Abstract

We demonstrate theoretically and experimentally the direct observation of photonic Bloch wavefunctions in dielectric loaded plasmonic crystals. The ultimate ability to observe the Bloch wavefunctions in the surface emission images depends not on the light diffraction through the holes but on the strength of the in-plane light scattering from the individual lattice features and the presence of the metal layer which allows the light propagating within the crystal to be imaged in the far-field. Experimental results are in excellent agreement with simulated surface emission and back focal plane images of plasmonic crystals.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Yablonovitch, “Photonic band-gap structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10(2), 283–295 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Joannopoulous, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature 386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 2964–2971 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Träger, R. Fischer, D. N. Neshev, A. A. Sukhorukov, C. Denz, W. Królikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Nonlinear Bloch modes in two-dimensional photonic lattices,” Opt. Express 14(5), 1913–1923 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. G. Zhang, X. C. Yuan, and J. Teng, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on metallic film coated with dye-doped polymer nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231117 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Giannattasio and W. L. Barnes, “Direct observation of surface plasmon-polariton dispersion,” Opt. Express 13(2), 428–434 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Randhawa, M. U. González, J. Renger, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, “Design and properties of dielectric surface plasmon Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14496–14510 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Stabler, M. G. Somekh, and C. W. See, “High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy,” J. Microsc. 214(3), 328–333 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed. (John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2005).
  22. B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton Universsity Press, 2008).
  25. RSoft Corporation, http://www.rsoftdesign.com .

2011 (4)

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Zhang, X. C. Yuan, and J. Teng, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on metallic film coated with dye-doped polymer nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Randhawa, M. U. González, J. Renger, S. Enoch, and R. Quidant, “Design and properties of dielectric surface plasmon Bragg mirrors,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14496–14510 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

G. Stabler, M. G. Somekh, and C. W. See, “High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy,” J. Microsc. 214(3), 328–333 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. D. Joannopoulous, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature 386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Agutu, W.

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Allan, D. C.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anand, S.

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baida, F.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

Beggs, D. M.

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beloglazov, A. A.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bernussi, A. A.

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Berrier, A.

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bielefeldt, H.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chesnutt, C.

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

Ditlbacher, H.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

Fan, S.

J. D. Joannopoulous, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature 386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, R.

Frisbie, S. P.

A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giannattasio, A.

González, M. U.

Grave de Peralta, L.

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grigorenko, A. N.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gryczinski, I.

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, Z.

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guntherodt, H. J.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Holtz, M. E.

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Houdre, R.

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 2964–2971 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Houk, A.

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huser, Th.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, Y.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulous, J. D.

J. D. Joannopoulous, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature 386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Koller, D.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kotlyar, M. V.

Krauss, T. F.

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 2964–2971 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krishnan, A.

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Królikowski, W.

Kuchinsky, S.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuhne, C.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lacowicz, J.

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Thomas, N.

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, M. V. Kotlyar, D. O’Brien, and T. F. Krauss, “Exploring light propagating in photonic crystals with Fourier optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(12), 2964–2971 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Boada, R.

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Malicka, J.

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nedeljkovic, D.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

Nikitin, P. I.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nowaczyk, K.

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, D.

Park, S.

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pearsall, T. P.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

Randhawa, S.

Regan, C. J.

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Renger, J.

Rodriguez, R.

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz-Columbie, A.

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ruiz-Columbié, A.

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Salzer, R.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

See, C. W.

G. Stabler, M. G. Somekh, and C. W. See, “High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy,” J. Microsc. 214(3), 328–333 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Somekh, M. G.

G. Stabler, M. G. Somekh, and C. W. See, “High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy,” J. Microsc. 214(3), 328–333 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stabler, G.

G. Stabler, M. G. Somekh, and C. W. See, “High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy,” J. Microsc. 214(3), 328–333 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinberger, B.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steiner, G.

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sukhorukov, A. A.

Swillo, M.

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamaru, H.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Teng, J.

D. G. Zhang, X. C. Yuan, and J. Teng, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on metallic film coated with dye-doped polymer nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Träger, D.

Van Labeke, D.

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

J. D. Joannopoulous, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature 386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

Yuan, X. C.

D. G. Zhang, X. C. Yuan, and J. Teng, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on metallic film coated with dye-doped polymer nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. G.

