Abstract

We demonstrate Wavelength Division Multiplexed (WDM)-enabled transmission of 480Gb/s aggregate data traffic (12x40Gb/s) as well as high-quality 1x2 thermo-optic tuning in Dielectric-Loaded Surface Plasmon Polariton Waveguides (DLSPPWs). The WDM transmission characteristics have been verified through BER measurements by exploiting the heterointegration of a 60μm-long straight DLSPPW on a Silicon-on-Insulator waveguide platform, showing error-free performance for six out of the twelve channels. High-quality thermo-optic tuning has been achieved by utilizing Cycloaliphatic-Acrylate-Polymer as an efficient thermo-optic polymer loading employed in a dual-resonator DLSPPW switching structure, yielding a 9nm wavelength shift and extinction ratio values higher than 10dB at both output ports when heated to 90°C.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2011

2010

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1207–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, S. Massenot, A. Dereux, “Fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5314–5319 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wu, Z. Han, V. Van, “Conductor-gap-silicon plasmonic waveguides and passive components at subwavelength scale,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11728–11736 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Gramotnev, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Brongersma, V. M. Shalaev, “Applied physics. The case for plasmonics,” Science 328(5977), 440–441 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, E. E. Kriezis, “Theoretical analysis of thermally tunable microring resonator filters made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(9), 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13133–13138 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Atwater, “The promise of plasmonics,” Sci. Am. 296(4), 56–62 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology,” Mater. Today 9(7-8), 20–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alivisatos, A. P.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. B.

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Atwater, “The promise of plasmonics,” Sci. Am. 296(4), 56–62 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bolten, J.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bouhelier, A.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Kumar, J. Gosciniak, T. B. Andersen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Power monitoring in dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(4), 2972–2978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Tsilipakos, E. E. Kriezis, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic microring resonator switching elements made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Papaioannou, K. Vyrsokinos, O. Tsilipakos, A. Pitilakis, K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Miliou, E. E. Kriezis, N. Pleros, “A 320Gb/s-throughput capable 2×2 silicon-plasmonic router architecture for optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3185–3195 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gosciniak, V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, S. Massenot, A. Dereux, “Fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5314–5319 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1207–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Gramotnev, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Briggs, R. M.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

M. L. Brongersma, V. M. Shalaev, “Applied physics. The case for plasmonics,” Science 328(5977), 440–441 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology,” Mater. Today 9(7-8), 20–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Burgos, S. P.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carloni, L. P.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chandran, A.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology,” Mater. Today 9(7-8), 20–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chou, C.-Y.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colas des Francs, G.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dadap, J. I.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

S. Papaioannou, K. Vyrsokinos, O. Tsilipakos, A. Pitilakis, K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Miliou, E. E. Kriezis, N. Pleros, “A 320Gb/s-throughput capable 2×2 silicon-plasmonic router architecture for optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3185–3195 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, “Thermo-optical control of dielectric loaded plasmonic racetrack resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(2), 023106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, J. Gosciniak, T. B. Andersen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Power monitoring in dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 19(4), 2972–2978 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, S. Massenot, A. Dereux, “Fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5314–5319 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, A. Dereux, “Thermo-optic control of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguide components,” Opt. Express 18(2), 1207–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feigenbaum, E.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gonzàlez, M. U.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gosciniak, J.

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grandidier, J.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Green, W. M. J.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z.

Hassan, K.

Hofrichter, J.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hohenau, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Horst, F.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, I.-W.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ju, J. J.

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13133–13138 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. T.

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13133–13138 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.-

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

Kjelstrup-Hansen, J.

Krenn, J. R.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kriezis, E. E.

S. Papaioannou, K. Vyrsokinos, O. Tsilipakos, A. Pitilakis, K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Miliou, E. E. Kriezis, N. Pleros, “A 320Gb/s-throughput capable 2×2 silicon-plasmonic router architecture for optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3185–3195 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, E. E. Kriezis, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic microring resonator switching elements made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, E. E. Kriezis, “Theoretical analysis of thermally tunable microring resonator filters made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(9), 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

Kurz, H.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-H.

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13133–13138 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leitner, A.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Markey, L.

Massenot, S.

J. Gosciniak, V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, S. Massenot, A. Dereux, “Fiber-coupled dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5314–5319 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miliou, A.

Moll, N.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mollenhauer, T.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Offrein, B. J.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Papaioannou, S.

Park, S.

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13133–13138 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. K.

J. T. Kim, J. J. Ju, S. Park, M. S. Kim, S. K. Park, M.-H. Lee, “Chip-to-chip optical interconnect using gold long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguides,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13133–13138 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. J.

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pitilakis, A.

Pleros, N.

Quida, R.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Renger, J.

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schonenberger, S.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schuller, J. A.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology,” Mater. Today 9(7-8), 20–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sekaric, L.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shacham, A.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

M. L. Brongersma, V. M. Shalaev, “Applied physics. The case for plasmonics,” Science 328(5977), 440–441 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheldon, M. T.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinberger, B.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A. L.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsilipakos, O.

S. Papaioannou, K. Vyrsokinos, O. Tsilipakos, A. Pitilakis, K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Miliou, E. E. Kriezis, N. Pleros, “A 320Gb/s-throughput capable 2×2 silicon-plasmonic router architecture for optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3185–3195 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, E. E. Kriezis, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic microring resonator switching elements made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, E. E. Kriezis, “Theoretical analysis of thermally tunable microring resonator filters made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(9), 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

Vlasov, Y. A.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

Vyrsokinos, K.

