Abstract

We demonstrated an effective way to broaden the bandwidth of near-infrared (NIR) emission from Bi/Ni codoped 58SiO2-21ZnO-13Al2O3-5TiO2-3Ga2O3 glass through nanocrystallization. The nanocrystallized glass shows ultra-wide NIR luminescence with a full width at half maximum (FWHM) of 350 nm and long lifetime up to 476 µs. The observed broadband NIR emission, attributed to energy transfer suppression between Ni and Bi active centers, was realized by a separation process with Ni2+ ions selectively incorporated into nanocrystals. This bandwidth engineering through nanocrystallization inside glass suggests a promising approach for enhancement of glass functionality and construction of broadband light sources.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ruan, Y. Qiao, D. Chen, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Energy transfer between Cr3+ and Ni2+ in transparent silicate glass ceramics containing Cr3+/Ni2+ co-doped ZnAl2O4 nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2508–2513 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. DiMaio, C. Sabatier, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, “Controlling energy transfer between multiple dopants within a single nanoparticle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(6), 1809–1813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2003

A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, C. K. Hitzenberger, and T. Lasser, “Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(2), 239–303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. N. Samson, L. R. Pinckney, J. Wang, G. H. Beall, and N. F. Borrelli, “Nickel-doped nanocrystalline glass-ceramic fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27(15), 1309–1311 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth- doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1981

R. Reisfeld and Y. Kalisky, “Nd3+ and Yb3+ germanate and tellurite glasses for fluorescent solar energy collector,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 178–183 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1959

T. Förster, “10th Spiers Memorial Lecture: transfer mechanisms of electronic excitation,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7–17 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Asahara, T.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, Z.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballato, J.

J. R. DiMaio, C. Sabatier, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, “Controlling energy transfer between multiple dopants within a single nanoparticle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(6), 1809–1813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banin, U.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beall, G. H.

Borrelli, N. F.

Chen, D.

Chen, D. P.

Dianov, E. M.

DiMaio, J. R.

J. R. DiMaio, C. Sabatier, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, “Controlling energy transfer between multiple dopants within a single nanoparticle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(6), 1809–1813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, C. K. Hitzenberger, and T. Lasser, “Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(2), 239–303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Fercher, A. F.

A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, C. K. Hitzenberger, and T. Lasser, “Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(2), 239–303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Förster, T.

T. Förster, “10th Spiers Memorial Lecture: transfer mechanisms of electronic excitation,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7–17 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth- doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hirao, K.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, C. K. Hitzenberger, and T. Lasser, “Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(2), 239–303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ii, M.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, N.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, X. W.

Kalisky, Y.

R. Reisfeld and Y. Kalisky, “Nd3+ and Yb3+ germanate and tellurite glasses for fluorescent solar energy collector,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 178–183 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kan, S.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazes, M.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kokuoz, B.

J. R. DiMaio, C. Sabatier, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, “Controlling energy transfer between multiple dopants within a single nanoparticle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(6), 1809–1813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakshminarayana, G.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lasser, T.

A. F. Fercher, W. Drexler, C. K. Hitzenberger, and T. Lasser, “Optical coherence tomography - principles and applications,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 66(2), 239–303 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. G.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedev, V.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meng, X.

Meng, X. G.

Miura, K.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth- doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishi, M.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

Pinckney, L. R.

Qiao, Y.

Qiu, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ruan, Y. Qiao, D. Chen, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Energy transfer between Cr3+ and Ni2+ in transparent silicate glass ceramics containing Cr3+/Ni2+ co-doped ZnAl2O4 nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2508–2513 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, “Superbroadband 1310 nm emission from bismuth and tantalum codoped germanium oxide glasses,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2433–2435 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J. R.

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld and Y. Kalisky, “Nd3+ and Yb3+ germanate and tellurite glasses for fluorescent solar energy collector,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 178–183 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, J.

Sabatier, C.

J. R. DiMaio, C. Sabatier, B. Kokuoz, and J. Ballato, “Controlling energy transfer between multiple dopants within a single nanoparticle,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 105(6), 1809–1813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakakura, M.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakka, Y.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samson, B. N.

Shimizu, M.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shimotsuma, Y.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shirahata, N.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, H. T.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanabe, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tessler, N.

N. Tessler, V. Medvedev, M. Kazes, S. Kan, and U. Banin, “Efficient near-infrared polymer nanocrystal light-emitting diodes,” Science 295(5559), 1506–1508 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Wu, B.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ruan, Y. Qiao, D. Chen, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Energy transfer between Cr3+ and Ni2+ in transparent silicate glass ceramics containing Cr3+/Ni2+ co-doped ZnAl2O4 nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2508–2513 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. Z.

Zhou, S.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, K. Miura, S. Tanabe, M. Shimizu, M. Sakakura, Y. Shimotsuma, M. Nishi, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Simultaneous tailoring of phase evolution and dopant distribution in the glassy phase for controllable luminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(50), 17945–17952 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Wu, S. Zhou, J. Ruan, Y. Qiao, D. Chen, C. Zhu, and J. Qiu, “Energy transfer between Cr3+ and Ni2+ in transparent silicate glass ceramics containing Cr3+/Ni2+ co-doped ZnAl2O4 nanocrystals,” Opt. Express 16(4), 2508–2513 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, B.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

Zhu, C. S.

Zhu, Y.

H. T. Sun, J. Yang, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Y. Zhu, T. Asahara, N. Shirahata, M. Ii, Z. Bai, J. G. Li, and H. Gao, “Highly fluorescent silica-coated bismuth-doped aluminosilicate nanoparticles for near-infrared bioimaging,” Small 7(2), 199–203 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Multifunctional Bi-doped nanoporous silica glass: from blue-green, orange, red and white light sources to ultra-broadband infrared amplifiers,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 18(9), 1407–1413 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Wu, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, “Ligand-driven wavelength tunable and ultra-broadband infrared luminescence in single ion doped transparent hybrid materials,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(13), 2081–2088 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) XRD patterns of glass samples doped with Ni2+, Bi+, and Ni2+/Bi+ (curves a, b, and c), and nanocrystallized glass doped with Ni2+, Bi+, and Ni2+/Bi+ (curves d, e, and f). The insert shows a TEM image of the nanocrystallized glass. (b) HRTEM images of Ni2+/Bi+-codoped nanocrystallized glass and Ni/Bi concentrations in the glass-rich region and crystal-rich regions marked with A and B.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the Ni2+, and Bi+ singly doped and Ni2+/Bi+ co-doped as-prepared and nanocrystallizated glasses. The inset shows photographs of Ni2+/Bi+ co-doped as-prepared glass (left) and nanocrystallized glass (right).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Emission spectra of the Bi+, and Ni2+ singly doped and Ni2+/Bi+ co-doped nanocrystallized glasses under excitation at 980 nm. (b) Decay lifetime curve of the 1125 nm emission of Bi+, and Ni2+ singly doped and Ni2+/Bi+ co-doped nanocrystallized glasses with length at 980 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

A schematic illustration of the spatial distribution of Ni2+ and Bi+ and proposed mechanisms of energy transfer and radiative/irradiative electron transitions in co-doped and nanocrystallized glasses. The dashed, dotted, dashed-dotted, and full arrows represent photo excitation, irradiative relaxation, energy transfer, and emission, respectively.

Equations (2)

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η=1 τ Bi / τ Bi(0)
K T J( E A )/ r 6

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