) 3.5 × 1014 W/cm2 and (e) 4 × 1014 W/cm2, and the corresponding intensity ratio is 9%, 7% and 6%, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The temporal envelopes of the water-window attosecond-pulses from the harmonics of (a) 190–220, 220–250, 250–280 and 280–310, and (b) the pulse from 260–300-order and its phase. The laser parameters are the same as the pink spectrum in Fig. 4(a).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The supercontinuum generation by using the combination of (a) a 0.8 μm/20 fs laser with a weaker 16 μm/multi-cycle control pulse, (b) a 0.8 μm/25 fs laser with a weaker 20 μm/multi-cycle control pulse and (c) a 0.8 μm/30 fs laser with a weaker 24 μm/multi-cycle control pulse. The corresponding intensity ratio is 7%, 5% and 4%, respectively. Other parameters are the same as those in Fig. 2.

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