Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate high-efficiency terahertz pulse generation via optical rectification in LiNbO3. The spectral broadening of an excitation pulse via the stimulated Raman scattering process coincides with high-efficiency terahertz pulse generation, which enhances undesired stretching of the excitation pulse owing to the very high group velocity dispersion in LiNbO3. We avoid this by the bandwidth control of the excitation pulse and achieve the highest reported efficiency of 0.21% for energy conversion into a THz pulse.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H. C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J. C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, “Generation of 1.5 µJ single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large aperture ZnTe crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 13212–13220 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  7. J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B78, 593–599 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  17. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  22. E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(7), 071104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation by cascaded χ(2) processes in LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(9), A101–A106 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  25. A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Nagai, M. Jewariya, Y. Ichikawa, H. Ohtake, T. Sugiura, Y. Uehara, and K. Tanaka, “Broadband and high power terahertz pulse generation beyond excitation bandwidth limitation via χ2 cascaded processes in LiNbO3,” Opt. Express17(14), 11543–11549 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, New York, 1985)
  28. M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 557–559 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

2010

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Langrock, M. M. Fejer, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Generation of octave-spanning spectra inside reverse-photon-exchanged periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides,” Opt. Lett.32(17), 2478–2480 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H. C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J. C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, “Generation of 1.5 µJ single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large aperture ZnTe crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 13212–13220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

1997

A. Ridah, M. D. Fontana, and P. Bourson, “Temperature dependence of the Raman modes in LiNbO3 and mechanism of the phase transition,” Phys. Rev. B56(10), 5967–5973 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, E.

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Almási, G.

Araki, T.

Bandulet, H. C.

Bartal, B.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bessho, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bonacina, L.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bourson, P.

A. Ridah, M. D. Fontana, and P. Bourson, “Temperature dependence of the Raman modes in LiNbO3 and mechanism of the phase transition,” Phys. Rev. B56(10), 5967–5973 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chekalin, S. V.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doi, A.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Field, R. W.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(16), 163603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fleischer, S.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(16), 163603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fontana, M. D.

A. Ridah, M. D. Fontana, and P. Bourson, “Temperature dependence of the Raman modes in LiNbO3 and mechanism of the phase transition,” Phys. Rev. B56(10), 5967–5973 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fülöp, J. A.

Hartl, I.

Haugen, H. K.

Hebling, J.

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, S. Klingebiel, G. Almási, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and J. Hebling, “Generation of sub-mJ terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Lett.37(4), 557–559 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, Z Ollmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hegmann, F. A.

Henin, S.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hirori, H.

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirosumi, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hwang, H. Y.

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, Y.

Jewariya, M.

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kadoya, Y.

Karsch, S.

Kasparian, J.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J. C.

Klingebiel, S.

Kompanets, V. O.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kozma, I.

Krausz, F.

Kuhl, J.

Langrock, C.

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, E.

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mel’nikov, A. A.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minami, M. A.

Morandotti, R.

Nagai, M.

Nelson, K. A.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(16), 163603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohgi, Y.

Ohtake, H.

M. Nagai, M. Jewariya, Y. Ichikawa, H. Ohtake, T. Sugiura, Y. Uehara, and K. Tanaka, “Broadband and high power terahertz pulse generation beyond excitation bandwidth limitation via χ2 cascaded processes in LiNbO3,” Opt. Express17(14), 11543–11549 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ollmann, Z

Ozaki, T.

Pálfalvi, L.

Pelc, J. S.

Petit, Y.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C. R.

Prall, B. S.

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Razzari, L.

Reid, M.

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ridah, A.

A. Ridah, M. D. Fontana, and P. Bourson, “Temperature dependence of the Raman modes in LiNbO3 and mechanism of the phase transition,” Phys. Rev. B56(10), 5967–5973 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Sekikawa, T.

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, G.

Sosnowski, T. S.

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, A.

Stepanov, A. G.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, T.

M. Nagai, M. Jewariya, Y. Ichikawa, H. Ohtake, T. Sugiura, Y. Uehara, and K. Tanaka, “Broadband and high power terahertz pulse generation beyond excitation bandwidth limitation via χ2 cascaded processes in LiNbO3,” Opt. Express17(14), 11543–11549 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

Tanaka, K.

