Abstract

We propose a reflective three-dimensional (3D) display using a cholesteric liquid crystal (ChLC) with an inner patterned retarder producing half-wave retardation. The inner patterned retarder, fabricated by selective ultra-violet exposure to the aligned reactive mesogen, divides the circularly polarized light reflected from the ChLC layer into two orthogonal circular polarizations. These reflected orthogonal polarizations construct stereoscopic 3D images without any optical components such as a polarizer and backlight unit.

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  1. S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, “3-D displays: a review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J.-C. Liou, K. Lee, and F.-G. Tseng, “LED scanning backlight stereoscopic display with shutter glasses,” in Digest of Technical Papers of the 8th International Meeting on Information Display (IMID, Ilsan, Korea, 2008), 710–713.
  4. J.-C. Liou, K. Lee, F.-G. Tseng, J.-F. Huang, W.-T. Yen, and W.-L. Hsu, “Shutter glasses stereo LCD with a dynamic backlight,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XX, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE-IS&T Electronic Imaging 7237, 72370X1–8, San Jose, Calif. (2009).
  5. Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D display using patterned retarder,” in The Society of Information Display 2008 International Symposium, Digest of Tech. Papers (SID, LA, USA, 2008), 260–263.
  6. H. Hong, D. Lee, J. Jang, and M. Lim, “Analysis of dependence of user position and eyeglass on the performance of stereoscopic 3D of patterned retarder method,” in Digest of Technical Papers of the 9th International Meeting on Information Display (IMID, Ilsan, Korea, 2009), 1010–1013.
  7. P. Boher, T. Leroux, T. Bignon, and V. Collomb-Patton, “Multispectral polarization analysis of circular polarizer stereoscopic 3D display,” in Proceedings of Liquid Crystal Science and Technologies on International Display Workshop (IDW, Miyazaki, Japan, 2009), 1151–1154.
  8. J. C. Kirsch, B. K. Jones, J. L. Johnson, and D. A. Gregory, “Real-time, full-resolution liquid crystal-based stereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIV, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE-IS&T Electronic Imaging 6490, 64901B1–7, San Jose, Calif. (2007).
  9. G. Myhre and S. Pau, “Imaging capability of patterned liquid crystals,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6152–6158 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Tamaoki, “Cholesteric liquid crystals for color information technology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(15), 1135–1147 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. W. Berreman and T. J. Scheffer, “Bragg reflection of light from single-domain cholesteric liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(9), 577–581 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Shirvani-Mahdavi, E. Mohajerani, and S.-T. Wu, “Circularly polarized high-efficiency cholesteric liquid crystal lasers with a tunable nematic phase retarder,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5021–5027 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/viewmedia.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-5021&seq=0 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Mosini and N. V. Tabiryan, “Cholesteric liquid crystal resonators and systems with addressable colors,” Proc. of International Symposium on Electronic Image Device Engineering, Display Systems. SPIE1982, 28–33, Munich, FRG (1993).
  14. R. Harding, I. Gardiner, H.-J. Yoon, T. Perrett, O. Parri, and K. Skjonnemand, “Reactive liquid crystal materials for optically anisotropic patterned retarders,” in Lithography Asia 2008, Proc. SPIE 7140, 71402J1–8, Taipei, Taiwan (2008).
  15. K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

H. Shirvani-Mahdavi, E. Mohajerani, and S.-T. Wu, “Circularly polarized high-efficiency cholesteric liquid crystal lasers with a tunable nematic phase retarder,” Opt. Express 18(5), 5021–5027 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/viewmedia.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-5021&seq=0 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2002 (1)

D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

N. Tamaoki, “Cholesteric liquid crystals for color information technology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(15), 1135–1147 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, “3-D displays: a review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. W. Berreman and T. J. Scheffer, “Bragg reflection of light from single-domain cholesteric liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(9), 577–581 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, H.

D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bae, K.-S.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berreman, D. W.

D. W. Berreman and T. J. Scheffer, “Bragg reflection of light from single-domain cholesteric liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(9), 577–581 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Cha, U.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ichimura, K.

D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jang, J. E.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jang, Y.-J.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J. E.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S.-G.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-H.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsunaga, D.

D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mohajerani, E.

Moon, Y.-K.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Myhre, G.

Pastoor, S.

