Abstract

Single mode operation of broad-area diode lasers, which is the key to obtain high power, high brightness sources, is difficult due to highly nonlinear materials and strong coupling between gain and index. Conventional broad-area lasers usually operate with multiple modes and have poor beam quality. Laser bars usually consist of incoherently combined broad-area single emitters placed side by side. In this article, we have demonstrated a novel integrated laser architecture in which Bragg diffraction is used to realize simultaneous modal control and coherent combining of broad-area diode lasers. Our experimental results show that two 100μm wide, 1.3mm long InP broad-area lasers provide near-diffraction-limited output beam and are coherently combined at the same time without any external optical components. Furthermore, our design can be expanded to a coherently combined broad-area laser array that turns a laser bar into a coherent single mode laser with diffraction-limited beam quality.

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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2007 (2)

L. Zhu, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Modal gain analysis of transverse bragg resonance waveguide lasers with and without transverse defects,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 934–940 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (5)

C. J. Corcoran and K. A. Pasch, “Modal analysis of a self-Fourier laser,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L1–L7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Masanotti and F. Causa, “Optical guiding properties of high-brightness parabolic bow-tie laser arrays,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 909–916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Glova, “Phase locking of optically coupled lasers,” Quantum Electron. 33, 283–306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

A. M. Sarangan, M. Wright, J. Marciante, and D. Bossert, “Spectral properties of angled-grating high-power semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1220–1230 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

R. Guther, “Beam propagation in an active planar waveguide with an angled bragg grating (α laser),” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1537–1546 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993 (3)

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Zmudzinski, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “Coherent, 1 watt operation of large aperture resonant arrays of antiguided diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2914–2916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (4)

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, W. Streifer, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, “Modal analysis of linear Talbot-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 823–825 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (3)

B. Hermansson and D. Yevick, “Analysis of Y-junction and coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Opt. 28, 66–73 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, “Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: The resonant optical waveguide array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183–2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Henderson and D. L. Begley, “Injection-locked semiconductor laser array using a graded-index rod: a computational model,” Appl. Opt. 28, 4548–4551 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

D. Botez, P. Hayashida, L. J. Mawst, and T. J. Roth, “Diffraction-limited-beam, high-power operation from X-junction coupled phase-locked arrays of AlGaAs/GaAs diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1366–1368 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

Augsta, S. J.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Bailey, R. J.

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Z.

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Begley, D. L.

Bogatov, A.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bossert, D.

A. M. Sarangan, M. Wright, J. Marciante, and D. Bossert, “Spectral properties of angled-grating high-power semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1220–1230 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Botez, D.

C. Zmudzinski, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “Coherent, 1 watt operation of large aperture resonant arrays of antiguided diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2914–2916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, “Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: The resonant optical waveguide array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183–2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, P. Hayashida, L. J. Mawst, and T. J. Roth, “Diffraction-limited-beam, high-power operation from X-junction coupled phase-locked arrays of AlGaAs/GaAs diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1366–1368 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bugge, F.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R. D.

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Carleson, P. D.

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Causa, F.

D. Masanotti and F. Causa, “Optical guiding properties of high-brightness parabolic bow-tie laser arrays,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 909–916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chak, P.

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C.

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

Channa, B.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Chinn, S. R.

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Connorsa, M. K.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Corcoran, C. J.

C. J. Corcoran and K. A. Pasch, “Modal analysis of a self-Fourier laser,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L1–L7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cross, P.

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Cross, P. S.

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cser, J.

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Defreez, R. K.

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Demars, S.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

DeMars, S. D.

V. V. D. Wong, S. D. DeMars, A. Schoenfelder, and R. J. Lang, “Angled-grating distributed-feedback laser with 1.2W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 10.6μm,” in Laser and Electro-Optics, 1998. CLEO ’98., Technical Digest, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference (1998), 34–35.

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

Dente, G. C.

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Depatie, D.

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Derose, G. A.

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dienes, A.

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Donnelly, J. P.

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

Donnellya, J. P.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Dorsch, F.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Drakin, A. E.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dzurko, K.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dzurko, K. M.

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

Erbert, G.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Fricke, J.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Glova, A. F.

A. F. Glova, “Phase locking of optically coupled lasers,” Quantum Electron. 33, 283–306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goodhue, W. D.

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goyal, A. K.

Guther, R.

R. Guther, “Beam propagation in an active planar waveguide with an angled bragg grating (α laser),” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1537–1546 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Güther, R.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, A.

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

Hardy, A. A.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Harris, C. T.

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hayashida, P.

