Abstract

We report on the generation and amplification of pulses with pulse widths of 400 – 1000 ps at 1064 nm. For pulse generation an ultra-fast semiconductor modulator is used that modulates a cw-beam of a DFB diode laser. The pulse lengths could be adjusted by the use of a voltage control. The pulses were amplified in a solid state Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier to an average power of up to 47.7 W at 100 – 816 kHz.

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  1. G. P. A. Malcolm and A. I. Ferguson, “Mode-locking of diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(7), 705–717 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Lührmann, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Efficient generation of mode-locked pulses in Nd:YVO4 with a pulse duration adjustable between 34 ps and 1 ns,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6177–6186 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4 MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
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  7. A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).
  8. A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).
  9. M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Dörring, A. Killi, U. Morgner, A. Lang, M. Lederer, and D. Kopf, “Period doubling and deterministic chaos in continuously pumped regenerative amplifiers,” Opt. Express 12(8), 1759–1768 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  12. C. Bibeau, S. A. Payne, and H. T. Powell, “Direct measurements of the terminal laser level lifetime in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12(10), 1981–1992 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. ISO Standard 11146, “Lasers and laser-related equipment – Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios” (2005).

2011 (2)

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

G. P. A. Malcolm and A. I. Ferguson, “Mode-locking of diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(7), 705–717 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, K.

Bibeau, C.

Braun, B.

Dill, C.

Dörring, J.

Erbert, G.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

Ferguson, A. I.

G. P. A. Malcolm and A. I. Ferguson, “Mode-locking of diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(7), 705–717 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

Gini, E.

Grishin, M.

Gulbinas, V.

Harth, F.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, W.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).

Hoffmann, T.

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).

Hoffmann, Th.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

Horiuchi, R.

Keller, U.

Killi, A.

Klehr, A.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).

Knappe, R.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

L’huillier, J. A.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Lührmann, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Efficient generation of mode-locked pulses in Nd:YVO4 with a pulse duration adjustable between 34 ps and 1 ns,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6177–6186 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lang, A.

Lederer, M.

Liero, A.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).

Lührmann, M.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Lührmann, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Efficient generation of mode-locked pulses in Nd:YVO4 with a pulse duration adjustable between 34 ps and 1 ns,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6177–6186 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malcolm, G. P. A.

G. P. A. Malcolm and A. I. Ferguson, “Mode-locking of diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(7), 705–717 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Michailovas, A.

Morgner, U.

Moser, M.

Nebel, A.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Payne, S. A.

Powell, H. T.

Schwertfeger, S.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).

Spühler, G. J.

Tei, K.

Theobald, C.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Lührmann, C. Theobald, R. Wallenstein, and J. A. L’huillier, “Efficient generation of mode-locked pulses in Nd:YVO4 with a pulse duration adjustable between 34 ps and 1 ns,” Opt. Express 17(8), 6177–6186 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tränkle, G.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

Ulm, T.

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Watanabe, G.

Wenzel, H.

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

Yamaguchi, S.

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zhang, G.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. P. A. Malcolm and A. I. Ferguson, “Mode-locking of diode laser-pumped solid-state lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 24(7), 705–717 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Lührmann, F. Harth, C. Theobald, T. Ulm, R. Knappe, A. Nebel, A. Klehr, G. Erbert, and J. A. L’huillier, “High average power Nd:YVO4 regenerative amplifier seeded by a gain switched diode laser,” Proc. SPIE 7912, 791210 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Klehr, A. Liero, Th. Hoffmann, S. Schwertfeger, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, W. Heinrich, and G. Tränkle, “Compact ps-pulse laser source with free adjustable repetition rate and nJ pulse energy on microbench,” Proc. SPIE 7953, 79531D-1 (2011).

Other (2)

A. Liero, A. Klehr, S. Schwertfeger, T. Hoffmann, and W. Heinrich, “Laser driver switching 20 A with 2 ns pulse width using GaN,” IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Anaheim, CA, May 25–27, pp. 1110–1113 (2010).

ISO Standard 11146, “Lasers and laser-related equipment – Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios” (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the laser system. DFB: DFB-diode laser. FI: Faraday Isolator. MOD: semiconductor modulator. TA: Tapered amplifier. TFP: Thin film polarizer. FR: Faraday Rotator. BBO: BBO pockels cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Pulse lengths of 400 – 1000 ps could be achieved by simply using a voltage control. (b) No broadband ASE was detectable.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Estimation of cw-background by varying the repetition rate. The pulse width is 1000 ps. (b) Amplitude stability for 1000 pulses with 400 ps pulse width fitted by a bell-shaped curve.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Output power of 400 ps pulses at different repetition rates. The number of round trips in the cavity has to be decreased for decreasing repetition rate. (b) The output power slightly increases for increasing pulse widths.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) 400 ps pulses and (b) 1000 ps pulses before and after the amplification.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) CCD camera image of the beam profile of the regenerative amplifier. (b) Amplitude stability for 1000 pulses with 400 ps pulse width after amplification fitted by a bell-shaped curve.

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