Abstract

High-gain parametric down-conversion (PDC) is a source of bright squeezed vacuum, which is a macroscopic nonclassical state of light and a promising candidate for quantum information applications. Here we study its properties, such as the intensity spectral width and the spectral width of pairwise correlations. In agreement with the theory, we observe an increase in the spectral width by 27% compared with the low-gain PDC. Frequency cross- and auto-correlations are registered by measuring the reduction of noise in the difference of PDC intensities at various pairs of wavelengths. The noise reduction plots also demonstrate super-bunching typical for collinear frequency-degenerate PDC.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. W. J. Munro and M. D. Reid, “Violation of Bell’s inequality by macroscopic states generated via parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 4412–4421 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Ch. Simon and D. Bouwmeester, “Theory of an entanglement laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 053601 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Jedrkiewicz, J.-L. Blanchet, A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, and P. Di Trapani, “High visibility pump reconstruction via ultra broadband sum frequency mixing of intense phase-conjugated twin beams,” Opt. Express 19, 12903–12912 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. V. Gerasimov, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, and M. D. Havey, “Quantum hologram of macroscopically entangled light via the mechanism of diffuse light storage,” arXiv:1111.6669v1 [quant-ph] 29Nov2011.
  7. G. Brida, M. Genovese, and I. Ruo Berchera, “Experimental realization of sub-shot-noise quantum imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4, 227–230 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Brida, I. P. Degiovanni, M. Genovese, M. L. Rastello, and I. Ruo-Berchera, “Detection of multimode spatial correlation in PDC and application to the absolute calibration of a CCD camera,” Opt. Express 18, 20572–20584 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and O. A. Shcherbina, “Absolute calibration of photodetectors: photocurrent multiplication versus photocurrent subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1329–1331 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. N. KlyshkoPhotons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon and Breach, 1988).
  16. E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Dayan, “Theory of two-photon interactions with broadband down-converted light and entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043813 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Y.-H. Kim and W. P. Grice, “Measurement of the spectral properties of the two-photon state generated via type II spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 908–910 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S.-Y. Baek and Y.-H. Kim, “Spectral properties of entangled photon pairs generated via frequency-degenerate type-I spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043807 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  24. D. N. Klyshko, Physical Foundations of Quantum Electronics (World Scientific, 2011).
  25. R. Loudon and P. L. Knight, “Squeezed states,” JMO 34, 709–759 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Janszky and Y. Yushin, “Many-photon processes with the participation of squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 1288–1292 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).
  28. T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

G. Brida, M. Genovese, and I. Ruo Berchera, “Experimental realization of sub-shot-noise quantum imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4, 227–230 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Brida, I. P. Degiovanni, M. Genovese, M. L. Rastello, and I. Ruo-Berchera, “Detection of multimode spatial correlation in PDC and application to the absolute calibration of a CCD camera,” Opt. Express 18, 20572–20584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Baek and Y.-H. Kim, “Spectral properties of entangled photon pairs generated via frequency-degenerate type-I spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Dayan, “Theory of two-photon interactions with broadband down-converted light and entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Ch. Simon and D. Bouwmeester, “Theory of an entanglement laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 053601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

W. J. Munro and M. D. Reid, “Violation of Bell’s inequality by macroscopic states generated via parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 4412–4421 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

R. Loudon and P. L. Knight, “Squeezed states,” JMO 34, 709–759 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Janszky and Y. Yushin, “Many-photon processes with the participation of squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 1288–1292 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agafonov, I. N.

Allevi, A.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andreoni, A.

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baek, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Baek and Y.-H. Kim, “Spectral properties of entangled photon pairs generated via frequency-degenerate type-I spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blanchet, J.-L.

Bondani, M.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmeester, D.

Ch. Simon and D. Bouwmeester, “Theory of an entanglement laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 053601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brambilla, E.

