Abstract

The influence on Nickel-like Molybdenum soft-x-ray laser performance and stability of a low energy laser prepulse arriving prior to the main laser pumping pulses is experimentally investigated. A promising regime for 10 Hz operation has been observed. A four times increase in soft-x-ray laser operation time with a same target surface is demonstrated. This soft-x-ray laser operation mode corresponds to an optimum delay between the prepulse and the main pulses and to a prepulse energy greater than 20 mJ. We also show that this regime is not associated with a weaker degradation of the target or any reduced ablation rate. Therefore the role of preplasma density gradient in this effect is discussed.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).
  3. M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).
  4. M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
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  13. H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. A. Janulewicz and C. M. Kim, “Role of the precursor in a triple-pulse pumping scheme of a nickel-like silver soft-x-ray laser in the grazing-incidence-pumping geometry,” Phys. Rev. E 82056405 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, F. Pl, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, O. Lundh, F. Lindau, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlstrm, S. de Rossi, D. Joyeux, B. Zielbauer, D. Ursescu, and T. Khl, “Optimization toward a high-average brightness soft-x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 32, 139–141 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (6)

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz and C. M. Kim, “Role of the precursor in a triple-pulse pumping scheme of a nickel-like silver soft-x-ray laser in the grazing-incidence-pumping geometry,” Phys. Rev. E 82056405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, F. Pl, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, O. Lundh, F. Lindau, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlstrm, S. de Rossi, D. Joyeux, B. Zielbauer, D. Ursescu, and T. Khl, “Optimization toward a high-average brightness soft-x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 32, 139–141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

2006 (2)

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Alessi, D.

D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagnoud, V.

Balcou, P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbee Jr, T. W.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Barszczak Sardinha, A.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berrill, M.

D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brizuela, F.

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burgy, F.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capeluto, M. G.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Carillon, A.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cassou, K.

Chambaret, J. P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cortazar, O. D.

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Da Silva, L. B.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Rossi, S.

Demir, A.

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Dummer, A.

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, J.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Edwards, M. H.

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Eidmann, K.

R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Filevich, J.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Fill, E.

R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Floyd, K.

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gartside, L. M. R.

Gautier, J.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goddet, J.-Ph.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grava, J.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grillon, G.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grisham, M.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guilbaud, O.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Habib, J.

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Haroutunian, R.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, N.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Homer, P.

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Hulin, D.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunter, J. R.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Jaegle, P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jamelot, G.

K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, F. Pl, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, O. Lundh, F. Lindau, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlstrm, S. de Rossi, D. Joyeux, B. Zielbauer, D. Ursescu, and T. Khl, “Optimization toward a high-average brightness soft-x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 32, 139–141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Jankowska, E.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Janulewicz, K. A.

K. A. Janulewicz and C. M. Kim, “Role of the precursor in a triple-pulse pumping scheme of a nickel-like silver soft-x-ray laser in the grazing-incidence-pumping geometry,” Phys. Rev. E 82056405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Joyeux, D.

Jung, R.

H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).

Kalal, M.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, T.

R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kazamias, S.

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, F. Pl, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, O. Lundh, F. Lindau, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlstrm, S. de Rossi, D. Joyeux, B. Zielbauer, D. Ursescu, and T. Khl, “Optimization toward a high-average brightness soft-x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 32, 139–141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keenan, R.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khl, T.

Kim, C. M.

K. A. Janulewicz and C. M. Kim, “Role of the precursor in a triple-pulse pumping scheme of a nickel-like silver soft-x-ray laser in the grazing-incidence-pumping geometry,” Phys. Rev. E 82056405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kishimoto, M.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klisnick, A.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, F. Pl, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, O. Lundh, F. Lindau, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlstrm, S. de Rossi, D. Joyeux, B. Zielbauer, D. Ursescu, and T. Khl, “Optimization toward a high-average brightness soft-x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 32, 139–141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Koike, M.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kozlova, M.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Kralikova, B.

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuehl, T.

Lambert, G.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Larotonda, M. A.

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lefrou, T.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lindau, F.

Liu, Y.

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luduena, S.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lundh, O.

Luther, B. M.

D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

MacGowan, B. J.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marconi, M. C.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Marin, T.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martz, D. H.

