Abstract

We demonstrate a nonlinear signal processing approach for compensating nonlinear distortion caused by the Kerr effect in optical fiber transmission. The concept relies on propagating the signal through a separate all-optical module outside the link to apply tunable nonlinear distortion and phase-conjugation in series. We show this uniquely enables tunable regeneration of phase-encoded 40 Gb/s signals of different data-formats and number of WDM channels, to allow significantly higher transmission powers through single and multi-span fiber links. An improvement in the receiver power penalty by 3~4 dB for a bit-error-rate (BER) of ≈10−5 is achieved.

© 2012 OSA

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2011 (1)

2010 (6)

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and V. Degiorgio, “Optical phase conjugation in phase-modulated transmission systems: experimental comparison of different nonlinearity-compensation methods,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18119–18124 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Pelusi, F. Luan, D.-Y. Choi, S. J. Madden, D. A. P. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. J. Eggleton, “Optical phase conjugation by an As2S3 glass planar waveguide for dispersion-free transmission of WDM-DPSK signals over fiber,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26686–26694 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, and C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

F. Zhang, C. A. Bunge, K. Petermann, and A. Richter, “Optimum dispersion mapping of single-channel 40 Gbit/s return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying transmission systems,” Opt. Express 14(15), 6613–6618 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, “Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103×10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144–1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. Watanabe, S. Kaneko, and T. Chikama, “Long-haul fiber transmission using optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(2), 169–178 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1948 (1)

C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 27, 379–423 (1948).

Adamiecki, A.

Andrekson, P. A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, “Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103×10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144–1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ayotte, S.

Beckett, D.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, and C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berthold, J.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, and C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Birk, M.

Boertjes, D.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, and C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Borel, P. I.

Brener, I.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D. A. P.

Bunge, C. A.

Chaban, E. E.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, Z.

Chikama, T.

S. Watanabe, S. Kaneko, and T. Chikama, “Long-haul fiber transmission using optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(2), 169–178 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.-Y.

Chou, M. H.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

Christman, S. B.

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

Cotter, D.

Cristiani, I.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Degiorgio, V.

Doerr, C. R.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, J. Zhao, and D. Cotter, “Approaching the non-linear Shannon limit,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 423–433 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.-J.

Fejer, M. M.

P. Minzioni, V. Pusino, I. Cristiani, L. Marazzi, M. Martinelli, C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, and V. Degiorgio, “Optical phase conjugation in phase-modulated transmission systems: experimental comparison of different nonlinearity-compensation methods,” Opt. Express 18(17), 18119–18124 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Chou, I. Brener, M. M. Fejer, E. E. Chaban, and S. B. Christman, “1.5-μm-band wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-order nonlinearity in LiNbO3 waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11(6), 653–655 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.-F.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, S. L.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kaneko, S.

S. Watanabe, S. Kaneko, and T. Chikama, “Long-haul fiber transmission using optical phase conjugation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 2(2), 169–178 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G.-D.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krummrich, P. M.

S. L. Jansen, D. van den Borne, P. M. Krummrich, S. Spälter, G.-D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Long-haul DWDM transmission systems employing optical phase conjugation,” IEEE Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 505–520 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langrock, C.

Laperle, C.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, and C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, X.

Lingle, R.

Luan, F.

Lundstrom, C.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S. J.

Magill, P.

Marazzi, L.

Martinelli, M.

Minzioni, P.

Miyazawa, H.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, “Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103×10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144–1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Morioka, T.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, “Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103×10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144–1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L.

O’Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, “Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103×10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144–1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M. J.

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peckham, D. W.

Pelusi, M. D.

Petermann, K.

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pusino, V.

Raybon, G.

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, “Applied physics. Filling the light pipe,” Science 330(6002), 327–328 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richter, A.

Roberts, K.

K. Roberts, D. Beckett, D. Boertjes, J. Berthold, and C. Laperle, “100G and beyond with digital coherent signal processing,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 48(7), 62–69 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

Sato, K.

J. Yamawaku, H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Sato, A. Takada, T. Morioka, O. Tadanaga, H. Miyazawa, and M. Asobe, “Simultaneous 25 GHz-spaced DWDM wavelength conversion of 1.03 Tbit/s (103×10 Gbit/s) signals in PPLN waveguide,” Electron. Lett. 39(15), 1144–1145 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 27, 379–423 (1948).

Shao, Y.

Sinsky, J. H.

Sjödin, M.

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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
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R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 690–695 (2010).
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