O. Jedrkiewicz, J.-L. Blanchet, A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, and P. Di Trapani, “High visibility pump reconstruction via ultra broadband sum frequency mixing of intense phase-conjugated twin beams,” Opt. Express 19, 12903–12912 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brida, G.

G. Brida, M. Genovese, and I. Ruo Berchera, “Experimental realization of sub-shot-noise quantum imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4, 227–230 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Brida, I. P. Degiovanni, M. Genovese, M. L. Rastello, and I. Ruo-Berchera, “Detection of multimode spatial correlation in PDC and application to the absolute calibration of a CCD camera,” Opt. Express 18, 20572–20584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burlakov, A. V.

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chekhova, M.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chekhova, M. V.

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and O. A. Shcherbina, “Absolute calibration of photodetectors: photocurrent multiplication versus photocurrent subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1329–1331 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).

Clerici, M.

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dayan, B.

B. Dayan, “Theory of two-photon interactions with broadband down-converted light and entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Martini, F.

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Degiovanni, I. P.

Di Trapani, P.

O. Jedrkiewicz, J.-L. Blanchet, A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, and P. Di Trapani, “High visibility pump reconstruction via ultra broadband sum frequency mixing of intense phase-conjugated twin beams,” Opt. Express 19, 12903–12912 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gatti, A.

O. Jedrkiewicz, J.-L. Blanchet, A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, and P. Di Trapani, “High visibility pump reconstruction via ultra broadband sum frequency mixing of intense phase-conjugated twin beams,” Opt. Express 19, 12903–12912 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Genovese, M.

G. Brida, I. P. Degiovanni, M. Genovese, M. L. Rastello, and I. Ruo-Berchera, “Detection of multimode spatial correlation in PDC and application to the absolute calibration of a CCD camera,” Opt. Express 18, 20572–20584 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Brida, M. Genovese, and I. Ruo Berchera, “Experimental realization of sub-shot-noise quantum imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4, 227–230 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gerasimov, L. V.

L. V. Gerasimov, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, and M. D. Havey, “Quantum hologram of macroscopically entangled light via the mechanism of diffuse light storage,” arXiv:1111.6669v1 [quant-ph] 29Nov2011.

Grice, W. P.

Havey, M. D.

L. V. Gerasimov, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, and M. D. Havey, “Quantum hologram of macroscopically entangled light via the mechanism of diffuse light storage,” arXiv:1111.6669v1 [quant-ph] 29Nov2011.

Iskhakov, T.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iskhakov, T. S.

Iskhakov, T. Sh.

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).

Ivanova, O. A.

O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Janszky, J.

J. Janszky and Y. Yushin, “Many-photon processes with the participation of squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 1288–1292 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jedrkiewicz, O.

O. Jedrkiewicz, J.-L. Blanchet, A. Gatti, E. Brambilla, and P. Di Trapani, “High visibility pump reconstruction via ultra broadband sum frequency mixing of intense phase-conjugated twin beams,” Opt. Express 19, 12903–12912 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.-K

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, D. A.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-H.

S.-Y. Baek and Y.-H. Kim, “Spectral properties of entangled photon pairs generated via frequency-degenerate type-I spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Kim and W. P. Grice, “Measurement of the spectral properties of the two-photon state generated via type II spontaneous parametric downconversion,” Opt. Lett. 30, 908–910 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klyshko, D. N.

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Klyshko, Physical Foundations of Quantum Electronics (World Scientific, 2011).

D. N. KlyshkoPhotons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon and Breach, 1988).

Knight, P. L.

R. Loudon and P. L. Knight, “Squeezed states,” JMO 34, 709–759 (1987).
[CrossRef]

König, F.

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Korolkova, N.

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kulik, S. P.

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kupriyanov, D. V.

L. V. Gerasimov, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, and M. D. Havey, “Quantum hologram of macroscopically entangled light via the mechanism of diffuse light storage,” arXiv:1111.6669v1 [quant-ph] 29Nov2011.

Kurtsiefer, C.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lamas-Linares, A.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leuchs, G.