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, “3-D displays: a review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pau, S.

Scheffer, T. J.

D. W. Berreman and T. J. Scheffer, “Bragg reflection of light from single-domain cholesteric liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(9), 577–581 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shirvani-Mahdavi, H.

Tamaki, T.

D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tamaoki, N.

N. Tamaoki, “Cholesteric liquid crystals for color information technology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(15), 1135–1147 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wopking, M.

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, “3-D displays: a review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

Yu, C.-J.

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (2)

D. Matsunaga, T. Tamaki, H. Akiyama, and K. Ichimura, “Photofabrication of micro-patterned polarizing elements for stereoscopic sisplays,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(20), 1477–1480 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Tamaoki, “Cholesteric liquid crystals for color information technology,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(15), 1135–1147 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Displays (1)

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, “3-D displays: a review of current technologies,” Displays 17(2), 100–110 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K.-S. Bae, Y.-J. Jang, Y.-K. Moon, S.-G. Kang, U. Cha, C.-J. Yu, J. E. Jang, J. E. Jung, and J.-H. Kim, “Multicolor cholesteric liquid crystal display in a single-layered configuration using a multi-pitch stabilizations,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 49(8), 084103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. W. Berreman and T. J. Scheffer, “Bragg reflection of light from single-domain cholesteric liquid-crystal films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25(9), 577–581 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

J.-C. Liou, K. Lee, and F.-G. Tseng, “LED scanning backlight stereoscopic display with shutter glasses,” in Digest of Technical Papers of the 8th International Meeting on Information Display (IMID, Ilsan, Korea, 2008), 710–713.

J.-C. Liou, K. Lee, F.-G. Tseng, J.-F. Huang, W.-T. Yen, and W.-L. Hsu, “Shutter glasses stereo LCD with a dynamic backlight,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XX, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE-IS&T Electronic Imaging 7237, 72370X1–8, San Jose, Calif. (2009).

Y.-J. Wu, Y.-S. Jeng, P.-C. Yeh, C.-J. Hu, and W.-M. Huang, “Stereoscopic 3D display using patterned retarder,” in The Society of Information Display 2008 International Symposium, Digest of Tech. Papers (SID, LA, USA, 2008), 260–263.

H. Hong, D. Lee, J. Jang, and M. Lim, “Analysis of dependence of user position and eyeglass on the performance of stereoscopic 3D of patterned retarder method,” in Digest of Technical Papers of the 9th International Meeting on Information Display (IMID, Ilsan, Korea, 2009), 1010–1013.

P. Boher, T. Leroux, T. Bignon, and V. Collomb-Patton, “Multispectral polarization analysis of circular polarizer stereoscopic 3D display,” in Proceedings of Liquid Crystal Science and Technologies on International Display Workshop (IDW, Miyazaki, Japan, 2009), 1151–1154.

J. C. Kirsch, B. K. Jones, J. L. Johnson, and D. A. Gregory, “Real-time, full-resolution liquid crystal-based stereoscopic display,” in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XIV, Photonics West, Proc. SPIE-IS&T Electronic Imaging 6490, 64901B1–7, San Jose, Calif. (2007).

F. Mosini and N. V. Tabiryan, “Cholesteric liquid crystal resonators and systems with addressable colors,” Proc. of International Symposium on Electronic Image Device Engineering, Display Systems. SPIE1982, 28–33, Munich, FRG (1993).

R. Harding, I. Gardiner, H.-J. Yoon, T. Perrett, O. Parri, and K. Skjonnemand, “Reactive liquid crystal materials for optically anisotropic patterned retarders,” in Lithography Asia 2008, Proc. SPIE 7140, 71402J1–8, Taipei, Taiwan (2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the ChLC device with the inner patterned retarder for the reflective 3D display.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Polarization microscopic textures of the patterned retarder under crossed polarizers and parallel polarizers. Letters “A” and “P” denote the directions of the analyzer and polarizer, respectively. (b) The surface morphology and the phase retardation of the corresponding patterned retarder.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Microscopic textures of our ChLC device under (a) left-handed circular polarizer and (b) right-handed circular polarizer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Prototype images of our reflective 3D ChLC cell in a stereoscopic type using the circularly polarized eyeglasses: images under (a) left-handed circular polarizer and (b) left-handed circular polarizer.

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