Abstract

Lifetime of laser plasma channel is significantly prolonged using femtosecond laser pulse sequence, which is generated from a chirped pulse amplification laser system with pure multi-pass amplification chain. Time-resolved fluorescence images and electrical conductivity measurement are used to characterize the lifetime of the plasma channel. Prolongation of plasma channel lifetime up to microsecond level is observed using the pulse sequence.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73–75 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. Rev. Sec. Phys. Lett. 441, 47–189 (2007).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).
  11. J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).
  14. Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Polynkin and J. V. Moloney, “Optical breakdown of air triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(15), 151103 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

2011 (1)

P. Polynkin and J. V. Moloney, “Optical breakdown of air triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(15), 151103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

2007 (2)

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. Rev. Sec. Phys. Lett. 441, 47–189 (2007).

2006 (1)

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

2002 (3)

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73–75 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974 (1)

Ackermann, R.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andre, Y. B.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

André, Y. B.

Aris, I.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ball, L. M.

Becker, A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Berge, L.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bondiou-Clergerie, A.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Cai Yi, W.

Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z. L.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Chien, C. Y.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, D.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. Rev. Sec. Phys. Lett. 441, 47–189 (2007).

Couture, P.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Desparois, A.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J. C.

Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q. L.

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Elizondo, J. M.

Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, T.

Gallimberti, I.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Genin, F.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Z. Q.

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hüller, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jarry, G.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jiabin, Z.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiansheng, L.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalkner, W.

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kandidov, V. P.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, N.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J. C.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Klingbeil, L.

Korn, G.

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

La Fontaine, B.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. J.

X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Li, Y. T.

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Liang, W. X.

Ling, W.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lu, X.

Z. Zhang, X. Lu, W. X. Liang, Z. Q. Hao, M. L. Zhou, Z. H. Wang, X. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Triggering and guiding HV discharge in air by filamentation of single and dual fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3461–3468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

Luo, Q.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mariun, N.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martin, F.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mawassi, R.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mechain, G.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

Mejean, G.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mercure, H. P.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

P. Polynkin and J. V. Moloney, “Optical breakdown of air triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(15), 151103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mora, P.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. Rev. Sec. Phys. Lett. 441, 47–189 (2007).

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nuter, R.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pepin, H.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, P.

P. Polynkin and J. V. Moloney, “Optical breakdown of air triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(15), 151103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Potvin, C.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rethmeier, K.

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rizk, F. A. M.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

Rohwetter, P.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ruxin, L.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schroeder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Z. M.

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Skupin, S.

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stelmaszczyk, K.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Theberge, F.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tzortzakis, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vidal, F.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. H.

Wei, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. Y.

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Wenyue, W.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wille, H.

Wolf, J. P.

J. Kasparian and J. P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woste, L.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wöste, L.

Xi, T. T.

X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

Xiaochun, G.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xin Miao, Z.

Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Yeak, J.

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Sauerbrey, H. Wille, L. Wöste, T. Fujii, Y. B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, L. Klingbeil, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, and J. P. Wolf, “Triggering and guiding megavolt discharges by use of laser-induced ionized filaments,” Opt. Lett. 27(9), 772–774 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, X.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Z. Zhang, X. Lu, W. X. Liang, Z. Q. Hao, M. L. Zhou, Z. H. Wang, X. Liu, and J. Zhang, “Triggering and guiding HV discharge in air by filamentation of single and dual fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3461–3468 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Zhang, Z.

Zhanxin, W.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhonggang, J.

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, M. L.

Acta Phys Sin Chin. (1)

X. Lu, T. T. Xi, Y. J. Li, and J. Zhang, “Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air,” Acta Phys Sin Chin. 53, 3404–3408 (2004).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, Y. Li, X. Lu, X. Yuan, Z. Zheng, Z. Wang, W. Ling, and Z. Wei, “Prolongation of the fluorescence lifetime of plasma channels in air induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4-5), 627–630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. M. Sheng, Z. Y. Wei, Q. L. Dong, and X. Lu, “Generation and propagation of hot electrons in laser-plasmas,” Appl. Phys. B. 80(8), 957–971 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

P. Polynkin and J. V. Moloney, “Optical breakdown of air triggered by femtosecond laser filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(15), 151103 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, P. Rohwetter, K. Stelmaszczyk, and L. Woste, “Improved laser triggering and guiding of meqavolt discharges with dual fs-ns pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(2), 021101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Genin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pepin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Theberge, N. Akozbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Xin Miao, J. C. Diels, W. Cai Yi, and J. M. Elizondo, “Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31(3), 599–612612 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. (1)

J. Kasparian, R. Ackermann, Y. B. Andre, G. Mechain, G. Mejean, B. Prade, P. Rohwetter, E. Salmon, K. Stelmaszczyk, J. Yu, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, L. Woste, and J. P. Wolf, “Progress towards lightning control using lasers,” J. Eur. Opt. Soc., Rapid Publ. 3, 6 (2008).

New J. Phys. (1)

N. Khan, N. Mariun, I. Aris, and J. Yeak, “Laser-triggered lightning discharge,” New J. Phys. 4, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rep. Rev. Sec. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. Rev. Sec. Phys. Lett. 441, 47–189 (2007).

Phys. Rev. E (2)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. J. Li, J. Zhang, Y. T. Li, Z. L. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Y. Wei, and Z. M. Sheng, “Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406 (2002).

Plasma Sci Technol (1)

J. Zhonggang, Z. Jiabin, W. Zhanxin, G. Xiaochun, W. Wenyue, L. Jiansheng, and L. Ruxin, “Low Resistance and Long Lifetime Plasma Channel Generated by Filamentation of Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Air,” Plasma Sci Technol 12(3), 295–299 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

L. Berge, S. Skupin, R. Nuter, J. Kasparian, and J. P. Wolf, “Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 70(10), 1633–1713 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photo diode signal of laser sequence after the preamplifier (a) and the final compression (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experiment setup. (a) Fluorescence measurement. (b) Electrical conductivity measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-resolved fluorescence images for laser pulse sequence (a) and single pulse (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Maximum intensity of the fluorescence images as a function of the time delay for laser sequences: (a)f = 1000 mm, (b)f = 500 mm, (c)f = 300 mm and for single laser pulse: (d) f = 300 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(color online) Electrical signal of the plasma channel generated by pulse sequence (black line) and single pulse (red line) with the same total energy.

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