Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel cost-effective optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing-based passive optical network (OFDM-PON) system, wherein all optical network units (ONUs) are source-free not only in the optical domain but also in the electric domain, by utilizing polarization multiplexing (PolMUX) in the downlink transmission. Two pure optical bands with a frequency interval of 10 GHz and downlink up-converted 10 GHz OFDM signal are carried in two orthogonal states of polarization (SOPs), respectively. 10 GHz radio frequency (RF) source can be generated by a heterodyne of two pure optical bands after polarization beam splitting in each ONU, therefore it can be used to down-convert the downlink OFDM signal and up-convert the uplink OFDM signal. In the whole bidirectional up-converted OFDM-PON system, only one single RF source is employed in the optical line terminal (OLT). Experimental results successfully verify the feasibility of our proposed cost-effective optical OFDM-PON system.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 781–790 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Zhang, J. Huang, C. Chen, and K. Qiu, “All-optical virtual private network and ONUs communication in optical OFDM-based PON system,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24816–24821 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Schmidt, A. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 196–203 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. L. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, and J. M. Tang, “Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators,” Opt. Express 18(10), 9791–9808 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).
  9. N. Cvijetic, M. F. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Shao, Y. K. Huang, M. Cvijetic, and T. Wang, “1.92 Tb/s coherent DWDM-OFDMA-PON with no high-speed ONU-side electronics over 100 km SSMF and 1:64 passive split,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24540–24545 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 484–493 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Li, A. Al Amin, X. Chen, and W. Shieh, “Transmission of 107-Gb/s mode and polarization multiplexed CO-OFDM signal over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8808–8814 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, and H. Tanaka, “121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 177–188 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, and H. Tanaka, “121.9-Gb/s PDM-OFDM transmission with 2-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 1000 km of SSMF,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(3), 177–188 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Schmidt, A. Lowery, and J. Armstrong, “Experimental demonstrations of electronic dispersion compensation for long-haul transmission using direct-detection optical OFDM,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(1), 196–203 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Al Amin, A.

Armstrong, J.

Chang, G.

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Huang, C. Chen, and K. Qiu, “All-optical virtual private network and ONUs communication in optical OFDM-based PON system,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24816–24821 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Chen, L.

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Chi, S.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Cvijetic, M.

Cvijetic, N.

Giddings, R. P.

Hu, J.

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 484–493 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 781–790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Huang, C. Chen, and K. Qiu, “All-optical virtual private network and ONUs communication in optical OFDM-based PON system,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24816–24821 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, M.

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

Huang, Y. K.

Hugues-Salas, E.

Ip, E.

Jansen, S. L.

Jin, X. Q.

Li, A.

Lin, Y. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Liu, Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Lowery, A.

Mansoor, S.

Morita, I.

Pan, C. L.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Qian, D.

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 781–790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, N. Cvijetic, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “108 Gb/s OFDMA-PON with polarization multiplexing and direct detection,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 484–493 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, K.

C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Huang, C. Chen, and K. Qiu, “All-optical virtual private network and ONUs communication in optical OFDM-based PON system,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24816–24821 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schenk, T. C. W.

Schmidt, B.

Shao, Y.

Shieh, W.

Shih, F.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sung, J. Y.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Tanaka, H.

Tang, J. M.

Wang, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wei, J. L.

Wu, Y. F.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Yeh, C.

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

Yu, J.

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, J. Huang, C. Chen, and K. Qiu, “All-optical virtual private network and ONUs communication in optical OFDM-based PON system,” Opt. Express 19(24), 24816–24821 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, X.

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, Y. H. Lin, J. Y. Sung, Y. Liu, and C. L. Pan, “13Gbit/s WDM-OFDM PON using RSOA-based colourless ONU with seeding light source in local exchange,” Electron. Lett. 45, 1235–1236 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

N. Cvijetic, D. Qian, J. Hu, and T. Wang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiple access PON (OFDMA-PON) for colorless upstream transmission beyond 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28(6), 781–790 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. Zhang, C. Chen, J. Huang, and K. Qiu, “Performance improvement of optical OFDMA-based PON using data clipping and additional phases,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(4), 255–257 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(11), 715–717 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, M. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, and G. Chang, “Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(18), 1545–1547 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Chow, C. Yeh, C. Wang, F. Shih, and S. Chi, “Rayleigh backs-cattering performance of OFDM-QAM in carrier distributed passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(22), 1848–1850 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (4)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the proposed bidirectional up-converted optical OFDM-PON system and the corresponding frequency-domain description of the downlink transmitted signal generation. C: combiner, S: splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principles of the baseband OFDM modulation (i) and de-modulation (ii) in Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the proposed optical OFDM-PON system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The corresponding spectra of the proposed optical OFDM-PON system in Fig. 3.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The waveform of the ONU-side achieved 10 GHz pure RF source.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured BER curves and normalized constellations of (i) DS B2B and 20 km SSMF; (ii) US B2B and 20 km SSMF for the proposed optical OFDM-PON system.

Metrics