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).

Lopaeva, E. D.

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon and P. L. Knight, “Squeezed states,” JMO 34, 709–759 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Lugiato, L. A.

E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lum, C. Y.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marcikic, I.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Meda, A.

G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Munro, W. J.

W. J. Munro and M. D. Reid, “Violation of Bell’s inequality by macroscopic states generated via parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 4412–4421 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paris, M. G. A.

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Penin, A. N.

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and O. A. Shcherbina, “Absolute calibration of photodetectors: photocurrent multiplication versus photocurrent subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1329–1331 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Perez, A.

T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).

Picozzi, A.

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poh, H. S.

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Predazzi, E.

G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rastello, M. L.

Reid, M. D.

W. J. Munro and M. D. Reid, “Violation of Bell’s inequality by macroscopic states generated via parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 4412–4421 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruo Berchera, I.

G. Brida, M. Genovese, and I. Ruo Berchera, “Experimental realization of sub-shot-noise quantum imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4, 227–230 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ruo-Berchera, I.

Rytikov, G. O.

I. N. Agafonov, M. V. Chekhova, T. S. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and O. A. Shcherbina, “Absolute calibration of photodetectors: photocurrent multiplication versus photocurrent subtraction,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1329–1331 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sala, V. G.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

San Miguel, M.

A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sciarrino, F.

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbina, O. A.

Shih, Y. H.

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Simon, Ch.

Ch. Simon and D. Bouwmeester, “Theory of an entanglement laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 053601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sizmann, A.

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, I. M.

L. V. Gerasimov, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, and M. D. Havey, “Quantum hologram of macroscopically entangled light via the mechanism of diffuse light storage,” arXiv:1111.6669v1 [quant-ph] 29Nov2011.

Spagnolo, N.

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spälter, S.

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spasibko, K. Yu.

T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).

Strekalov, D. V.

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, M.

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toffoli, L.

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vitelli, C.

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yushin, Y.

J. Janszky and Y. Yushin, “Many-photon processes with the participation of squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 1288–1292 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zambra, G.

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zambrini, R.

A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. (1)

T. Iskhakov, A. Allevi, D. A. Kalashnikov, V. G. Sala, M. Takeuchi, M. Bondani, and M. Chekhova, “Intensity correlations of thermal light,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Top. 199, 127–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. Brida, M. Genovese, A. Meda, I. Ruo-Berchera, and E. Predazzi, “Tailoring PDC speckle structure,” J. Mod. Opt. 56, 201–211 (2009).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

T. Sh. Iskhakov, E. D. Lopaeva, A. N. Penin, G. O. Rytikov, and M. V. Chekhova “Two methods for detecting nonclassical correlations in parametric scattering of light,” JETP Lett. 88, 660–664 (2008).
[CrossRef]

JMO (1)

R. Loudon and P. L. Knight, “Squeezed states,” JMO 34, 709–759 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

G. Brida, M. Genovese, and I. Ruo Berchera, “Experimental realization of sub-shot-noise quantum imaging,” Nat. Photonics 4, 227–230 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (10)

J. Janszky and Y. Yushin, “Many-photon processes with the participation of squeezed light,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 1288–1292 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bondani, A. Allevi, G. Zambra, M. G. A. Paris, and A. Andreoni, “Sub-shot-noise photon-number correlation in a mesoscopic twin beam of light,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 013833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Burlakov, M. V. Chekhova, D. N. Klyshko, S. P. Kulik, A. N. Penin, Y. H. Shih, and D. V. Strekalov, “Interference effects in spontaneous two-photon parametric scattering from two macroscopic regions,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 3214–3225 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Munro and M. D. Reid, “Violation of Bell’s inequality by macroscopic states generated via parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 4412–4421 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gatti, R. Zambrini, M. San Miguel, and L. A. Lugiato, “Multiphoton multimode polarization entanglement in parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053807 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Vitelli, N. Spagnolo, L. Toffoli, F. Sciarrino, and F. De Martini, “Quantum-to-classical transition via fuzzy measurements on high-gain spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 032123 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, and L. A. Lugiato, “Simultaneous near-field and far-field spatial quantum correlations in the high-gain regime of parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 023802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Dayan, “Theory of two-photon interactions with broadband down-converted light and entangled photons,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 043813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Poh, C. Y. Lum, I. Marcikic, A. Lamas-Linares, and C. Kurtsiefer, “Joint spectrum mapping of polarization entanglement in spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 043816 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Baek and Y.-H. Kim, “Spectral properties of entangled photon pairs generated via frequency-degenerate type-I spontaneous parametric down-conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043807 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

