Abstract

In this work we introduce the use of a patterned polymer-based surface functionalization of a one-dimensional photonic crystal (1DPC) for controlling the emission direction of fluorescent proteins (ptA) via coupling to a set of two Bloch Surface Waves (BSW). Each BSW dispersion branch relates to a micrometric region on the patterned 1DPC, characterized by a well defined chemical characteristic. We report on the enhanced and spatially selective excitation of fluorescent ptA, and on the spatially-resolved detection of polarized emitted radiation coupled to specific BSW modes. As a result, we provide an optical multiplexing technique for the angular separation of fluorescence radiated from micrometric regions having different surface properties, even in the case the emitting labels are spectrally identical. This working principle can be advantageously extended to a multi-step nanometric relief structure for self-referencing biosensing or frequency-multiplexed fluorescence detection.

© 2012 OSA

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  15. N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Shi, G. Dacarro, M. Patrini, D. Bajoni, and J. E. Sipe, “Strong modification of light emission from a dye monolayer via Bloch surface waves,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2318–2320 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  26. T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.
  29. J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  32. I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  33. V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, “A biosensor based on photonic crystal surface waves with an independent registration of the liquid refractive index,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(5), 1212–1216 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. A. Wang, P. Gill, and A. Molnar, “Light field image sensors based on the Talbot effect,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), 5897–5905 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Chaudhery, C.-S. Huang, A. Pokhriyal, J. Polans, and B. T. Cunningham, “Spatially selective photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence and application to background reduction for biomolecule detection assays,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23327–23340 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (6)

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, C. S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Multicolor fluorescence enhancement from a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121108 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, “A biosensor based on photonic crystal surface waves with an independent registration of the liquid refractive index,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(5), 1212–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

A. Wang, P. Gill, and A. Molnar, “Light field image sensors based on the Talbot effect,” Appl. Opt. 48(31), 5897–5905 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Liscidini, M. Galli, M. Shi, G. Dacarro, M. Patrini, D. Bajoni, and J. E. Sipe, “Strong modification of light emission from a dye monolayer via Bloch surface waves,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2318–2320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Sai Satish, Y. Kostov, and G. Rao, “High-resolution surface plasmon coupled resonant filter for monitoring of fluorescence emission from molecular multiplexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(22), 223113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, “Biosensors based on surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Biointerphases 3(3), FD12–FD22 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

C. R. Taitt, G. P. Anderson, and F. S. Ligler, “Evanescent wave fluorescence biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(12), 2470–2487 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. J. Monk and D. R. Walt, “Optical fiber-based biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 931–945 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45(4), 661–699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, “Optical surface waves in periodic layered media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Alieva, E. V.

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, “A biosensor based on photonic crystal surface waves with an independent registration of the liquid refractive index,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(5), 1212–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, G. P.

C. R. Taitt, G. P. Anderson, and F. S. Ligler, “Evanescent wave fluorescence biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(12), 2470–2487 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aouani, H.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bajoni, D.

Baker, J. R.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballarini, M.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45(4), 661–699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Battiston, K. G.

K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Block, I. D.

Brunazzo, D.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butler, J. E.

J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castagna, R.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Celasco, E.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Chandezon, J.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chaudhery, V.

V. Chaudhery, C.-S. Huang, A. Pokhriyal, J. Polans, and B. T. Cunningham, “Spatially selective photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence and application to background reduction for biomolecule detection assays,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23327–23340 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, A. Y.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, “Optical surface waves in periodic layered media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Chow, E.

Chu, V. P.

J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cunningham, B. T.

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Chaudhery, C.-S. Huang, A. Pokhriyal, J. Polans, and B. T. Cunningham, “Spatially selective photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence and application to background reduction for biomolecule detection assays,” Opt. Express 19(23), 23327–23340 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, C. S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Multicolor fluorescence enhancement from a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121108 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ganesh, I. D. Block, P. C. Mathias, W. Zhang, E. Chow, V. Malyarchuk, and B. T. Cunningham, “Leaky-mode assisted fluorescence extraction: application to fluorescence enhancement biosensors,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21626–21640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dacarro, G.

De Leo, N.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Descrovi, E.

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Devaux, E.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Digregorio, G.

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Divin, C.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dominici, L.

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dostálek, J.

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, “Biosensors based on surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Biointerphases 3(3), FD12–FD22 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Enrico, E.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, A. A.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ferrante, I.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Frascella, F.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Galli, M.

Ganesh, N.

Genet, C.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geobaldo, F.

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, S.

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gill, P.

Giorgis, F.

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Granet, G.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gryczynski, I.

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gryczynski, Z.

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, Y.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herzig, H. P.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, B.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. S.

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, C. S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Multicolor fluorescence enhancement from a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121108 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C.-S.

Johansson, P.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Käll, M.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoll, W.

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, “Biosensors based on surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Biointerphases 3(3), FD12–FD22 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konopsky, V. N.

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, “A biosensor based on photonic crystal surface waves with an independent registration of the liquid refractive index,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(5), 1212–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kostov, Y.

