Abstract

Dicke superradiance from a two-section violet GaN/InGaN semiconductor laser diode is demonstrated for the first time. In the superradiance regime, optical pulses with peak powers in excess of 2.8 W and durations as short as 1.4 ps are generated at repetition rates of up to 10 MHz at the emission wavelength of 408 nm. The properties of superradiant pulse generation from these GaN/InGaN laser diodes are very similar to those reported for infrared AlGaAs/GaAs laser diodes.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. H. Dicke, “Coherence in spontaneous radiation processes,” Phys. Rev. 93(1), 99–110 (1954).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. P. Vasil’ev, “Femtosecond superradiant emission in inorganic semiconductors,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 72(7), 076501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. P. Vasil’ev, “Conditions and possible mechanism of condensation of e-h pairs in bulk GaAs at room temperature,” Phys. Status Solidi B. 241(6), 1251–1260 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Xia, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and P. P. Vasil'ev, “Superradiant emission from a tapered quantum-dot semiconductor diode emitter,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMY2.
  5. M. Xia, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and P. P. Vasil’ev, “Superradiant emission from AlInGaAs/InGaAsP quantum-well waveguides,” in Proceedings of IEEE European Conference Integrated Optics (IEEE, 2010), paper THD5.
  6. R. Connally, D. Y. Jin, and J. Piper, “High intensity solid-state UV source for time-gated luminescence microscopy,” Cytometry A 69A(9), 1020–1027 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. H. Strickler and W. W. Webb, “Three-dimensional optical data storage in refractive media by two-photon point excitation,” Opt. Lett. 16(22), 1780–1782 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Y. Lau, “Short-pulse and high frequency signal generation in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 400–419 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. Olle, P. P. Vasil'ev, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “High power short pulse generation at high repetition rate from InGaN violet laser diodes,” in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper JWA82.

2010

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Femtosecond superradiant emission in inorganic semiconductors,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 72(7), 076501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. Connally, D. Y. Jin, and J. Piper, “High intensity solid-state UV source for time-gated luminescence microscopy,” Cytometry A 69A(9), 1020–1027 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Conditions and possible mechanism of condensation of e-h pairs in bulk GaAs at room temperature,” Phys. Status Solidi B. 241(6), 1251–1260 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1991

1989

K. Y. Lau, “Short-pulse and high frequency signal generation in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 400–419 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1954

R. H. Dicke, “Coherence in spontaneous radiation processes,” Phys. Rev. 93(1), 99–110 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Connally, R.

R. Connally, D. Y. Jin, and J. Piper, “High intensity solid-state UV source for time-gated luminescence microscopy,” Cytometry A 69A(9), 1020–1027 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dicke, R. H.

R. H. Dicke, “Coherence in spontaneous radiation processes,” Phys. Rev. 93(1), 99–110 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Gebhardt, C. R.

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, M.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jin, D. Y.

R. Connally, D. Y. Jin, and J. Piper, “High intensity solid-state UV source for time-gated luminescence microscopy,” Cytometry A 69A(9), 1020–1027 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kidsopoulos, T. N.

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koda, R.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kono, S.

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuramoto, M.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ladopoulos, V.

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lau, K. Y.

K. Y. Lau, “Short-pulse and high frequency signal generation in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 400–419 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mayajima, T.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, T.

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oki, T.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J.

R. Connally, D. Y. Jin, and J. Piper, “High intensity solid-state UV source for time-gated luminescence microscopy,” Cytometry A 69A(9), 1020–1027 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rakitzis, T. P.

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Samartzis, P. C.

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Strickler, J. H.

Vasil’ev, P. P.

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Femtosecond superradiant emission in inorganic semiconductors,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 72(7), 076501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Conditions and possible mechanism of condensation of e-h pairs in bulk GaAs at room temperature,” Phys. Status Solidi B. 241(6), 1251–1260 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, H.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Webb, W. W.

Yokoyama, H.

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. Kono, T. Oki, T. Miyajima, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “12 W peak-power 10 ps duration optical pulse generation by gain switching of a single-transverse-mode GaInN blue laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(13), 131113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Koda, T. Oki, T. Mayajima, H. Watanabe, M. Kuramoto, M. Ikeda, and H. Yokoyama, “100 W peak-power 1 GHz repetition picoseconds optical pulse generation using blue-violet GaInN diode laser mode-locked oscillator and optical amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(2), 021101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cytometry A

R. Connally, D. Y. Jin, and J. Piper, “High intensity solid-state UV source for time-gated luminescence microscopy,” Cytometry A 69A(9), 1020–1027 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol.

K. Y. Lau, “Short-pulse and high frequency signal generation in semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(2), 400–419 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

R. H. Dicke, “Coherence in spontaneous radiation processes,” Phys. Rev. 93(1), 99–110 (1954).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B.

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Conditions and possible mechanism of condensation of e-h pairs in bulk GaAs at room temperature,” Phys. Status Solidi B. 241(6), 1251–1260 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys.

P. P. Vasil’ev, “Femtosecond superradiant emission in inorganic semiconductors,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 72(7), 076501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

C. R. Gebhardt, T. P. Rakitzis, P. C. Samartzis, V. Ladopoulos, and T. N. Kidsopoulos, “Slice imaging: a new approach to ion imaging and velocity mapping,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(10), 3848–3853 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Xia, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and P. P. Vasil'ev, “Superradiant emission from a tapered quantum-dot semiconductor diode emitter,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CMY2.

M. Xia, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and P. P. Vasil’ev, “Superradiant emission from AlInGaAs/InGaAsP quantum-well waveguides,” in Proceedings of IEEE European Conference Integrated Optics (IEEE, 2010), paper THD5.

V. Olle, P. P. Vasil'ev, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “High power short pulse generation at high repetition rate from InGaN violet laser diodes,” in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper JWA82.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Electrical pulse waveform with amplitude of 190 mA, pulsewidth equal to 9 ns applied to the gain section and output waveforms for gain section biased with 190 mA, 9 ns long el. pulse and absorber biased with (b) −1.9 V, (c) −3.4 V and (d) −3.7 V.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Streak camera photos and superradiant pulse traces from a laser diode biased at 250 mA current and –7.0 V reverse bias (a) and from a laser diode biased at 270 mA and –5.4 V (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse train for (a) single contact device and pulse current equal to 140 mA and (b) a two-section device at biased with pulsed current equal to 190 mA and reverse biased absorber at −3.5 V.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Jitter measured for (a) single contact laser diode as a function of increased pulsed current amplitude (gain-switching) for (b) two-section laser diode with fixed pulsed current amplitude and increased reverse voltage (superradiant regime).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectra acquired for gain-switched (black) and superradiance regime (red)

Metrics