Abstract

To provide broadband services in a single and low cost perform, the convergent optical wired and wireless access network is promising. Here, we propose and demonstrate a convergent optical wired and wireless long-reach access networks based on orthogonal wavelength division multiplexing (WDM). Both the baseband signal and the radio-over-fiber (ROF) signal are multiplexed and de-multiplexed in optical domain, hence it is simple and the operation speed is not limited by the electronic bottleneck caused by the digital signal processing (DSP). Error-free de-multiplexing and down-conversion can be achieved for all the signals after 60 km (long-reach) fiber transmission. The scalability of the system for higher bit-rate (60 GHz) is also simulated and discussed.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. G.-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, “Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services,” Proc. OFC, Anaheim, USA, 2006, Paper OFM1D.
  2. A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, S. Khire, S.-H. Fan, X. Tang, N. Jayant, and G.-K. Chang, “Next-generation e-health communication infrastructure using converged super-broadband optical and wireless access system,” Proc. WoWMoM, pp. 1–5, Montreal, Canada, 2010.
  3. D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” Proc. OFC, 2008, Paper OWH4.
  4. B. Liu, X. Xin, L. Zhang, K. Zhao, and C. Yu, “Broad convergence of 32QAM-OFDM ROF and WDM-OFDM-PON system using an integrated modulator for bidirectional access networks,” Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper JThA26.
  5. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Y. Won, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Son, and S. K. Han, “Network supporting simultaneous transmission of millimeter-wave band and baseband gigabit signals by sideband routing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(16), 2213–2218 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Ikeda, T. Kuri, and K. Kitayama, “Simultaneous three-band modulation and fiber-optic transmission of 2.5-Gb/s baseband, microwave-, and 60-GHz-band signals on a single wavelength,” J. Lightwave Technol. 21(12), 3194–3202 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhous, and G. Yoffe, “Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(10), 1355–1363 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–588 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Stöhr, A. Akrout, R. Buß, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, A. Enard, S. Fedderwitz, D. Jäger, M. Huchard, F. Lecoche, J. Marti, R. Sambaraju, A. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber technologies for broadband wireless services [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 8(5), 471–487 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Won, H. S. Kim, Y. H. Son, and S. K. Han, “Network supporting simultaneous transmission of millimeter-wave band and baseband gigabit signals by sideband routing,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(16), 2213–2218 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

A. Stöhr, A. Akrout, R. Buß, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, A. Enard, S. Fedderwitz, D. Jäger, M. Huchard, F. Lecoche, J. Marti, R. Sambaraju, A. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “60 GHz radio-over-fiber technologies for broadband wireless services [Invited],” J. Opt. Netw. 8(5), 471–487 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Akrout, A.

Athaudage, C.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bakaul, M.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buß, R.

Charbonnier, B.

Chi, S.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davey, R. P.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Enard, A.

Fedderwitz, S.

Goldfarb, G.

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gunning, F. C. G.

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. K.

Huchard, M.

Ikeda, K.

Jäger, D.

Kim, H. S.

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Lecoche, F.

Li, G.

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lim, C.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhous, and G. Yoffe, “Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(10), 1355–1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

Nirmalathas, A.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhous, and G. Yoffe, “Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(10), 1355–1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Novak, D.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhous, and G. Yoffe, “Millimeter-wave broadband fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18(10), 1355–1363 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

Payne, D. B.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sambaraju, R.

Shieh, W.

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shih, F. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Son, Y. H.

Steffan, A.

Stöhr, A.

Taylor, M. G.

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, H. K.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Umbach, A.

van Dijk, F.

Wang, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waterhous, R.

Waterhouse, R.

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weiß, M.

Won, Y. Y.

Xu, L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoffe, G.

BT Technol. J. (1)

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shieh and C. Athaudage, “Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” Electron. Lett. 42(10), 587–588 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(2), 504–506 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Goldfarb, G. Li, and M. G. Taylor, “Orthogonal wavelength-division multiplexing using coherent detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 2015–2017 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulated wired/wireless access using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier with wireless signal broadcast,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(19), 1459–1462 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, L. Xu, and H. K. Tsang, “Rayleigh backscattering mitigation using wavelength splitting for heterogeneous optical wired and wireless access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(17), 1294–1296 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies towards an integrated DWDM network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2311–2313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (4)

G.-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, “Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services,” Proc. OFC, Anaheim, USA, 2006, Paper OFM1D.

A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, S. Khire, S.-H. Fan, X. Tang, N. Jayant, and G.-K. Chang, “Next-generation e-health communication infrastructure using converged super-broadband optical and wireless access system,” Proc. WoWMoM, pp. 1–5, Montreal, Canada, 2010.

D. Qian, J. Hu, P. N. Ji, and T. Wang, “10-Gb/s OFDMA-PON for delivery of heterogeneous services,” Proc. OFC, 2008, Paper OWH4.

B. Liu, X. Xin, L. Zhang, K. Zhao, and C. Yu, “Broad convergence of 32QAM-OFDM ROF and WDM-OFDM-PON system using an integrated modulator for bidirectional access networks,” Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper JThA26.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the convergent optical wired and wireless access network. Inset: grey box: optical spectra, yellow box: electrical spectra.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle of orthogonal WDM for baseband and ROF signals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER measurements of the (a) baseband NRZ signal for PON applications and (b) baseband-detected ROF and down-converted ROF signal. Insets: corresponding experimental and simulation eye-diagrams.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental optical spectra measured at constructive and destructive output ports of the DI.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured and (b) simulated RF spectra measured after PD2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Stimulated Q-value against time-delays between the baseband NRZ signal and the ROF signal.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Stimulated Q-value of the signals against power differences between the baseband NRZ and the ROF signals at (a) B2B and (b) after 60km SMF.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Stimulated Q-value of the signals with different additional lengths of SMF.

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