R. Sai Satish, Y. Kostov, and G. Rao, “High-resolution surface plasmon coupled resonant filter for monitoring of fluorescence emission from molecular multiplexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(22), 223113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Labow, R. S.

K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakowicz, J. R.

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laux, E.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ligler, F. S.

C. R. Taitt, G. P. Anderson, and F. S. Ligler, “Evanescent wave fluorescence biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(12), 2470–2487 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liscidini, M.

Lu, M.

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, C. S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Multicolor fluorescence enhancement from a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121108 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mahboub, O.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malicka, J.

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malyarchuk, V.

Mandracci, P.

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Mantero, G.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Martin, O. J. F.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mathias, P. C.

Matveeva, E.

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McBane, J. E.

K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michelotti, F.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miljkovic, V. D.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Molnar, A.

Monk, D. J.

D. J. Monk and D. R. Walt, “Optical fiber-based biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 931–945 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Musi, V.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, W.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paeder, V.

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Patrini, M.

Paul Santerre, J.

K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peterman, J. H.

J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pirri, C. F.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Plumey, J. P.

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pokhriyal, A.

Polans, J.

Quaglio, M.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, G.

R. Sai Satish, Y. Kostov, and G. Rao, “High-resolution surface plasmon coupled resonant filter for monitoring of fluorescence emission from molecular multiplexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(22), 223113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ricciardi, S.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Rigneault, H.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rivolo, P.

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Sai Satish, R.

R. Sai Satish, Y. Kostov, and G. Rao, “High-resolution surface plasmon coupled resonant filter for monitoring of fluorescence emission from molecular multiplexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(22), 223113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, S.

A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, C. S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Multicolor fluorescence enhancement from a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121108 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sciacca, B.

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Severino, S. M.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Sfez, T.

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shegai, T.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, M.

Sipe, J. E.

Skauli, T.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Soboleva, I. V.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Summonte, C.

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taitt, C. R.

C. R. Taitt, G. P. Anderson, and F. S. Ligler, “Evanescent wave fluorescence biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(12), 2470–2487 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, R.

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tarcha, P. J.

J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, T. P.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vallini, I.

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Venturello, A.

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walt, D. R.

D. J. Monk and D. R. Walt, “Optical fiber-based biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 931–945 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, A.

Wenger, J.

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, “Optical surface waves in periodic layered media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J. Y.

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, “Optical surface waves in periodic layered media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Yu, L.

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, D. Brunazzo, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, O. J. F. Martin, and H. P. Herzig, “Bloch surface waves in ultrathin waveguides: near-field investigation of mode polarization and propagation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(8), 1617–1625 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zangar, R. C.

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zengin, G.

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Acta Biomater. (1)

K. G. Battiston, J. E. McBane, R. S. Labow, and J. Paul Santerre, “Differences in protein binding and cytokine release from monocytes on commercially sourced tissue culture polystyrene,” Acta Biomater. 8(1), 89–98 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

D. J. Monk and D. R. Walt, “Optical fiber-based biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 379(7-8), 931–945 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (2)

C. S. Huang, S. George, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, R. Tan, R. C. Zangar, and B. T. Cunningham, “Application of photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence to cancer biomarker microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 83(4), 1425–1430 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Guo, J. Y. Ye, C. Divin, B. Huang, T. P. Thomas, J. R. Baker, and T. B. Norris, “Real-time biomolecular binding detection using a sensitive photonic crystal biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 82(12), 5211–5218 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

I. V. Soboleva, E. Descrovi, C. Summonte, A. A. Fedyanin, and F. Giorgis, “Fluorescence emission enhanced by surface electromagnetic waves on one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231122 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, E. Enrico, P. Mandracci, N. De Leo, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled fluorescence emission: coupling into nanometer-sized polymeric waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(6), 063305 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Ballarini, F. Frascella, F. Michelotti, G. Digregorio, P. Rivolo, V. Paeder, V. Musi, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Bloch surface waves-controlled emission of organic dyes grafted on a one-dimensional photonic crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(4), 043302 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Sfez, E. Descrovi, L. Yu, M. Quaglio, L. Dominici, W. Nakagawa, F. Michelotti, F. Giorgis, and H. P. Herzig, “Two-dimensional optics on silicon nitride multilayer: refraction of Bloch surface waves,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(15), 151101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and A. Y. Cho, “Optical surface waves in periodic layered media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(2), 104 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. Sai Satish, Y. Kostov, and G. Rao, “High-resolution surface plasmon coupled resonant filter for monitoring of fluorescence emission from molecular multiplexes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(22), 223113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, C. S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Multicolor fluorescence enhancement from a photonics crystal surface,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121108 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1)

E. Matveeva, J. Malicka, I. Gryczynski, Z. Gryczynski, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Multi-wavelength immunoassays using surface plasmon-coupled emission,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 313(3), 721–726 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biointerphases (1)

J. Dostálek and W. Knoll, “Biosensors based on surface plasmon-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy,” Biointerphases 3(3), FD12–FD22 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (2)