D. Botez, P. Hayashida, L. J. Mawst, and T. J. Roth, “Diffraction-limited-beam, high-power operation from X-junction coupled phase-locked arrays of AlGaAs/GaAs diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1366–1368 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, G. A.

Hermansson, B.

Hostetlerb, J. L.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Huang, R. K.

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

Huanga, R. K.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Jensen, O. B.

Kapon, E.

Katz, J.

Kintzer, E. S.

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kung, H.

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lang, R. J.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. V. D. Wong, S. D. DeMars, A. Schoenfelder, and R. J. Lang, “Angled-grating distributed-feedback laser with 1.2W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 10.6μm,” in Laser and Electro-Optics, 1998. CLEO ’98., Technical Digest, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference (1998), 34–35.

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

Largent, C.

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Liau, Z. L.

Marciante, J.

A. M. Sarangan, M. Wright, J. Marciante, and D. Bossert, “Spectral properties of angled-grating high-power semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1220–1230 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Margalit, S.

T. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, “An unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” in Optical Society of America Meeting (San Diego, CA, 1984), paper ThV3.

Masanotti, D.

D. Masanotti and F. Causa, “Optical guiding properties of high-brightness parabolic bow-tie laser arrays,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 909–916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mawst, L. J.

C. Zmudzinski, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “Coherent, 1 watt operation of large aperture resonant arrays of antiguided diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2914–2916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, “Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: The resonant optical waveguide array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183–2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, P. Hayashida, L. J. Mawst, and T. J. Roth, “Diffraction-limited-beam, high-power operation from X-junction coupled phase-locked arrays of AlGaAs/GaAs diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1366–1368 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mehuys, D.

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, W. Streifer, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, “Modal analysis of linear Talbot-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 823–825 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miesterb, C.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Missaggia, L. J.

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

Missaggiaa, L. J.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Moeller, C.

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, C. E.

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mull, D. E.

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nam, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ostendorf, R.

Pasch, K. A.

C. J. Corcoran and K. A. Pasch, “Modal analysis of a self-Fourier laser,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L1–L7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, K.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paxton, A. H.

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Peterson, G.

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, “Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: The resonant optical waveguide array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183–2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Plant, J.

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Plant, J. J.

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Poon, J. K. S.

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roth, T. J.

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, “Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: The resonant optical waveguide array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183–2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, P. Hayashida, L. J. Mawst, and T. J. Roth, “Diffraction-limited-beam, high-power operation from X-junction coupled phase-locked arrays of AlGaAs/GaAs diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1366–1368 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Salzman, T.

T. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, “An unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” in Optical Society of America Meeting (San Diego, CA, 1984), paper ThV3.

Sanchez, A.

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

Sarangan, A. M.

A. M. Sarangan, M. Wright, J. Marciante, and D. Bossert, “Spectral properties of angled-grating high-power semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1220–1230 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhu, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Modal gain analysis of transverse bragg resonance waveguide lasers with and without transverse defects,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 934–940 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schoenfelder, A.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. V. D. Wong, S. D. DeMars, A. Schoenfelder, and R. J. Lang, “Angled-grating distributed-feedback laser with 1.2W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 10.6μm,” in Laser and Electro-Optics, 1998. CLEO ’98., Technical Digest, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference (1998), 34–35.

Scifres, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

Scifres, D. R.

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Stratonnikov, A. A.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Streifer, W.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, W. Streifer, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, “Modal analysis of linear Talbot-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 823–825 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Swint, R.

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

Thestrup, B.

Tilton, M. L.

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tränkle, G.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turner, G. W.

B. Chann, R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, Z. L. Liau, A. K. Goyal, J. P. Donnelly, T. Y. Fan, A. Sanchez-Rubio, and G. W. Turner, “Near-diffraction-limited diode laser arrays by wavelength beam combining,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2104–2106 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

Turnera, G. W.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

Venkatesan, T.

T. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, “An unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” in Optical Society of America Meeting (San Diego, CA, 1984), paper ThV3.

Vijayakumar, D.

Waarts, R.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Waarts, R. G.

Walpole, J. N.

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. A.

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Welch, D.

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

Welch, D. F.

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Mehuys, W. Streifer, R. G. Waarts, and D. F. Welch, “Modal analysis of linear Talbot-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 823–825 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wenzel, H.

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Westphalen, T.

Whinnery, J. R.

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wong, V. V. D.

V. V. D. Wong, S. D. DeMars, A. Schoenfelder, and R. J. Lang, “Angled-grating distributed-feedback laser with 1.2W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 10.6μm,” in Laser and Electro-Optics, 1998. CLEO ’98., Technical Digest, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference (1998), 34–35.

Wright, M.