Maynard, G.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Menoni, C. S.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mistry, P.

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Mocek, T.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Moon, S.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Moon, S. J.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J. C.

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagashima, K.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nejdl, J.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nickles, P. V.

H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).

Nilsen, J.

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notebaert, L.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parkinson, B.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patel, P. K.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Persson, A.

Pert, G. J.

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Pietrasanta, L.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, M.

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pl, F.

Polan, J.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Praeg, A.

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Price, D. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Purvis, M.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ribiere, M.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ros, D.

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Cassou, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, F. Pl, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, O. Lundh, F. Lindau, A. Persson, C.-G. Wahlstrm, S. de Rossi, D. Joyeux, B. Zielbauer, D. Ursescu, and T. Khl, “Optimization toward a high-average brightness soft-x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 32, 139–141 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rossall, A. K.

Rousse, A.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rousseau, J. P.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rus, B.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).

Sasaki, A.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sawicka, M.

Sebban, S.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Skala, J.

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. F.

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

Stiel, H.

H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).

Stupka, M.

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Szapiro, B.

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tallents, G. J.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, M.

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tissandier, F.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tmmler, J.

H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).

Tomasel, F. G.

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tommasini, R.

R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ursescu, D.

Valentin, C.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vaschenko, G.

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagenaars, E.

Wahlstrm, C.-G.

Wang, Y.

D. Alessi, D. H. Martz, Y. Wang, M. Berrill, B. M. Luther, and J. J. Rocca, “Gain-saturated 10.9 nm tabletop laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 35414–416 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Weith, M. A. Larotonda, Y. Wang, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. C. Marconi, J. J. Rocca, and J. Dunn, “Continuous high-repetition-rate operation of collisional soft-x-ray lasers with solid targets,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1994–1996 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Alessi, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, M. Berrill, and J. J. Rocca, “High repetition rate operation of saturated tabletop soft x-ray lasers in transitions of neon-like ions near 30 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 2093–2098, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Weith, A.

Whittaker, D. S.

L. M. R. Gartside, G. J. Tallents, A. K. Rossall, E. Wagenaars, D. S. Whittaker, M. Kozlova, J. Nejdl, M. Sawicka, J. Polan, M. Kalal, and B. Rus, “Extreme ultraviolet interferometry of warm dense matter in laser plasmas,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3820–3822 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

Wyart, J.F.

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

Zeitoun, Ph.

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zielbauer, B.

Zimmer, D.

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Zimmer, B. Zielbauer, M. Pittman, O. Guilbaud, J. Habib, S. Kazamias, D. Ros, V. Bagnoud, and T. Kuehl, “Optimization of a tabletop high-repetition-rate soft-x-ray laser pumped in double-pulse single-beam grazing incidence,” Opt. Lett. 35, 450–452 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Zielbauer, D. Zimmer, J. Habib, O. Guilbaud, S. Kazamias, M. Pittman, and D. Ros, “Stable and fully controlled long-time operation of a soft X-ray laser for user application experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 100, 731–736 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. (1)

M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, Y. Wang, Y. Liu, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, A. Dummer, F. Brizuela, C. S. Menoni, M. C. Marconi, V. N. Shlyaptsev, J. Dunn, and J. J. Rocca, “Characteristics of a saturated 18.9-nm tabletop laser operating at 5-Hz repetition rate,” IEEE J. of sel. top. in quant. elect. 10, 1363–1367 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. (1)

M. G. Capeluto, G. Vaschenko, M. Grisham, M. C. Marconi, S. Luduena, L. Pietrasanta, Y. Lu, B. Parkinson, C. S. Menoni, and J. J. Rocca, “Nanopatterning with interferometric lithography using a compact λ = 46.9nm Laser,” IEEE Trans. Nanotechnol. 5, 3–7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys Rev. A (1)

T. Kawachi, A. Sasaki, M. Tanaka, M. Kishimoto, N. Hasegawa, K. Nagashima, M. Koike, H. Daido, and Y. Kato, “Observation of strong soft-x-ray amplification at 8.8 nm in the transient collisional-excitation scheme,” Phys Rev. A 69, 033805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

