Abstract

The dispersion relation and confinement of terahertz surface plasmon modes propagating along planar Goubau lines are studied using guided-wave time domain spectroscopy. We demonstrate the radial nature of the surface plasmon mode known as the Goubau mode and the transverse confinement of the electric field over a few tenths of microns (~l/10). We experimentally and computationally observed a transition of the shape of the THz pulses from unipolar to bipolar as the propagation distance increases, indicating that the Goubau line acts as a high-pass filter. The deviation of the dispersion relation curve from a linear law above 600 GHz is discussed.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Ch. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(6), 490–492 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45(3), 284–286 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Kawano and K. Ishibashi, “An on-chip near-field terahertz probe and detector,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 618–621 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Zhan, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superfocusing terahertz waves below λ/250 using plasmonic parallel-plate waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9643–9650 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. Goubau, “Surface waves and their application to transmission lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 21(11), 1119–1128 (1950).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Akalin, A. Treizebré, and B. Bocquet, “Single-wire transmission lines at terahertz frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(6), 2762–2767 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Treizebre and B. Bocquet, “Nanometric metal wire as a guide for THz investigation of living cells,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 5(6/7/8), 784–795 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  20. J. Mangeney, N. Chimot, L. Meignien, N. Zerounian, P. Crozat, K. Blary, J. F. Lampin, and P. Mounaix, “Emission characteristics of ion-irradiated In0.53Ga0.47As based photoconductive antennas excited at 1.55 microm,” Opt. Express 15(14), 8943–8950 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. Meignien, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, L. Duvillaret, and M. Hanna, “Two-port vectorial terahertz electro-optic sampling system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 131103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in a circularly cylindrical interface: Surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  23. L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

H. Zhan, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superfocusing terahertz waves below λ/250 using plasmonic parallel-plate waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9643–9650 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

A. Treizebre and B. Bocquet, “Nanometric metal wire as a guide for THz investigation of living cells,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 5(6/7/8), 784–795 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kawano and K. Ishibashi, “An on-chip near-field terahertz probe and detector,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 618–621 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Meignien, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, L. Duvillaret, and M. Hanna, “Two-port vectorial terahertz electro-optic sampling system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 131103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

T. Akalin, A. Treizebré, and B. Bocquet, “Single-wire transmission lines at terahertz frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(6), 2762–2767 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Ch. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(6), 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45(3), 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in a circularly cylindrical interface: Surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

G. Goubau, “Surface waves and their application to transmission lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 21(11), 1119–1128 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Affouard, F.

S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Akalin, T.

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Akalin, A. Treizebré, and B. Bocquet, “Single-wire transmission lines at terahertz frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(6), 2762–2767 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Alonso-González, P.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Anappara, A. A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arzubiaga, L.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45(3), 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Biasiol, G.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blary, K.

Bocquet, B.

S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Treizebre and B. Bocquet, “Nanometric metal wire as a guide for THz investigation of living cells,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 5(6/7/8), 784–795 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Akalin, A. Treizebré, and B. Bocquet, “Single-wire transmission lines at terahertz frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(6), 2762–2767 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bosserhoff, A.

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brucherseifer, M.

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, A. D.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Büttner, R.

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Byrne, M. B.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Casanova, F.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.-H.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.-W.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-J.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. C.

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-C.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45(3), 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chimot, N.

Chuvilin, A.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chyi, J.-I.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ciuti, C.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crozat, P.

Cunningham, J.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Davies, A. G.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dazhang, L.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

De Liberato, S.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desplanque, L.

L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Duvillaret, L.

L. Meignien, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, L. Duvillaret, and M. Hanna, “Two-port vectorial terahertz electro-optic sampling system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 131103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Economou, E. N.

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in a circularly cylindrical interface: Surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ershad, S. M.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fattinger, Ch.

Ch. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(6), 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Goubau, G.

G. Goubau, “Surface waves and their application to transmission lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 21(11), 1119–1128 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Ch. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(6), 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Günter, G.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanna, M.

L. Meignien, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, L. Duvillaret, and M. Hanna, “Two-port vectorial terahertz electro-optic sampling system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 131103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haring-Bolivar, P.

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hees, J.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heiliger, H. M.

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, W.

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hey, R.

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hillenbrand, R.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hueso, L. E.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ishibashi, K.

Y. Kawano and K. Ishibashi, “An on-chip near-field terahertz probe and detector,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 618–621 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kao, T.-F.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kawano, Y.

Y. Kawano and K. Ishibashi, “An on-chip near-field terahertz probe and detector,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 618–621 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khanna, S.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lachab, M.

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lampin, J. F.

Laurette, S.

S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linfield, E. H.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lippens, D.

L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.-S.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.-S.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.-Y.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mangeney, J.

Meignien, L.

Mendis, R.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhan, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superfocusing terahertz waves below λ/250 using plasmonic parallel-plate waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9643–9650 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mittleman, D. M.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhan, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superfocusing terahertz waves below λ/250 using plasmonic parallel-plate waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(9), 9643–9650 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mollot, F.

L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mounaix, P.

Nagel, M.

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ngai, K. L.

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in a circularly cylindrical interface: Surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peytavit, E.

L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, C. A.

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in a circularly cylindrical interface: Surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ploog, K.

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roskos, H. G.

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakoda, N.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schnell, M.

