Abstract

We propose a novel receiver configuration using an extreme narrow band-optical band pass filter (ENB-OBPF) to reduce the multiple access interference (MAI) and beat noises in an optical code division multiplexing (OCDM) transmission. We numerically and experimentally demonstrate an enhancement of the code detectability, that allows us to increase the number of users in a passive optical network (PON) from 4 to 8 without any forward error correction (FEC).

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. K. Kitayama and M. Murata, “Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switchings,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(11), 2753–2764 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, and T. Miyazaki, “A novel multiplexed optical code label processing with huge number of address entry for scalable optical packet switched network,” ECOC 2007, Tu.3.2.3, Berlin, Germany, Sep. 2007.
  3. P. R. Prucnal, Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor Francis Inc, 2005).
  4. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: modeling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 103–112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(10), 2226–2235 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, “Optical-CDMA incorporating phase coding of coherent frequency bins: concept, simulation, experiments,” OFC 2004, FG5, LA, CA, USA, Feb. 2004.
  7. H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.6-b/s/Hz 6.4 Tb/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4OCDM x WDM x 40Gb/s) transmission experiment using optical hard thresholding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(4), 555–557 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user, 2.5-Gb/s, spectrally coded OCDMA system demonstration using low-power nonlinear processing,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 143–158 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Hamanaka, X. Wang, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, “Ten-user truly asynchronous gigabit OCDMA transmission experiment with a 511-chip SSFBG en/decoder,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 95–102 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, and G. Cincotti, “Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar device,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(6), 1629–1637 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 x 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 299–305 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 365–371 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” ECOC 2010, Tu.3.B.6, Torino, Italy, Sep. 2010.
  15. X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-user/spl times/10.71-Gb/s/user) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decopders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(15), 1603–1605 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010

2009

2007

G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, and G. Cincotti, “Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar device,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(6), 1629–1637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2003

2002

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.6-b/s/Hz 6.4 Tb/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4OCDM x WDM x 40Gb/s) transmission experiment using optical hard thresholding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(4), 555–557 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, W.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.6-b/s/Hz 6.4 Tb/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4OCDM x WDM x 40Gb/s) transmission experiment using optical hard thresholding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(4), 555–557 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cincotti, G.

Fejer, M. M.

Hamanaka, T.

Ibsen, M.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Kataoka, N.

Kitayama, K.

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 365–371 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 x 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 299–305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Hamanaka, X. Wang, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, “Ten-user truly asynchronous gigabit OCDMA transmission experiment with a 511-chip SSFBG en/decoder,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 95–102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: modeling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-user/spl times/10.71-Gb/s/user) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decopders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(15), 1603–1605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(10), 2226–2235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, “Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switchings,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(11), 2753–2764 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.6-b/s/Hz 6.4 Tb/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4OCDM x WDM x 40Gb/s) transmission experiment using optical hard thresholding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(4), 555–557 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Leaird, D. E.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Manzacca, G.

G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, and G. Cincotti, “Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar device,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(6), 1629–1637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 x 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 299–305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-user/spl times/10.71-Gb/s/user) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decopders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(15), 1603–1605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Moreolo, M. S.

Murata, M.

Nakagawa, J.

Nakagawa, N.

Nishiki, A.

Noda, M.

Nogami, M.

Petropoulos, P.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Roussev, R. V.

Sakamoto, A.

Seo, D. S.

Sotobayashi, H.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.6-b/s/Hz 6.4 Tb/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4OCDM x WDM x 40Gb/s) transmission experiment using optical hard thresholding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(4), 555–557 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, N.

Teh, P. C.

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Terada, Y.

Vegni, A. M.

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wada, N.

Wang, X.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 x 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 299–305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Hamanaka, X. Wang, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, “Ten-user truly asynchronous gigabit OCDMA transmission experiment with a 511-chip SSFBG en/decoder,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 95–102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-user/spl times/10.71-Gb/s/user) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decopders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(15), 1603–1605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(10), 2226–2235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Yang, S. D.