D. G. Zhang, X. C. Yuan, and J. Teng, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on metallic film coated with dye-doped polymer nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, “Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1689–1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Zhang, X. C. Yuan, and J. Teng, “Surface plasmon-coupled emission on metallic film coated with dye-doped polymer nanogratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(23), 231117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Regan, A. Krishnan, R. Lopez-Boada, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Direct observation of photonic Fermi surfaces by plasmon tomography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(15), 151113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Krishnan, S. P. Frisbie, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Plasmon Stimulated Emission in Arrays of Bimetallic Structures Coated with Dye-Doped Dielectric,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(11), 111104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

S. P. Frisbie, C. Chesnutt, M. E. Holtz, A. Krishnan, L. Grave de Peralta, and A. A. Bernussi, “Image formation in wide-field microscopes based on leakage of surface-coupled fluorescence,” IEEE Photon. J. 1(2), 153–162 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

L. Grave de Peralta, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, and A. A. Bernussi, “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Houk, R. Lopez-Boada, A. Ruiz-Columbie, S. Park, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Erratum: “Some consequences of experiments with a plasmonic quantum eraser for plasmon tomography,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(11), 119901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Rodriguez, C. J. Regan, A. Ruiz-Columbié, W. Agutu, A. A. Bernussi, and L. Grave de Peralta, “Study of plasmonic crystals using Fourier-plane images obtained with plasmon tomography far-field superlenses,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

G. Stabler, M. G. Somekh, and C. W. See, “High-resolution wide-field surface plasmon microscopy,” J. Microsc. 214(3), 328–333 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

I. Gryczinski, J. Malicka, K. Nowaczyk, Z. Gryczynski, and J. Lacowicz, “Effects of sample thickness on the optical properties of surface plasmon-coupled emission,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(32), 12073–12083 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Engineer. B (1)

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, “Leakage radiation microscopy of surface plasmon polaritons,” Mater. Sci. Engineer. B 149(3), 220–229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. D. Joannopoulous, P. R. Villeneuve, and S. Fan, “Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light,” Nature 386(6621), 143–149 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov, P. I. Nikitin, C. Kuhne, G. Steiner, and R. Salzer, “Dark-field surface Plasmon resonance microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 174(1-4), 151–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

A. Bouhelier, Th. Huser, H. Tamaru, H. J. Guntherodt, D. W. Pohl, F. Baida, and D. Van Labeke, “Plasmon optics of structured silver films,” Phys. Rev. B 63(15), 155404 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, D. M. Beggs, and T. F. Krauss, “Fourier space imaging of light localization at a photonic band-edge located below the light cone,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033305 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Berrier, M. Swillo, N. Le Thomas, R. Houdre, and S. Anand, “Bloch mode excitation in two-dimensional photonic crystals imaged by Fourier optics,” Phys. Rev. B 79(16), 165116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 8th ed. (John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2005).

J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, J. N. Winn, and R. D. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton Universsity Press, 2008).

RSoft Corporation, http://www.rsoftdesign.com .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic (a) and SEM top view (b) of the fabricated dye-doped dielectric-loaded plasmonic crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated (a) and experimental (b) BFP images of a square lattice with hole diameter d = 200 nm and period p = 350 nm. In (a) we indicate the most relevant points in the reciprocal space.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated photonic Bloch function images, using Eq. (5), evaluated at (a) α1, (b) β1, and (c) at the summation of α1, β1, α2, and β2. Simulated images are normalized to the period. (d) Experimental SE image of a square lattice plasmonic crystal with the same symmetry and dimensions used in the simulations (a)-(c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Intensity line profile plot of the SE image shown in Fig. 3(d).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BFP ((a) and (c)) and SE ((b) and (d)) images obtained using a spatial slit filter placed in the BFP of the collecting microscope objective lens. This filter restricts which components of the vector G will be imaged at the surface.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ψ k ( r )= u k ( r ) e j k r
u k ( r )= G c k , G e j G r
ψ k ( r )= G c k , G e j( G + k ) r
E y k ( r )=Re[ ψ k ( r ) ]
I k = | ψ k ( r ) | 2 = u k 2 ( r )
I= k I k = k | G x =1 1 G z =1 1 c k , G e j( G x x+ G z z ) | 2
I= k I k = k | G x =1 1 c k , G e j( G x x+ G z z ) | G z =0 | 2
I= k I k = k | G x =1 1 G z =1 1 c k , G e j( G x x+ G z z ) | G x = G z | 2

Metrics