Abstract

We demonstrate a cryogenically cooled Ti:sapphire ultrafast regenerative amplifier laser system producing >20 μJ energies at 50 kHz, >12 μJ at 200 kHz and >3.5 μJ at 1MHz with repetition rates continuously tunable from 50 kHz up to 1.7 MHz in a footprint of only 60x180 cm2. This laser uses down-chirped pulse amplification employing a grism stretcher and a glass-block compressor, achieving sub-60-fs pulse duration. This laser represents a several-times improvement in repetition-rate and average power over past Ti:sapphire-based ultrafast lasers in this class. We discuss the unique challenges and solutions for this laser system. This laser system has wide applications especially in ultrafast photoemission, nonlinear imaging and spectroscopy, as well as for micro/nano-machining and ultrafast laser therapy and surgery.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2010

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, P. Baum, “Single-electron pulses for ultrafast diffraction,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(46), 19714–19719 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Yang, O. F. Mohammed, A. H. Zewail, “Scanning ultrafast electron microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(34), 14993–14998 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

R. R. Gattass, E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sueda, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, “LD pumped Yb: YAG regenerative amplifier for high average power short-pulse generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 271–275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zaouter, D. N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, J. Boullet, L. Huang, C. Aguergaray, F. Druon, E. Mottay, P. Georges, E. Cormier, “Stretcher-free high energy nonlinear amplification of femtosecond pulses in rod-type fibers,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 107–109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

X. B. Zhou, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, “Positive-dispersion cavity-dumped Ti: sapphire laser oscillator and its application to white light generation,” Opt. Express 14(21), 9750–9757 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

D. M. Gaudiosi, A. L. Lytle, P. Kohl, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, S. Backus, “11-W average power Ti:sapphire amplifier system using downchirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 29(22), 2665–2667 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Nickel, C. Stolzenburg, A. Giesen, F. Butze, “Ultrafast thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 regenerative amplifier with a 200-kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2764–2766 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. S. Jin, A. Ben-Yakar, “Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy,” Nature 432(7019), 822 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2001

1999

1993

1992

1980

W. H. Lowdermilk, J. E. Murray, “The Multipass Amplifier - Theory and Numerical-Analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(5), 2436–2444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Aguergaray, C.

Aidelsburger, M.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, P. Baum, “Single-electron pulses for ultrafast diffraction,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(46), 19714–19719 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asaki, M. T.

Backus, S.

Bartels, R.

Baum, P.

Ben-Yakar, A.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. S. Jin, A. Ben-Yakar, “Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy,” Nature 432(7019), 822 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beutter, M.

Boullet, J.

Bouma, B. E.

Bourgeois, F.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butze, F.

Chisholm, A. D.

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. S. Jin, A. Ben-Yakar, “Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy,” Nature 432(7019), 822 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, S. H.

Chokshi, T.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chronis, N.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cinar, H.

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. S. Jin, A. Ben-Yakar, “Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy,” Nature 432(7019), 822 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cinar, H. N.

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. S. Jin, A. Ben-Yakar, “Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy,” Nature 432(7019), 822 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cormier, E.

Courjaud, A.

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dantan, A.

Delaigue, M.

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dollinger, R.

Dörring, J.

Druon, F.

Durr, N. J.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eidam, T.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Garvey, D.

Gattass, R. R.

R. R. Gattass, E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gaudiosi, D. M.

Georges, P.

Giesen, A.

Gottschall, T.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

Guo, S. X.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hadrich, S.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, M.

Hilliard, M. A.

S. X. Guo, F. Bourgeois, T. Chokshi, N. J. Durr, M. A. Hilliard, N. Chronis, A. Ben-Yakar, “Femtosecond laser nanoaxotomy lab-on-a-chip for in vivo nerve regeneration studies,” Nat. Methods 5(6), 531–533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Honninger, C.

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. P.

Huang, L.

Huber, R.

Ippen, E. P.

Jim, Y.

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, Y. S.

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. S. Jin, A. Ben-Yakar, “Neurosurgery: functional regeneration after laser axotomy,” Nature 432(7019), 822 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonas, D. M.

D. M. Jonas, “Two-dimensional femtosecond spectroscopy,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54(1), 425–463 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kawato, S.