Yoshima, S.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, and K. Kitayama, “Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1415–1421 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and K. Kitayama, “1.6-b/s/Hz 6.4 Tb/s QPSK-OCDM/WDM (4OCDM x WDM x 40Gb/s) transmission experiment using optical hard thresholding,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(4), 555–557 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, and D. J. Richardson, “Reduction of interchannel interference noise in a two-channel grating-based OCDMA system using a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.13(5), 529–531 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Demonstration of over 128-Gb/s-capacity (12-user/spl times/10.71-Gb/s/user) asynchronous OCDMA using FEC and AWG-based multiport optical encoder/decopders,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(15), 1603–1605 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Kitayama and M. Murata, “Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst, and packet switchings,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(11), 2753–2764 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and K. Kitayama, “Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(10), 2226–2235 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, S. D. Yang, D. E. Leaird, R. V. Roussev, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and A. M. Weiner, “Four user, 2.5-Gb/s, spectrally coded OCDMA system demonstration using low-power nonlinear processing,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 143–158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, and K. Kitayama, “Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers-part I: modeling and design,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 103–112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Hamanaka, X. Wang, N. Wada, A. Nishiki, and K. Kitayama, “Ten-user truly asynchronous gigabit OCDMA transmission experiment with a 511-chip SSFBG en/decoder,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(1), 95–102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Manzacca, M. S. Moreolo, and G. Cincotti, “Performance analysis of multidimensional codes generated/processed by a single planar device,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(6), 1629–1637 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, and K. Kitayama, “Field trial of duplex, 10Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 x 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 299–305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Kataoka, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “10Gb/s-based PON over OCDMA uplink burst transmission using SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and burst-mode receiver,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 365–371 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Etemad, T. Banwell, S. Galli, J. Jackel, R. Menendez, P. Toliver, J. Young, P. Delfyett, C. Price, and T. Turpin, “Optical-CDMA incorporating phase coding of coherent frequency bins: concept, simulation, experiments,” OFC 2004, FG5, LA, CA, USA, Feb. 2004.

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, and T. Miyazaki, “A novel multiplexed optical code label processing with huge number of address entry for scalable optical packet switched network,” ECOC 2007, Tu.3.2.3, Berlin, Germany, Sep. 2007.

P. R. Prucnal, Optical Code Division Multiple Access: Fundamentals and Applications (Taylor Francis Inc, 2005).

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, and K. Kitayama, “Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder,” ECOC 2010, Tu.3.B.6, Torino, Italy, Sep. 2010.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conventional TS-OC spectrums.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Filtering characteristics of two ENB-OBPFs, with rectangular and apodized profile (b) Apodized filter shape (c) Architecture to evaluate the OC detection performance.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) ACP2/CCP2 at the decoder output #1 (b) PCR at the decoder output #1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup and results.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) OCDM-based PON using hybrid E/D system (b) System with paired multiport E/D.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Architecture to evaluate the performance of a 8 ONU, 10Gbps, OCDM-based PON.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

BER performance of a conventional OOK-OCDM system with paired multiport E/D (without filter).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

BER performance using an ENB-OBPF.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Power penalty versus the number of ONUs.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Latest Experimental Results of a 10Gbps OCDM-Based PON Systems Using a Multiport E/D

Tables Icon

Table 2 Parameters Used in the Numerical Simulations

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ac (t)= M(f) H ki (f) H ik (f)G(f)exp(j2πf)dt
E cc (t)= M(f) H ki (f) H i k ' (f)G(f)exp(j2πf)dt
P d = 0 T b | E ac ( t ) | 2 dt P i = 0 T b | E cc ( t ) | 2 dt
Z= P d + i=2 N P i +2 i=2 N 0 T b | E ac ( t ) || E cci ( t ) | cos[ ϕ ac ( t ) ϕ cci ( t ) ]dt +2 i=2 N 0 T b | E cci ( t ) || E ccj ( t ) | cos[ ϕ cci ( t ) ϕ ccj ( t ) ]dt+ n(t)
σ beat 2 = 2 π i=2 N 0 2π 0 T b E ac 2 ( t ) E cci 2 ( t ) cos 2 θ i dt d θ i
σ 0 2 = σ th 2 + σ MAI 2 σ 1 2 = σ beat 2 + σ sh 2 + σ MAI 2
σ th 2 = 4 k B T B R R L σ sh 2 =2e B R P d ( 1+ i=1 m P i P d )
Pe( 1|0 )= 1 2 erfc[ P d ( I th i=2 N P i P d ) 2 σ 0 ] Pe( 0|1 )= 1 2 erfc[ P d ( 1+ i=2 N P i P d I th ) 2 σ 1 ]
BER=Pr ( 0 ) data Pe( 1|0 )+Pr ( 1 ) data Pe( 0|1 ) = 1 4 ( erfc[ P d ( I th i=2 N P i P d ) 2 σ 0 ]+erfc[ P d ( 1+ i=2 N P i P d I th ) 2 σ 1 ] )

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