A. M. Sarangan, M. Wright, J. Marciante, and D. Bossert, “Spectral properties of angled-grating high-power semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1220–1230 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yaeli, J.

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhu, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Modal gain analysis of transverse bragg resonance waveguide lasers with and without transverse defects,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 934–940 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Kapon, J. Katz, and A. Yariv, “Supermode analysis of phase locked arrays of semiconductor lasers,” Opt. Lett. 9, 125–127 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, “An unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” in Optical Society of America Meeting (San Diego, CA, 1984), paper ThV3.

Yevick, D.

Zhu, L.

L. Zhu, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Modal gain analysis of transverse bragg resonance waveguide lasers with and without transverse defects,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 934–940 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhu, “Photonic crystal bragg lasers: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Ph.D. dissertation (Caltech, 2008).

Zmudzinski, C.

C. Zmudzinski, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “Coherent, 1 watt operation of large aperture resonant arrays of antiguided diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2914–2916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

R. Waarts, D. Mehuys, D. Nam, D. Welch, W. Streifer, and D. Scifres, “High-power, cw, diffraction-limited, GaAlAs laser diode array in an external Talbot cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2586–2588 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Welch, P. S. Cross, D. R. Scifres, W. Streifer, and R. D. Burnham, “High power (cw) in-phase locked ‘Y’ coupled laser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 1632–1634 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, P. Hayashida, L. J. Mawst, and T. J. Roth, “Diffraction-limited-beam, high-power operation from X-junction coupled phase-locked arrays of AlGaAs/GaAs diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1366–1368 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Walpole, E. S. Kintzer, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High-power strained-layer In-GaAs/AlGaAs tapered traveling wave amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 740–742 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Botez, L. J. Mawst, G. Peterson, and T. J. Roth, “Resonant optical transmission and coupling in phase-locked diode laser arrays of antiguides: The resonant optical waveguide array,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 2183–2185 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. Zmudzinski, D. Botez, and L. J. Mawst, “Coherent, 1 watt operation of large aperture resonant arrays of antiguided diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2914–2916 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Chang-Hasnain, D. F. Welch, D. R. Scifres, J. R. Whinnery, A. Dienes, and R. D. Burnham, “Diffraction-limited emission from a diode laser array in an apertured graded-index lens external cavity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 614–616 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. F. Welch, D. Scifres, P. Cross, H. Kung, W. Streifer, R. D. Burnham, and J. Yaeli, “High-power (575 mW) single-lobed emission from a phased-array laser,” Electron. Lett. 21, 603–605 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Z. Bao, R. K. Defreez, P. D. Carleson, C. Largent, C. Moeller, and G. C. Dente, “Spatio-spectral characteristics of a high power, high brightness cw InGaAs/AlGaAs unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 29, 1597–1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, J. F. Weller, D. Mehuys, D. F. Welch, and D. R. Scifres, “12W broadarea semiconductor amplifier with diffraction-limited optical output,” Electron. Lett. 27, 927–929 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (6)

L. Zhu, A. Scherer, and A. Yariv, “Modal gain analysis of transverse bragg resonance waveguide lasers with and without transverse defects,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 934–940 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Lang, K. Dzurko, A. A. Hardy, S. Demars, A. Schoenfelder, and D. F. Welch, “Theory of grating-confined broad-area lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2196–2210 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Sarangan, M. Wright, J. Marciante, and D. Bossert, “Spectral properties of angled-grating high-power semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1220–1230 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Masanotti and F. Causa, “Optical guiding properties of high-brightness parabolic bow-tie laser arrays,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 909–916 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Donnelly, R. K. Huang, J. N. Walpole, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. J. Plant, R. J. Bailey, D. E. Mull, W. D. Goodhue, and G. W. Turner, “AlGaAs-InGaAs slab-coupled optical waveguide lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 289–298 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Tilton, G. C. Dente, A. H. Paxton, J. Cser, R. K. Defreez, C. E. Moeller, and D. Depatie, “High power, nearly diffraction-limited output from a semiconductor laser with an unstable resonator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2098–2108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

T. Y. Fan, “Laser beam combining for high-power, high-radiance sources,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 567–577 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Paschke, A. Bogatov, F. Bugge, A. E. Drakin, J. Fricke, R. Güther, A. A. Stratonnikov, H. Wenzel, G. Erbert, and G. Tränkle, “Properties of ion-implanted high-power angled-grating distributed-feedback lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1172–1178 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. S. Kintzer, J. N. Walpole, S. R. Chinn, C. A. Wang, and L. J. Missaggia, “High power strained layer amplifiers and lasers with tapered gain regions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 605–608 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, J. P. Donnelly, L. J. Missaggia, C. T. Harris, J. Plant, D. E. Mull, and W. D. Goodhue, “High-power nearly diffraction-limited AlGaAs-InGaAs semiconductor slab-coupled optical waveguide laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 900–902 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Huang, L. J. Missaggia, J. P. Donnelly, C. T. Harris, and G. W. Turner, “High-brightness slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 959–961 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Guther, “Beam propagation in an active planar waveguide with an angled bragg grating (α laser),” J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1537–1546 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

