Abstract

An upstream multi-wavelength shared (UMWS) time division multiplexing passive optical network (TDM-PON) is presented by using a reflective semiconductor amplifier (RSOA) and tunable optical filter (TOF) based directly modulated fiber ring laser as upstream laser source. The stable laser operation is easily achieved no matter what the bandwidth and shape of the TOF is and it can be directly modulated when the RSOA is driven at its saturation region. In this UMWS TDM-PON system, an individual wavelength can be assigned to the user who has a high bandwidth demand by tuning the central wavelength of the TOF in its upgraded optical network unit (ONU), while others maintain their traditional ONU structure and share the bandwidth via time slots, which greatly and dynamically upgrades the upstream capacity. We experimentally demonstrated the bidirectional transmission of downstream data at 10-Gb/s and upstream data at 1.25-Gb/s per wavelength over 25-km single mode fiber (SMF) with almost no power penalty at both ends. A stable performance is observed for the upstream wavelength tuned from 1530 nm to 1595 nm. Moreover, due to the high extinction ratio (ER) of the upstream signal, the burst-mode transmitting is successfully presented and a better time-division multiplexing performance can be obtained by turning off the unused lasers thanks to the rapid formation of the laser in the fiber ring.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, Y. F. Wu, and S. Chi, “Using four wavelength-multiplexed self-seeding Fabry-Perot lasers for 10 Gbps upstream traffic in TDM-PON,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18857–18862 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Grobe and J.-P. Elbers, “PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(1), 26–34 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gbps operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

2006 (2)

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, “Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(16), 938–939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(2), 740–746 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Tang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Wavelength division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: a review [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 4(11), 737–758 (2005).

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Assi, C.

Attygalle, M.

Banerjee, Y.

Bi, M.

Chae, C. J.

Chae, C.-J.

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, “Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(16), 938–939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, N.

Cheng, X.

Chi, S.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gbps operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, I.-H.

J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, I.-H. Choi, S.-H. Lee, and S.-K. Han, “Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter four-stream WDM-PON link,” IET Optoelectron. 1(2), 77–81 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gbps operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, F.

Dhaini, A.

Elbers, J.-P.

K. Grobe and J.-P. Elbers, “PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(1), 26–34 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

Geller, B.

Grobe, K.

K. Grobe and J.-P. Elbers, “PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(1), 26–34 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

Gutierrez, D.

Han, S.-K.

J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, I.-H. Choi, S.-H. Lee, and S.-K. Han, “Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter four-stream WDM-PON link,” IET Optoelectron. 1(2), 77–81 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y.-L.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Iwatsuki, K.

Jayasinghe, T.

T. Jayasinghe, C. J. Chae, and R. S. Tucker, “Scalability of RSOA-based multi-wavelength Ethernet PON architecture with dual feeder fiber,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(8), 1025–1040 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, “Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(16), 938–939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jhang, Y. J.

Kang, J.-M.

J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, I.-H. Choi, S.-H. Lee, and S.-K. Han, “Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter four-stream WDM-PON link,” IET Optoelectron. 1(2), 77–81 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

Kazovsky, L. G.

L. G. Kazovsky, W. T. Shaw, D. Gutierrez, N. Cheng, and S. W. Wong, “Next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3428–3442 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Keiser, G.

Khoe, G. D.

Kim, K.

Kim, T.-Y.

J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, I.-H. Choi, S.-H. Lee, and S.-K. Han, “Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter four-stream WDM-PON link,” IET Optoelectron. 1(2), 77–81 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kramer, G.

Lee, S.-H.

J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, I.-H. Choi, S.-H. Lee, and S.-K. Han, “Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter four-stream WDM-PON link,” IET Optoelectron. 1(2), 77–81 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z. R.

Liu, C. K.

Maier, M.

Mukherjee, B.

Nirmalathas, A.

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Shami, A.

Shankar, J.

Shaw, W. T.

Shaw, W.-T.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shih, F. Y.

Song, H.

Suzuki, H.

Takashashi, H.

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gbps operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, S.

Tucker, R. S.

Urban, P. J.

Waardt, H.

Wang, C. H.

Wang, Y.

Wen, Y. J.

Wong, S. W.

Wu, Y. F.

Xiao, S.

Yamamoto, S.

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

Yi, L.

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, M.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

C.-J. Chae and T. Jayasinghe, “Bandwidth-efficient capacity upgrade of Ethernet passive optical network systems,” Electron. Lett. 42(16), 938–939 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

Y.-L. Hsueh, W.-T. Shaw, L. G. Kazovsky, A. Agata, and S. Yamamoto, “Success PON demonstrator: experimental exploration of next generation optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 43(8), S26–S33 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Grobe and J.-P. Elbers, “PON in adolescence: from TDMA to WDM-PON,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 46(1), 26–34 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gbps operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IET Optoelectron. (1)

J.-M. Kang, T.-Y. Kim, I.-H. Choi, S.-H. Lee, and S.-K. Han, “Self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifier based optical transmitter four-stream WDM-PON link,” IET Optoelectron. 1(2), 77–81 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Other (5)

Z. Li, L. Yi, Y. Zhang, S. Xiao, and W. Hu, “Upstream multi-wavelength shared TDM-PON using RSOA based directly modulated tunable fiber ring laser,” in Proc. SPIE 8310, 83100T (2011).

M. Omella, V. Polo, J. Lazaro, B. Schrenk, and J. Prat, “10 Gbps RSOA transmission by direct duobinary modulation,” in Proc. of European Conference on Optical Communication, Brussels, paper Tu.3.E.4 (2008).

R. Heron, “Next generation optical access networks,” in Proc. of Access Networks and In-house Communications, Toronto, Canada, paper AMA2 (2011).

H. Kim, “10-Gbps upstream transmission for WDM-PON using RSOA and delay interferometer,” in Proc. of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Los Angeles, CA, paper OMP8 (2011).

M. Hajduczenia and H. J. A. da Silva, “Next generation PON systems - Current status,” in Proc. of International Conference on Transparent Optical Network, Lisbon, Portugal, paper Tu.B5.2.1-Tu.B5.2.8 (2009).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed UMWS TDM-PON configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectra of the upstream laser source and the passband of TOF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The frequency-domain and time-domain measurement of the fiber laser and the 1.25-Gb/s upstream signal with different laser cavity length (a) Unmodulated laser in 2.2-m long cavity (b) 1.25-Gb/s upstream signal in 2.2-m long cavity (c) Unmodulated laser in 2-km long cavity (d) 1.25-Gb/s upstream signal in 2-km long cavity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Performance of the proposed upstream laser source.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BERs and eye diagrams measurement of the 10-Gb/s downstream and 1.25-Gb/s upstream signals.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Modulation bandwidth measurement of the RSOA.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Data traces in burst mode operation.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

ONU on/off time measurement.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Power Budget Evaluation for Upstream

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