C. R. Taitt, G. P. Anderson, and F. S. Ligler, “Evanescent wave fluorescence biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 20(12), 2470–2487 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. N. Konopsky and E. V. Alieva, “A biosensor based on photonic crystal surface waves with an independent registration of the liquid refractive index,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 25(5), 1212–1216 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Immunol. Methods (1)

J. H. Peterman, P. J. Tarcha, V. P. Chu, and J. E. Butler, “The immunochemistry of sandwich-ELISAs. IV. The antigen capture capacity of antibody covalently attached to bromoacetyl surface-functionalized polystyrene,” J. Immunol. Methods 111(2), 271–275 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

W. L. Barnes, “Fluorescence near interfaces: the role of photonic mode density,” J. Mod. Opt. 45(4), 661–699 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (2)

E. Descrovi, T. Sfez, M. Quaglio, D. Brunazzo, L. Dominici, F. Michelotti, H. P. Herzig, O. J. F. Martin, and F. Giorgis, “Guided Bloch surface waves on ultrathin polymeric ridges,” Nano Lett. 10(6), 2087–2091 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Aouani, O. Mahboub, E. Devaux, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and J. Wenger, “Plasmonic antennas for directional sorting of fluorescence emission,” Nano Lett. 11(6), 2400–2406 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

T. Shegai, S. Chen, V. D. Miljković, G. Zengin, P. Johansson, and M. Käll, “A bimetallic nanoantenna for directional colour routing,” Nat. Commun. 2, 481 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics 2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Michelotti, B. Sciacca, L. Dominici, M. Quaglio, E. Descrovi, F. Giorgis, and F. Geobaldo, “Fast optical vapour sensing by Bloch surface waves on porous silicon membranes,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(2), 502–506 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

L. Li, G. Granet, J. P. Plumey, and J. Chandezon, “Some topics in extending the C method to multilayer gratings of different profiles,” Pure Appl. Opt. 5(2), 141–156 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

S. Ricciardi, R. Castagna, S. M. Severino, I. Ferrante, F. Frascella, E. Celasco, P. Mandracci, I. Vallini, G. Mantero, C. F. Pirri, and P. Rivolo, “Surface functionalization by poly-acrylic acid plasma-polymerized films for microarray DNA diagnostics,” Surf. Coat. Tech.submitted.

Other (5)

P. Rivolo, F. Michelotti, F. Frascella, G. Digregorio, P. Mandracci, L. Dominici, F. Giorgis, and E. Descrovi, “Real time secondary antibody detection by means of silicon-based multilayers sustaining Bloch surface waves,” Sens. Actuators B  161(1), 1046–1052 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, Principles of Fluorescence Spectroscopy, 3rd ed. (Springer New York, 2006).

A. Ozinskas, “Topics in Fluorescence Spectroscopy” in Principles of fluorescence Immunoassay, 1st ed. (Springer New York, 2006).

B. Sciacca, F. Frascella, A. Venturello, P. Rivolo, E. Descrovi, F. Geobaldo, and F. Giorgis, “Doubly resonant porous silicon microcavities for enhanced detection of fluorescent organic molecules,” Sens. Actuators B  137(2), 467–470 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Lakowicz, I. Gryczynski, K. Aslan, and C. D. Geddes, “Metal-Enhanced fluorescence sensing,” in Fluorescence Sensors and Biosensors, R.B. Thompson, ed. (CRC Press, 2006), Chap. 7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Combined view of a sketch of the 1DPC deposited on glass and an AFM topography of the polymeric pattern on top (vertical dimension not to scale); (b) fluorescence micrograph of a AF546-labelled 1DPC structured with PPAA stripes on regions with and without the underlying 5 nm thick PPST layer. The exemplary profiles are shown to emphasize the fluorescence contrast within the two regions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated band diagram of the bare 1DPC with dispersion curves of BSWs on the 1DPC homogeneously coated with either a single layer made of PPST (5 nm) or a double layer made of PPST (5 nm) and PPAA (20 nm).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Sketch of the experimental setup; (b) Measured normalized reflectance map R(θe, λ) of a patterned 1DPC as shown in Fig. 1(a), with stripes parallel to the BSW propagation. TE-polarized white light illumination and theta-2theta detection arrangement.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Cross-sectional view of the electric field intensity distribution |E(x,z)|2 within the patterned 1DPC: (a) low-momentum BSW (θe = 45.3 deg) localized on trenches; (b) high-momentum BSW (θe = 47.2 deg) localized on ridges. Wavelength λ = 532 nm, electric-field polarization perpendicular to the plane of view (TE).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Angle-resolved fluorescence maps collected upon illumination from the air side, normally to the patterned 1DPC surface. (a) Sample with 5-nm thick PPST layer; (b) sample with no PPST layer. The vertical band indicates the spectral interval used for calculating the integrated fluorescence as a function of the detection angle (inset).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Angle-resolved fluorescence maps collected upon illumination from the prism side, at the coupling angle of the high-momentum BSW (localized on ridges). (a) Sample with 5-nm thick PPST layer; (b) sample with no PPST layer. The vertical band indicates the area used for calculating the integrated fluorescence as a function of the detection angle (inset).

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