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, M. Jewariya, Y. Ichikawa, H. Ohtake, T. Sugiura, Y. Uehara, and K. Tanaka, “Broadband and high power terahertz pulse generation beyond excitation bandwidth limitation via χ2 cascaded processes in LiNbO3,” Opt. Express17(14), 11543–11549 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation by cascaded χ(2) processes in LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(9), A101–A106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

Tiedje, H. F.

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Uehara, Y.

Wolf, J.-P.

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, M.

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, T.

Yeh, K.-L.

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshida, M.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(16), 163603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

A. G. Stepanov, S. Henin, Y. Petit, L. Bonacina, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Mobile source of high-energy single-cycle terahertz pulses,” Appl. Phys. B101(1-2), 11–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, A. G. Stepanov, G. Almási, B. Bartal, and J. Kuhl, “Tunable THz pulse generation by optical rectification of ultrashort laser pulses with tilted pulse fronts,” Appl. Phys. B78, 593–599 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of 10μJ ultrashort terahertz pulses by optical rectification,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171121 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X.-C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, “Terahertz optical rectification from 110 zinc-blende crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.64(11), 1324–1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, “Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56μm fiber laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(18), 3974–3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Matsubara, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Generation of ultrashort optical pulses using multiple coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering in a crystal at room temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(7), 071104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X.-C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electro-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.68(12), 1604–1606 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, H. Y. Hwang, T. S. Sosnowski, B. S. Prall, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Fiber laser pumped high average power single-cycle terahertz pulse source,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(14), 141107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.

K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

JETP Lett.

A. G. Stepanov, A. A. Mel’nikov, V. O. Kompanets, and S. V. Chekalin, “Spectral modification of femtosecond laser pulses in the process of highly efficient generation of terahertz radiation via optical rectification,” JETP Lett.85(5), 227–230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

J. Hebling, G. Almási, I. Kozma, and J. Kuhl, “Velocity matching by pulse front tilting for large area THz-pulse generation,” Opt. Express10(21), 1161–1166 (2002).
[PubMed]

A. Stepanov, J. Kuhl, I. Kozma, E. Riedle, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Scaling up the energy of THz pulses created by optical rectification,” Opt. Express13(15), 5762–5768 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagai, M. Jewariya, Y. Ichikawa, H. Ohtake, T. Sugiura, Y. Uehara, and K. Tanaka, “Broadband and high power terahertz pulse generation beyond excitation bandwidth limitation via χ2 cascaded processes in LiNbO3,” Opt. Express17(14), 11543–11549 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, Z Ollmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Phillips, C. Langrock, J. S. Pelc, M. M. Fejer, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, “Supercontinuum generation in quasi-phasematched waveguides,” Opt. Express19(20), 18754–18773 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Hoffmann, K.-L. Yeh, J. Hebling, and K. A. Nelson, “Efficient terahertz generation by optical rectification at 1035 nm,” Opt. Express15(18), 11706–11713 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Blanchard, L. Razzari, H. C. Bandulet, G. Sharma, R. Morandotti, J. C. Kieffer, T. Ozaki, M. Reid, H. F. Tiedje, H. K. Haugen, and F. A. Hegmann, “Generation of 1.5 µJ single-cycle terahertz pulses by optical rectification from a large aperture ZnTe crystal,” Opt. Express15(20), 13212–13220 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

A. Ridah, M. D. Fontana, and P. Bourson, “Temperature dependence of the Raman modes in LiNbO3 and mechanism of the phase transition,” Phys. Rev. B56(10), 5967–5973 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Fleischer, Y. Zhou, R. W. Field, and K. A. Nelson, “Molecular orientation and alignment by intense single-cycle THz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(16), 163603 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

K. Sakai, ed., Terahertz Optoelectronics (Springer, Berlin, 2005).

E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, New York, 1985)

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Temporal profile of THz pulse emitted from Mg-doped LiNbO3 using excitation pulse with duration of 200 fs and pulse energy of 520 μJ. (b) Power spectrum of THz pulse evaluated from temporal profile.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical spectra of excitation pulse (blue curve) and transmitted excitation pulses after passing through LiNbO3 (black curves) when the incident pulse energy is 30 μJ (dotted curve) and 520 μJ (solid curve). These spectra are normalized by their area. (b) Raman intensity IR of LiNbO3 at room temperature in the X(ZZ)Y configuration. The dashed curve is the fitting with four Lorentz functions. (c) Complex Raman tensor evaluated from Raman spectrum, which originates from the four phonon modes in (b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

THz pulse generation coinciding with cascaded χ(2) process and SRS.

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