Abstract

We measured the thermal properties of Nd:Lu3Sc1.5Ga3.5O12 (Nd:LuSGG) crystal, including the thermal expansion coefficient, specific heat, and thermal diffusion coefficient. The calculated thermal conductivity is 4.4 W/mK at room temperature. A high-power continuous-wave and passively Q-switched Nd:LuSGG laser was also demonstrated. Continuous-wave output power of 6.96 W is obtained which is the highest power with this material. For the first time to our knowledge, the passively Q-switched Nd:LuSGG laser is reported with the shortest pulse width, largest pulse energy, and highest peak power are achieved to be 5.1 ns, 62.5 μJ, and 12 kW, respectively. By spectral analysis, it has been found that the Nd:LuSGG laser was located at 1059 nm under low pump power, and became dual-wavelength at 1061.5 and 1059 nm when the incident pump power is over 2.27 W. The generating mechanism of dual-wavelength laser is also discussed.

© 2012 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Van-Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium, and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Zhang, P. Shi, and L. Li, “Semianalytical thermal analysis of rectangle Nd:GGG in heat capacity laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 137–142 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient triwavelength laser with a Nd:YGG garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1801–1803 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. F. Chen, M. L. Ku, L. Y. Tsai, and Y. C. Chen, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched picosecond Nd:GDxY1-xVO4 self-stimulated Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 29(19), 2279–2281 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. L. He, Y. X. Fan, J. Du, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, L. H. Zhang, and Y. Hang, “4-ps passively mode-locked Nd:Gd0.5Y0.5VO4 laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 29(23), 2803–2805 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Wu, L. Z. Hao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Science Press, Beijing, in Chinese, 42, 2002).
  14. T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Koechner, “Thermal lensing in a Nd:YAG laser rod,” Appl. Opt. 9(11), 2548–2553 (1970).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, H. H. Yu, S. Q. Sun, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal characterization of lowly Nd3+ doped disordered Nd:CNGG crystal,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9270–9275 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  18. U. O. Farrukh, A. M. Buoncristiani, and C. E. Byvik, “An analysis of the temperature distribution in finite solid-state laser rods,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(11), 2253–2263 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2011

K. Wu, L. Z. Hao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

L. Zhang, P. Shi, and L. Li, “Semianalytical thermal analysis of rectangle Nd:GGG in heat capacity laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 137–142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient triwavelength laser with a Nd:YGG garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1801–1803 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2007

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988

U. O. Farrukh, A. M. Buoncristiani, and C. E. Byvik, “An analysis of the temperature distribution in finite solid-state laser rods,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(11), 2253–2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1970

1966

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1964

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Van-Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium, and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ansell, S.

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boulon, G.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Buoncristiani, A. M.

U. O. Farrukh, A. M. Buoncristiani, and C. E. Byvik, “An analysis of the temperature distribution in finite solid-state laser rods,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(11), 2253–2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Buoncristiani, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Byvik, C. E.

U. O. Farrukh, A. M. Buoncristiani, and C. E. Byvik, “An analysis of the temperature distribution in finite solid-state laser rods,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(11), 2253–2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. C.

Chen, Y. F.

Clay, R. A.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Cong, H. J.

K. Wu, L. Z. Hao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dibartolo, B.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ding, A.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Du, C. L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Du, J.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

Farrukh, U. O.

U. O. Farrukh, A. M. Buoncristiani, and C. E. Byvik, “An analysis of the temperature distribution in finite solid-state laser rods,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(11), 2253–2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, J. E.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Van-Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium, and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Hang, Y.

Hao, L. Z.

K. Wu, L. Z. Hao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

Hixson, A. D.

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, F. Y.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M. H.

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

Kornienko, A.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krishnan, S.

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ku, M. L.

Li, L.

L. Zhang, P. Shi, and L. Li, “Semianalytical thermal analysis of rectangle Nd:GGG in heat capacity laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 137–142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Marcos, H. M.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Van-Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium, and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mironov, V.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nordine, P. C.

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ozygus, B.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L. J.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z. S.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shi, P.

L. Zhang, P. Shi, and L. Li, “Semianalytical thermal analysis of rectangle Nd:GGG in heat capacity laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 137–142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, S. Q.

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, L. Y.

Van-Uitert, L. G.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Van-Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium, and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, X. Q.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

Wang, Z. P.

Weber, H.

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Weber, J. K.

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, K.

K. Wu, L. Z. Hao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient triwavelength laser with a Nd:YGG garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1801–1803 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, H. R.

Xu, B. C.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H. Z.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yao, B.

K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, X. Y. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Efficient triwavelength laser with a Nd:YGG garnet crystal,” Opt. Lett. 35(11), 1801–1803 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. H.

Yu, Y. G.

Zhang, H. J.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, P. Shi, and L. Li, “Semianalytical thermal analysis of rectangle Nd:GGG in heat capacity laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 137–142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. H.

Zhang, X. Y.

Zhu, L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

L. Zhang, P. Shi, and L. Li, “Semianalytical thermal analysis of rectangle Nd:GGG in heat capacity laser,” Appl. Phys. B 101(1-2), 137–142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. Van-Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium, and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Meng, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1−xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1−xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

U. O. Farrukh, A. M. Buoncristiani, and C. E. Byvik, “An analysis of the temperature distribution in finite solid-state laser rods,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(11), 2253–2263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

K. Wu, B. Yao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

K. Wu, L. Z. Hao, H. J. Zhang, H. H. Yu, H. J. Cong, and J. Y. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Lett.

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. K. Weber, S. Krishnan, S. Ansell, A. D. Hixson, and P. C. Nordine, “Structure of liquid Y3Al5O12 (YAG),” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(16), 3622–3625 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res.

A. A. Kaminskii, G. Boulon, M. Buoncristiani, B. Dibartolo, A. Kornienko, and V. Mironov, “Spectroscopy of a new laser garnet Lu3Sc2Ga3O12:Nd3+. Intensity luminescence characteristics, stimulated emission, and full set of squared reduced-matrix elements | 〈 ‖U(t)‖ 〉 |2 for Nd3+ ions,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 141(2), 471–494 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering (Science Press, Beijing, in Chinese, 42, 2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics