Abstract

Based on the transformation media theory, we proposed a way to control the scattering of a cavity, or trench, located on a metallic plane. Specifically, we show how is possible to design transformation medium to fill up a cavity with arbitrary cross section, which is capable of enhancing the specularly reflection wave. As the inverse problem, we also address the design of transformation medium coating, which is laid on the metallic plane, to mimic the scattering of the cavity. Based on the effective medium theory, the transformation medium for the case of a polygonal cavity can be realized by oblique layered structures, and each layered structure is consisting of two kinds of isotropic dielectrics, thus leading an ease of practical fabrication.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. A. Cummer, B.-I. Popa, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 036621 (2006).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. Y. Huang, Y. Feng, and T. Jiang, “Electromagnetic cloaking by layered structure of homogeneous isotropic materials,” Opt. Express15(18), 11133–11141 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Farhat, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 024301 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, and S. Zouhdi, “Isotropic non-ideal cloaks providing improved invisibility yb adaptive segmentation and optimal refractive index profile from ordering isotropic materials,” Opt. Express18, 14950–14959 (2010).
  28. X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. X. Xu, Y. Feng, Z. Yu, T. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “Simplified ground plane invisibility cloak by multilayer dielectrics,” Opt. Express18(24), 24477–24485 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Luo, S. Zhang, and N. A. Mortensen, “Homogeneous optical cloak constructed with uniform layered structure,” Opt. Express19(9), 8625–8631 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  31. H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Electromagnetic wave manipulation by layered systems using the transformation media concept,” Appl. Phys. B78, 054204 (2008).
  32. I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation thin planar retro directive reflector,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.7, 603–605 (2008).
  33. I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation optics-inspired metamaterial coatings for controlling the scattering response of wedge/corner-type structures,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.51, 2709–2712 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Z. Liang and J. Li, “Bending a periodically layered structure for transformation acoustics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(24), 241914 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  35. B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B74(11), 115116 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2011

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

Z. L. Mei, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Experimental verification of a broadband planar focusing antenna based on transformation optics,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liang and J. Li, “Bending a periodically layered structure for transformation acoustics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(24), 241914 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. García-Meca, M. M. Tung, J. V. Galán, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, “Squeezing and expanding light without reflections via transformation optics,” Opt. Express19(4), 3562–3575 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Di Falco, S. C. Kehr, and U. Leonhardt, “Luneburg lens in silicon photonics,” Opt. Express19(6), 5156–5162 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Luo, S. Zhang, and N. A. Mortensen, “Homogeneous optical cloak constructed with uniform layered structure,” Opt. Express19(9), 8625–8631 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation optics-inspired metamaterial coatings for controlling the scattering response of wedge/corner-type structures,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.51, 2709–2712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kwon and D. H. Werner, “Flat focusing lens designs having minimized reflection based on coordinate transformation techniques,” Opt. Express17(10), 7807–7817 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Farhat, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.80(1), 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao, and Y. Hao, “A radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.57(5), 1432–1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Electromagnetic wave manipulation by layered systems using the transformation media concept,” Appl. Phys. B78, 054204 (2008).

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation thin planar retro directive reflector,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.7, 603–605 (2008).

M. Rahm, D. A. Roberts, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Transformation-optical design of adaptive beam bends and beam expanders,” Opt. Express16(15), 11555–11567 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

Y. Huang, Y. Feng, and T. Jiang, “Electromagnetic cloaking by layered structure of homogeneous isotropic materials,” Opt. Express15(18), 11133–11141 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. A. Cummer, B.-I. Popa, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 036621 (2006).

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B74(11), 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyropoulos, C.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao, and Y. Hao, “A radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.57(5), 1432–1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bai, J.

Z. L. Mei, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Experimental verification of a broadband planar focusing antenna based on transformation optics,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barbastathis, G.

B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castaldi, G.

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation optics-inspired metamaterial coatings for controlling the scattering response of wedge/corner-type structures,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.51, 2709–2712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation thin planar retro directive reflector,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.7, 603–605 (2008).

Chan, C. T.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Electromagnetic wave manipulation by layered systems using the transformation media concept,” Appl. Phys. B78, 054204 (2008).

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Electromagnetic wave manipulation by layered systems using the transformation media concept,” Appl. Phys. B78, 054204 (2008).

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. Y.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

Z. L. Mei, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Experimental verification of a broadband planar focusing antenna based on transformation optics,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B.-I. Popa, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 036621 (2006).

Di Falco, A.

Enoch, S.

M. Farhat, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farhat, M.

M. Farhat, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Z. Yu, T. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “Simplified ground plane invisibility cloak by multilayer dielectrics,” Opt. Express18(24), 24477–24485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, Y. Feng, and T. Jiang, “Electromagnetic cloaking by layered structure of homogeneous isotropic materials,” Opt. Express15(18), 11133–11141 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galán, J. V.

Galdi, V.

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation optics-inspired metamaterial coatings for controlling the scattering response of wedge/corner-type structures,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.51, 2709–2712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation thin planar retro directive reflector,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.7, 603–605 (2008).

Gallina, I.

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation optics-inspired metamaterial coatings for controlling the scattering response of wedge/corner-type structures,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.51, 2709–2712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation thin planar retro directive reflector,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.7, 603–605 (2008).

García-Meca, C.

Guenneau, S.

M. Farhat, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, D. Z.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, Y.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao, and Y. Hao, “A radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.57(5), 1432–1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, and S. Zouhdi, “Isotropic non-ideal cloaks providing improved invisibility yb adaptive segmentation and optimal refractive index profile from ordering isotropic materials,” Opt. Express18, 14950–14959 (2010).

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

Ji, C.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, K.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, T.

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kehr, S. C.

Kwon, D.-H.

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

Li, J.

Z. Liang and J. Li, “Bending a periodically layered structure for transformation acoustics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(24), 241914 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L. W.

Liang, Z.

Z. Liang and J. Li, “Bending a periodically layered structure for transformation acoustics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(24), 241914 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Liu, R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, Y.

B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Luo, S. Zhang, and N. A. Mortensen, “Homogeneous optical cloak constructed with uniform layered structure,” Opt. Express19(9), 8625–8631 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.80(1), 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, H. F.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

Martí, J.

Martínez, A.

Mei, Z. L.

Z. L. Mei, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Experimental verification of a broadband planar focusing antenna based on transformation optics,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F.-Y.

Mock, J. J.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mortensen, N. A.

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novitsky, A.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.80(1), 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortuño, R.

Padilla, W. J.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. A. Roberts, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Transformation-optical design of adaptive beam bends and beam expanders,” Opt. Express16(15), 11555–11567 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B74(11), 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popa, B.-I.

S. A. Cummer, B.-I. Popa, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 036621 (2006).

Qiu, C. W.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, and S. Zouhdi, “Isotropic non-ideal cloaks providing improved invisibility yb adaptive segmentation and optimal refractive index profile from ordering isotropic materials,” Opt. Express18, 14950–14959 (2010).

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.80(1), 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, S.

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.80(1), 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, D. A. Roberts, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Transformation-optical design of adaptive beam bends and beam expanders,” Opt. Express16(15), 11555–11567 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, D. A.

Rodríguez-Fortuño, F. J.

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. A. Roberts, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Transformation-optical design of adaptive beam bends and beam expanders,” Opt. Express16(15), 11555–11567 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B.-I. Popa, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 036621 (2006).

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, D.

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B74(11), 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tung, M. M.

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Werner, D. H.

Wood, B.

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B74(11), 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Xiao, J. J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Z. Yu, T. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “Simplified ground plane invisibility cloak by multilayer dielectrics,” Opt. Express18(24), 24477–24485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. M.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

Zhang, B.

B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Luo, S. Zhang, and N. A. Mortensen, “Homogeneous optical cloak constructed with uniform layered structure,” Opt. Express19(9), 8625–8631 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, K.

Zhang, S.

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Luo, S. Zhang, and N. A. Mortensen, “Homogeneous optical cloak constructed with uniform layered structure,” Opt. Express19(9), 8625–8631 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.-Q.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Z. Yu, T. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “Simplified ground plane invisibility cloak by multilayer dielectrics,” Opt. Express18(24), 24477–24485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao, and Y. Hao, “A radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.57(5), 1432–1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zouhdi, S.

Appl. Phys. B

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Electromagnetic wave manipulation by layered systems using the transformation media concept,” Appl. Phys. B78, 054204 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Z. Liang and J. Li, “Bending a periodically layered structure for transformation acoustics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(24), 241914 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, Q. Cheng, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, R. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(26), 264101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Y. Hao, J. Zhao, and T. Jiang, “Infrared carpet cloak designed with uniform silicon grating structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(18), 184102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yang, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Design of arbitrarily shaped concentrators based on conformally optical transformation of nonuniform rational B-spline surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98, 204101 (2011).

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation thin planar retro directive reflector,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett.7, 603–605 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.

C. Argyropoulos, Y. Zhao, and Y. Hao, “A radially-dependent dispersive finite-difference time-domain method for the evaluation of electromagnetic cloaks,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag.57(5), 1432–1441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

I. Gallina, G. Castaldi, and V. Galdi, “Transformation optics-inspired metamaterial coatings for controlling the scattering response of wedge/corner-type structures,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.51, 2709–2712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun

X. Chen, Y. Luo, J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

Z. L. Mei, J. Bai, and T. J. Cui, “Experimental verification of a broadband planar focusing antenna based on transformation optics,” New J. Phys.13(6), 063028 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

