Abstract

The recent introduction of optical OFDM and spatial MIMO techniques has led to considerable increases in spectral efficiency and aggregate throughput for future optical networks. However, these spatial and spectral domains can also be exploited for next-generation elastic optical networking. In this paper, we introduce the first hierarchy for dynamic multidimensional spatial and spectral optical networking and complement it with adaptive coded-modulation to form the basis of a novel elastic networking concept.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, R. Fan, and S. Araki, “Hierarchical optical switching: a node-level analysis,” Proc. High Perf. Switching and Routing. Conf., 309 – 313 (2002).
  4. W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier/Academic Press, 2009).
  5. R. Schmogrow, M. Winter, M. Meyer, D. Hillerkuss, S. Wolf, B. Baeuerle, A. Ludwig, B. Nebendahl, S. Ben-Ezra, J. Meyer, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, J. Becker, C. Koos, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “Real-time Nyquist pulse generation beyond 100 Gbit/s and its relation to OFDM,” Opt. Express 20(1), 317–337 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. Ben Yao, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), S12–S20 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, M. Fishteyn, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Seven-core multicore fiber transmissions for passive optical network,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11117–11122 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.
  10. R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “Space-division multiplexed transmission over 4200 km 3-core microstructured fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.2.
  11. N. Bai, E. Ip, Y.-K. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M.-J. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. Man Chung, A. P. T. Lau, H.-Y. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G.-D. Peng, G. Li, and T. Wang, “Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2668–2680 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. Xia, G. A. Wellbrock, Y. Huang, M. Huang, E. Ip, P. N. Ji, D. Qian, A. Tanaka, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Aono, and T. Tajima, “21.7 Tb/s field trial with 22 DP-8QAM/QPSK optical superchannels over 1,503-km of installed SSMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.6.
  13. I. B. Djordjevic, “Energy-efficient spatial-domain-based hybrid multidimensional coded-modulations enabling multi-Tb/s optical transport,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16708–16714 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, and I. Djordjevic, “Rate-adaptive four-dimensional nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for long-haul optical transport networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.46.
  15. I. Djordjevic, T. Liu, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Optimum signal constellation design for high-speed optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3H.2.

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, T. F. Taunay, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, M. Fishteyn, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Seven-core multicore fiber transmissions for passive optical network,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11117–11122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Awaji, Y.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baeuerle, B.

Bai, N.

Basch, B.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Becker, J.

Ben Yao, S. J.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. Ben Yao, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), S12–S20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ben-Ezra, S.

Bickham, S.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Djordjevic, I. B.

Dreschmann, M.

Egorov, R.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Freude, W.

Gerstel, O.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. Ben Yao, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), S12–S20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gringeri, S.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hillerkuss, D.

Huang, Y.-K.

Huebner, M.

Ip, E.

Jinno, M.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. Ben Yao, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), S12–S20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kang, C. H.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koos, C.

Lau, A. P. T.

Lee, M.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, G.

Li, M.-J.

Liñares, J.

Lord, A.

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. Ben Yao, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), S12–S20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Ludwig, A.

Luo, Y.

Man Chung, K.

Mateo, E.

Meyer, J.

Meyer, M.

Monberg, E. M.

Montero, C.

Moreno, V.

Morioka, T.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nebendahl, B.

Park, J.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G.-D.

Poletti, F.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Prieto, X.

Richardson, D.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ryf, R.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schmogrow, R.

Shukla, V.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H.-Y.

Taunay, T. F.

Ten, S.

Tse, V.

Wang, T.

Winter, M.

Winzer, P.

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, S.

Xia, T. J.

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yaman, F.

Yan, M. F.

Yu, J.

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

S. Gringeri, B. Basch, V. Shukla, R. Egorov, and T. J. Xia, “Flexible architectures for optical transport nodes and networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 40–50 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Morioka, Y. Awaji, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, D. Richardson, and F. Poletti, “Enhancing optical communications with brand new fibers,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), s31–s42 (2012).
[CrossRef]

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, and S. J. Ben Yao, “Elastic optical networking: a new dawn for the optical layer?” IEEE Commun. Mag. 50(2), S12–S20 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. (1)

M. Lee, J. Yu, Y. Kim, C. H. Kang, and J. Park, “Design of hierarchical crossconnect WDM networks employing two-stage multiplexing scheme at waveband and wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm. 20(1), 166–171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Other (7)

Y. Zhang, M. Arabaci, and I. Djordjevic, “Rate-adaptive four-dimensional nonbinary LDPC-coded modulation for long-haul optical transport networks,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper JW2A.46.

I. Djordjevic, T. Liu, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Optimum signal constellation design for high-speed optical transmission,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3H.2.

T. Xia, G. A. Wellbrock, Y. Huang, M. Huang, E. Ip, P. N. Ji, D. Qian, A. Tanaka, Y. Shao, T. Wang, Y. Aono, and T. Tajima, “21.7 Tb/s field trial with 22 DP-8QAM/QPSK optical superchannels over 1,503-km of installed SSMF,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5D.6.

N. K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, M. A. Mestre, R. Ryf, P. Winzer, L. Buhl, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, and R. Lingle, “Space-division multiplexing and all-optical MIMO demultiplexing using a photonic integrated circuit,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5B.1.

R. Ryf, R. Essiambre, A. Gnauck, S. Randel, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, T. Hayashi, T. Taru, and T. Sasaki, “Space-division multiplexed transmission over 4200 km 3-core microstructured fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper PDP5C.2.

R. Izmailov, A. Kolarov, R. Fan, and S. Araki, “Hierarchical optical switching: a node-level analysis,” Proc. High Perf. Switching and Routing. Conf., 309 – 313 (2002).

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier/Academic Press, 2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multidimensional (spatial + spectral) multiplexing hierarchy for dynamic optical networking.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Next-generation elastic optical network architecture with spatial and spectral processing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral superband size, Navg, versus the number of spatial inputs/outputs, M.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Multidimensional hybrid LDPC-coded modulation scheme: (a) Tx and (b) Rx.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER performance of LDPC-coded multidimensional hybrid modulation versus conventional LDPC-coded PDM-QAM. M2D: 2D signal constellation size.

Equations (1)

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N avg = n=1 N n( N n ) ( ρ M ) n ( 1 ρ M ) Nn .

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