K. Sueda, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, “LD pumped Yb: YAG regenerative amplifier for high average power short-pulse generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 271–275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Killi, A.

Kirchner, F. O.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, P. Baum, “Single-electron pulses for ultrafast diffraction,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(46), 19714–19719 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

K. Sueda, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, “LD pumped Yb: YAG regenerative amplifier for high average power short-pulse generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 271–275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kohl, P.

Kopf, D.

Krausz, F.

M. Aidelsburger, F. O. Kirchner, F. Krausz, P. Baum, “Single-electron pulses for ultrafast diffraction,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(46), 19714–19719 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laurat, J.

Lederer, M. J.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Limpert, J.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

W. H. Lowdermilk, J. E. Murray, “The Multipass Amplifier - Theory and Numerical-Analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(5), 2436–2444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lytle, A. L.

Manek-Honinger, I.

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazur, E.

R. R. Gattass, E. Mazur, “Femtosecond laser micromachining in transparent materials,” Nat. Photonics 2(4), 219–225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mohammed, O. F.

D. S. Yang, O. F. Mohammed, A. H. Zewail, “Scanning ultrafast electron microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(34), 14993–14998 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morgner, U.

Mottay, E.

Y. Zaouter, D. N. Papadopoulos, M. Hanna, J. Boullet, L. Huang, C. Aguergaray, F. Druon, E. Mottay, P. Georges, E. Cormier, “Stretcher-free high energy nonlinear amplification of femtosecond pulses in rod-type fibers,” Opt. Lett. 33(2), 107–109 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M.

Murnane, M. M.

Murray, J. E.

W. H. Lowdermilk, J. E. Murray, “The Multipass Amplifier - Theory and Numerical-Analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 51(5), 2436–2444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nickel, D.

Norris, T. B.

Ourjoumtsev, A.

Papadopoulos, D. N.

Paye, J.

Ramaswamy, M.

Riedle, E.

Rigail, P.

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roser, F.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, J.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

M. Delaigue, I. Manek-Honinger, F. Salin, C. Honninger, P. Rigail, A. Courjaud, E. Mottay, “300 kHz femtosecond Yb:KGW regenerative amplifier using an acousto-optic Q-switch,” Appl. Phys, B. Lasers Opt. 84(3), 375–378 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seise, E.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Stolzenburg, C.

Sueda, K.

K. Sueda, S. Kawato, T. Kobayashi, “LD pumped Yb: YAG regenerative amplifier for high average power short-pulse generation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 271–275 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, S.

Tualle-Brouri, R.

Tunnermann, A.

T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, F. Roser, E. Seise, T. Gottschall, J. Rothhardt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, “A 325-W-Average-Power Fiber CPA System Delivering Sub-400 fs Pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(1), 187–190 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ulman, M.

Yang, D. S.

D. S. Yang, O. F. Mohammed, A. H. Zewail, “Scanning ultrafast electron microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107(34), 14993–14998 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik, H. Cinar, H. N. Cinar, A. D. Chisholm, Y. Jim, A. Ben-Yakar, “Axon regeneration in C. elegans after femtosecond laser axotomy,” Nature 432, 822–823 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of cryogenically-cooled MHz regenerative amplifier system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser pulse measurement. a) Laser spectral intensity and phase; b) Laser temporal intensity and phase; Inset: SHG FROG trace. The 51fs duration of the measured pulses is close to the transform limit of the spectrum centered at 793 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Amplifier output energy versus repetition rate for different seed pulse energies; b) laser power long-term stability for 8 hours at 1.5 MHz using 2 nJ seed energy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope traces of amplified laser pulse train at 1 MHz with 2 nJ seed pulses for a) 20 passes, b) 35 passes, and c) 50 passes through the amplifier laser crystal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser pulse energy ratio ( J p r e v i o u s J l a t e r ) / J p r e v i o u s v.s. number of passes through the laser crystal at different repetition rates. When the ratio is zero, the two adjacent pulses have the same pulse energy. When the ratio is 1, the first pulse completely suppresses the gain of a later pulse.

Equations (3)

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J k + 1 = T J s ,
g k + 1 = g k 0.5 ( J k + 1 T 1 J k ) / J s ,
g ( t ) = g 0 ( g 0 g f ) e t / τ f ,

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