K. Zhang, Q. Wu, F.-Y. Meng, and L. W. Li, “Arbitrary waveguide connector based on embedded optical transformation,” Opt. Express18(16), 17273–17279 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. García-Meca, M. M. Tung, J. V. Galán, R. Ortuño, F. J. Rodríguez-Fortuño, J. Martí, and A. Martínez, “Squeezing and expanding light without reflections via transformation optics,” Opt. Express19(4), 3562–3575 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. A. Roberts, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Transformation-optical design of adaptive beam bends and beam expanders,” Opt. Express16(15), 11555–11567 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Di Falco, S. C. Kehr, and U. Leonhardt, “Luneburg lens in silicon photonics,” Opt. Express19(6), 5156–5162 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.-H. Kwon and D. H. Werner, “Flat focusing lens designs having minimized reflection based on coordinate transformation techniques,” Opt. Express17(10), 7807–7817 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, Y. Feng, Z. Yu, T. Jiang, and J. Zhao, “Simplified ground plane invisibility cloak by multilayer dielectrics,” Opt. Express18(24), 24477–24485 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, L. Liu, Y. Luo, S. Zhang, and N. A. Mortensen, “Homogeneous optical cloak constructed with uniform layered structure,” Opt. Express19(9), 8625–8631 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, and S. Zouhdi, “Isotropic non-ideal cloaks providing improved invisibility yb adaptive segmentation and optimal refractive index profile from ordering isotropic materials,” Opt. Express18, 14950–14959 (2010).

Y. Huang, Y. Feng, and T. Jiang, “Electromagnetic cloaking by layered structure of homogeneous isotropic materials,” Opt. Express15(18), 11133–11141 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

B. Wood, J. B. Pendry, and D. Tsai, “Directed subwavelength imaging using a layered metal-dielectric system,” Phys. Rev. B74(11), 115116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, X. Xu, and Y. Feng, “Spherical cloaking with homogeneous isotropic multilayered structures,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.79(4), 047602 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, A. Novitsky, H. Ma, and S. Qu, “Electromagnetic interaction of arbitrary radial-dependent anisotropic spheres and improved invisibility for nonlinear-transformation-based cloaks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.80(1), 016604 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. A. Cummer, B.-I. Popa, and D. R. Smith, “Full-wave simulation of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.74, 036621 (2006).

B. Zhang, Y. Luo, X. Liu, and G. Barbastathis, “Macroscopic invisibility cloak for visible light,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(3), 033901 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. J. Xiao, Z.-Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion optics: the optical transformation of an object into another object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, “Composite medium with simultaneously negative permeability and permittivity,” Phys. Rev. Lett.84(18), 4184–4187 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Farhat, S. Guenneau, and S. Enoch, “Ultrabroadband elastic cloaking in thin plates,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103(2), 024301 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

R. Liu, C. Ji, J. J. Mock, J. Y. Chin, T. J. Cui, and D. R. Smith, “Broadband ground-plane cloak,” Science323(5912), 366–369 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Geometry of problems. (a) A cavity filled up with transformation medium in real space; (b) A PEC plane in virtual space; (c) An cavity illusion coating laid on a PEC plane in real space; (d) A empty cavity under a PEC plane in virtual space.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transverse magnetic field distribution of (a) a semielliptical cavity filled up with ideal transformation medium, (b) a PEC plane, (c) a cavity illusion coating laid on a PEC plane, (d) empty semiellipse, for an incident angle of 45°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Total average power outflow patterns of the semielliptical cavity filled up with ideal transformation medium and perfect metallic plane; (b) Total average power outflow patterns of a cavity illusion coating laid on a PEC plane and empty semielliptical cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variable constitutive parameters. (a) (b) Permittivity elements of the cavity filling medium; (c) (d) Permittivity elements of the cavity illusion coating.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic view of cavity filling medium realized by isotropic layers; Magnetic field distribution of a tri-sided polygonal cavity filled up with (b) ideal transformation medium and (c) isotropic layers for an incident angle of 45°; Magnetic field distribution of a tri-sided polygonal cavity filled up with (d) ideal transformation medium and (e) isotropic layers for an incident angle of 18°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The total average power outflow patterns of different cases at the observation semicircle for an incident angle of (a) 45°, (b) 18°.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Magnetic field distribution of the empty tri-sided polygonal cavity for incident angle of (a) 45° and (b) 18°.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Schematic view of cavity illusion coating realized by isotropic layers; Magnetic field distribution of the tri-sided polygonal cavity illusion coating with (b) ideal transformation medium and (c) isotropic layers, for an incident angle of 45°; Magnetic field distribution of the tri-sided polygonal cavity illusion coating with (d) ideal transformation medium and (e) isotropic layers, for an incident angle of 18°.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

The total average power outflow patterns of different cases at the observation semicircle for an incident angle of (a) 45°, (b) 18°.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Cavity Boundary Functions, Permittivity, Alignment Angles and Ratios of Layer Thickness to Wavelength for All Regions of Layered System for Cavity Filling Medium

Tables Icon

Table 2 Cavity Boundary Functions, Permittivity, Alignment Angles and Ratios of Layer Thickness to Wavelength for All Regions of Layered System for Cavity Illusion Coating

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

K= y' x =y d[ y 2 ( x ) y 2 ( x ) y 1 ( x ) ] dx d[ y 1 ( x ) y 2 ( x ) y 2 ( x ) y 1 ( x ) ] dx and P= y' y = y 2 ( x ) y 1 ( x ) y 2 ( x )
ε 1 = ε + ε 2 ε ε , ε 2 = ε ε 2 ε ε , μ 33 =1/P

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