F. Tissandier, S. Sebban, M. Ribiere, J. Gautier, Ph. Zeitoun, G. Lambert, A. Barszczak Sardinha, J.-Ph. Goddet, F. Burgy, T. Lefrou, C. Valentin, A. Rousse, O. Guilbaud, A. Klisnick, J. Nejdl, T. Mocek, and G. Maynard, “Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 063833 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. A. Larotonda, B. M. Luther, D. Alessi, M. Berrill, V. N. Shlyaptsev, and J. J. Rocca, “Demonstration of high-repetition-rate tabletop soft-x-ray lasers with saturated output at wavelengths down to 13.9 nm and gain down to 10.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. A 2, 053807 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Rus, P. Zeitoun, T. Mocek, S. Sebban, M. Kalal, A. Demir, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, B. Kralikova, J. Skala, and G. J. Tallents, “Investigation of Zn and Cu prepulse plasmas relevant to collisional excitation soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 564229–4241(1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4685 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (5)

R. Tommasini, K. Eidmann, T. Kawachi, and E. Fill, “Preplasma conditions for operation of 10-Hz subjoule femtosecond-laser-pumped nickel-like soft x-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 066404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Janulewicz and C. M. Kim, “Role of the precursor in a triple-pulse pumping scheme of a nickel-like silver soft-x-ray laser in the grazing-incidence-pumping geometry,” Phys. Rev. E 82056405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Purvis, J. Grava, J. Filevich, M. C. Marconi, J. Dunn, S. J. Moon, V. N. Shlyaptsev, E. Jankowska, and J. J. Rocca, “Dynamics of converging laser-created plasmas in semicylindrical cavities studied using soft-x-ray laser interferometry,” Phys. Rev. E 76046402 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Smith, J. Dunn, J. Nilsen, V. N. Shlyaptsev, S. Moon, J. Filevich, J. J. Rocca, M. C. Marconi, J. R. Hunter, and T. W. Barbee Jr, “Picosecond soft-x-ray laser interferometry of dense plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 89, 065004 (2002).

J. J. Rocca, O. D. Cortazar, B. Szapiro, K. Floyd, and F. G. Tomasel, “Fast-discharge excitation of hot capillary plasmas for soft-x-ray amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. E 47, 1299–1304 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Sebban, R. Haroutunian, P. Balcou, G. Grillon, A. Rousse, S. Kazamias, T. Marin, J. P. Rousseau, L. Notebaert, M. Pittman, J. P. Chambaret, A. Antonetti, D. Hulin, D. Ros, A. Klisnick, A. Carillon, P. Jaegle, G. Jamelot, and J.F. Wyart, “Saturated amplification of a collisionally pumped optical-field-ionization soft X-Ray laser at 41.8 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 3004–3007 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Edwards, D. S. Whittaker, G. J. Tallents, P. Mistry, G. J. Pert, B. Rus, T. Mocek, M. Kozlova, J. Polan, A. Praeg, M. Stupka, and P. Homer, “Laser-ablation rates measured using soft-x-ray laser transmission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 195002 (2007).

R. Keenan, J. Dunn, P. K. Patel, D. F. Price, R. F. Smith, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “High-repetition-rate grazing-incidence pumped soft-x-ray laser operating at 18.9 nm,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 103901 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Stiel, J. Tmmler, R. Jung, P. V. Nickles, and W. Sandner, “X-ray laser takes the 100 Hz barrier,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications VIII, J. Dunn and G.J. Tallents, eds., Proc. SPIE7451, 745109 (2009).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the soft-x-ray laser output energy as a function of the number of shots on the same target position.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evolution of the soft-x-ray laser output energy as a function of the number of shots on the same target position.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Evolution of the initial energy (a), target lifetime (b), lambda parameter(c), and integrated dose (d) with the prepulse energy Epp and prepulse compression τPP at a 1.4 ns delay.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Evolution of the ablation rate (defined in the text) as a function of prepulse energy and prepulse compression.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Evolution of the soft-x-ray laser source size in the horizontal (left) and vertical (right) directions as a function of EPP and for different values of τPP.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Typical near field images of the soft-x-ray laser in the presence of a prepulse. Left: after 10 shots. Right: after 300 shots. The target bulk is on the left side. The horizontal and vertical scales are labeled in micrometers.

Equations (1)

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f ( n ) = E 1 e n n target λ 1 + e n n target λ

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