Abstract

We report herein a continuous-wave mid-infrared intra-cavity singly resonant optical parametric oscillator (ICSRO) which is the first example of ICSRO that utilize in-band pumped Nd-doped vanadate laser as pump source. A 1064 nm Nd:YVO4 laser in-band pumped by 880 nm LD and a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal are employed as the parent pump laser and the nonlinear medium, respectively. The idler output wavelength tuning range is 3.66-4.22 µm. A maximum output power of 1.54 W at 3.66 µm is obtained at absorbed pump power of 21.9 W, with corresponding optical efficiency being 7.0%. The control experiment of ICSRO under 808 nm traditional pumping is also carried out. The results show that in-band pumped ICSRO has better performance in terms of threshold, power scaling, efficiency and power stability than ICSRO traditionally pumped at 808 nm.

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2010

2008

2006

2003

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave operation of a single-frequency optical parametric oscillator at 4–5 μm based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 28(24), 2497–2499 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection of ethane using a continuously tunable, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1157–1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. B. Jensen, T. Skettrup, O. B. Petersen, and M. B. Larsen, “Diode-pumped intracavity optical parametric oscillator in pulsed and continuous-wave operation,” J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt. 4(2), 190–193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

G. W. Baxter, P. Schlup, and I. T. McKinnie, “Efficient, single frequency, high repetition rate, PPLN OPO pumped by a prelase Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 301–304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low-pump-threshold continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1895–1897 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators an analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 701–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1995

1990

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, J. I.

Baxter, G. W.

G. W. Baxter, P. Schlup, and I. T. McKinnie, “Efficient, single frequency, high repetition rate, PPLN OPO pumped by a prelase Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 301–304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bisson, S. E.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave operation of a single-frequency optical parametric oscillator at 4–5 μm based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 28(24), 2497–2499 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection of ethane using a continuously tunable, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1157–1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Byer, R. L.

Ding, X.

X. Ding, H. Zhang, R. Wang, W. Q. Wen, P. Wang, J. Q. Yao, and X. Y. Yu, “High-efficiency direct-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser operating at 1.34 μm,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11247–11252 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drobshoff, A.

Du, K.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators an analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 701–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low-pump-threshold continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23(24), 1895–1897 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckardt, R. C.

Erbert, G.

Fejer, M. M.

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Haas, C. R.

Harren, F. J. M.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave operation of a single-frequency optical parametric oscillator at 4–5 μm based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 28(24), 2497–2499 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection of ethane using a continuously tunable, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1157–1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hekkert, S. T. L.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, A.

Hu, P.

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

Jensen, O. B.

O. B. Jensen, T. Skettrup, O. B. Petersen, and M. B. Larsen, “Diode-pumped intracavity optical parametric oscillator in pulsed and continuous-wave operation,” J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt. 4(2), 190–193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

Katz, M.

Larsen, M. B.

O. B. Jensen, T. Skettrup, O. B. Petersen, and M. B. Larsen, “Diode-pumped intracavity optical parametric oscillator in pulsed and continuous-wave operation,” J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt. 4(2), 190–193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lavi, R.

Lebiush, E.

Lee, C. J.

Leigh, M.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

Li, S.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection of ethane using a continuously tunable, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1157–1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McKinnie, I. T.

G. W. Baxter, P. Schlup, and I. T. McKinnie, “Efficient, single frequency, high repetition rate, PPLN OPO pumped by a prelase Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 301–304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nieuwenhuis, A. F.

Paiss, I.

Pavel, N.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, O. B.

O. B. Jensen, T. Skettrup, O. B. Petersen, and M. B. Larsen, “Diode-pumped intracavity optical parametric oscillator in pulsed and continuous-wave operation,” J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt. 4(2), 190–193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Sato, Y.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schell, A.

Schlup, P.

G. W. Baxter, P. Schlup, and I. T. McKinnie, “Efficient, single frequency, high repetition rate, PPLN OPO pumped by a prelase Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 301–304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shi, P.

Skettrup, T.

O. B. Jensen, T. Skettrup, O. B. Petersen, and M. B. Larsen, “Diode-pumped intracavity optical parametric oscillator in pulsed and continuous-wave operation,” J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt. 4(2), 190–193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Stafford, R.

Stothard, D. J. M.

Sumpf, B.

Taira, T.

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators an analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 701–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tzuk, Y.

van der Slot, P. J.

van Herpen, M. M. J. W.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Continuous-wave operation of a single-frequency optical parametric oscillator at 4–5 μm based on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 28(24), 2497–2499 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection of ethane using a continuously tunable, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1157–1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Wang, R.

Wen, W. Q.

Winik, M.

Wu, N.

Xu, J.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. Q.

Yu, X. Y.

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhu, P.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

G. W. Baxter, P. Schlup, and I. T. McKinnie, “Efficient, single frequency, high repetition rate, PPLN OPO pumped by a prelase Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Appl. Phys. B 70(2), 301–304 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, S. T. L. Hekkert, and F. J. M. Harren, “Tuning and stability of a continuous-wave mid-infrared high-power single resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 75(2-3), 329–333 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, M. H. Dunn, and M. Ebrahimzadeh, “Continuous-wave, intracavity optical parametric oscillators an analysis of power characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 66(6), 701–710 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. M. J. W. van Herpen, S. Li, S. E. Bisson, and F. J. M. Harren, “Photoacoustic trace gas detection of ethane using a continuously tunable, continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(7), 1157–1159 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, “Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(6), 844–846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. Zhang, X. Ding, J. Xu, G. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, “Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(12), 2145–2147 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, “Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(19), 1831–1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt.

O. B. Jensen, T. Skettrup, O. B. Petersen, and M. B. Larsen, “Diode-pumped intracavity optical parametric oscillator in pulsed and continuous-wave operation,” J. Opt. A, Pure App. Opt. 4(2), 190–193 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of the in-band pumped intra-cavity SRO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Idler wavelength and output power as functions of grating period. (T = 140°C & Pabs = 21.9 W).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

3.66 µm idler output power and circulating 1064 nm laser power versus absorbed LD pump power. (PPLN grating period of 29 µm and temperature of 140°C)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

3.66 µm idler output power and conversion efficiency versus absorbed LD pump power under 880 nm and 808 nm pump.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of idler power stability between ICSROs under 880 nm in-band pumping and 808 nm traditional pumping over an hour (a) and the transient behavior of circulating pump field under 880 nm pumping (b).

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