Abstract

Low noise optical frequency combs consist of equally spaced narrow-linewidth optical tones. They are useful in many applications including, for example, line-by-line pulse shaping, THz generation, and coherent communications. In such applications the comb spacing, extent of spectral coverage, degree of spectral flatness, optical tone power and tone-to-noise ratio represent key considerations. Simultaneously achieving the level of performance required in each of these parameters is often challenging using existing comb generation technologies. Herein we suggest and demonstrate how fiber optic parametric amplifiers can be used to enhance all of these key comb parameters, allowing frequency span multiplication, low noise amplification with simultaneous comb spectrum flattening, and improvement in optical tone-to-noise ratio through various phase insensitive as well as phase sensitive implementations.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (3)

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Hirano and A. Morimoto, “Generation of flat optical frequency comb by fiber loop modulation,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 13–18 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

T. Healy, F. C. Garcia Gunning, A. D. Ellis, and J. D. Bull, “Multi-wavelength source using low drive-voltage amplitude modulators for optical communications,” Opt. Express 15(6), 2981–2986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “10 to 110 GHz tunable opto-electronic frequency synthesis using optical frequency comb generator and uni-travelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 780–781 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lee, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, “Ultrahigh Scanning Speed Optical Coherence Tomography Using Optical Frequency Comb Generators,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8B), L878–L880 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, “Monolithic optical frequency comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(2), 214–217 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aparicio, J. M.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennett, S.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Blessing, D.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brès, C.-S.

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

Burr, E.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cai, B.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Camerlingo, A.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devgan, P.

Devgan, P. S.

Diddams, S. A.

Ellis, A. D.

Enami, T.

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, “Monolithic optical frequency comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(2), 214–217 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, S.

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “10 to 110 GHz tunable opto-electronic frequency synthesis using optical frequency comb generator and uni-travelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 780–781 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcia Gunning, F. C.

Gavartin, E.

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gough, O.

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grigoryan, V.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Healy, T.

Herr, T.

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirano, M.

M. Hirano and A. Morimoto, “Generation of flat optical frequency comb by fiber loop modulation,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 13–18 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hollberg, L.

Holzwarth, R.

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horak, P.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Imai, K.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kippenberg, T. J.

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kourogi, M.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Lee, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, “Ultrahigh Scanning Speed Optical Coherence Tomography Using Optical Frequency Comb Generators,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8B), L878–L880 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, “Monolithic optical frequency comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(2), 214–217 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

Kuo, B. P.

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lasri, J.

Leaird, D. E.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. J.

S. J. Lee, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, “Ultrahigh Scanning Speed Optical Coherence Tomography Using Optical Frequency Comb Generators,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8B), L878–L880 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miao, H.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, A.

M. Hirano and A. Morimoto, “Generation of flat optical frequency comb by fiber loop modulation,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 13–18 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Muramoto, Y.

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “10 to 110 GHz tunable opto-electronic frequency synthesis using optical frequency comb generator and uni-travelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 780–781 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N. R.

Ohtsu, M.

S. J. Lee, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, “Ultrahigh Scanning Speed Optical Coherence Tomography Using Optical Frequency Comb Generators,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8B), L878–L880 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, “Monolithic optical frequency comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(2), 214–217 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schliesser, A.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seeds, A. J.

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “10 to 110 GHz tunable opto-electronic frequency synthesis using optical frequency comb generator and uni-travelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 780–781 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Silva, C. F. C.

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “10 to 110 GHz tunable opto-electronic frequency synthesis using optical frequency comb generator and uni-travelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 780–781 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tang, R.

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasilyev, M.

Voss, P. L.

Weiner, A. M.

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wiberg, A.

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Widiyatmoko, B.

S. J. Lee, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, “Ultrahigh Scanning Speed Optical Coherence Tomography Using Optical Frequency Comb Generators,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8B), L878–L880 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, “10 to 110 GHz tunable opto-electronic frequency synthesis using optical frequency comb generator and uni-travelling-carrier photodiode,” Electron. Lett. 37(12), 780–781 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, C. Huang, H. Miao, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral Line-by-Line Pulse Shaping on an Optical Frequency Comb Generator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43(12), 1163–1174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen and J. E. Bjorkholm, “Parametric amplification and frequency conversion in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(7), 1062–1072 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

C.-S. Brès, A. Wiberg, B. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength Multicasting of 320-Gb/s Channel in Self-Seeded Parametric Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Bennett, B. Cai, E. Burr, O. Gough, and A. J. Seeds, “1.8-THz bandwidth, zero-frequency error, tunable optical comb generator for DWDM applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(5), 551–553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kourogi, T. Enami, and M. Ohtsu, “Monolithic optical frequency comb generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6(2), 214–217 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. Wiberg, C.-S. Brès, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero-dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Camerlingo, F. Parmigiani, X. Feng, F. Poletti, P. Horak, W. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and P. Petropoulos, “Multichannel wavelength conversion of 40-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero DPSK signals in a lead–silicate fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(15), 1153–1155 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. J. Lee, B. Widiyatmoko, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, “Ultrahigh Scanning Speed Optical Coherence Tomography Using Optical Frequency Comb Generators,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 8B), L878–L880 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards the Ultra-Sensitive Optical Link Enabled by Low Noise Phase-Sensitive Amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics 5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature 450(7173), 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Rev. (1)

M. Hirano and A. Morimoto, “Generation of flat optical frequency comb by fiber loop modulation,” Opt. Rev. 18(1), 13–18 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Del’Haye, T. Herr, E. Gavartin, M. L. Gorodetsky, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Octave Spanning Tunable Frequency Comb from a Microresonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107(6), 063901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Fiber optical parametric amplification of optical combs for enhanced performance and functionality,” 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), Geneva, Switzerland, 18–22 Sept. 2011.

L. Grűner-Nielsen, S. Dasgupta, M. D. Mermelstein, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrm, M. E. V. Pedersen, E. L. Lim, S. Alam, F. Parmigiani, D. Richardson, and B. Pálsdótti, “A silica based highly nonlinear fibre with improved threshold for stimulated Brillouin scattering,” European Conference on Optical Communications (ECOC), paper Tu.4.D., Torino, Italy, 19–23 September, 2010.

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