Wahlbrink, T.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J.-C.

S. Papaioannou, K. Vyrsokinos, O. Tsilipakos, A. Pitilakis, K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, A. Miliou, E. E. Kriezis, N. Pleros, “A 320Gb/s-throughput capable 2×2 silicon-plasmonic router architecture for optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(21), 3185–3195 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, “Thermo-optical control of dielectric loaded plasmonic racetrack resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(2), 023106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.

Xia, F.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yioultsis, T. V.

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, E. E. Kriezis, “Theoretical analysis of thermally tunable microring resonator filters made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(9), 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zia, R.

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology,” Mater. Today 9(7-8), 20–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

B. Steinberger, A. Hohenau, H. Ditlbacher, A. L. Stepanov, A. Drezet, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, “Dielectric stripes on gold as surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(9), 094104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Ju, S. Park, M.- Kim, J. T. Kim, S. K. Park, Y. J. Park, M.-H. Lee, “40 Gbit/s light signal transmission in long-range surface plasmon waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Massenot, J. Grandidier, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, J. Renger, M. U. Gonzàlez, R. Quida, “Polymer-metal waveguides characterization by Fourier plane leakage radiation microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(24), 243102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, J. Chan, K. Bergman, “High-performance modulators and switches for silicon photonic networks-on-chip,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 6–22 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Dionne, L. A. Sweatlock, M. T. Sheldon, A. P. Alivisatos, H. A. Atwater, “Silicon-based plasmonics for on-chip photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16(1), 295–306 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

B. G. Lee, X. Chen, A. Biberman, X. Liu, I.-W. Hsieh, C.-Y. Chou, J. I. Dadap, F. Xia, W. M. J. Green, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov, R. M. Osgood, K. Bergman, “Ultrahigh-bandwidth silicon photonic nanowire waveguides for on-chip networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(6), 398–400 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Comput.

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, “Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors,” IEEE Trans. Comput. 57(9), 1246–1260 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, E. E. Kriezis, “Theoretical analysis of thermally tunable microring resonator filters made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(9), 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, E. E. Kriezis, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Thermo-optic microring resonator switching elements made of dielectric-loaded plasmonic waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(7), 073111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, “Thermo-optical control of dielectric loaded plasmonic racetrack resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(2), 023106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Mater. Today

R. Zia, J. A. Schuller, A. Chandran, M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics: the next chip-scale technology,” Mater. Today 9(7-8), 20–27 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. Eng.

J. Bolten, J. Hofrichter, N. Moll, S. Schonenberger, F. Horst, B. J. Offrein, T. Wahlbrink, T. Mollenhauer, H. Kurz, “CMOS compatible cost-efficient fabrication of SOI grating couplers,” Microelectron. Eng. 86(4-6), 1114–1116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, H. A. Atwater, “Efficient coupling between dielectric loaded plasmonic and silicon photonic waveguides,” Nano Lett. 10(12), 4851–4857 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

D. K. Gramotnev, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. B

T. Holmgaard, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides,” Phys. Rev. B 75(24), 245405 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am.

H. A. Atwater, “The promise of plasmonics,” Sci. Am. 296(4), 56–62 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

M. L. Brongersma, V. M. Shalaev, “Applied physics. The case for plasmonics,” Science 328(5977), 440–441 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

G. Giannoulis, D. Kalavrouziotis, D. Apostolopoulos, S. Papaioannou, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, M. Baus, M. Karl, T. Tekin, O. Tsilipakos, A. Pitilakis, E. E. Kriezis, K. Vyrsokinos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “Data transmission and thermo-optic tuning performance of dielectric-loaded plasmonic structures hetero-integrated on a silicon chip,” Accepted for publication in IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2011.

D. Kalavrouziotis, S. Papaioannou, K. Vyrsokinos, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, L. Markey, J.-C. Weeber, A. Dereux, G. Giannoulis, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, “First demonstration of active plasmonic device in true data traffic conditions: ON/OFF thermo-optic modulation using a hybrid silicon-plasmonic asymmetric MZI,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC Conference (Los Angeles, CA, USA, 2012), OW3E.3.

D. A. B. Miller, “Optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC Conference (San Diego, CA, USA, 2010), Tutorial OThX1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) 480Gb/s WDM Experimental Setup, (b) 12 – Channel Spectrum before entering the chip, (c) 12 – Channel Spectrum directly at the chip’s output and Measured Spectral Response of the SOI – Plasmonic chip, (d) 12 – Channel Spectrum after being amplified in the receiver’s EDFA

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) BER curves for all 40Gb/s B2B and transmitted channels, and BER curves and Eye Diagrams for (b) channel #1 (Best – Performing Channel) and (c) channel #8 (Worst – Performing Channel)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) SEM image of the dual-resonator Cycloaliphatic Acrylate Polymer-loaded DLSPPW switch, (b) Leakage Radiation Microscopy (LRM) Setup, LRM image in (c) “Cool” and (d) “Hot” state at λ = 1558nm

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transmission spectra for “Through” output port in “Cool” and “Hot” state, (b) Transmission spectra for “Drop” output port in “Cool” and “Hot” state, (c) Extinction Ratio values between “Cool” and “Hot” switching states at “Through” and “Drop” outputs

Metrics