Ch. Simon and D. Bouwmeester, “Theory of an entanglement laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 053601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Jedrkiewicz, A. Picozzi, M. Clerici, D. Faccio, and P. Di Trapani, “Emergence of x-shaped spatiotemporal coherence in optical waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 243903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. Jedrkiewicz, Y.-K Jiang, E. Brambilla, A. Gatti, M. Bache, L. A. Lugiato, and P. Di Trapani, “Detection of sub-shot-noise spatial correlation in high-gain parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 243601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Spälter, N. Korolkova, F. König, A. Sizmann, and G. Leuchs, “Observation of multimode quantum correlations in fiber optical solitons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 786–789 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

O. A. Ivanova, T. Sh. Iskhakov, A. N. Penin, and M. V. Chekhova, “Multiphoton correlations in parametric down-conversion and their measurement in the pulsed regime,” Quantum Electron. 36, 951–956 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. N. Klyshko, Physical Foundations of Quantum Electronics (World Scientific, 2011).

D. N. KlyshkoPhotons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon and Breach, 1988).

L. V. Gerasimov, I. M. Sokolov, D. V. Kupriyanov, and M. D. Havey, “Quantum hologram of macroscopically entangled light via the mechanism of diffuse light storage,” arXiv:1111.6669v1 [quant-ph] 29Nov2011.

T. Sh. Iskhakov, K. Yu. Spasibko, A. Perez, M. V. Chekhova, and G. Leuchs, “Super-bunched bright squeezed vacuum state,” (submitted) (2012).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The experimental setup. PDC is generated in a type-I BBO crystal with the 3rd harmonic of Nd:YAG laser as a pump. The pump power can be changed using a halfwave plate HWP and a Glan prism GP. The pump is eliminated with a dichroic mirror DM. For PDC radiation, a narrow angular spectrum is selected with an aperture A. The spectral properties are studied using a spectrometer and a CCD camera. The inset shows the dependence of the PDC output intensity on the pump power.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The dependence of the PDC spectral width on the parametric gain. The insets show the shapes of the spectra at gain values 3.9 (left) and 6.5 (right). The dashed line is exact calculation using the theoretical approach of Ref. [17].

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The measured type-I PDC spectrum before (red circles) and after (black squares) the correction by λ4 factor. The spectrum corresponds to the gain value G = 6.5 ± 0.1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized variance of the difference between the PDC intensities at a given wavelength 702.4 nm and scanned wavelengths. Different curves correspond to different gain values: 6.4 (lower curve, black), 6.5 (middle curve, red), and 6.8 (upper curve, blue).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Two-dimensional distribution of the covariance for the PDC intensities measured at signal and idler wavelengths (left) and its zoomed central part (right). The gain value is 6.5. The covariance is normalized to its maximum value.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I = I 0 sinh 2 ( κ P ) ,
m = V det V coh .
S coh 1 ( Δ k ) 2 λ 2 , t coh 1 Δ ω λ 2 Δ λ ,
Var ( N s N i ) = ( g ss ( 2 ) 1 ) N s 2 + ( g ii ( 2 ) 1 ) N i 2 2 ( g si ( 2 ) 1 ) N s N i + N s + N i ,
Cov ( N s , N i ) N s N i N s N i .

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