C. J. Corcoran and K. A. Pasch, “Modal analysis of a self-Fourier laser,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 7, L1–L7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

L. Zhu, P. Chak, J. K. S. Poon, G. A. Derose, A. Yariv, and A. Scherer, “Electrically-pumped, broad-area, single-mode photonic crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 961–963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Vijayakumar, O. B. Jensen, R. Ostendorf, T. Westphalen, and B. Thestrup, “Spectral beam combining of a 980nm tapered diode laser bar,” Opt. Express 18, 893–898 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. F. Glova, “Phase locking of optically coupled lasers,” Quantum Electron. 33, 283–306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

L. Zhu, “Photonic crystal bragg lasers: design, fabrication, and characterization,” Ph.D. dissertation (Caltech, 2008).

T. Salzman, T. Venkatesan, S. Margalit, and A. Yariv, “An unstable resonator semiconductor laser,” in Optical Society of America Meeting (San Diego, CA, 1984), paper ThV3.

S. D. Demars, K. M. Dzurko, R. J. Lang, D. Welch, D. Scifres, and A. Hardy, “Angled-grating distributed feedback laser with 1W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 980nm,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 1996. CLEO ’96., Summaries of papers presented at the Conference, (1996), 77–78.

V. V. D. Wong, S. D. DeMars, A. Schoenfelder, and R. J. Lang, “Angled-grating distributed-feedback laser with 1.2W cw single-mode diffraction-limited output at 10.6μm,” in Laser and Electro-Optics, 1998. CLEO ’98., Technical Digest, Summaries of papers presented at the Conference (1998), 34–35.

L. J. Missaggia, R. K. Huang, B. Chann, R. Swint, J. P. Donnelly, A. Sanchez, and G. W. Turner, “Packaging and thermal management of high-power, slab-coupled optical waveguide laser arrays for beam combining,” in Electronic Components and Technology Conference (2008), 998–1004.

R. K. Huanga, B. Channa, L. J. Missaggiaa, S. J. Augsta, M. K. Connorsa, G. W. Turnera, A. Sanchez, J. P. Donnellya, J. L. Hostetlerb, C. Miesterb, and F. Dorsch, “Coherently combined diode laser arrays and stacks,” in Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2009 and 2009 Conference on Quantum Electronics and Laser Science (2009), paper CWF1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a coherently combined angled-grating laser. (a) L and W are the length and width of a single emitter, respectively. θ is the tilt angle of the grating. (b) The cross-section structure of a single emitter. (c) Planar geometry of the combined angled-grating laser. Two coherently combined emitters (the output from two legs in the coupled structure) constructively interfere in the far field.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning electron microscope images of the combined angled-grating laser. (a) InP grating etching profile. (b) Device cross section after planarization and metallization. (c) Two dimensional coupling region. (d) Top view of the packaged laser diode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wave coupling and cavity modes in the single emitter and coupled emitter. (a) A single angled-grating emitter. R1 and R2 are two planewave-like components resonate with the grating. The phase matching condition between k-vectors is shown in the inset. (b) FDTD simulation result of a single angled-grating resonator. The solid arrows represent the R1 component and the dashed arrows represent the R2 component. (c) An on-chip combined angled-grating laser. Arrows in blue represent wave components in the left grating, while arrows in red represent wave components in the right grating. The inset shows the coupling between different wavevectors through the grating. (d) FDTD simulation result of a combined angled-grating resonator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurements of the light-current curve and optical spectrum. (a) L-I curves of the combined angled-grating laser (solid line) and the single emitter (dashed line). (b) Spectrum of the combined laser diode when the injection current is 1200mA. The inset is a zoomed-in spectrum in the black circle.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurements of the near field and far field of the coupled emitter and single emitter. (a, b) The near field image and profile of the coupled emitter; (c, d) The far field image and profile of the coupled emitter; (e, f) The far field image and profile of a single emitter.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Far-field profiles of the coherently combined laser and simulation result. Solid line presents the measurement result of the coherently combined laser and the dashed line is the simulation result.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Planar geometry of a zig-zag coherently combined laser array. Coupling regions are marked by red triangles. Coherently combined outputs (marked in black circle) constructively interfere in the far field.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specifications of the InP-Based Epitaxy Wafer

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