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schnieder, F.

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sell, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. R.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45(3), 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sorba, L.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stringer, M. R.

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-K.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tredicucci, A.

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Treizebre, A.

S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Treizebre and B. Bocquet, “Nanometric metal wire as a guide for THz investigation of living cells,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 5(6/7/8), 784–795 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Treizebré, A.

T. Akalin, A. Treizebré, and B. Bocquet, “Single-wire transmission lines at terahertz frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(6), 2762–2767 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tych, K.

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, K.

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wood, C. D.

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R.-B.

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zerounian, N.

Zhan, H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (10)

Ch. Fattinger and D. Grischkowsky, “Terahertz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54(6), 490–492 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 45(3), 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, R. Mendis, D. M. Mittleman, and N. Sakoda, “A tapered parallel-plate-waveguide probe for THz near-field reflection imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(3), 031101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagel, P. Haring-Bolivar, M. Brucherseifer, H. Kurz, A. Bosserhoff, and R. Büttner, “Integrated THz technology for label-free genetic diagnostics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(1), 154–156 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Laurette, A. Treizebre, F. Affouard, and B. Bocquet, “Subterahertz characterization of ethanol hydration layers by microfluidic system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(11), 111904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Byrne, J. Cunningham, K. Tych, A. D. Burnett, M. R. Stringer, C. D. Wood, L. Dazhang, M. Lachab, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “Terahertz vibrational absorption spectroscopy using microstrip-line waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(18), 182904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Heiliger, M. Nagel, H. G. Roskos, H. Kurz, F. Schnieder, W. Heinrich, R. Hey, and K. Ploog, “Low-dispersion thin-film microstrip lines with cyclotene (benzocyclobutene) as dielectric medium,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(17), 2233–2235 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Dazhang, J. Cunningham, M. B. Byrne, S. Khanna, C. D. Wood, A. D. Burnett, S. M. Ershad, E. H. Linfield, and A. G. Davies, “On-chip terahertz Goubau-line waveguides with integrated photoconductive emitters and mode-discriminating detectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(9), 092903–092905 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Meignien, J. Mangeney, P. Crozat, L. Duvillaret, and M. Hanna, “Two-port vectorial terahertz electro-optic sampling system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(13), 131103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Desplanque, E. Peytavit, J. F. Lampin, D. Lippens, and F. Mollot, “Shock wave coupling between terahertz transmission lines on GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(12), 2483–2485 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J.-Y. Lu, L.-J. Chen, T.-F. Kao, H.-H. Chang, H.-W. Chen, A.-S. Liu, Y.-C. Chen, R.-B. Wu, W.-S. Liu, J.-I. Chyi, and C.-K. Sun, “Terahertz microchip for illicit drug detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(21), 2254–2256 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

T. Akalin, A. Treizebré, and B. Bocquet, “Single-wire transmission lines at terahertz frequencies,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54(6), 2762–2767 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Nanotechnol. (1)

A. Treizebre and B. Bocquet, “Nanometric metal wire as a guide for THz investigation of living cells,” Int. J. Nanotechnol. 5(6/7/8), 784–795 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Goubau, “Surface waves and their application to transmission lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 21(11), 1119–1128 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

M. Schnell, P. Alonso-González, L. Arzubiaga, F. Casanova, L. E. Hueso, A. Chuvilin, and R. Hillenbrand, “Nanofocusing of mid-infrared energy with tapered transmission lines,” Nat. Photonics 5(5), 283–287 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kawano and K. Ishibashi, “An on-chip near-field terahertz probe and detector,” Nat. Photonics 2(10), 618–621 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

K. Wang and D. M. Mittleman, “Metal wires for terahertz wave guiding,” Nature 432(7015), 376–379 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Günter, A. A. Anappara, J. Hees, A. Sell, G. Biasiol, L. Sorba, S. De Liberato, C. Ciuti, A. Tredicucci, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Sub-cycle switch-on of ultrastrong light-matter interaction,” Nature 458(7235), 178–181 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in a circularly cylindrical interface: Surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. X (1)

W. C. Chen, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, T. Akalin, and W. J. Padilla, “Controlling gigahertz and terahertz surface electromagnetic waves with metamaterial resonators,” Phys. Rev. X 1(2), 021016 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical set-up for characterizing the propagating electromagnetic modes on the planar Goubau line.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spatial profile of the horizontal (left panel) and vertical (right panel) transverse components of the electric field obtained by using electro-optic probes with distinct orientations of the ZnTe crystal. Red represents positive values and green represents negative values. (b) The amplitude of the vertical component of the electric field above the G-line versus distance to the wire in the z direction. The dashed line indicates the amplitude of the vertical component of the electric field at 1/e of its maxima value.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) THz waveforms measured by the electro-optic detector sensitive to the vertical component of the electric field and located at different positions along the G-line axis (y axis) (b) Simulation of the temporal waveforms at different propagation distances along the G-line.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) The dispersion relation of the surface plasmon waves which travel on the G-line, derived from a series of measurements with different propagation distances. The plane wave dispersion relation in air is indicated by the dashed line. The error bars show +−1 s.d. (b) The electric field amplitude attenuation coefficient of the propagating plasmon mode as a function of frequency, derived from the spectrum of the measured waveforms at the reference and after 2 mm of propagation distance.

Equations (1)

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δL= 1 k y 2 k 0 2

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